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Iran’s Threat
in the Western Hemisphere
General Context
• Relationship               • Projects                    • Platform
 In just the last 5 years,    The $30 billion inventory     Iran uses Venezuela to
 Iran and Venezuela           of joint projects and         project its influence and
 have created a vast          commercial transactions       activities in the Americas,
 economic, political, and     and the broad range of        to evade international
 operational                  cooperation (diplomatic,      sanctions, and to harvest
 relationship, which          military, commercial,         uranium and other strategic
 both countries use to        financial, industrial,        minerals in the region – all
 advance their                energy, petrochemical, and    with the aim of aiding its
 asymmetric strategies        many others) makes Iran’s     illegal nuclear program and
 in the USA’s own             relationship with             challenging the USA and
 neighborhood.                Venezuela one of its most     international security.
                              important partnerships in
                              the world.
Areas of Cooperation

 Area 1: 2004   Financial Infrastructure

 Area 2: 2006   Industrial Infrastructure

 Area 3: 2005   Technical Cooperation

 Area 4: 2007   Nuclear Technology and Uranium Mine

 Area 5: 2007   Military Cooperation

 Area 6: 2005   Terrorism and Drug Trafficking
Iran’s Significant Presence
in Venezuela
 1. Financial Infrastructure
 2. Tractor Factory
 3. Cement Plant
 4. Gold Mine
 5. Energy Sector
 6. Chemical Plant
 7. Car Assembly Plant
 8. Bicycle Factory
 9. Tuna Processing Plant
 10. Dairy Products Plant
 11. Corn Flour Plant
 12. Housing Development
 13. Weapon Factory


 11/14/2011                    4
Venezuela Supports
Iran’s Evasion of Sanctions
                                                Iranian
          Evasion of                          Government
        International                                            Iranian Companies
     Restrictions on Iran’s                                             (Iran
      Access to Financial                                           Revolutionary
            System                                                  Guard Corps)




                                                                              Iranian
          International                                                     Subsidiaries’
        Financial System                                                   Companies in
                                                                             Venezuela


                                                           Venezuelan
                              Venezuela                    Government
                           Financial System
                                                            (PDVSA)




 11/14/2011                                                                            5
Incorporation of
a Venezuelan Commercial Bank



Notes:
Rahim
Faramarzi, CEO
Banco Toseyeh
Saderat Iran C.A.
Industrial Sector

          Tractor   • VENEIRAN (Bolivar State)
          Factory

  Cement Plant      • Edhasse Sanat (Monagas State)
                     Urbanización Los Tucanes NO. 22, Maturín, Estado Monagas




 Bicycle Factory    • FANABI (Cojedes State)


      Gold Mine     • Impasco (Bolivar State)


 11/14/2011                                                                     7
Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory:
Venelran Military-Style Compound with Iranian Security

               Building 1                    Building 3

                                Building 2




                             High-
                            Security
                            Facility



  11/14/2011                                          8
Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory:
Intended Recipient of Bomb-Making Materials and Lab




 11/14/2011                                    9
Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory
‘Barrels of nitrate and sulfite chemicals’




  11/14/2011                                 10
Transportation Industry




              Regular Flights                       Regular Flights
    Route: Caracas – Damascus – Teheran   Route: Caracas – Damascus – Teheran
          Aircraft: Boeing 747 SP               Aircraft: Airbus 340-211
            Tail Number: EP-IAD                  Tail Number: YV 1004
Transportation Industry




              Net loss for 3 years operations
              USD $ 30,140,776.42
 11/14/2011                                     12
CONVIASA: Cargo Facility




 11/14/2011                13
Energy




              Rafael D. Ramirez C.
              President, PDVSA




 11/14/2011              14
Cousins
                                 Ilich Ramirez Sanchez
                                 AKA: Carlos ‘the Jackal’,
                                 Ramirez’ cousin
          Rafael D. Ramirez C.
          President, PDVSA
Military
Iran and Venezuela’s Ministers of Defense (Mostafa Mohammed
Najjar and Ramon Carrizalez), signing an agreement of military
cooperation on April 30, 2009 in Caracas




 11/14/2011                                             16
Military

  Training of the
Venezuelan Armed                                                                     Unnamed Aerial
     Forces in                           Overhauling for the    Infrastructure and      Vehicles
 asymmetric war     Explosive plant in   Venezuela’s combat     machinery to build        M2
and techniques to    Carabobo State      plane F-5 by Iranian     bombs, Bolivar       42 Planes
   sabotage the                               Air Force                State.           Maracay
      energy                                                                          Aragua State
  infrastructure.


