<ul><li>(1) X refers to a form of independent filmmaking characterized by low budgets, skeleton crews, and simple props using whatever is available. Often scenes are shot quickly in real locations without any warning, and without obtaining permission from the owners of the locations.X is usually done by independent filmmakers because they don't have the budget to get permits, rent out locations, or build expensive sets. </li></ul>
<ul><li>(3) The film is based on a book written by author and poet Chandra Shekhar 'Prem', from Himachal Pradesh and was partly based on his life. He was a struggling poet in the 1950s at the time and took the book to Bollywood. He sold the story and its rights for Rs.500, so was never given any credit for his work. He went on to publish many books in Hindi and Urdu but was never recognised as the true author of this work. </li></ul>
<ul><li>(5) He wrote the screenplay for the Russ Meyer film Beyond the Valley of Dolls and whent on to write the screenplays for “cult” classics like Beyond the Valley of Vixens and Up! He then went on to host a weekly film-review show for PBS titled Sneak Previews and later went on to co-host another television show with Gene Siskel. </li></ul>
BAFTA winning filmmaker and is known for his visually striking films exploring characters living in timeless, extreme and unforgiving landscapes. His films have been awarded and distributed internationally and shown how versatile and expressive British cinema can be. He studied filmmaking at the Royal College of Art where he first gained recognition with his short The Sheep Thief (1997) shot in Rajasthan, India the film won many awards including Second Prize in the Cinefoundation section of the 1998 Cannes International Film Festival, Grand Prix at the 1997 European Short Film Festival in Brest & Best Director at the Poitiers Film Festival 1997.
He later went on to direct The Warrior which won the BAFTA for Outstanding British Film in 2001. </li></ul>
(7*) Always a friend of hero, never a hero himself, he acted in the critically acclaimed Ardh Satya and also directed a movie titled Hum Dono , which also did brisk business.
<ul><li>(8) The movie starred Brad Pitt and Edward Norton in lead roles and was based on an eponymous novel by Chuck Palahniuk. It was directed by David Fincher and has acquired a cult status of its own. </li></ul>
<ul><li>(9) A student of Bal Bharati School, Delhi, he started his career as an ad film-maker but is now renowned for directing films like Khosla ka Ghosla, Oye Lucky! and LSD. His latest project is titled Shanghai and stars Abhay Deol. </li></ul>
<ul><li>(10) His most famous work is Tokyo Story which uses what are now called pillow shots. He is known more for his technical prowess as showcased in Tokyo Story than for the stories that he actually told through the medium of film. He also invented the tatami -shot in which the camera is placed at a low height, supposedly at the eye level of a person kneeling on a tatami mat, though he usually placed the camera lower than that, not more than 2-3 feet above the ground. </li></ul>
<ul><li>(12) The title of the film refers to a pastime of sitting and watching trains pass by and is usually used as a metaphor for wasting time. Starring Ewan McGregor and directed by Danny Boyle, this film is another cult classic and is regared as the foremost Scottish film of all time. </li></ul>
<ul><li>(14*) La Sortie des usines X à Lyon is a 46-second film which was filmed using a Cinematographe, a device which coupled as both a developer and a projector. It is usually credited to be the first real motion picture made. Just X. </li></ul>
<ul><li>(1 </li></ul><ul><li>(17) The 1883 'Colaba Gazetteer' of the Bombay Presidency describes the place: "Mandwa, about 12 miles north of Alibag on the north coast right across from Bombay, is a landing place of some importance. The village is hid in a grove of cocoa-palms at the head of a short broad bay with a shallow sandy beach." It was a transit point for opium trade in the British Empire. How has this place been immortalized in the world of cinema? </li></ul>
<ul><li>(1 </li></ul><ul><li>(19) "And when the Lamb had opened X, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour, And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.” Put cinema funda </li></ul>