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  • 1. PSE4U1 OBESITYName: Daniel Maznabi TA 44, DemoreTeacher: Mrs. Sersanti Unit 16 May 3, 2012
  • 2. How do you define Obesity? Obesity is defined as abnormal orexcessive fat accumulation that may impairhealth.A BMI of greater than orequal to 25 is overweightA BMI greater than or equalto 30 is obesehttp://www.worldometers.info/obesity/
  • 3. http://media.treehugger.com/assets/images/2011/10/obesity-graph.jpg
  • 4. Obesity# of Obese people in the world: 34,333,743 - CURRENTLYIn Canada, there are reportedly, 8,527,188 many people that are Obese.http://www.worldometers.info/obesity/
  • 5. EFFECTS OF OBESITYHEART STRAIN >>>The increased mass means the person’s heart has to workharder to pump more blood at a much harder rate throughoutthe body.HIGH BLOODPRESSURE >>>>> These fats constrict the blood vessels, which means that the heart experiences difficulty in pushing blood through the vessels. CARDIAC ARREST The heart stops through being overworkedhttp://www.ehow.com/how-does_5045803_obesity-cause-heart-disease.html
  • 6. STROKE• When high blood pressure occurs, strokes follow Of every 100 people who have a stroke 15 die (15%) 10 recover completely (10%) 25 recover with a minor impairment or disability (25%) 40 are left with a moderate to severe impairment (40%) 10 are so severely disabled they require long- term care (10%)http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/WeightManagement/Obesity/Obesity---Stroke
  • 7. HEART ATTACK • The plaque build up from the fat cause blood to build up, leading to a heart attackhttp://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/heartattack/
  • 8. There are several other effects of Obesity including• DIABETES• HEART DISEASE• JOINT PROBLEMS• CANCER• RESPIRATORY STIGMA
  • 9. What are the leading causes of• obesity? Energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended.• An increased intake of energy-dense foods without burning (RICE, BREAD)• Limited physical activity• Over consuming junk/fast food• In taking of too much caffeine sodium and sugar.http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?channel_id=1055&disease_id=95&relation_id=17519
  • 10. Let’s look at some of the things that we consume that have hidden sugar
  • 11. Hidden sugar• Each can of coke for 255mL, contains 26grams of sugar, which is equivalent to 10 sugar cubes.
  • 12. Effects of Soda• 20 minutes: Your blood sugar spikes, causing an insulin burst. Your liver responds to this by turning all the sugar that is sent there into fat.• 30 minutes: Your pupils dialate, your blood pressure rises, as a response your livers dumps more sugar into your bloodstream. Preventing drowsiness• 60 minutes: Sugar crash. You may become irritable and/or sluggish. <<<< 40% more caffeine and 15% more sugar than coke
  • 13. No Soda, then how about juice? No? 15 grams Of sugar?
  • 14. I only have 99 cents.. How about Arizona?
  • 15. No? Okay, I’ll drink flavored water, vitamin water is still good for you right?
  • 16. Let’s look at how much sugar, chocolate milk has.
  • 17. ALSO• The amount of sugar, all the students of a school consume in a week at school is more than enough to fill a school bus.
  • 18. So how much sugar does chocolate milk have? • Chocolate milk of this size contains 25 grams of sugar. Wait, isn’t that how much 255mL, of coke had?! Nah, coke had 26 grams.
  • 19. So how about fast food?Because of its affordability, taste and convenience, we still make it a part of our diet almost every chance we get.FAST FOOD = Trans and Saturated fat >>> High cholesterol >>> Hardened Arteries >>> Leads to Heart Attacks as well as Strokes
  • 20. Something you probably didn’t know Fatty food take a toll on short term memoryTo determine the effect of afatty diet on memory andmuscle performance,researchers studied 32 ratsthat were fed low-fat ratchow and trained for twomonths to complete achallenging maze.
  • 21. However• Then half the rats were switched to high-fat rat chow• The rats who stayed with their regular food continued the same high level of performance on the maze, finding six or more treats before making a mistake. The rats that changed however, were unable to complete this maze
  • 22. Extreme Cases
  • 23. This is an An 8 year old boy, weighing 219 pounds His body mass index (BMI) of 60 He was hospitalized at 7 years old for severe breathing problems, some due to “extra fat in his throat He is also diagnosed with sleep apnea, sleeps with a breathing device at nights, and can only walk short distances before his body rebels, forcing him to take a rest.ttp://technorati.com/lifestyle/family/article/extreme-obesity-case-219-pound-boy/#ixzz1taglvEfk
  • 24. Kids Learn from their Parents•http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HLloF0FAL04
  • 25. What do I do? =(•
  • 26. Okay, what else ?!• EXERCISE !No. 1: Exercise controls weightNo. 2 Exercise prevents heart diseaseNo. 3 Exercise gives you more energy in the long termNo. 4 No Exercise promotes better sleep
  • 27. Raise Awareness• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =bGYs4KS_djg
  • 28. In North America, according to the National Institute of Health, $75-$125 billion is spent on indirect and direct costs due to obesity- related diseases. PER YEAR.http://www.worldometers.info/obesity/
  • 29. • Limit your junk/fast food• Know how much sugar/sodium you’re consuming• Raise Awareness• Exercise daily !
  • 30. • Bibliography http://thesaurus.com/browse/informing?s=t• http://www.worldometers.info/obesity/• http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/• http://diabetogenic.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/jamie-oliver-and-getting-kids- cooking/• http://www.nhs.uk/news/2011/02February/Pages/diets-uk-children-diabetes- claim.aspx• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q1BOGmBKeAc• http://www.sustainweb.org/childrensfoodcampaign/childrens_diet_crisis/• http://www.livestrong.com/article/362492-why-are-fad-diets-bad/• http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/cps-spc/pubs/pest/_fact-fiche/pesticide-food- alim/index-eng.php http://www.fyiliving.com/health-news/jamie-oliver-food-revolution-kids-want-some-m• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=go_QOzc79Uc• http://www.mychildhealth.net/effects-of-fast-food-on-children.html• http://www.google.ca/search?rlz=1C1CHMO_en- gbCA471CA471&ix=uca&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8&q=statistics+of+fast +food+consumption• http://www.zmescience.com/other/sugar-26072011/• http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/exercise/HQ01676• http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/13/fatty-foods-affect-memory-and- exercise/• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bGYs4KS_djg
  • 31. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HLloF0FAL04• http://cholesterol.emedtv.com/high-cholesterol/effects-of-high-cholesterol.html• https://www.google.ca/search?hl=en&rlz=1C1CHMO_en- gbCA471CA471&sclient=psy-ab&q=effects+of+obesity&btnG=• http://www.sugarstacks.com/cookies.htm• http://www.ehow.com/facts_5474953_negative-effects-fast-foods.html• http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/WeightManagement/Obesity/Obesit y---Stroke-Connection_UCM_311771_Article.jsp• http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/heartattack/• http://www.ehow.com/how-does_5045803_obesity-cause-heart-disease.html• http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/84f0209x/84f0209x2008000-eng.pdf• http://www.heartandstroke.on.ca/site/c.pvI3IeNWJwE/b.3581729/k.359A/Statistics.ht m• http://media.treehugger.com/assets/images/2011/10/obesity-graph.jpg• http://www.bmi-calculator.net/bmr-calculator/• http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/6073239/Record-numbers-in-hospital- for-obesity.html• http://www.annecollins.com/obesity/risks-of-obesity.htm