   Army, Navy and                                                  Tractor Factory         CAVIM
                           CAVIM               Air Force                                    AIO
      Militias                                                        Veneiran




  11/14/2011                                                                          17
Iranian Cooperation in
‘Nuclear Technology’




 11/14/2011              19
Iranian Cooperation in
‘Nuclear Technology’
Notes:
• Cooperation “in the field of
  nuclear technology….”
• Accord signed Nov. 14, 2007




  11/14/2011                     20
Venezuela’s
‘Nuclear Power Program’




 11/14/2011               21
Iranian Cooperation in
‘Nuclear Technology’
Notes:
• Internal Document
• Discloses Nuclear             CEA
  program years before          • The Atomic Energy Committee (CEA) is our “Nuclear
  Chavez admitted to              Energy Programme implementing Organization (NEPIO)1
  have one                        since 2007.

                                • The CEA is conformed by
                                   – Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT)
                                   – Ministry of Energy and Petroleum (MENPET)
                                       – Ministry of Basic Industries and Mining (MIBAM)
                                       – Electric Companies (CORPOELEC)
                                       – Universities (UCV, USB)
                         1NEPIO is the designation used in the IAEA by the guide “Milestones in the Development of a National Infrastructure for
                         Nuclear Power”
                         Workshop on Steps for Conducting Nuclear Power Plant Technology Assessments, Vienna, Austria, 17-20 November 2008




  11/14/2011                                                                                                                                 22
Funding Venezuela’s
Nuclear Program
Notes:
• Roughly $50 Million for
  “Science and
  Technology” Program




  11/14/2011                23
Funding Venezuela’s
Nuclear Program
Notes:
• “Peaceful use of
  Nuclear Energy”
• Chavez personal
  approval




  11/14/2011          24
Venezuela’s Nuclear Program
Notes:
• Russian deal signed days
  after Chavez says he is
  only “studying” nuclear
  energy…
• Same firm that built
  Bushehr Nuclear Reactor




  11/14/2011                  25
Uranium in Venezuela’s
Roraima Basin
Notes:
• Among the largest
  deposits of uranium in
  the world
• Canadians are mining
  “uranium” in Guyana…




  11/14/2011               26
Iran’s “Gold” Mine
(Impasco – Minerven)




 11/14/2011            27
Iran Strikes ‘Gold’ in Uranium
Basin
Notes:
• Canadians are mining
  “uranium” in Guyana…
  Iranians mining “gold” in
  Venezuela
• Export of uranium to Iran
  would be an apparent
  violation of UN sanctions
                              “Gold”
• Eyewitnesses say ore         Mine
  processed at Iranian
  “cement plant” and loaded
  on barges on Orinoco
  River




  11/14/2011                           28
Uranium Reserves in Venezuela

Notes:
• Iran discovered
  Uranium in Venezuela
  in 2007
                         Prospección de Uranio en la
                          Republica Bolivariana de
                                 Venezuela


                                 Deciembre 2010




  11/14/2011                                       29
Uranium Reserves in Venezuela

Notes:
• Thousands of
  samples taken
  throughout the
  country




  11/14/2011                    30
Uranium Reserves in Venezuela

Title:
                          Ubicación de muestras geoquímicas tomadas por el
Location of geochemical           Proyecto Irán – Venezuela Etapa I

    samples taken
   Iran – Venezuela
   Project: Phase 1
 (Uranium exploration)




  11/14/2011                                                                 31
Uranium Reserves in Venezuela

Results Iranian
Study:
Location of geochemical
    samples taken
 Regional Geoquimical
Explorations in Timotes,
     Merida State
 (Uranium exploration)




  11/14/2011                    32
Uranium Reserves in Venezuela
Title:
Distribution Map of
      Uranium
    Regional
   Geoquimical
  Explorations in
    Timotes,
   Merida State
 September 2007
Geological Survey
     of Iran
Instituto Nacional
  de Geologia y
      Mineria
    Venezuela



  11/14/2011                    33
Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela




 11/14/2011                         34
Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela




        Ghazi Atef Salameh Nassereddine Abu Ali
 11/14/2011                                  35
Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela




          Birth Certificate    Spanish Translation


      Ghazi Atef Salameh Nassereddine Abu Ali
 11/14/2011                                          36
June 18, 2008
              hp-1036

Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela  Treasury Targets Hizballah in Venezuela

              Washington - The U.S. Department of the Treasury today designated two
              Venezuela-based supporters of Hizballah, Ghazi Nasr al Din and Fawzi Kan'an,
              along with two travel agencies owned and controlled by Kan'an.

