Learning and changes resulting from progression through a leadership programme Wednesday 14th September – Jackie Funnell Activity 1 Leadership/Management – What’s the Difference?In the table below, make up to 3 entries in each column that highlight a difference betweenleadership and management. An entry in one column should be accompanied by a directlycomparable entry in the other. Leadership ManagementThe difference between a leader and a The difference between a leader and amanager is that a leader: manager is that a manager:
Activity 1 – Reading and Reflection Leadership and Management – what’s the difference?The following paragraph is from an article by Danny mUrphy, Leadership and Management –Where next?, provides a succinct summary of the differences – as well as the close links – betweenmanagement and eladership. The article was written as a contribution to the consultation followingthe draft publication of “CPD for educational Leadership” (SEED 2003).“ Management is assigned responsibility and involves making the best use ofresources to fulfil a set of clearly defined functions associated with a particularpost and job description. Leadership is a quality which any individual canpossess. Leadership power can flow very effectively, for example when otherschoose to follow someone not because of their position but because of whatthey say. Management is top down. Leadership can come from any part of theorganisation. Managers are given responsibility, leadership involves takingresponsibility. Management is about structures, leadership is about cultures.Management is about what you do on the outside, leadership is about what youbelieve on the inside. Leadership requires the exercise of context-sensitivejudgement, management favours predicable responses. Managementresponsibility is associated with particular posts, but leadership, in ademocratic society is something we look for in all teachers in a schoolcommunity, whether they are in management posts or not. Developingleadership in all members of the community (pupils and staff) is, indeed, one ofthe key educational functions of schooling in a democratic society, soleadership development is important not just to make schools more effective,but because it is a central purpose of democratic schooling itself”Macbeath and Myers also offer some succinct comment on the difference between managementand leadership:“ ……… management is, by definition, expected to produce a degree of predictability and order, tomeet short term expectations….., to plan and to work to a more or less rational model. Leadershipis more at home in the world of the unpredictable, the spontaneous and creative.”“People can save time and energy through efficient management . It istherefore not too surprising that management training has developed into sucha major industry. Leadership, on the other hand, which is more about people,relationships, intuition, values and moral judgement is hard to teach becausethese things in themselves are not easy to identify and difficult to dissect.
Now, return to the table on Leadership/Management and see if you canmake entries in all of the remaining spaces. Learning and changes resulting from progression through a leadership programme Wednesday 14th September – Jackie Funnell Activity 2Reflect individually first and then with a partner on the 12 extracts below. Which 3extracts would you commend most strongly to a colleague aspiring to leadership.“The first rule of leadership is that it is “Effective leaders place an emphasis onshared” teaching and learning as well as building capacity”“Leadership should be viewed as a “The first step towards success iscapacity to learn” identifying your own leadership strengths”“Shared or distributed leadership is not “Good leaders know when to push andsimply about extending delegation from when to back off, when to give strong athe top. It is inherently democratic, strong lead and when to support.involves multiple sources of guidance and Different situations and time needdirection and is underpinned by a different approaches”common culture”“True leadership always works with the “Leaders never lose their focus. Theygrain of human nature, not against it! keep their eyes on the positive”Leadership needs to be seen more as a “The challenge for the headteacher is tosensitive response than the application of provide the opportunities that allow eachstrategies and techniques” individual in a school to contribute, though their own skills, expertise and leadership, to the collective good fo the school”“If leadership is fundamental to school “It is surely one of the greatest ironies ofimprovement and success then it is not leadership, that while we look traditionallyunreasonable to speculate that it might to leaders to solve our problems, it wouldalso be crucial factor in teams, seem that leaders are most likely to beclassrooms and every social unit in a successful when they reflect the problemsschool” straight back to where they have to be