The phrase ―Faustian bargain‖has entered the English lexicon,referring to any deal made for ashort-term gain with great costs inthe long run. To “strike a Faustian bargain"is to be willing to sacrifice anything to satisfy alimitless desire for knowledge or power.
• Type of work: Elizabethantragedy•Setting of the play:(TIME) · The 1580s(PLACE) · Europe, specificallyGermany and ItalyBACKGROUND
Dr Faust us i s a moral i t y pl ay whi chi s wri t t en i n I ambi c Pent amet er &Bl ank Verse.Bl ank verse i s l argel y reservedf or t he mai n scenes whi l e prose i sused i n t he comi c scenes. I nt eri or monol ogue –shows i nsi de t hecharact er’s mi nd and Faust us’sexerci se of f ree wi l l . Si mi l es, Met aphors, I rony, Cl assi calStyle and Structure
Hyperbolic Language– language which is enlarged beyond truth orreasonableness (extravagant or exaggerated)Hyperbolic Language example:“Ay, these are those tat Faustus most desires.O what a world of profit and delight,Of power, of honour, of omnipotence”SyllogismSyllogism: 2 statements which, if true, make a 3rdstatement true.Example: Socrates is a man; all men are mortal;therefore, Socrates is mortal.―. . .we must sin, and so consequently die. / Ay, wemust die an everlasting death‖ (I.i.4043).
RISING ACTION · Faustus’sstudy of dark magic and hisinitial conversations withMephastophilis CLIMAX · Faustus’s sealing ofthe pact that promises hissoul to Lucifer FALLING ACTION · Faustus’straveling of the world andperforming of magic forvarious rulers
Good and Bad Angel 7 Deadly Sins Presence ofLucifer and his cohorts Vision of Hell Chorus (1 person) to open theplay Allegory
SinRedemption (save someone fromsin or evil)Damnation (eternal punishment inHell)Good and Evil (Angels)Salvation (the saving of aperson from sin)
The Seven Deadly Sins areseen as warning to abstainfrom evil. In Faustus they are presentedto show the delights of them,and to distract him fromheaven.
Faustus has Pride for hisambition to become a god:“try thy brains to gain adeity” marks him with thesin of Pride. He has alreadygained much he believes hecan do more and becomesomething supernatural;showing he believes that heis self important and theonly one worthy to be abletoo. This is the same pridewhich made Lucifer fall: asMephastophilis answers toFaustus question on how hefell “O, by aspiring prideand insolence/ For whichGod threw him from the faceof heaven”
Faustus is slightly jealous atthe beginning of the fact thathe doesn’t know all about theworld and universe likeGod, in which he wishes tobecome “mighty god”. He isjealous of what God can doand he cannot. We see that he desired godsposition and he was enviousof god.
Faustus is driven by greed &ambition, as he tries to satisfyhis appetite for knowledge andpower. Despite the fact thatFaustus is surrounded bypowerful people (the Emperor,beautiful women) he isunhappy, in which he tries tobury his head in luxuries andhis greed. He craves happiness& salvation, not greed &damnation. Sadly Faustusswallows in riches until hismiserable death.Faustus is desirous not onlyof money but also of everything of the world for whichreason he sought magic. he isgreedy and wants more.
Faustus mainly on one occasionshows gluttony. This is whenhe throws food at thePope, which symbolisesFaustus own gluttony. Theexcess food means he has foodto waste. Moreover, After theparade of the Seven DeadlySins Faustus exclaims “O thisfeeds my soul”, and metaphorfor eating. INCIDENTS AT THECHAMBER OF THE POPE ATROME PROVE HISGLUTTONOUS NATURE.