              "It is extremely troubling to see the Government of Venezuela employing and
              providing safe harbor to Hizballah facilitators and fundraisers. We will continue to
              expose the global nature of Hizballah's terrorist support network, and we call on
              responsible governments worldwide to disrupt and dismantle this activity," said
              Adam J. Szubin, Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).
              June 18, 2008
              Today's action was taken pursuant to Executive Order 13224, which targets
               hp-1036
              terrorists, those owned or controlled by or acting for or on behalf of terrorists, and
              those providing financial, technological,Hizballah insupport to terrorists or acts of
                                   Treasury Targets or material Venezuela
              terrorism. Assets the designees hold under U.S. jurisdiction are frozen and U.S.
               Washington - The U.S. Department of the Treasury in property or interests
              persons are prohibited from engaging in transactionstoday designated two in
               Venezuela-based supporters of Hizballah, Ghazi Nasr al Din and Fawzi Kan'an,
              property blocked under the order.
              along with two travel agencies owned and controlled by Kan'an.
              Identifying Information to see the Government of Venezuela employing and
               "It is extremely troubling
              providing safe harbor to Hizballah facilitators and fundraisers. We will continue to
              GHAZI NASR AL DIN
              expose the global nature of Hizballah's terrorist support network, and we call on
              responsible governments worldwide to disrupt and dismantle this activity," said
              Ghazi Nasr al DinDirector of the Office of Hizballah supporter who(OFAC).
               Adam J. Szubin,
                                   is a Venezuela-based Foreign Assets Control has utilized his
              position as a Venezuelan diplomat and the president of a Caracas-based Shi'a
              Islamic Center to provide financial support to Hizballah. Nasr al Din served until
               Today's action was taken pursuant to Executive Order 13224, which targets
              recently as Charge d' Affaires at the Venezuelan for or on behalf of terrorists, and
               terrorists, those owned or controlled by or acting Embassy in Damascus, Syria,
              and was subsequently appointed the Director of Political Aspects at theor acts of
               those providing financial, technological, or material support to terrorists
              Venezuelan Embassydesignees hold under U.S. jurisdiction are frozen and U.S.
               terrorism. Assets the in Lebanon.
              persons are prohibited from engaging in transactions in property or interests in
              Nasr al Din has counseled Hizballah donors on fundraising efforts and has
              property blocked under the order.
              provided donors with specific information on bank accounts where the donors'
              Identifying Information
              deposits would go directly to Hizballah.

              Ghazi Nasr al Din DIN met with senior Hizballah officials in Lebanon to discuss
               GHAZI NASR AL has
              operational issues,is a well as facilitated the travel of Hizballah members to and
               Ghazi Nasr al Din as Venezuela-based Hizballah supporter who has utilized his
              from Venezuela. In late January 2006, Nasr al Din facilitated the travel of Shi'a
               position as a Venezuelan diplomat and the president of a Caracas-based two
              Hizballah representatives financial support Parliament toNasr al Din served until
               Islamic Center to provide to the Lebanese to Hizballah. Caracas to solicit
              donations for Hizballah and toat the Venezuelan Embassy Hizballah-sponsored
               recently as Charge d' Affaires announce the opening of a in Damascus, Syria,
              community center and office in Venezuela. The previous Aspects at theDin
               and was subsequently appointed the Director of Political year, Nasr al
              arranged theEmbassy Hizballah members to attend a training course in Iran.
               Venezuelan travel of in Lebanon.

              AKAs: Haj Ghazi Nasseredine
              Nasr al Din has counseled Hizballah donors on fundraising efforts and has
              provided donors with specific information on bank accounts where the donors'
              Ghazi Nassereddine
              deposits would go directly to Hizballah.
 11/14/2011                                                                                            37
              Ghazi Nasr al Din has met with senior Hizballah officials in Lebanon to discuss
Terrorist Training: City of Qom
               ! " # # ( ) *$# , -' . /# # $( $" 1$/# % -. $*-3' *+-' . ' #
                   $%&'      +$#       $%0%         ! #2


#
#
#

         !" #$ %&%' () * +, * #%+- ' (&- () %++- (

        (.(/ (%(/ ((!(" (/ (- (.($ (.(((
       ((' (.(/ (" ($ (((0((" ((+((.((1((%((#((
        (- (2 (3(4((5(6((2
            ((%(2        (7(8((" (9(:(;(< (;(5(7(8(
                                             (
(
        445# 7! 89685 # ! ; # ; ! 05 5 &=: # ! ; # # " $ &" ' !( !# # %
           56&5      : ,    <6;    2 !     ,     !"    %          !" $# #

                                             #

                                     : # > # &## 6#
                                       8# 6# 5?#

                                             (

              ) ' ( *+&$ - # " !) &$ # " $ &" ' !( !$ $ !" &( $ &- 0 +$
                       !,          !"    %          . ,       /     1#

                          23 ( 4 # ) !&( $ 3 - *3 +# - $
                                         )             &+!' ( *' $

        ' " / # % 4 # $ ' $ # $ 53 / - !) # $ - # " !) # $ ' $ ( $ ( $ ( ' 63 ' - # $
                #     4 - +'                !,           4 !+# ' 1'

            " !( !, *' +!&$ ' $ 3 - *3 +# $ ' - $ &/ !' +( &$ &- !1# +!# ( &(
                          4 )             4 7               /
     11/14/2011                                                                         38
Terrorist Training: City of Qom
Notes:
• Recruiter:
• Rouhollah Kiyaei Nejad
• Cover of Iran Air
• Network of “Islamic
  Centers” for proselytisms
  and recruitment




