This is the only book published by Jose P. Laurel during the Japanese period, in particular during the time he was comminssioner of the interior, although the attempt at formulating systematically his ideas on moral and political philosophy was in the making while he was confined at the Sugamo prison.
The greatness of Japan has been achieved through faithful loyalty to civic-moral principles in the course of centuries of dedication to national growth. There are also certain factors other than civico-moral principles, in the case of Japan which laid the foundation of nation building-to strengthen their Empire and bind the members of the great Yamato race into indisoluble unity. Laurel namely identify the following as the forces for Japan’s successful nation building
The Ruler is held in reverence by his loyal and united subjects; he lives above the clouds, loved, respected and venerated as the unifying centre of national gravityl he is the l
No people on earth except the Japanese have the reality of such a living soul integrated into the purposes and meaning of their daily actions and striving. Neither the memory of common sufferin nor consciousness of common destiny suffices to constitute an adequate unifying symbol valid at all times and potent enough to ensure solidarity of action under all circumstances; a common tradition or community of ideals, while important, lacks decisive controlling force; the flag is an embodiment of a nations’ identity, history and aspirations is incapable of imparting upon a people’s iddeals the hallowed breath of a living soul that actually exist.
Various faiths and creeds identically point to the supreme importance in the life of individuals and of nations of belief in the Divine Providence of God who created and uphold the universe. The Christian Bible, the Mohammadean Koran and sacred books of Buddhism and of other religions, each has its own set of commandments for the observance of the faithful. In terms of difference, the Christian bible enjoins the faithful to love God for God is all LOve; while the Koran commands the faithful to fear God because God is powerful
Two kinds of inheritance: material property and family tradition and cult.
The developmetn of Practical paternalism in Hapanhs not degenerated into parasitism. Each member of the Japanese family is a willing and actual contributor by the sweat of his brow to the common wealth and fund of the family and each and every one is a devoted keeper and worshipper of the sacred traditions enshired in every family altar.
The absence of a well-developed and popularly cultivated national language in a country of any consequence is a serious deficiency; such a lack means that speedy and accurate communication of ideas and information is impossible, the development of national unity is slow and fitful, and unfortunate political and social cleavage that result from dialect-nurtured regionalism become sharper and irremediable.
Japan had the problem of multiple dialects up to about the time of the Russo-Japanese War. However, their leaders meet the problem squarely and solved it through YOKIUKU.
During the Spanish regime, Spanish was the official language in the Philippines. It was the medium of instructions, the language of business and of that of small upper middle class society that thrived by the grace of the overlordly colonial government. When Thomasites came in the country and taught the natives, they used English as the new medium of instruction. Unlike Spanish, English became epidemic in all levels of Philippine society. Later, when the Japanese came they short-lived taught us Japanese, and later called for the adoption of an existing native language to become our national language. The effect of this unique political and linguistic background have been to retard the natural development of our native dialects, and on the other, to accustom us to using clumsily a tool of expression in the form of a foreign tongue with which to overcome a certain extent the difficulty of intercommunication among the various groups of the population each of which speaks a dialect of its own.We must take full advantage of the inspiration provdied our new constitution to develop our national language intensively, propagate it systematically over the length and breadth of the land until we can be proud to tell the world that we are truly a united nation, one in race, one in language, one in aspirations.
Japanese human resources capitalizes on their investment in human capital: that is by providing them healthcare, education, and better working conditions. This is to develop able bodied citizens who can work for their economy. They believe that human industry is the starting point for a program of national development. Of course, big population, greater manpower force and production. That’s why above all industries, it is the population who should be developed.
INJpaan the ratio of doctor and patient is one is to 700. While in the philippines it is 1:300 and in chine, 1:10,000. during that time, they have 60,000 physicians, 25,000 dental surgeons, 32,000 pharmacists, 65,000 midwives and 125,000 licensed nurses.
Of course, mere population will not make a country great and progressive. Without unity, proper education, the right ideals and social and political organization, density of population is no positive advantage; on the contrary, it can even be a liability. On the other hand, it is evident that without a sufficient population any political or social device would be devoid of factual and organic basis since there would be no large body of people to be organized educated or even regimented
A GOVERNMENT DESIGNS THE PATTERN OF ITS OPERATION, ALWAYS TAKING CARE THAT THE NECESSARY EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT AND THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE IS MAINTAINED.
Forces that made japan great
Forces ThatMade Japan Great Part of II, Forces ThatMake a Nation Great by Jose P. Laurel (1943)
1. Government by Symbol: His Majesty the Emperor2. Influence of Buddhism3. The Nippon Family System4. Compulsory Education5. National Language6. Human Industry7. Benevolent GovernmentMaterial and Spiritual Forces forNation-building
Who is the Emperor?•God-given ruler of the country;•The representative of the godsin the heaven; and•The direct descendent of thedivine ancestor of the race•The devotion to the Emperor isthe “old rock of the Japanesenation.”•The legendary symbol of theJapanese people and theircountry
In Japan, His Majesty the Emperor is the symbol of common imperishable tradition and nationality. Emperor-worship is not merely a religion; it has the force of what may be termed a super religion. Thus, respective religions are also Emperor-worshippers. “The Majesty of our Imperial House towers high above everything to be found in the world, and it is durable as heaven and earth” Emperor-worship has been responsible for the existence in Japan of : continuity of traditions, reverence for the ruler, faith in a national or racial missionGovernment by Symbol
The British King is the nominal leader of the British Empire; however, he ceased to partake of the divine character of his predecessors The Constitution id claimed to be the symbol of the democratic way of life chartered for the American people China is divided because of the lack of integrating living force that could counteract the demoralizing influences sown by dominant foreigners The Philippines is in need of a symbol possessed of similar compelling force and dynamic reality, because division and dissension is continued.Japan vis-à-vis other States
Origin of Japanese spiritual forcesworship of Nature and of spiritsShintoism- refers to a lessarticulate hero and ancestorworship with a background ofNature worshipConfucianismBuddhism- had its origin in India.
