Successfully reported this slideshow.
Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Church Governance2022.pdf

Loading in …3

Check these out next

1 of 37 Ad

More Related Content

Similar to Church Governance2022.pdf (20)

Recently uploaded (20)


Church Governance2022.pdf

  1. 1. Church: Governance, Administration, Management, & Leadership
  2. 2. What is the Church? ◼ COMMUNITY or INSTITUTION ◼ BOTH – Community: People of God, Disciples, Clergy – Institution: Organization, policy, rules, leadership and goals
  3. 3. Two-fold task of Mission Kerygma (Greek: κήρυγμα, kérugma) is the Greek word used in the New Testament for preaching (see Luke 4:18-19, Romans 10:14, Matthew 3:1). It is related to the Greek verb κηρύσσω (kērússō), to cry or proclaim as a herald, and means proclamation, announcement, or preaching. Diakonia - diakonía – active service, done with a willing (voluntary) attitude, Servant –who waits at table, to serve.
  4. 4. Missio Dei God’s reign – both future and present… - NOW & NOT YET Jesus spoke of the reality of God’s presence. “the kingdom of heaven has come near” (Matthew 4:17, Mark 1:15) “the kingdom of God is among you” (Luke 17:21) “If it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come to you.” (Matthew 12:28) Jesus spoke of God’s reign yet to come. “Thy kingdom come…” David J. Bosch, Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission, (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2002) 32-33.
  5. 5. Diakonia ◼ Diakonia, or the "responsible service of the gospel by deeds and by words performed by Christians in response to the needs of people", is rooted in and modeled on Christ’s service and teachings. The intimate link between the service of God and the service of humankind is said to be exemplified for the whole church by the ministry of deacons (M31). ◼ The Old Testament law provided a variety of ways to alleviate the sufferings of the poor, and the prophets often spoke as advocates of the widows and orphans. The early Jerusalem church practised a form of communism: those with possessions sold them to benefit those who were in need. Its own subsequent needs were met in part by diakonia from gentile churches (Acts 11:27ff.; 2 Cor. 8).
  6. 6. ◼ When Constantine tolerated the Christian Church in the 4th century, the newly legitimized church set up burial societies, poorhouses, homes for the aged, shelter for the homeless, hospitals, and orphanages. These were often funded, at least in part, from grants from the Emperor. ◼ By Middle Ages the Church had a system for circulating consumables to the poor: associated with each parish was a diaconium or office of the deacon. Monasteries also often served as comprehensive social service agencies, acting as hospitals, homes for the aged, orphanages, travelers' aid stations.
  7. 7. ◼ Care for prisoners, convicts and those exiled to hard labour in mines and pits, etc.; ◼ Assistance in burial of the poor, homeless, lonely and neglected; ◼ Care for servants in general and those exploited and oppressed; ◼ Relief to victims of natural disasters and epidemics; ◼ Assistance in seeking employment; ◼ Care for strangers and offering them hospitality.
  8. 8. ◼ A question for the buzz groups: How are the churches in your country addressing creatively the challenge of impoverishment, illnesses (e.g. HIVa), lack of education, etc.. ◼ What are diaconal practices do see or have observed in your Church or institution?
  9. 9. Diaconic Institution ◼ Jesus had compassion on the poor, the needy and the sick. He healed the deaf and the blind and the paralyzed to proclaim that in him the kingdom of God had come. ◼ As disciples of Jesus, the Church believes that they too are called to care for the poor, the needy and the sick.
  10. 10. Healing, Education and Liberation ◼ Hospitals, Schools and Advocacy ◼ Faith-based non-profit organization – An organization, program, or project sponsored/hosted by a religious congregation (may be incorporated or not incorporated); – A non-profit organization founded by a religious congregation or religiously-motivated incorporators and board members that clearly states in its name, incorporation, or mission statement that it is a religiously motivated institution
  11. 11. Church as an Institution ◼ - It is an organization. ◼ - It has structures. ◼ - It has order and rules. ◼ - It has governance, administration, management and leadership. ◼ - (e.g. Acts 2:42f; 4:32f; 6:1-7)
  12. 12. What is Governance? ◼ The act, process or power of governing ◼ Decision-making processes in the administration of an organization ◼ A structure that, at least in theory, works for the benefit of everyone ◼ A structure of relationships and processes to direct and control the enterprise in order to achieve the enterprise's goals ◼ Any organization, including the church, that wishes to exist over time needs to find ways of ordering its life.
  13. 13. Who governs ◼clergy or/and laity ◼male or / and female ◼Divine or/and human
  14. 14. Systems of church governance ◼ Episcopal polity is a form of church governance that is hierarchical in structure with the chief authority over a local Christian church resting in a bishop. ◼ Presbyterian (or presbyteral) polity is a method of church governance typified by the rule of assemblies of presbyters, or elders. It can be described as a “representative” form of church government. ◼ Congregational polity, often known as congregationalism, is a system of church governance in which every local church congregation is independent, ecclesiastically sovereign, or "autonomous."
  15. 15. 16 ◼ Governance – The systems and processes concerning overall direction, effectiveness, supervision and accountability of an organization. ◼ Thus, it includes what types of management and/ or administration of the organization. ◼ Governance is how we organize or set up the institution.
  16. 16. ◼ Governance is the process of providing strategic leadership to an organization. It entails the functions of setting direction, making policy and strategy decisions, overseeing and monitoring organizational performance, and ensuring overall accountability.
  17. 17. The six functions of governance are: ◼ • Determining the objectives of the organisation. ◼ • Determining the ethics of the organisation. ◼ • Creating the culture of the organisation. ◼ • Ensuring compliance by the organisation. ◼ • Requiring accountability from management. ◼ • Designing and implementing the organisation’s governance framework.
  18. 18. Administration ◼ Administration can be defined as the universal process of organizing people and resources efficiently so as to direct activities toward common goals and objectives. ◼ “Administration defines the goal ; management strives toward it” –By Oliver Sheldon.
