Ancient Greek Sports The ancient Olympics were rather different from the modern Games. There were fewer events, and only freemen who spoke Greek could compete, instead of athletes from any country. Also, the games were always held atOlympia instead of moving around to different sites every time. Like our Olympics, though, winning athletes wereheroes who put their home towns on the map. One young Athenian nobleman defended his political reputation bymentioning how he entered seven chariots in the Olympic chariot-race. This high number of entries made both the aristocrat and Athens look very wealthy and powerful.
Marathon• The marathon is a long-distance running event with an official distance of 42.195 kilometres (26 miles and 385 yards), that is usually run as a road race. The event was instituted in commemoration of the fabled run of the Greek soldier Pheidippidis, a messenger from the Battle of Marathon (the namesake of the race) to Athens.• The marathon was one of the original modern Olympic events in 1896, though the distance did not become standardized until 1921. More than 500 marathons are held throughout the world each year, with the vast majority of competitors being recreational athletes. Smaller marathons, such as the Stanley Marathon, can have just dozens of participants, while larger marathons can have tens of thousands of participants.
Pankration• This event was a grueling combination of boxing and wrestling. Punches were allowed, although the fighters did not wrap their hands with the boxing himantes.• Rules outlawed only biting and gouging an opponents eyes, nose, or mouth with fingernails. Attacks such as kicking an opponent in the belly, which are against the rules in modern sports, were perfectly legal.
PentathlonThis was a 5-event combination ofdiscus, javelin, jumping, running andwrestling.
DiscusThe ancient Greeksconsidered the rhythmand precision of anathlete throwing thediscus as important ashis strength.The discus was made ofstone, iron, bronze, orlead, and was shapedlike a flying saucer. Sizesvaried, since the boysdivision was notexpected to throw thesame weight as themens.
JavelinThe javelin was a man-high length ofwood, with either asharpened end or anattached metal point.It had a thong for ahurlers fingersattached to its centerof gravity, whichincreased theprecision and distanceof a javelins flight.
JumpAthletes used lead orstone jump weights(halteres) shaped liketelephone receivers toincrease the length oftheir jump.The halteres were held infront of the athlete duringhis ascent, and forciblythrust behind his back anddropped during hisdescent to help propel hisbody further
RunningThere were 4 types ofraces at Olympia.The stadion was the oldestevent of the Games.Runners sprinted for1 stade(192 m.), or thelength of the stadium. Theother races were a 2-stade race (384 m.), and along-distance run whichranged from 7 to24 stades (1,344 m. to4,608 m.).
WrestlingLike the modern sport, anathlete needed to throwhis opponent on theground, landing on ahip, shoulder, or back for afair fall. 3 throws werenecessary to win a match.Biting was notallowed, and genital holdswere also illegal. Attackssuch as breaking youropponents fingers werepermitted.
Thanks for watchingThis presentasion was made by Christos Mermigas and Giannis Tsiakiris