SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Indigenous Peoples,
and local communities:
Why the distinction is
important
About the Métis National Council
Since 1983, the MNC has represented the Métis Nation
nationally, and internationally. It receives its mandate
and direction from the democratically elected leadership
of Métis governments in Ontario, Saskatchewan, Alberta,
and British Columbia, the MNC Governing Members.
Specifically, the MNC reflects and moves forward on the
desires and aspirations of these Métis governments at
the national and international levels.
The MNC’s long term goal is that: ”Métis people are
healthy, resilient, grounded in their culture and language,
and thriving as individuals and as members of their Métis
families and communities.”
Our Work Internationally
As the international voice for the Métis Nation, MNC engages
across the United Nations system in the following ways:
• United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
• Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
• United Nations Framework on Climate Change
• United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity
• RAMSAR Convention on Wetlands
• United Nations Water Conference
• And others
Terminology: Indigenous Peoples, and local communities
• The Summit resulted in the establishment of the Convention on Biological
Diversity (CBD) and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
• The “Rio Declaration” engrained the coupling of Indigenous Peoples with local
communities.
• Principle 22 states: “Indigenous peoples and their communities and other local
communities have a vital role in environmental management and development
because of their knowledge and traditional practices.”
• Note that this text includes separation of Indigenous Peoples and their
communities from local communities, however subsequent texts have joined
“Indigenous Peoples and local communities” including in new Convention
texts.
1992 Rio Earth Summit
Convention on Biological Diversity
Convention text states: “Innovations and practices of indigenous and
local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the
conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and promote
their wider application with the approval and involvement of the
holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices encourage the
equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of such
knowledge, innovations and practices.”
Terminology in Article 8j
Terminology Considerations: 30 Years Later
Recommendations to Decouple Terms post-UN Declaration on the
Rights of Indigenous Peoples
2021: United Nations Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to
the 48th session of the UN Human Rights Council noted that:
• “….one of the concerns expressed by some Indigenous Peoples is the
tendency to lump Indigenous Peoples with ”local communities” within multiple
international conventions and other multilateral agreements. This development
may have the impact o undermining Indigenous Peoples’ rights under the
Declaration, in particular their right to self-determination, a concern shared by
some States.”
Terminology Considerations: 30 Years Later
Recommendations to Decouple Terms post-UN Declaration on the
Rights of Indigenous Peoples
2023: Final report on the 22nd Session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous
Issues includes a paragraph that states:
• “The Permanent Forum reiterates its call at its twenty-first session for a clear
distinction between Indigenous Peoples and local communities. All United
Nations entities and State parties to treaties concerning the environment,
biodiversity and climate are encouraged to eliminate the use of the term “local
communities” in connection with Indigenous Peoples, so that the term
“Indigenous Peoples and local communities” would be abolished.”
Terminology Considerations: 30 Years Later
Recommendations to Decouple Terms post-UN Declaration on the
Rights of Indigenous Peoples
2023: A joint statement released by the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues,
the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the Expert
Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to:
• “Urge all UN entities in their methods of work to refrain from conflating,
associating, combining, or equating Indigenous Peoples with non-indigenous
entities, such as minorities, vulnerable groups, or “local communities”. We
further request that all UN Member State parties to treaties related to the
environment, biodiversity, and climate cease using the term “local communities”
alongside “Indigenous Peoples,” so that the term ”Indigenous Peoples and local
communities” is no longer used.
Why Terminology Matters
Grouping Indigenous Peoples with
local communities diminishes the
distinct rights and status of
Indigenous Peoples
Grouping Indigenous Peoples with
local communities is incongruous with
the recognition of Indigenous rights in
domestic law and policy
Indigenous Peoples have inherent
and collective rights to lands,
territories, and resources as well as a
right to self-determination as peoples.
The collective rights of Indigenous
Peoples are distinct from other
stakeholder groups who are
represented by States.
The legal status of local communities
and the meaning of the term is
uncertain. It could encompass any or
all individuals of groups of
stakeholders and can undermine the
advocacy of Indigenous Peoples
where their rights are implicated.
Considerations for Engagement
The distinct rights of Indigenous Peoples
Guide engagement in line with the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous
Peoples and consider:
• The governance structure of the Indigenous Nation you’re approaching for
engagement
• Representation: who speaks for who? Are you engaging at the appropriate
scale?
• Principles of good engagement
• Planning, reciprocity, follow-up and respectful clarity
• Moving at the speed of trust
• Consider training programs like IAP2 (International Association for Public
Participation)
613-232-3216
metisnation.ca
info@metisnation.ca
180 Elgin Street, Suite 600
Ottawa, ON K2P 2K3

