Your SlideShare is downloading.
×

×

Saving this for later?
Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Like this presentation? Why not share!

- Challenges of Moving Into a High Ri... by Kay Frenzer-Zeeh 249 views
- All About Plumbing by vortexcas 1458 views
- Show reviewing the standards issues... by Sanjay Srivastava 394 views
- Multifunction High-rise Buildings by matmiglu 1323 views
- High Rise Towers Detailed Plans | A... by Amman Institute 3905 views
- Envolution Brochure by Kimberly Jones 270 views
- 'GREEN' OFFICE BUILDING-ABHALMAYA-S... by Suvarna Lele 1948 views
- Tall buildings by Yashu Yasaswini 4395 views
- Digital and Social Media in Aesthet... by Vincent Teo 2651 views
- High Rise Building Research Document by Nicholas Socrates 45695 views
- Art teachers' opinions of assessmen... by izzajalil 560 views
- Steven de Groot's dissertation: in... by Fred Zimny 907 views

277

Published on

This presentation was presented at the 2nd Annual Bridging the Gap STEM Conference in Raleigh, NC. Discover how K-16 STEM curricula should readily embrace aesthetics as a core component of their …

This presentation was presented at the 2nd Annual Bridging the Gap STEM Conference in Raleigh, NC. Discover how K-16 STEM curricula should readily embrace aesthetics as a core component of their pedagogy. By doing so, it opens a new world of creativity and innovation for STEM inquiry. We present a compelling argument for pulling aesthetics out of art education curricula to be placed right at the center of STEM education. This session was hands-on, allowing attendees to participate in learning concepts through an interactive educational game called SHAPE.

