Sacramento San Joaquin Delta
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Sacramento San Joaquin Delta

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I was playing around with ppt and choose this subject matter after attending The Planning and Conservation League 2010 Symposium

I was playing around with ppt and choose this subject matter after attending The Planning and Conservation League 2010 Symposium

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  • Title slideBrotherGrimm/Wikipedia
  • http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/BDCPPages/Partners.aspx
  • BRTF- a cabinet-level Delta Vision Committee to develop long-term vision and implementation plan, The Strategic PlanDVC- to review completed work of the task force and make implementation recommendations to gov and legislators by 12/31/08
  • http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/BDCPPages/Partners.aspx
  • Description-geography/geology
  • 1-High Country News- http://www.hcn.org/issues/42.1/breakdown/article_view?b_start:int=0&-C=
  • http://www.baydeltaconservationplan.com/FactSheetLibrary/Other_Stressors_Fact_Sheet_-_WEB.pdf
  • DWR? Matt JenkinsHarvey O. Banks pumping plant in Tracy, CA DWR
  • 1 DVSP pp 27-8
  • JenkinsPhotoUSFWS
  • http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/FactSheetLibrary/BDCP%20Brochure%200909.pdf
  • http://gov.ca.gov/issue/water-supply/
  • http://gov.ca.gov/issue/water-supply/
  • http://search.mtdemocrat.com/display.php?id=55978
  • Delta overview

Sacramento San Joaquin Delta Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta
    The Bay-Delta Conservation Plan
    Dale Anderson
    PWS225
    Rocklin, CA
    BrotherGrimm/Wikipedia
  • 2. “The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta is a great natural treasure and a vital link in the state’s water system… as a result of the State’s increasing population, demand for water and changing environmental conditions, the Delta is in jeopardy of collapse”1
    “The Bay Delta Conservation Plan (BDCP) is being developed to promote the recovery of endangered, threatened and sensitive fish and wildlife species and their habitats in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta in a way that will also protect and restore water supplies.”2
    CA Dept of Water Resources, Delta Initiatives 15 Jan 2010
    http://www.dwr.water.ca.gov/deltainit/
    2. Bay-Delta Conservation Plan-What is the BDCP?
    http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/BDCPPages/aboutBDCP.aspx
  • 3. A brief history leading up to the BDCP
    In response to a steep decline in the health of the Delta ecosystem and competing priorities for a limited water supply, a top to bottom review of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta management was begun.
    In September 2006 with Executive Order S-17-06 Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and the State Legislature initiated “Delta Vision”
    http://gov.ca.gov/issue/water-supply
    http://deltavision.ca.gov/StrategicPlanningProcess/StaffDraft/Delta_Vision_Strategic_Plan_standard_resolution.pdf
  • 4. http://www.deltavision.ca.gov/AboutDeltaVision.shtml
  • 5. BLUE RIBBON TASK FORCEDelta Vision Strategic Plan, Oct 2008
    1. http://deltavision.ca.gov/DV_Committee/Jan2009/08-1231_Delta_Vision_Committee_Implementation_Report.pdf
  • 6. BDCP: Lead Agencies
    Federal
    State
    In addition to nearly 20 other Federal, State, local, and non-governmental groups as BDCP Steering Committee Participants.
    http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/BDCPPages/Partners.aspx
  • 7. THE DELTA: OVERVIEW
    Largest Estuary on the Pacific Coast
    Receives almost half of the State’s runoff
    Covers 738,000 acres of lowland channels, islands, and sloughs, much of it below sea level
    Relies on more than 1,000 miles of levees for flood protection
    Home to over 720 species of plants and animals
    Provides drinking water for 25 million people
    Source of water for half of the nation’s fresh produce
    Provides recreation, flood control and wildlife habitat
    Blue Ribbon Task Force- Delta Vision Final Report 29 Jan 2008
    http://deltavision.ca.gov/BlueRibbonTaskForce/FinalVision/Delta_Vision_Final.pdf
  • 8. REGIONAL MAP
    Sacramento and San Joaquin River Delta
    Westlands Water District, the largest irrigation district in the United States, relies on 1.15 million acre feet of Delta water annually.
    High Country News
    http://www.westlandswater.org/resources/watersupply/overview.asp?title=Overview&cwide=1600
    http://www.hcn.org/issues/42.1/breakdown/article_view?b_start:int=2&-C=
  • 9. CONTROL OF THE DELTA
    STATE
    FED
    California State Water Project stores and delivers water to urban and ag suppliers throughout California
    Managed by the Dept. of Water Resources
    Delivers water to two-thirds of California ‘s population
    30% irrigates the San Joaquin
    70% supplies residential, municipal, and industrial users
    Project also operated to improve;
    Delta water quality
    Control floodwaters
    Provide recreation
    Enhance fish and wildlife
    The Central Valley Project inaugurated in 1957, one of the world’s largest water and transport systems.