More Related Content

Similar to Indigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is important

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous PeoplesReport of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Dr Lendy Spires
 
Module 3
Module 3Module 3
Module 3
AaronAmix
 
VGGT for the protection of customary rights
VGGT for the protection of customary rightsVGGT for the protection of customary rights
VGGT for the protection of customary rights
mrlgregion
 
Presentation ilo convention 169 cbs
Presentation ilo convention 169   cbsPresentation ilo convention 169   cbs
Presentation ilo convention 169 cbs
CBS Competitiveness Platform
 
Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...
Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...
Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...
Dr Lendy Spires
 
United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...
Dr Lendy Spires
 
An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority Rights
An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority  Rights An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority  Rights
An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority Rights
IJMER
 
Improving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguarding
Improving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguardingImproving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguarding
Improving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguarding
UNESCO Venice Office
 
#WCIP2014 IASG - thematic paper participation rev1
#WCIP2014 IASG -  thematic paper participation   rev1#WCIP2014 IASG -  thematic paper participation   rev1
#WCIP2014 IASG - thematic paper participation rev1
Dr Lendy Spires
 
United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...
Dr Lendy Spires
 
International covenant on economic, social and cultural
International covenant on economic, social and culturalInternational covenant on economic, social and cultural
International covenant on economic, social and cultural
Haytham Senbill
 
Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...
Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...
Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...
FIAN Norge
 
Lecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptx
Lecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptxLecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptx
Lecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptx
AhsanIftikhar40
 
Indigenous peoples introduction
Indigenous peoples   introductionIndigenous peoples   introduction
Indigenous peoples introduction
Dr Lendy Spires
 
Press release final
Press release finalPress release final
Press release final
Dr Lendy Spires
 
Indigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americas
Indigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americasIndigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americas
Indigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americas
Dr Lendy Spires
 
Crp1 en
Crp1 enCrp1 en
Unit_8.3_Handout.pdf
Unit_8.3_Handout.pdfUnit_8.3_Handout.pdf
Unit_8.3_Handout.pdf
AbrahamLALEMU
 
Legal, policy and institutional reforms necessary in order to safeguard and ...
Legal, policy and institutional reforms  necessary in order to safeguard and ...Legal, policy and institutional reforms  necessary in order to safeguard and ...
Legal, policy and institutional reforms necessary in order to safeguard and ...
John Barasa
 
Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources
Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources
Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources
Dr Lendy Spires
 

Similar to Indigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is important (20)

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous PeoplesReport of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
 
Module 3
Module 3Module 3
Module 3
 
VGGT for the protection of customary rights
VGGT for the protection of customary rightsVGGT for the protection of customary rights
VGGT for the protection of customary rights
 
Presentation ilo convention 169 cbs
Presentation ilo convention 169   cbsPresentation ilo convention 169   cbs
Presentation ilo convention 169 cbs
 
Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...
Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...
Understanding and Implementing the UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS...
 
United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP) Strategic Framework 201...
 