No Downloads

Total Views

277

On Slideshare

0

From Embeds

0

Number of Embeds

2

Shares

0

Downloads

8

Comments

0

Likes

1

No embeds

No notes for slide

- 1. 2nd Annual Bridging the Gap STEM Conference Enhancing Innovation in STEM by Exploring Aesthetics Derek A. Ham PhD. Candidate Design Computation Group MIT School of Architecture & Planning Dissertation Committee: George Stiny (advisor), Edith Ackerman, Eric Klopfer
- 2. aes·thet·ics
- 3. There is a historic divide between STEM and the Arts: Between Engineering and Architecture • Engineers and STEM professionals believe aesthetic decisions are subjective and have no rational footing. • Architects, Artist and those dealing with aesthetics often believe methods that involve calculation are rigid and conforming
- 4. Why Aesthetics Rolfe Faste, Stanford professor in mechanical engineering, points out two distinct reasons for engineers to consider aesthetics: • It is vital for the creation of successful products • It is a key component to being creative Vitruvius might suggest aesthetics are the missing part of the STEM puzzle.
- 5. Delight Firmness Commodity
- 6. Materiality Utility
- 7. Aesthetics Materiality Utility
- 8. We recognize that there are many ways to be creative but… What do we mean by “aesthetic creativity?”
- 9. There are several myths around aesthetics • Aesthetic ideas originate in the head of the individual. • The creative process can not be quantified • Copying is a form of cheating in truly creative endeavors • Aesthetically creative people get it “right” the first time Beauty is Copied not “Created”
- 10. “It has often been said that a person doesn’t really understand something until he teaches it to someone else. Actually a person doesn’t really understand something until he can teach it to a computer, i.e., express it as an algorithm…The attempt to formalize things as algorithms leads to a much deeper understanding than if we simply try to understand things in the traditional way.” D. Knuth, “Computer Science and Mathematics,” American Scientist, 61,6 (1972), 709.
- 11. How do we approach aesthetics? Calculating With SHAPES
- 12. Shapes
- 13. There are several myths around “calculation.” • Calculation methods only deal with numerical variable systems • Calculation methods only work in fixed variable systems • Calculation methods are only suitable to find quantitative information and single “right” answers • Calculation methods are slow and cumbersome • Calculation methods are counterintuitive to what comes naturally
- 14. Calculating with Shapes Identify Variables > Perform a Function > Note Results > Repeat 1 Rules Process Numbers Functions Computation Example [1,2,3…] [ +,-,x, ] [ 1+2=3] Shapes SHAPES 3 Variables MATH 2 Rules Computation Example
- 15. Shape Grammars x t(x) x t(x) x x t(x) t(x) x t(x)
- 16. X
- 17. Starting point: base shape x
- 18. Introduce shape copy
- 19. x x
- 20. Embed shape copy x x
- 21. x x + t(x)
- 22. Design Move: Translation x x + t(x)
- 23. Introduce shape copy
- 24. x x
- 25. Embed shape copy x x
- 26. x x + t(x)
- 27. Design Move: Rotation x x + t(x)
- 28. Design Move: Rotation x x + t(x)
- 29. Design Move: Rotation x x + t(x)
- 30. Introduce shape copy
- 31. x x
- 32. Embed shape copy x x
- 33. x x + t(x)
- 34. Design Move: Reflection x x + t(x)
- 35. Design Move: Reflection x x + t(x)
- 36. Design Observation: Seeing
- 37. x prt(x)
- 38. Emergence: Identifying Embedded Shape x prt(x)
- 39. Emergence: Identifying Embedded Shape x prt(x)
- 40. Emergence: Identifying Embedded Shape x prt(x)
- 41. prt(x) x
- 42. Emergence: Identifying Embedded Shape x prt(x) y
- 43. Design Move: Translation y y + t(y)
- 44. x x + t(x)
- 45. Design Move: Translation y y + t(y)
- 46. George Stiny, 2001
- 47. combinatorial embedding
- 48. Abstract systems of notation are helpful but are not necessary to calculate.. This broadens our understanding.
- 49. Going Beyond Combinatorial
- 50. Calculation and Play Relationship play calculation play calculation
- 51. composition = calculation
- 52. We calculate all the time often without formal documentation; in fact there are.. Multiple Forms of Calculation
- 53. “One might go so far as to define a human intelligence as a neural mechanism or computational system which is genetically programmed to be activated or “triggered” by certain kinds of internally or externally presented information.” Howard Gardner
- 54. “It’s all a form of play.” Composition Creation Process Perform Action Sensory Feedback Cognitive Decision Visual Calculation involves: • Flexible Vision(identifying constant changing variables or units) • Rule Processing (creating and following algorithmic rules) • Emergence (discovering and generating embedded variables) • Recursion (parametric rule application) • Copying
- 55. Science Technology Engineering and Math can be accompanied by the Aesthetics to… Innovate STEM Education
- 56. How do we teach aesthetics through calculation? • Teach students to analyze aesthetics through revers engineering. Students must learn to create algorithms that are descriptive of things that already exist. • Students must learn to play with the creation of 2D and 3D compositions through the method of following steps and rules described by an algorithmic process. • Students must build a physical and mental library of “aesthetic design moves.”
- 57. How do develop aesthetic sensibility? • Aesthetic sensibility comes from our experiences. • A formal description and method of documentation of these experiences helps us learn from them. • The more clear and legible our analysis of our experiences the more we can see connections and develop new ideas. • In developing visual aesthetics, shape grammars provide the most systematic and specific method for defining visual ideas. • Visual ideas can lead to ideas for improving materiality and utility
- 58. STEM COMPUTATION ARTS
- 59. Final Takeaways • Look for aesthetic components in your STEM inquiry • Use a computational process to work through the aesthetic components of your STEM inquiry • Encourage both analysis and synthesis in STEM education
- 60. “There is something awfully computational about play and something very playful about computation.” Derek A. Ham
- 61. 2nd Annual Bridging the Gap STEM Conference Thank You Derek A. Ham PhD. Candidate Design Computation Group MIT School of Architecture & Planning www.derekham.com

Be the first to comment