    Managed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation.
    Irrigates over 3 million acres of farmland
    Provides drinking water to about 2 million people
    http://search.mtdemocrat.com/display.php?id=55978
  • 10. CONTROL: cont.-A multitude of projects and legislation to control flooding and habitat...
    Flood Control
    Protecting Habitat
    1861-State Legislature created Board of Swamp and Overflowed Land Commissioners to manage reclamation projects
    1880-State Engineer designed a flood control plan using a system of levees and bypasses
    1917-Sacramento Flood Control Project completed by the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers in 1960-more levees
    1988-The Delta Flood Protection Act contained an environmental mandate protecting existing habitat
    1992-The Central Valley Project Improvement Act passed to balance the water demands of farms and cities with Delta’s fisheries protection
    1994-Bay Delta Accords another attempt at balancing water needs
    CALFED-a ten year period of state/federal collaborative management
    …and that ain’t all!!!
    http://baydeltaoffice.water.ca.gov/sdb/tbp/deltaoverview/index.cfm
    http://www.hcn.org/issues/42.1/breakdown/article_view?b_start:int=2&-C=
  • 11. STRESSORS
    Storm water runoff from urban areas
    Water Exports to ag and urban users
    Wildlife Harvest – commercial, sport, poaching
    Contaminants
    Ammonia and endocrine disruptors from wastewater treatment plants
    Methylmercury from legacy mines in Sierra watersheds
    Invasive species
    Entrainment at diversion pumps
    Salinity – good for the ecosystem, bad for crops/drinking water
    Seawater intrusion from over-pumping/over-allocating
    Agricultural drainage
    Water quality – dissolved O2 , temperature, disease organisms
    http://www.baydeltaconservationplan.com/FactSheetLibrary/Other_Stressors_Fact_Sheet_-_WEB.pdf
  • 12. STRESSORS: Example
    THE HARVEY O. BANKS PUMPING PLANT
    Two batteries of pumps draw water from the east edge of the Delta to feed the federal Central Valley Project and the State Water Project.
    Able to move 21,ooo acre-feet a day to supply 1.2 million acres of farmland and serve an additional 25 million people in Los Angeles and San Diego.
    Calif. Dept. of Water Resources
  • 13. HARVEY O. BANKS PUMPS: cont
    Dramatically alters the hydrology of the Delta by re-orienting flows from east to west to north to south
    Interrupts a natural cycle of tidal influences that bring brackish nutrient-rich flows through the Delta
    Smelt, which are weak swimmers, are drawn into the pumps and pulverized
    Blue Ribbon Task Force. Delta Vision Strategic Plan. Pp27-8 Oct 2008
    http://deltavision.ca.gov/StrategicPlanningProcess/StaffDraft/Delta_Vision_Strategic_Plan_standard_resolution.pdf
    High Country News. “Breakdown...” p3. 11 Jan 2010
    http://www.hcn.org/issues/42.1/breakdown/article_view?b_start:int=2&-C=
  • 14. THE DELTA SMELT
    The delta smelt, a crucial link in the food web, spends its entire one-year life span in the Delta and is an indicator species on the health of the Delta ecosystem. Listed as threatened in 1993.
    Being used by those working to save the Delta as a tool through the Endangered Species Act to improve flows and water quality.
    High Country News. “Breakdown...” p3. 11 Jan 2010
    http://www.hcn.org/issues/42.1/breakdown/article_view?b_start:int=2&-C=
    Photo USFWS
  • 15. THE DELTA SMELT: cont
    Also being used by farm corporations to fuel a political “fish versus people” debate in order to increase diversions for water-intensive cash crops.
    Also note that these farms typically do not have primary water rights under California’s water rights process.
    Photos High Country News
    http://www.hcn.org/issues/42.1/breakdown
  • 16. BDCP: Conservation Strategy
    Provide a comprehensive habitat conservation and restoration program for the Delta
    Provide the basis for permits under federal and State endangered species laws for the activities covered by the plan based on the best available science
    Identify sources of funding and new methods of decision-making for ecosystem improvements
    Provide for an “adaptive management”and monitoring program to enable the plan to adapt as conditions change and new information emerges
    Streamline permitting for projects covered by the plan
    http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/GeneralDocuments/BDCP_Brochure.pdf
  • 17. ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT
    “A type of natural resource management in which decisions are made as part of an ongoing science-based process, adaptive management involves testing monitoring, and evaluating applied strategies, and incorporating new knowledge into management approaches that are based on scientific findings and the needs of society. Results are used to modify management policy, strategies and practices.”