An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority Rights
An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority  Rights An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority  Rights
An Analytical Study of International Standards on Minority Rights
 
Improving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguarding
Improving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguardingImproving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguarding
Improving governance and policy frameworks for ICH safeguarding
 
#WCIP2014 IASG - thematic paper participation rev1
#WCIP2014 IASG -  thematic paper participation   rev1#WCIP2014 IASG -  thematic paper participation   rev1
#WCIP2014 IASG - thematic paper participation rev1
 
United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...
United Nations Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) Delivering as One UN a...
 
International covenant on economic, social and cultural
International covenant on economic, social and culturalInternational covenant on economic, social and cultural
International covenant on economic, social and cultural
 
Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...
Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...
Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations of States in the Area o...
 
Lecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptx
Lecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptxLecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptx
Lecture--13-IHRL-1309s2024-090554am.pptx
 
Indigenous peoples introduction
Indigenous peoples   introductionIndigenous peoples   introduction
Indigenous peoples introduction
 
Press release final
Press release finalPress release final
Press release final
 
Indigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americas
Indigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americasIndigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americas
Indigenous peoples long struggle to defend their rights in the americas
 
Crp1 en
Crp1 enCrp1 en
Crp1 en
 
Unit_8.3_Handout.pdf
Unit_8.3_Handout.pdfUnit_8.3_Handout.pdf
Unit_8.3_Handout.pdf
 
Legal, policy and institutional reforms necessary in order to safeguard and ...
Legal, policy and institutional reforms  necessary in order to safeguard and ...Legal, policy and institutional reforms  necessary in order to safeguard and ...
Legal, policy and institutional reforms necessary in order to safeguard and ...
 
Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources
Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources
Synthesis Paper Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources
 

More from International Institute for Sustainable Development

Élaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du Brésil
Élaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du BrésilÉlaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du Brésil
Élaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du Brésil
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Plans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du Soudan
Plans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du SoudanPlans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du Soudan
Plans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du Soudan
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Projet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins
Projet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marinsProjet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins
Projet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...
Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...
Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
THRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérables
THRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérablesTHRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérables
THRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérables
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Paysages marins régénérateurs - Mission Inclusion
Paysages marins régénérateurs - Mission InclusionPaysages marins régénérateurs - Mission Inclusion
Paysages marins régénérateurs - Mission Inclusion
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...
Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...
Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Communauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climat
Communauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climatCommunauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climat
Communauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climat
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...
L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...
L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...
Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...
Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...
Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...
Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)
Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)
Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...
Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...
Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
THRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable Environments
THRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable EnvironmentsTHRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable Environments
THRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable Environments
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best PracticeCOSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
How to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from Brazil
How to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from BrazilHow to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from Brazil
How to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from Brazil
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from SudanClimate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)
Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)
Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)
International Institute for Sustainable Development
 
Natur'ELLES
Natur'ELLESNatur'ELLES
Women in Action
Women in ActionWomen in Action

More from International Institute for Sustainable Development (20)

Élaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du Brésil
Élaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du BrésilÉlaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du Brésil
Élaboration d'un PVC-RC – Leçons du Brésil
 
Plans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du Soudan
Plans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du SoudanPlans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du Soudan
Plans villageois communautaires pour la résilience climatique – Leçons du Soudan
 
Projet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins
Projet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marinsProjet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins
Projet COSME : Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins
 
Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...
Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...
Peuples autochtones et communautés locales : Pourquoi la distinction est impo...
 
THRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérables
THRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérablesTHRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérables
THRIVE - Vers une résilience holistique dans les environnements vulnérables
 
Paysages marins régénérateurs - Mission Inclusion
Paysages marins régénérateurs - Mission InclusionPaysages marins régénérateurs - Mission Inclusion
Paysages marins régénérateurs - Mission Inclusion
 
Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...
Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...
Promouvoir les solutions fondées sur la nature pour l’adaptation à travers l’...
 
Communauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climat
Communauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climatCommunauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climat
Communauté de pratique de l’Initiative sur la nature pour l’adaptation au climat
 
L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...
L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...
L’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans la programmation relative au...
 
Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...
Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...
Intégrer l’égalité des genres et l’inclusion sociale dans les solutions fondé...
 
Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...
Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...
Femmes, zones humides et conservation. Appliquer les SfN dans le basin du lac...
 
Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)
Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)
Conservation et gestion durable des écosystèmes côtiers et marins (COSME)
 
Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...
Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...
Boîte à outils des « Voix de Pamoja » pour la planification de la résilience ...
 
THRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable Environments
THRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable EnvironmentsTHRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable Environments
THRIVE Project - Towards Holistic Resilience in Vulnerable Environments
 
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best PracticeCOSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
COSME Project - Community Engagement Experiences & Best Practice
 
How to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from Brazil
How to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from BrazilHow to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from Brazil
How to do note: Formulating a CR-CVP - Lessons from Brazil
 
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from SudanClimate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
Climate Resilience Community Village Plans - Lessons from Sudan
 
Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)
Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)
Feminist Climate Action in West Africa (FCA-WA)
 
Natur'ELLES
Natur'ELLESNatur'ELLES
Natur'ELLES
 
Women in Action
Women in ActionWomen in Action
Women in Action
 

Recently uploaded

Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
janvikumar4133
 
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
3610stuck
 
Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...
Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...
Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...
45unexpected
 
ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptx
ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptxENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptx
ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptx
manibomarklemuel4
 
ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」
ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」
ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」
Katsuya Shiratori
 
News Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate Change
News Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate ChangeNews Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate Change
News Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate Change
parasfahimshehri
 
Desertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptx
Desertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptxDesertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptx
Desertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptx
jasmeekdhillon
 
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the worldGlobal Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
tkubatbekov
 
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
janvikumar4133
 
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
girl escorts service
 
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistryPhysicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
ShriNRPrasad
 
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdfTop benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
aaman
 
Article 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdf
Article 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdfArticle 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdf
Article 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdf
vwweyulu89
 
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
44annissa
 
George Washington University degree offer diploma Transcript
George Washington University degree offer diploma TranscriptGeorge Washington University degree offer diploma Transcript
George Washington University degree offer diploma Transcript
etwvyv
 
Biological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent Adsorbent
Biological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent AdsorbentBiological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent Adsorbent
Biological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent Adsorbent
Dr. Salem Baidas
 
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
radhika sharma
 
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Ak47
 
Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
khloe sexy girl
 
Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...
Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...
Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...
Cluster TWEED
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
 
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
 
Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...
Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...
Busty Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Av...
 
ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptx
ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptxENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptx
ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP (Power Point Presentation).pptx
 
ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」
ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」
ニッテ大学派遣プログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン資料「インドにおける廃棄物発電とゴミの分別方法に関する提案」
 
News Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate Change
News Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate ChangeNews Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate Change
News Clippings and Newspapers related to Climate Change
 
Desertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptx
Desertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptxDesertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptx
Desertification-A Project by Gurnaaz.pptx
 
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the worldGlobal Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
 
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
 
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9833363713🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
 
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistryPhysicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
 
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdfTop benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
 
Article 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdf
Article 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdfArticle 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdf
Article 19 UNEP Assessment on Institutional Set Up.pdf
 
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
 
George Washington University degree offer diploma Transcript
George Washington University degree offer diploma TranscriptGeorge Washington University degree offer diploma Transcript
George Washington University degree offer diploma Transcript
 
Biological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent Adsorbent
Biological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent AdsorbentBiological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent Adsorbent
Biological Removal of Perchlorate Contamination from Spent Adsorbent
 
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
 
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
 
Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Big Ass Girls Call Mumbai 9967584737 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
 
Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...
Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...
Webinar - WhatsUpp In...The Netherlands regarding geothermal energy and proec...
 

Indigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is important

  • 1. Indigenous Peoples, and local communities: Why the distinction is important
  • 2. About the Métis National Council Since 1983, the MNC has represented the Métis Nation nationally, and internationally. It receives its mandate and direction from the democratically elected leadership of Métis governments in Ontario, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia, the MNC Governing Members. Specifically, the MNC reflects and moves forward on the desires and aspirations of these Métis governments at the national and international levels. The MNC’s long term goal is that: ”Métis people are healthy, resilient, grounded in their culture and language, and thriving as individuals and as members of their Métis families and communities.”
  • 3. Our Work Internationally As the international voice for the Métis Nation, MNC engages across the United Nations system in the following ways: • United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues • Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples • United Nations Framework on Climate Change • United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity • RAMSAR Convention on Wetlands • United Nations Water Conference • And others
  • 4. Terminology: Indigenous Peoples, and local communities • The Summit resulted in the establishment of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). • The “Rio Declaration” engrained the coupling of Indigenous Peoples with local communities. • Principle 22 states: “Indigenous peoples and their communities and other local communities have a vital role in environmental management and development because of their knowledge and traditional practices.” • Note that this text includes separation of Indigenous Peoples and their communities from local communities, however subsequent texts have joined “Indigenous Peoples and local communities” including in new Convention texts. 1992 Rio Earth Summit
  • 5. Convention on Biological Diversity Convention text states: “Innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and promote their wider application with the approval and involvement of the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices encourage the equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of such knowledge, innovations and practices.” Terminology in Article 8j
  • 6. Terminology Considerations: 30 Years Later Recommendations to Decouple Terms post-UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 2021: United Nations Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to the 48th session of the UN Human Rights Council noted that: • “….one of the concerns expressed by some Indigenous Peoples is the tendency to lump Indigenous Peoples with ”local communities” within multiple international conventions and other multilateral agreements. This development may have the impact o undermining Indigenous Peoples’ rights under the Declaration, in particular their right to self-determination, a concern shared by some States.”
  • 7. Terminology Considerations: 30 Years Later Recommendations to Decouple Terms post-UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 2023: Final report on the 22nd Session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues includes a paragraph that states: • “The Permanent Forum reiterates its call at its twenty-first session for a clear distinction between Indigenous Peoples and local communities. All United Nations entities and State parties to treaties concerning the environment, biodiversity and climate are encouraged to eliminate the use of the term “local communities” in connection with Indigenous Peoples, so that the term “Indigenous Peoples and local communities” would be abolished.”
  • 8. Terminology Considerations: 30 Years Later Recommendations to Decouple Terms post-UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 2023: A joint statement released by the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to: • “Urge all UN entities in their methods of work to refrain from conflating, associating, combining, or equating Indigenous Peoples with non-indigenous entities, such as minorities, vulnerable groups, or “local communities”. We further request that all UN Member State parties to treaties related to the environment, biodiversity, and climate cease using the term “local communities” alongside “Indigenous Peoples,” so that the term ”Indigenous Peoples and local communities” is no longer used.
  • 9. Why Terminology Matters Grouping Indigenous Peoples with local communities diminishes the distinct rights and status of Indigenous Peoples Grouping Indigenous Peoples with local communities is incongruous with the recognition of Indigenous rights in domestic law and policy Indigenous Peoples have inherent and collective rights to lands, territories, and resources as well as a right to self-determination as peoples. The collective rights of Indigenous Peoples are distinct from other stakeholder groups who are represented by States. The legal status of local communities and the meaning of the term is uncertain. It could encompass any or all individuals of groups of stakeholders and can undermine the advocacy of Indigenous Peoples where their rights are implicated.
  • 10. Considerations for Engagement The distinct rights of Indigenous Peoples Guide engagement in line with the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and consider: • The governance structure of the Indigenous Nation you’re approaching for engagement • Representation: who speaks for who? Are you engaging at the appropriate scale? • Principles of good engagement • Planning, reciprocity, follow-up and respectful clarity • Moving at the speed of trust • Consider training programs like IAP2 (International Association for Public Participation)