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Cyber abuse sepa 2013 presentation


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Cyber abuse sepa 2013 presentation

  1. 1. The Partner Cyberabuse Questionnaire: Preliminary Psychometrics of TechnologyBased Intimate Partner Violence Sherry Hamby Sewanee, the University of the South Presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, March, 2013.
  2. 2. The Reality of Battering    Battering is not just about physical assault. Our questionnaires are supposed to adequately capture the complexities of abusive relationships. Questionnaires that focus on shouting and hitting miss complexities of battering. Often absent: sexual violence, economic abuse and other key aspects of battering. Technology-based harassment has long been a part of battering—such as getting utilities turned off. Even easier in the modern era.
  3. 3. Study 1: Qualitative Focus Groups    In the first stage of the study, 4 focus groups were held with college students that discussed peer-topeer cyberbullying and intimate partner cyberabuse. These focus groups clearly indicated that behaviors by partners and ex-partners were clearly seen as distinct from other peerperpetrated technological harassment. Also, intimate partner cyber-abuse often appeared to involve more severe incidents and was 3 considered less socially normative.
  4. 4. Example of Serious IPV Cyber-abuse  I have a friend that went abroad and got a boyfriend and like it went sour …they broke up and so he started harassing her on Facebook and then when she defriended him he harassed everyone that he was mutual friends with that she was friends with, so like all their mutual friends here…she had to find like everyone that they were mutual friends with and make them defriend them. And then he had her parents’ email and was like harassing her parents and saying all this vulgar sexual stuff like to her parents. …the parents had to call the ___ embassy,…he was texting them too. It was just bad, like it’s still not over. 4
  5. 5. Study 2: Quantitative Study      98 women with histories of intimate partner victimization were recruited from domestic violence programs (support group, others from shelter, guardian ad litem, law enforcement) in 2 Southern states. Wide age range: 28% 18-25, 25% 26-30, 27% 31-40, 20% 41+ Ethnically and racially diverse: 29% African-American, 29% Latina/o, 26% European American, 14% American Indian, 1% Asian and 1% Other. Low-income sample, with most women (84%) reporting income below $18,000 per year. In addition to structured items, they provided their perceptions of their risks and resources in a semi-structured format. Responses were coded using a boot-strapping method and analyzed. Participants were given a $25 gift card to thank them for their participation. DV agencies were paid $25 per interview to compensate them for staff 5 time.
  6. 6. The Partner Cyber-abuse Questionnaire          1) My partner sent messages from my Facebook profile without my permission. 2) My partner wrote something negative about me on social media such as Facebook or Twitter when he was angry. 3) My partner sent angry or insulting text messages to me. 4) My partner forwarded embarrassing online or text messages or pictures about me. 5) My partner changed my password so I couldn’t access my (or our) accounts, such as bank or credit card accounts. 6) My partner checked or read my emails or texts without my permission. 7) My partner monitored my profile or used phone applications as a way to keep tabs on me. 8) My partner sent me frequent emails or texts when he knew I didn’t want them. 9) My partner checked up on my location by getting me to send cell phone pictures of where I was. 6
  7. 7. Cyber-abuse is Common 70 60 65 58.8 57.7 56.7 % 50 40 47.4 43.3 40.2 37.1 36.1 35.4 30 20 10 0 7
  8. 8. Further Results    A single factor accounted for 74% of the variance and included all 9 items. Cyber-abuse more repeated than physical or sexual violence. No differences in frequency of cyberabuse between women who were still with their partner or who had ended the relationship. Not just post-breakup pursuits. Correlations with… Injury 0.27 Psychological 0.27 Physical 0.28 0.37 Sexual 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 8
  9. 9. Correlated with Other Partner Problems Correlated with… 0.24 Partner Infidelity 0.29 P Alcohol problem 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 9
  10. 10. Conclusions  Limitations & Next steps:    This is a low-income sample. Would a sample with better access to computers report even higher rates or different patterns? This is a highly victimized sample. Would these be as common or closely related in a community sample? Important to:    #1 Fully capture all elements of abusive relationships #2 Stay current as the types of acts that abusive and controlling partners can do changes #3 Science is about progress. Do not limit to 40-year 10 old questionnaires—keep moving forward.