Faustus also presents wrath on manyoccasions when he doesn’t get hisway;“When I behold the heaves, then Irepent/ And curse thee, wickedMephastophilis,/ Because thou hastdeprived me of those joys”shows he has a angry streak. Even inScene 7 when Faustus tries todemand deeper knowledge fromMephastophilis, who is unable toanswer. Faustus repeat (repetition) of“tell me” and insults me but saying:“these slender trifles Wagner candecide!/ Hath Mephastophilis nogreater skill”
Lust is seen in Faustus. Hislust for knowledge &power, and through his sexualdesires & pleasures. Hedesires the “fairest maid”because he is “lascivious”. Heis tempted by Helen of Troy(sin of the flesh) which alsoshows a massive fall, fororiginally he wanted power &knowledge, and can only haveand is now interested insatisfying physical fulfilment:“Was this the face thatlaunched a thousand ships”Lust
Faustus implicitlyshows sloth as heorders Mephastophilisto his services anddoes not hunt forknowledge himself.
The medieval world placed religion at thecenter and ignored man and the naturalworld. During the Renaissance there was anew emphasis on the individual, on classicallearning, and on scientific inquiry into thenature of the world. During the MiddleAges, theology was the main subject ofstudy. In the Renaissance, though, secularmatters were at the center.Faustus rejects the medieval ways ofthinking and accepts no limits in his quest forpower and knowledge. But Faustus pays theprice of his antireligious sentiments.Faustus is a typical example of the fate
Pride is one of the Seven Deadly Sins.According to the medieval view of the universe,Man was placed in his position by God andshould remain content with his station in life.Any attempt or ambition to go beyond hisassigned place was considered a great sin ofpride.Lucifers fall was the result of his pride whenhe tried to revolt against God, and Icarus wasanother example of pride. Similarly, Faustusfirst great sin is pride. He is not content withthe limitations on human knowledge and seeksunlimited power. His punishment is the resultof his unlawful ambitions, as the chorus showsin both the prologue and epilogue.
•Doctor Faustus is a Christian play, ittherefore deals with important Christianthemes and symbols.● The idea of sin – acting contrary to the willof God.●The pact with Lucifer signifies the ultimatesin: Not only does he renounce God, but hedeliberately and eagerly chooses to swearalliance to the devil.● However, in a Christian framework, eventhe greatest sin can be forgiven if one isSIN
POWER CORRUPTSIn the beginning, Faustus has heroicplans, he wants to push the boundaries ofscience and unveil the secrets of theworld (and make a little money andbecome famous, too)However, as soon as Faustus gainslimitless power, he contents himself withplaying cheap tricks for the nobility, hebecomes an entertainer. Self-Delusion?
BloodBlood plays multiple symbolic roles inthe play. When Faustus signs away hissoul, he signs in blood, symbolizing thepermanent and supernatural nature ofthis pact. His blood congeals on thepage, however, symbolizing, perhaps, hisown body’s revolt against what heintends to do. Meanwhile, Christ’sblood, which Faustus says he seesrunning across the sky during his terriblelast night, symbolizes the sacrifice thatJesus, according to Christianbelief, made on the cross; this sacrificeopened the way for humankind to repentits sins and be saved. Faustus, ofcourse, in his proud folly, fails to takethis path to salvation.
Faustus’s Rejection of the AncientAuthoritiesIn scene 1, Faustus goes through a list of themajor fields of human knowledge—logic, medicine, law, and theology—and citesfor each an ancient authority . He then rejectsall of these figures in favor of magic. Thisrejection symbolizes Faustus’s break with themedieval world, which prized authorityabove all else, in favor of a more modernspirit of free inquiry, in whichexperimentation and innovation trump theassertions of Greek philosophers and theBible.
In Doctor Faustus the Good Angel and the BadAngel are allegorical characters. Surface Level : The angels appear atFaustus’s shoulder early in the play—thegood angel urging him to repent and serveGod, the evil angel urging him to follow hislust for power and serve Lucifer. Deep level :The Divided Nature of Manthey clearly represent Faustus’s dividedwill, which compels Faustus to commit toMephastophilis but also to question thiscommitment continually.Good and Bad Angels
A contradictory character: tells himself hell is not bad￬￪wants to go to heaven ambitiouswastes powers
He is bold enough to sell his soul to theDevil for ultimate knowledge. He is sometimes ultimately arrogant, overlyconfident. He can be viewed as naïve.