Buddhism has been the main inspiring and integrating factor that has had an ever- pervading influence on the spiritual life of the Japanese people All religions coincide in the fundamentals; however, they differ in the methods of theological approach; The spiritual authority and social ascendency of Christianity are at any rate, losing ground in the modern world largely due to the failure of the traditional institutions of this faith to adapt themselves to the changing environmentInfluence of Buddhism
Japanese family systemJapanese family ispatriarchal and is as a rule alarge family.The Japanese family aims atthe preservation of itsname, the honor of itslineage, its mode of life, thefamily occupation and thecommunal property.The couple’s importance isrecognized only in so far asit serves the purpose ofperpetuating the family bybegetting heirs.
The couple’s importance is recognized only in so far as it serves the purpose of perpetuating the family by begetting heirs. Divorce in Japan is determined by the requirements of the family and not as in western countries, by the problems of mutual adjustments between husband and wife. A wife who enters the family must be faithful to the traditional mode of life of her husband’s family.The Nippon Family System
The archaic and feudal system of primogeniture –eldest son inherits the power to rule the family and supervise its property but in return for this exclusive privilege he has the sacred obligation to consecrate himself to the perpetuation of the family tradition Cooperative character of the family; every member works not for himself but for the entire family
Japan’s compulsory education“Japan is a school, an Athens.Temperamentally alert and quicklike the ancient Hellenes, ofpassive turn of mind, ready toreceive, and immensely curiousto learn everything new andstrange, the people turn tolearning as do ducks to water.”In Japan, a Japanese boy or girlof seven has to go to one of theordinary primary schools and stayfor the required six years. In1946, Japan has 30,000 primaryschools with more than 100,000pupils. The literacy rate is almost100 percent.
A uniform for school children is prescribed so that proper supervision by the police and other authorities over the young soul is practicable and efficient. Separation of sexes is prescribed after the primary grades on the theory that there should be differences in the system and methods of training and instruction on account of sex Middle school corresponds to our public high school.Compulsory Education
Boy student stays five years in the middle school where he learns Japanese literature, Chinese classics, a foreign language, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, history, physics and chemistry, law and economics, technical studies, etc. Girl student who enters a high school followed a four or five-year course. She studies domestic science and sewing, as well the tea ceremony and flower arrangement.
In education, what is needed is not democracy but regimentation, not liberty but discipline, not liberalism but correct orientation, not flexibility but rigidity in the formation of the desired mould of citizenship.
National LanguageLinguistic unity is a bindingforce of utmost importancebecause the color and quality ofthe language largely determinethe color and quality of thethought of the people who useit.
Yokiuku is the classical Japanese. Initially just the language in Tokyo, later was nationalized. Language of Japan has been the most powerful factor not only for the cementing of national unity but also for the phenomenally swift absorption of word culture by modern JapanNational Language
During the Spanish regime, Spanish was the official language in the Philippines During the American occupation, we were made to adopt English as the medium of instruction on the theory probably that the value of democratic institutions could be understood and appreciated only in that language Sec. 3, Article 8, Gen. Provisions, Original Constitution, “The National Assembly shall take steps towards the development and adoption of a common national language based on one of the existing native languages”Evolution of “Filipino”
Human IndustryIt refers to the developingof able bodied citizens.Above all industries of acountry should be humanindustry. On top of self-sufficiencyin goods and commoditiesand natural resourcesshould be sufficiency inman power.
To insure the good health of every children born in Japan, the government directly and indirectly cares for the expectant mother, givers her aid in various forms, and protects her well being through the maternity hospitals and confinement advisory institutes of which there are a goodly number all over the country. Child bearing and celebration of marriage are encouragedJapanese Human Industry: Health
Social legislation are strictly enforced in the form of Factory Law, the Mining Law, and the Health Insurance Law which safeguard the health of women workers, particularly those in the family way. Training and education for the populaceJapanese Human Industry: Labor
Benevolent GovernmentIt is not the form of government butthe substance of government thatdetermines whether it is popular orautocratic.The Government of Japan is farfrom being autocratic andtyrannical.
A. relative protection of life, liberty and property; B. relative freedom of religion and of worship; and C. relative freedom of speech and of the pressMinimum requirements:Benevolent Government
The world is governed by God and man, the former in His infinite Wisdom as the Supreme Being and the latter, if morally and intellectually capable. People cannot be both governors and governed at the same time. A good and efficient government, a benevolent government may exist WHEN MEN OF SUPERIOR MORAL AND INTELLECTUAL ENDOWNMENTS ARE IN CONTROL OF STATEBENVOLENT GOVERNMENT:ARISTORCRACY
A benevolent government is a result of traditional practice of allowing the best- endowned men in the service of the state ample scope and latitude in the exercise of governmental powers. In theory, Japan has the most undemocratic state in the modern world, for it is the only government extant based on the divine right of rulers, but in practice, it is a most benevolent government.
The government’s concept of its role is that it is the God-chosen custodian of the people, and it therefore, spares neither pains nor effort to improve the economic and cultural conditions of the nation. Japan has attained her present greatness because of mutual trust between the government and the people, and through a long consistent policy of unselfish devotion on the part of the government to the enlightenment, development, and uplift of the entire people
Greater Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Regional economyREGIONALISM