    United Federal Policy for a Watershed approach to Federal Lands and Resource Management, 65 Fed. Reg. 62565. 62572, Oct 18, 2000.
    Delta Vision Strategic Plan p 47 http://deltavision.ca.gov/StrategicPlanningProcess/StaffDraft/Delta_Vision_Strategic_Plan_standard_resolution.pdf
  • 18. http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/FactSheetLibrary/BDCP%20Brochure%200909.pdf
  • 19. BDCP: Where do we go from here?
    Refine conservation measures, delta operations, and habitat restoration
    Design adaptive management program
    Continue to develop biological goals and objectives
    Analysis of effects on water quality and bio-resources
    Cost and financing
    Implementation structure and schedule
    Community workshops
    Public comment on Draft BDCP
    http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/FactSheetLibrary/BDCP%20Brochure%200909.pdf
  • 20. MORE HELP FOR THE DELTA
    2009 COMPREHENSIVE WATER PACKAGESenate Bills and the Water Bond
  • 21. 2009 COMPREHENSIVE WATER PACKAGESenate Bills and the Water Bond
    http://gov.ca.gov/issue/water-supply/
  • 22. 2009 Water Package: cont.
    http://gov.ca.gov/issue/water-supply/
  • 23. 2009 Water Package: cont.
    http://gov.ca.gov/issue/water-supply/
  • 24. OPPONENTS
    To be sure, there is not unanimous support for the BDCP and Water Package. Calling it a “conveyance” plan not a “conservation” plan. Those include;
    Planning and Conservation League
    Friends of the River
    Restore The Delta
    Sierra Club
    California Sport Fishing Alliance
    Clean Water Action
    Environmental Justice Water Coalition
    In addition to some Delta farmers and water districts and others
    http://www.friendsoftheriver.org/site/PageServer?pagename=PeripheralCanal
  • 25. Links and additional resources
    Bay-Delta Conservation Plan – Brochure
    http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/GeneralDocuments/BDCP_Brochure.pdf
    Bay Delta Conservation Plan – Fact Sheet
    http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/FactSheetLibrary/BDCP%20Brochure%200909.pdf
    Bay-Delta Conservation Plan, What is the BDCP? 15 Jan 2010.
    http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/BDCPPages/aboutBDCP.aspx
    Blue Ribbon Task Force- Final Report 29 Jan 2008
    http://deltavision.ca.gov/BlueRibbonTaskForce/FinalVision/Delta_Vision_Final.pdf
    Blue Ribbon Task Force-Delta Vision Strategic Plan, Oct 2008
    http://deltavision.ca.gov/StrategicPlanningProcess/StaffDraft/Delta_Vision_Strategic_Plan_standard_resolution.pdf
    Delta Overview,
    http://baydeltaoffice.water.ca.gov/sdb/tbp/deltaoverview/index.cfm
    Delta Vision-About
    http://www.deltavision.ca.gov/AboutDeltaVision.shtml
  • 26. Links and additional resources
    Delta Vision Committee Implementation Report- 31 Dec 2008
    http://www.deltavision.ca.gov/DV_Committee/Jan2009/08-1231_Delta_Vision_Committee_Implementation_Report.pdf
    Delta Vision Timeline and Glossary
    http://deltavision.ca.gov/TimelineAndGlossary/DV_BRTF_ArticulationGlossary_07-17-08.pdf
    Friends of the River
    http://www.friendsoftheriver.org/site/PageServer?pagename=PeripheralCanal
    Grossi, Mark and Rodriquez, Robert “Pumps Blast Water to West Valley Farmers” Fresno Bee 8 Feb 2010
    http://www.fresnobee.com/263/story/1814319.html?storylink=omni_popular
    Jenkins, Matt. “Breakdown” High Country News 11 Jan 2010
    http://www.hcn.org/issues/42.1/breakdown
    Public Policy Institute of California, “California Water Myths”, . 12 Jan 2010
    http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/report/R_1209EHR.pdf
  • 27. WATER RIGHTS IN CALIFORNIA
    Riparian water rights
    Established in 1850
    Followed English common law
    Owners of land bordering water have first right to reasonable amount of that water
    Appropriative rights
    Developed from practice of appropriating water for mining claims-even if far from the source
    Lead to the principle “first in time, first in right”
    Secondary to Riparian rights
  • 28. SUBSIDENCE
    Prior to 1850 delta soils were rich in organic peat from natural vegetation and fed by seasonal flooding
    Construction of levees to reclaim land for farming cut off flood deposition
    Farming peat soils exposes it to oxygen causing them to breakdown – compaction and loss of volume
    As a result some Delta lands are more than 15 feet below sea level
    Creates pressure on levees increasing risk of failure