  11/14/2011                      39
Terrorist Network: Structure
                                                                                Mohsen Rabbani
                                                                          Universidad Islámica de Irán
                                                                                                                         Gobiernos de Irán y Venezuela
                                                                            Ciudad de Qom, IRAN




                                                          Sheij Suhail Assad
                                              Encargado de dirigir los centros en
                                                      América Latina




                                            Munir Valencia                     Sheij Rouhollah Kiyaei Nejad                                         Shaij Mahmud Aid
Joao Adriano Olivera da Silva                                                                                  Sheij Seied Abdala Medina
                                 Centro Cultural Islámico la Ciudad del               Centro Islámico                                      Centro Chileno Islámico de Cultura de
Centro Islámico de Belo Jardim                                                                                     Mesquita Al-Imam
                                                Profeta                        Imán Khomeini – Simón Bolívar                                           Puerto Montt
            Brasil                                                                                                    Argentina
                                               Colombia                                 Venezuela                                                         Chile




   11/14/2011                                                                                                                                     40
Terrorist Network: Structure




 11/14/2011                    41
Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela




                                                                            Army
                                                            Tareck         General       Edmundo
   Abdul         Dante          Walid                       Zaidan       Aref Rachani      Kabchi
                 Rafael                     Imad Saab                                    Raymundo
   Ghani                       Makled         Saab        El Aissami       Jimenez
  Suleiman       Rivas         Garcia                      Maddah                          Kabchi
                                            (Venezuelan                    (CAVIM
  Wanked        Quijada      Kingpin List                                               Caroni Group
                                             Ambasador    (Minister of    President
              (Director of                    in Syria)
 (Lebanon)      Saime)                                     Interior)     and PDVSA      (Bolivar State)
                                                                          Director)




 11/14/2011                                                                                42
Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela


              Zoed Karam
               Venezuelan
              Ambassador in
                Lebanon




 11/14/2011                         43
Venezuela Terrorism: Hezbollah




 11/14/2011                      44
Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela




 11/14/2011                         45
Caracas Terrorist Summit
Hezbollah – Hamas – Islamic Jihad
Notes:
• Internal Memorandum
  from Venezuelan
  embassy in Damascus
  reveals plans for terror
  meeting
• Venezuelan and Iranian
  envoys met in May 2010
• Venezuelan “diplomat”
  sanctioned by US
  Treasury in 2008 for
  aiding Hezbollah attended




  11/14/2011                        46
Caracas Terrorist Summit
Hezbollah – Hamas – Islamic Jihad
Notes:
• Original plan called for
  Chavez to meet
  Ahmadinejad and
  Nasrallah in Lebanon
• Instead, terror leaders
  were hosted in Caracas in
  August 2010




  11/14/2011                        47
Caracas Terrorist Summit
Hezbollah – Hamas – Islamic Jihad

                                    Khaled Meshaal
                                        Hamas




 11/14/2011                                     48
Arms Trafficking
Notes:
• Francop Cargo Ship
• Captured by the Israeli Navy
• 500 Tons of Weapons:
  November 2009




  11/14/2011                     49
Arms Trafficking
Notes:
• Francop Cargo Ship
• Captured by the Israeli
  Navy
• 500 Tons of Weapons –
  November 2009




  11/14/2011                50
Iran’s Connections in the Region
                 Main operating base in
     Venezuela
                       the region


     Panama          Financial Sector


                   Financial Sector and
       Brazil
                        Uranium


     Ecuador          Minerals Trade


                  Maintenance facility for
     Honduras
                     Iranian ‘tractors’


      Bolivia          Cement plant


                 Financing of Joint Projects
     Argentina
                       in Venezuela




 11/14/2011                                    51
Iran’s Connections: Ecuador
Notes:
Bi-national agreement •
with Ecuador concerning
geological mining




  11/14/2011                  52
Iran’s Connections: Ecuador

Notes:
Ecuador Ministry of •
Mining and Petroleum
Iran Ministry of •
Industry




  11/14/2011                  53
Iran’s Connections: Ecuador
Notes:
$28,973,680 payment •
Dr. José Serrano Salgalo, •
Under Secretary of
Mines, Ecuador
Sr. M.T. Korei, Vice- •
Minister and Director of
Geological and Mineral
Exploration of the Islamic
Republic of Iran




  11/14/2011                  54
Iran’s Connections: Argentina
Notes:
Venezuela, Argentina and •
Iran




  11/14/2011                    55
Iran’s Connections: Argentina
Notes:
Venezuela, Argentina and •
Iran




  11/14/2011                    56
Iran’s Connections: Argentina
Notes:
Venezuela, Argentina and •
Iran
From China Fund •
250 Million Dollars   •




