Boston Code Camp - Cloud Storage (Azure Blob and Amazon S3)

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Cloud Storage - Azure Blob and Amazon S3.

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Boston Code Camp - Cloud Storage (Azure Blob and Amazon S3)

  1. 1. Cloud Storage (Azure Blob and Amazon S3)Udaiappa Ramachandran (Udai)Chief Software Architect @ Ektron, Inc.,New Hampshire – Nashua Cloud/.NET User Group OrganizerLinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/udairBlog: http://cloudycode.wordpress.com
  2. 2. Cloud Storages - Agenda• Overview of Cloud Storage• Azure Blob Storage• Amazon S3• Comparing Azure Blob and Amazon S3• Benchmark comparisons for performance, stability, and scalability• Best Practice• Resource• QA
  3. 3. Overview of Cloud Storage• Evaluation • Network Storage • Hosted Storage • Cloud Based Storage• Benefits • Highly Available with Strong Consistency • Provides access to data in face of failures/partitioning • Durability • Replicate data several times within and across data centers • Scalability • Need to scale to Exabyte’s and beyond • Provide a global namespace to access data around the world • Automatically load balance data to meet peak traffic demands • Easy setups and low cost • Pay as you go • API Accessible, Emulator, Web Portal
  4. 4. Azure Blob Storage
  5. 5. Azure Blob Storage Abstractions• Blobs • File with a metadata • Blob Types • Block Blob • Targeted for streaming workloads • Each blob consists of a sequence of blocks, Each block is identified by a Block ID targeted for streaming workloads • Size limit 200GB per blob • Optimistic concurrency via ETags • Page Blob • Targeted for random read/write workloads • Each blob consists of an array of pages. Each page is identified by its offset from the start of the blob • Size limit 1TB per blob • Optimistic or Pessimistic (locking) concurrency via leases• Drives • Durable NTFS volumes for Windows Azure applications to use • Based on Blobs • Drive access across multiple instance(s) possible thru SMB
  6. 6. Azure Blob Storage Details• Storage End Point • http://<account>.blob.core.windows.net/<container>/<blobname> • [Account][Container][Blobs][Pages/Blocks]• Mock Storage Emulator• Can CDN Enable Account • Blobs delivered via 24 global CDN nodes• Can co-locate storage account with compute account • Explicitly or using affinity groups• Accounts have two independent 512 bit shared secret keys• 100 TBs per account• Geo-Replication• Storage Analytics • Logs: Provide trace of executed requests for your storage accounts • Metrics: Provide summary of key capacity and request statistics for Blobs, Tables, and Queues• HTTP headers for Blobs• RESTful and Client API support
  7. 7. Azure Blob Storage Details Continued…• Associate Metadata With blob • Standard HTTP metadata/headers (Cache-Control, Content-Encoding, Content-Type, etc) • Metadata is <name, value> pairs, up to 8KB per blob • Either as part of PutBlob or independently• Blob always accessed by name • Can include ‘/‘ or other delimiters in name e.g. /<container>/myblobs/blob.jpg• Basic Blob Operations • GetBlob • DeleteBlob • CopyBlob • SnapshotBlob • LeaseBlob • ListBLobs
  8. 8. Azure Blob Storage -Drives• Durable NTFS volume for Windows Azure Instances • Use existing NTFS APIs to access a network attached durable drive • Use System.IO from .NET• Benefits • Move existing apps using NTFS more easily to the cloud • Durability and survival of data on instance recycle• A Windows Azure Drive is an NTFS VHD Page Blob • Mounts Page Blob over the network as an NTFS drive • Local cache on instance for read operations • All flushed and un buffered writes to drive are made durable to the Page Blob• A Windows Azure Drive is a Page Blob formatted as a NTFS single volume Virtual Hard Drive (VHD) • Drives can be up to 1TB
  9. 9. Azure Blob Storage -Drives Continued… • A Page Blob can be mounted: • On one instance at a time for read/write • Using read-only snapshots to multiple instances at once • An instance can dynamically mount up to 16 drives • Remote Access via standard Blob UI • Can’t remotely mount drive • Can upload the VHD to a Page Blob using the blob interface, and then mount it as a Drive • Can download the VHD to a local file and mount locally • Operations performed via Drive API not REST Calls • Operations on Drives • Create Drive • Mount / UnMount Drive • Get Mounted Drives • Snapshot Drive
  10. 10. Amazon S3
  11. 11. Simple Storage Service (S3)• Storage Endpoints • Virtual Hosted Style: http[s]://<bucketname>.s3-website-[us-east-1].amazonaws.com/object • Path-Style: http[s]://s3.amazonaws.com/<bucketname>/object• Associate Metadata With blob • Standard HTTP metadata/headers (Cache-Control, Content-Encoding, Content-Type, etc) • Metadata is <name, value> pairs, up to 8KB per blob • Either as part of PutBlob or independently• Blob always accessed by key • Can include ‘/‘ or other delimeter in name but folder must end with ‘/’ e.g. /<bucketname>/myblobs/blob.jpg• 1-5 TB per blob• Unlimited Size per accounts• RESTful/API support• Storage Analytics• Ability to host static template from blob• Bittorrent protocol support
  12. 12. S3- Basic Blob Operations• Put• Get• Delete• Copy• List
  13. 13. Comparing Azure Blob and Amazon S3Please note that next 3 slides may not be converted by slideshare.Click Save link to download the original presentation.
  14. 14. Comparing Azure Blob, Amazon S3
  15. 15. Comparing Azure Blob, Amazon S3
  16. 16. Benchmark comparisons forperformance, stability, and scalability
  17. 17. Best Practices• Avoid lock-in to specific provider• Choose the location closest to your customer• Use only lower cases for container/key name• Always remove public access from container/bucket. Instead grant public access to keys if required.• Avoid unnecessary request (such a call to check if blob exists instead use the response)• Use compression for large file if possible• Enable CDN
  18. 18. Resource• http://microsoft.com/azure• http://blogs.msdn.com/b/windowsazurestorage/archive/2010/1 2/30/windows-azure-storage-architecture-overview.aspx• http://aws.amazon.com/articles
  19. 19. Q&A
  20. 20. Thank you for attending BostonCode Camp.

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