The bass drum was invented around the 1930's. It was invented by Gabriella Pittui.
3. Who has composed pieces for it?
Bolero is an orchestral piece by Maurice Ravel that includes the bass drum. There is a piece called Requiem by Verdi that is also for an orchestra (and the bass drum.)
4. Has it always existed in the current form? What changes have been made, and when?
The bass drum was once a long drum. The length of its cylinder was about twice the width of the diameter. This drum was changed until it resembled the other one during the course of the 19th century. Its shell was shortened and widened, and the shell was replaced with brass. A cord was once used to attach the head of a drum to the shell. It was done by wrapping a cord around the border of skin that overlapped the shell. This was later replaced when the rim was added.
5. What ensembles (groups) does it regularly play in?
The bass drum is sometimes played with the ride cymbal, floor tom, toms, snare drums, and hi hat. It is also played with the rest of the orchestra.
6. What kind of music does it play?
The bass drum is used in orchestral music, ensemble music, concert band music, marching music, and throughout the 20 th century as a component of the drum kit in jazz, rock and related styles. In music the bass drum is used to mark or keep time. In marches, it is used to project a tempo. In jazz the bass drum can keep time from a medium to a melodic voice. Bass drums are also used for sound effects…e.g. thunder, or an earthquake.
7. How does your instrument work?
To play the bass drum you need to stand behind it and hit the center of the drums face with your mallet. If you are right handed you will use your right hand to hit the mallet on the right side of the bass drum. You hit the mallet on the left side if you are left handed. You will place your other hand (the one not holding a mallet) on the face of the drum as to soften the vibration.
8. Is this instrument in the orchestra? If so, for how long?
This instrument is in the orchestra.
9. What does it look like? How can I tell what it is?
A bass drum is a relatively large drum that produces a note of loud definite or indefinite pitch. It is the largest drum of the orchestra.
10. Which family does it fit into?
The bass drum is in the drum and precussion family.
1. "Bass Drum." Play Music - Homepage. Web. 03 Nov. 2010. < http://www.playmusic.org/percussion/bassdrum.html >.
2. "Instruments of the Orchestra - Percussion." Oregon Symphony Home. Web. 03 Nov. 2010. < http://www.orsymphony.org/edu/instruments/popups/percussion.html >.