  11/14/2011                    57
USA / Venuezuela Security Issues
Threats:
Iran’s radicalizing •
influence in the Americas
Nuclear technology •
Uranium mining, source •
of nuclear armament
production
Missile launch capability •
and closeness to USA
Hezbollah in Venezuela •
Drug trafficking •
USA southern border •
insecurity
Iran, the Americas
Clear Threat:
“The strong Iran •
is ready for
enemy-crushing
and tough
response in case
of any illogical
and violent
behavior by the
US.”
Iranian Defense •
Minister, Brig. Gen.
Ahmad Vahidi, while
visiting Bolivia,
June 1, 2011
Threat that Cannot be Exaggerated
                    …..or Ignored
‘Street War’:
“Iranian forces will fight with the enemies with maximum might and •
power all throughout the European and U.S. soil, if Iran comes under
       Iranian parliamentarian, November 9, 2011        attack.”


‘IAEA says foreign expertise has brought Iran to threshold of
nuclear capability’
“Intelligence provided to U.N. nuclear officials shows that Iran’s •
government has mastered the critical steps needed to build a nuclear
weapon, receiving assistance from foreign scientists to overcome key
technical hurdles….”
The Washington Post, November 8, 2011

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Presencia de Iran en Venezuela y sus implicaciones

  • 1. Iran’s Threat in the Western Hemisphere
  • 2. General Context • Relationship • Projects • Platform In just the last 5 years, The $30 billion inventory Iran uses Venezuela to Iran and Venezuela of joint projects and project its influence and have created a vast commercial transactions activities in the Americas, economic, political, and and the broad range of to evade international operational cooperation (diplomatic, sanctions, and to harvest relationship, which military, commercial, uranium and other strategic both countries use to financial, industrial, minerals in the region – all advance their energy, petrochemical, and with the aim of aiding its asymmetric strategies many others) makes Iran’s illegal nuclear program and in the USA’s own relationship with challenging the USA and neighborhood. Venezuela one of its most international security. important partnerships in the world.
  • 3. Areas of Cooperation Area 1: 2004 Financial Infrastructure Area 2: 2006 Industrial Infrastructure Area 3: 2005 Technical Cooperation Area 4: 2007 Nuclear Technology and Uranium Mine Area 5: 2007 Military Cooperation Area 6: 2005 Terrorism and Drug Trafficking
  • 4. Iran’s Significant Presence in Venezuela 1. Financial Infrastructure 2. Tractor Factory 3. Cement Plant 4. Gold Mine 5. Energy Sector 6. Chemical Plant 7. Car Assembly Plant 8. Bicycle Factory 9. Tuna Processing Plant 10. Dairy Products Plant 11. Corn Flour Plant 12. Housing Development 13. Weapon Factory 11/14/2011 4
  • 5. Venezuela Supports Iran’s Evasion of Sanctions Iranian Evasion of Government International Iranian Companies Restrictions on Iran’s (Iran Access to Financial Revolutionary System Guard Corps) Iranian International Subsidiaries’ Financial System Companies in Venezuela Venezuelan Venezuela Government Financial System (PDVSA) 11/14/2011 5
  • 6. Incorporation of a Venezuelan Commercial Bank Notes: Rahim Faramarzi, CEO Banco Toseyeh Saderat Iran C.A.
  • 7. Industrial Sector Tractor • VENEIRAN (Bolivar State) Factory Cement Plant • Edhasse Sanat (Monagas State) Urbanización Los Tucanes NO. 22, Maturín, Estado Monagas Bicycle Factory • FANABI (Cojedes State) Gold Mine • Impasco (Bolivar State) 11/14/2011 7
  • 8. Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory: Venelran Military-Style Compound with Iranian Security Building 1 Building 3 Building 2 High- Security Facility 11/14/2011 8
  • 9. Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory: Intended Recipient of Bomb-Making Materials and Lab 11/14/2011 9
  • 10. Iran’s ‘Tractor’ Factory ‘Barrels of nitrate and sulfite chemicals’ 11/14/2011 10
  • 11. Transportation Industry Regular Flights Regular Flights Route: Caracas – Damascus – Teheran Route: Caracas – Damascus – Teheran Aircraft: Boeing 747 SP Aircraft: Airbus 340-211 Tail Number: EP-IAD Tail Number: YV 1004
  • 12. Transportation Industry Net loss for 3 years operations USD $ 30,140,776.42 11/14/2011 12
  • 13. CONVIASA: Cargo Facility 11/14/2011 13
  • 14. Energy Rafael D. Ramirez C. President, PDVSA 11/14/2011 14
  • 15. Cousins Ilich Ramirez Sanchez AKA: Carlos ‘the Jackal’, Ramirez’ cousin Rafael D. Ramirez C. President, PDVSA