  19. 19. ADMINISTRATION:- • Is top level function • Defines goal i.e. Management strives towards it. Administration • It lays down broad goals and objectives for which the industrial enterprises has been set up. • It lays down broad policies and principles for guidance. Administration • It provides direction, guidance and leadership to all the activities of the enterprise. Administration
  20. 20. To manage means to accomplish activities and master routines, whereas to lead means to influence others and create visions for change. Bennis and Nanus made the distinction very clear in their frequently quoted sentence, “Managers are people who do things right and leaders are people who do the right thing” (p. 221). Management was created as a way to reduce chaos in organizations, to make them run more effectively and efficiently. The primary functions of management were planning, organizing, staffing, and controlling. Management
  21. 21. ◼ Management is getting things done. A manager does not do any operating work himself but gets it done through others. He must motivate the subordinates for the accomplishment of the task assigned to them. ◼ Management is an activity. Management is a process of organised activity. It is concerned with the efficient use of resources like men, money and materials in the organisation. ◼ Management is a group activity. Management cannot exist inde-pendent of the group or organisation it manages. It is a cardinal part of any group activity and inspires workers to put forth their best efforts. ◼ BOSE, D. CHANDRA. PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION (Kindle Locations 473-479). PHI Learning. Kindle Edition.
  22. 22. Five functions of management ◼ M1 To forecast and plan, ◼ M2 To organise ◼ M3 To command or direct ◼ M4 To coordinate ◼ M5 To control (monitoring & evaluation)
  23. 23. Source: BOSE, D. CHANDRA. PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION (Kindle Locations 569-602). PHI Learning. Kindle Edition.
  24. 24. Buzz group ◼ What type of governance do you see in your institution? – E.g. male/female, clergy/laity – Congregational /clerical/ representative ◼ In your institution/church, is management distinct from administration? Please describe.
  25. 25. Church Leadership
  26. 26. What is leadership? Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. (Northouse 2009) Leadership is a process, leadership involves influence, leadership occurs in groups, and leadership involves common goals. As process, leadership can be observed in leader behaviors and can be learned.
  27. 27. Components Central to the Phenomenon of Leadership ◼ Is a process ◼ Involves influence ◼ Occurs within a group context ◼ Involves goal attainment Leadership Leaders ➢ Are not above followers ➢ Are not better than followers ➢ Rather, an interactive relationship with followers
  28. 28. Leadership & Management Kotter (1990) Management Activities Leadership Activities “Produces order and consistency” • Planning & Budgeting • Organizing & Staffing • Controlling & Problem Solving “Produces change and movement” • Establishing direction • Aligning people • Motivating / Inspiring Major activities of management & leadership are played out differently; BUT, both are essential for an organization to prosper.
  29. 29. Administration, Management, and Leadership (Church Leadership: Vision, Team, Culture, and Integrity by Lovett H. Weems 1993) ◼ Administration is doing things right. If there is a deadline, one meets it. If there is a prescribed structure, one has it. If there are stated policies, one keeps them. Administration is policy making. ◼ Management is doing the right things. Management includes such things as long-range planning, goal setting, selecting priorities, time management, and budgeting. Policy execution. Management is Operation. ◼ Leadership is the development and articulation of a shared vision, motivation of those key people without whom that vision cannot become a reality and gaining the cooperation of most of the people involved. ◼ Both administration and management are required for effective leadership. However, administration and management alone do not equal leadership. One can administer and manage without vision and values. It is impossible to lead without vision and values. Leadership is always a moral act. Genuine leadership is always values-driven leadership.
  30. 30. ◼ Both administration and management are required for effective leadership. However, administration and management alone do not equal leadership. One can administer and manage without vision and values. It is impossible to lead without vision and values. Leadership is always a moral act. Genuine leadership is always values-driven leadership.
  31. 31. Three viewpoints: 1. Administration is a higher level functioninvolves the overall setting of major objectives, identifying. This view is expressed by the American authors, namely Oliver Sheldon, William Newman, William R. Spriegal and Ordway Tead. They consider administration as a determinative function and management as an executive function 2. Management is a generic term. This view is expressed by the British author— Brech. He regards ‘management’ as the generic term for the total process of executive control in industry. He describes ‘administration’ as that part of management which is concerned with installation and carrying out of the procedures. 3. Management and administration are synonymous. This view is expressed by Henri Fayol who is regarded as the real originator of management. He makes no distinction between the terms ‘management’ and ‘administration’. Both of them are synonymous and used inter-changeably. BOSE, D. CHANDRA. PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION (Kindle Locations 542-556). PHI Learning. Kindle Edition.
  32. 32. ◼ Hunter (2000:26) applies the distinction between leadership, management and administration to the context of the church as follows: ◼ “A leader communicates the church’s vision, purpose, and direction and mobilizes people’s energy in support of it. A manager deploys people (and resources), through specific roles, jobs, and tasks, to achieve the mission’s purpose and sees to it that the organization permits and helps the people to succeed. An administrator facilitates the workflow of the organization and attends to its efficiency. The obsession of the first role is direction, the second is effectiveness, and the third is efficiency.”
  33. 33. ◼ Although there is a clear distinction between leadership, management and administration, successful organizations need all three functions (Kozak 1998). Dreams and visions (leadership) need to be implemented in structures (management), and resources need to be utilized effectively and efficiently (administration) in turning dreams into realities.