  • 16. Military Iran and Venezuela’s Ministers of Defense (Mostafa Mohammed Najjar and Ramon Carrizalez), signing an agreement of military cooperation on April 30, 2009 in Caracas 11/14/2011 16
  • 17. Military Training of the Venezuelan Armed Unnamed Aerial Forces in Overhauling for the Infrastructure and Vehicles asymmetric war Explosive plant in Venezuela’s combat machinery to build M2 and techniques to Carabobo State plane F-5 by Iranian bombs, Bolivar 42 Planes sabotage the Air Force State. Maracay energy Aragua State infrastructure. Army, Navy and Tractor Factory CAVIM CAVIM Air Force AIO Militias Veneiran 11/14/2011 17
  • 18.
  • 19. Iranian Cooperation in ‘Nuclear Technology’ 11/14/2011 19
  • 20. Iranian Cooperation in ‘Nuclear Technology’ Notes: • Cooperation “in the field of nuclear technology….” • Accord signed Nov. 14, 2007 11/14/2011 20
  • 22. Iranian Cooperation in ‘Nuclear Technology’ Notes: • Internal Document • Discloses Nuclear CEA program years before • The Atomic Energy Committee (CEA) is our “Nuclear Chavez admitted to Energy Programme implementing Organization (NEPIO)1 have one since 2007. • The CEA is conformed by – Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT) – Ministry of Energy and Petroleum (MENPET) – Ministry of Basic Industries and Mining (MIBAM) – Electric Companies (CORPOELEC) – Universities (UCV, USB) 1NEPIO is the designation used in the IAEA by the guide “Milestones in the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power” Workshop on Steps for Conducting Nuclear Power Plant Technology Assessments, Vienna, Austria, 17-20 November 2008 11/14/2011 22
  • 23. Funding Venezuela’s Nuclear Program Notes: • Roughly $50 Million for “Science and Technology” Program 11/14/2011 23
  • 24. Funding Venezuela’s Nuclear Program Notes: • “Peaceful use of Nuclear Energy” • Chavez personal approval 11/14/2011 24
  • 25. Venezuela’s Nuclear Program Notes: • Russian deal signed days after Chavez says he is only “studying” nuclear energy… • Same firm that built Bushehr Nuclear Reactor 11/14/2011 25
  • 26. Uranium in Venezuela’s Roraima Basin Notes: • Among the largest deposits of uranium in the world • Canadians are mining “uranium” in Guyana… 11/14/2011 26
  • 27. Iran’s “Gold” Mine (Impasco – Minerven) 11/14/2011 27
  • 28. Iran Strikes ‘Gold’ in Uranium Basin Notes: • Canadians are mining “uranium” in Guyana… Iranians mining “gold” in Venezuela • Export of uranium to Iran would be an apparent violation of UN sanctions “Gold” • Eyewitnesses say ore Mine processed at Iranian “cement plant” and loaded on barges on Orinoco River 11/14/2011 28
  • 29. Uranium Reserves in Venezuela Notes: • Iran discovered Uranium in Venezuela in 2007 Prospección de Uranio en la Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela Deciembre 2010 11/14/2011 29
  • 30. Uranium Reserves in Venezuela Notes: • Thousands of samples taken throughout the country 11/14/2011 30
  • 31. Uranium Reserves in Venezuela Title: Ubicación de muestras geoquímicas tomadas por el Location of geochemical Proyecto Irán – Venezuela Etapa I samples taken Iran – Venezuela Project: Phase 1 (Uranium exploration) 11/14/2011 31
  • 32. Uranium Reserves in Venezuela Results Iranian Study: Location of geochemical samples taken Regional Geoquimical Explorations in Timotes, Merida State (Uranium exploration) 11/14/2011 32
  • 33. Uranium Reserves in Venezuela Title: Distribution Map of Uranium Regional Geoquimical Explorations in Timotes, Merida State September 2007 Geological Survey of Iran Instituto Nacional de Geologia y Mineria Venezuela 11/14/2011 33
  • 34. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela 11/14/2011 34
  • 35. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela Ghazi Atef Salameh Nassereddine Abu Ali 11/14/2011 35
  • 36. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela Birth Certificate Spanish Translation Ghazi Atef Salameh Nassereddine Abu Ali 11/14/2011 36
  • 37. June 18, 2008 hp-1036 Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela Treasury Targets Hizballah in Venezuela Washington - The U.S. Department of the Treasury today designated two Venezuela-based supporters of Hizballah, Ghazi Nasr al Din and Fawzi Kan'an, along with two travel agencies owned and controlled by Kan'an. "It is extremely troubling to see the Government of Venezuela employing and providing safe harbor to Hizballah facilitators and fundraisers. We will continue to expose the global nature of Hizballah's terrorist support network, and we call on responsible governments worldwide to disrupt and dismantle this activity," said Adam J. Szubin, Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). June 18, 2008 Today's action was taken pursuant to Executive Order 13224, which targets hp-1036 terrorists, those owned or controlled by or acting for or on behalf of terrorists, and those providing financial, technological,Hizballah insupport to terrorists or acts of Treasury Targets or material Venezuela terrorism. Assets the designees hold under U.S. jurisdiction are frozen and U.S. Washington - The U.S. Department of the Treasury in property or interests persons are prohibited from engaging in transactionstoday designated two in Venezuela-based supporters of Hizballah, Ghazi Nasr al Din and Fawzi Kan'an, property blocked under the order. along with two travel agencies owned and controlled by Kan'an. Identifying Information to see the Government of Venezuela employing and "It is extremely troubling providing safe harbor to Hizballah facilitators and fundraisers. We will continue to GHAZI NASR AL DIN expose the global nature of Hizballah's terrorist support network, and we call on responsible governments worldwide to disrupt and dismantle this activity," said Ghazi Nasr al DinDirector of the Office of Hizballah supporter who(OFAC). Adam J. Szubin, is a Venezuela-based Foreign Assets Control has utilized his position as a Venezuelan diplomat and the president of a Caracas-based Shi'a Islamic Center to provide financial support to Hizballah. Nasr al Din served until Today's action was taken pursuant to Executive Order 13224, which targets recently as Charge d' Affaires at the Venezuelan for or on behalf of terrorists, and terrorists, those owned or controlled by or acting Embassy in Damascus, Syria, and was subsequently appointed the Director of Political Aspects at theor acts of those providing financial, technological, or material support to terrorists Venezuelan Embassydesignees hold under U.S. jurisdiction are frozen and U.S. terrorism. Assets the in Lebanon. persons are prohibited from engaging in transactions in property or interests in Nasr al Din has counseled Hizballah donors on fundraising efforts and has property blocked under the order. provided donors with specific information on bank accounts where the donors' Identifying Information deposits would go directly to Hizballah. Ghazi Nasr al Din DIN met with senior Hizballah officials in Lebanon to discuss GHAZI NASR AL has operational issues,is a well as facilitated the travel of Hizballah members to and Ghazi Nasr al Din as Venezuela-based Hizballah supporter who has utilized his from Venezuela. In late January 2006, Nasr al Din facilitated the travel of Shi'a position as a Venezuelan diplomat and the president of a Caracas-based two Hizballah representatives financial support Parliament toNasr al Din served until Islamic Center to provide to the Lebanese to Hizballah. Caracas to solicit donations for Hizballah and toat the Venezuelan Embassy Hizballah-sponsored recently as Charge d' Affaires announce the opening of a in Damascus, Syria, community center and office in Venezuela. The previous Aspects at theDin and was subsequently appointed the Director of Political year, Nasr al arranged theEmbassy Hizballah members to attend a training course in Iran. Venezuelan travel of in Lebanon. AKAs: Haj Ghazi Nasseredine Nasr al Din has counseled Hizballah donors on fundraising efforts and has provided donors with specific information on bank accounts where the donors' Ghazi Nassereddine deposits would go directly to Hizballah. 11/14/2011 37 Ghazi Nasr al Din has met with senior Hizballah officials in Lebanon to discuss
  • 38. Terrorist Training: City of Qom ! " # # ( ) *$# , -' . /# # $( $" 1$/# % -. $*-3' *+-' . ' # $%&' +$# $%0% ! #2 # # # !" #$ %&%' () * +, * #%+- ' (&- () %++- ( (.(/ (%(/ ((!(" (/ (- (.($ (.((( ((' (.(/ (" ($ (((0((" ((+((.((1((%((#(( (- (2 (3(4((5(6((2 ((%(2 (7(8((" (9(:(;(< (;(5(7(8( ( ( 445# 7! 89685 # ! ; # ; ! 05 5 &=: # ! ; # # " $ &" ' !( !# # % 56&5 : , <6; 2 ! , !" % !" $# # # : # > # &## 6# 8# 6# 5?# ( ) ' ( *+&$ - # " !) &$ # " $ &" ' !( !$ $ !" &( $ &- 0 +$ !, !" % . , / 1# 23 ( 4 # ) !&( $ 3 - *3 +# - $ ) &+!' ( *' $ ' " / # % 4 # $ ' $ # $ 53 / - !) # $ - # " !) # $ ' $ ( $ ( $ ( ' 63 ' - # $ # 4 - +' !, 4 !+# ' 1' " !( !, *' +!&$ ' $ 3 - *3 +# $ ' - $ &/ !' +( &$ &- !1# +!# ( &( 4 ) 4 7 / 11/14/2011 38
  • 39. Terrorist Training: City of Qom Notes: • Recruiter: • Rouhollah Kiyaei Nejad • Cover of Iran Air • Network of “Islamic Centers” for proselytisms and recruitment 11/14/2011 39
  • 40. Terrorist Network: Structure Mohsen Rabbani Universidad Islámica de Irán Gobiernos de Irán y Venezuela Ciudad de Qom, IRAN Sheij Suhail Assad Encargado de dirigir los centros en América Latina Munir Valencia Sheij Rouhollah Kiyaei Nejad Shaij Mahmud Aid Joao Adriano Olivera da Silva Sheij Seied Abdala Medina Centro Cultural Islámico la Ciudad del Centro Islámico Centro Chileno Islámico de Cultura de Centro Islámico de Belo Jardim Mesquita Al-Imam Profeta Imán Khomeini – Simón Bolívar Puerto Montt Brasil Argentina Colombia Venezuela Chile 11/14/2011 40
  • 42. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela Army Tareck General Edmundo Abdul Dante Walid Zaidan Aref Rachani Kabchi Rafael Imad Saab Raymundo Ghani Makled Saab El Aissami Jimenez Suleiman Rivas Garcia Maddah Kabchi (Venezuelan (CAVIM Wanked Quijada Kingpin List Caroni Group Ambasador (Minister of President (Director of in Syria) (Lebanon) Saime) Interior) and PDVSA (Bolivar State) Director) 11/14/2011 42
  • 43. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela Zoed Karam Venezuelan Ambassador in Lebanon 11/14/2011 43
  • 45. Terrorism: Hezbollah in Venezuela 11/14/2011 45
  • 46. Caracas Terrorist Summit Hezbollah – Hamas – Islamic Jihad Notes: • Internal Memorandum from Venezuelan embassy in Damascus reveals plans for terror meeting • Venezuelan and Iranian envoys met in May 2010 • Venezuelan “diplomat” sanctioned by US Treasury in 2008 for aiding Hezbollah attended 11/14/2011 46
  • 47. Caracas Terrorist Summit Hezbollah – Hamas – Islamic Jihad Notes: • Original plan called for Chavez to meet Ahmadinejad and Nasrallah in Lebanon • Instead, terror leaders were hosted in Caracas in August 2010 11/14/2011 47
  • 48. Caracas Terrorist Summit Hezbollah – Hamas – Islamic Jihad Khaled Meshaal Hamas 11/14/2011 48
  • 49. Arms Trafficking Notes: • Francop Cargo Ship • Captured by the Israeli Navy • 500 Tons of Weapons: November 2009 11/14/2011 49
  • 50. Arms Trafficking Notes: • Francop Cargo Ship • Captured by the Israeli Navy • 500 Tons of Weapons – November 2009 11/14/2011 50
  • 51. Iran’s Connections in the Region Main operating base in Venezuela the region Panama Financial Sector Financial Sector and Brazil Uranium Ecuador Minerals Trade Maintenance facility for Honduras Iranian ‘tractors’ Bolivia Cement plant Financing of Joint Projects Argentina in Venezuela 11/14/2011 51
  • 52. Iran’s Connections: Ecuador Notes: Bi-national agreement • with Ecuador concerning geological mining 11/14/2011 52
  • 53. Iran’s Connections: Ecuador Notes: Ecuador Ministry of • Mining and Petroleum Iran Ministry of • Industry 11/14/2011 53
  • 54. Iran’s Connections: Ecuador Notes: $28,973,680 payment • Dr. José Serrano Salgalo, • Under Secretary of Mines, Ecuador Sr. M.T. Korei, Vice- • Minister and Director of Geological and Mineral Exploration of the Islamic Republic of Iran 11/14/2011 54
  • 55. Iran’s Connections: Argentina Notes: Venezuela, Argentina and • Iran 11/14/2011 55
  • 56. Iran’s Connections: Argentina Notes: Venezuela, Argentina and • Iran 11/14/2011 56
  • 57. Iran’s Connections: Argentina Notes: Venezuela, Argentina and • Iran From China Fund • 250 Million Dollars • 11/14/2011 57
  • 58. USA / Venuezuela Security Issues Threats: Iran’s radicalizing • influence in the Americas Nuclear technology • Uranium mining, source • of nuclear armament production Missile launch capability • and closeness to USA Hezbollah in Venezuela • Drug trafficking • USA southern border • insecurity
  • 59. Iran, the Americas Clear Threat: “The strong Iran • is ready for enemy-crushing and tough response in case of any illogical and violent behavior by the US.” Iranian Defense • Minister, Brig. Gen. Ahmad Vahidi, while visiting Bolivia, June 1, 2011
  • 60. Threat that Cannot be Exaggerated …..or Ignored ‘Street War’: “Iranian forces will fight with the enemies with maximum might and • power all throughout the European and U.S. soil, if Iran comes under Iranian parliamentarian, November 9, 2011 attack.” ‘IAEA says foreign expertise has brought Iran to threshold of nuclear capability’ “Intelligence provided to U.N. nuclear officials shows that Iran’s • government has mastered the critical steps needed to build a nuclear weapon, receiving assistance from foreign scientists to overcome key technical hurdles….” The Washington Post, November 8, 2011