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THE
INVESTOR’S
GUIDE TO
CRYPTO
INVESTOR GUIDE
Enter your mobile number and win 700$ by clicking here
https://linktr.ee/hassanmoutawalli
BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO
The crypto economy has been growing strongly, aided by the performance of Bitcoin,
Ethereum and other digital assets over the past ten years. This growth is anticipated
to continue, naturally attracting the interest of investors. However, the radical
technological innovation of digital ledger technology, and the investment opportunity
it represents, may not be as easily understood as an investment in traditional asset
classes such as equities and fixed income.
This guide is intended to help investors who may be considering an investment in the
cryptocurrency sector, but who are unsure where to start.
In this guide, we will:
 provide a brief explanation of blockchain, and cryptocurrency
 set out the opportunity that crypto presents to investors, and
 discuss where an exposure to crypto might fit in an investment portfolio.
Investing in the crypto
space involves very high
risk of rapid loss. It
should only be
considered by investors
who understand the
nature of the investment,
who have very high
tolerance for risk, and as
a small component of an
overall portfolio.
BRIEF GUIDE TO
BLOCKCHAIN AND CRYPTO
What is a blockchain?
A blockchain is a digital, publicly accessible ledger or register. The ledger contains data, such
as a list of transactions, and is replicated across all the computers in the network, rather than
being centralised. A blockchain is a type of distributed ledger.
In network terms, the blockchain utilises the peer-to-peer model, in which there is no centralised
database. In the traditional client/server model, by contrast, a centralised database holds
100% of the data, and clients trust that the data held on the server is definitive. DLTAND
BLOCKCHAIN
The terms distributed
ledger technology (DLT)
and blockchain are
sometimes used
interchangeably.
They are not the same,
however. Blockchain is a
type of DLT, but not all
distributed ledgers use
blockchain technology.
Blockchain is the type of
DLT used by Bitcoin.
As the name suggests, a blockchain consists of a sequence of blocks.
A block contains data, for example, information about a group of transactions. Additionally, it
contains a reference to the preceding block in the chain, in the form of a digital ‘fingerprint’
called a hash, which is determined by the contents of the preceding block. This reference is a
fundamental part of the blockchain, as it is what guarantees the integrity of the chain, and the
information in it. It provides a way to validate the data.
BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO
Any attempt to tamper with part of the blockchain is immediately evident, as the new hash will
not match the old ones.
In this way, the blockchain replaces the need for a central intermediary to authenticate the
transaction source with cryptography, as anyone can authenticate the chain by looking at the
chain’s digital fingerprints. If the fingerprints are consistent with the data, and the fingerprints
all join up in the chain, this is proof that the blockchain is internally consistent.
With a centralised database, in contrast, trust is placed in the third party that maintains the
database. The central database is the sole source of truth, on which all participants must rely.
If the third party proves untrustworthy, or if the database is tampered with, the source of truth
is corrupted.
How is the blockchain built?
What is a cryptocurrency?
Parties with access to the network enter into transactions, for example transferring digital
currency to another party.
Transactions are verified by other computers in the network, and grouped into a block,
which is then added to the chain. Once a block is added to the chain, the new version of the
blockchain is broadcast to all the nodes (computers) in the blockchain network. As a result,
each computer in the network has its own copy of the ‘source of truth’
, rather than having to
refer to a central version.
A cryptocurrency is a type of digital token that makes use of cryptography to secure transactions
and to control the creation of new units in the currency. Transactions of most cryptocurrencies
utilise blockchain technology.
What is Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is the most prominent example of a cryptocurrency. It was released as open-source
software in 2009 by a programmer (or group of programmers) using the pseudonym Satoshi
Nakamoto.
Bitcoin
Source: Deloitte University Press
BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO
Bitcoin can be purchased on crypto exchanges worldwide. Users pay in their currency of
choice, and nominate the bitcoin wallet to which the bitcoin should be allocated.
The user can then use their wallet to transfer bitcoin to, or receive bitcoin from, another address
on the network, and sign the transaction with their private key (a secret digital signature).
Details of the transaction are sent by the wallet software to other computers on the bitcoin
blockchain. The first computer to receive details of the transaction runs tests to validate it.
Once the transaction is validated, the validating computer broadcasts it to all other computers
on the bitcoin network, which run the same tests.
Specialised computers in the network, known as miners, then work to group validated
transactions into a block, to be added to the Bitcoin blockchain.
Once the new block is confirmed by the Bitcoin network, it is added to the chain, and the newly
updated blockchain is published to all the other computers on the network. Each computer
performs its own check to verify that the new block is valid, and once that test is passed,
the block is added to their own copy of the blockchain. The fact that all these nodes are
independently validating new blocks is a key feature of blockchain design that ‘keeps the
system honest’
.
A new block is added on average every ten minutes.
WHAT IS ‘MINING’?
Mining involves performing a set of mathematical computations to win the right to add a new block to
the chain. Miners compete for this right, because the reward for being the node that adds the block to
the chain is newly-minted bitcoin (as of July 2021, 6.25 BTC per block).
BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO
Crypto presents investors with two broad opportunities, which can be seen either as
standalone, or as opportunities that complement each other:
1. The opportunity in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies
2. The opportunity offered by the companies driving the crypto economy
There are currently over 5,700 cryptocurrencies1
. Of these, Bitcoin is the oldest, the largest in
terms of market cap, the most liquid, and the most popular. Let’s take a closer look.
‘Bitcoin’ is used to refer to two different things:
 the Bitcoin cryptocurrency itself, and
 the Bitcoin protocol and payment network (the technology that makes it possible to trade
Bitcoin the cryptocurrency).
1
https://coinmarketcap.com/
2
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333298459_The_Role_of_Bitcoin_in_the_Monetary_System_Its_Development_and_the_Possible_Future
3
https://techstartups.com/2021/05/22/40-us-dollars-existence-printed-last-12-months-america-repeating-mistake-1921-weimar-germany/
THE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
Bitcoin – the future of money?
An investment in Bitcoin is an investment in both these things.
Bitcoin, which can be considered the world’s first rules-based monetary system2
, aims to solve
the problem of ‘trust’ within the financial system.With fiat money, we need to trust governments
not to erode the value of our money or confiscate it, and we need to trust banks to stay solvent
in order for us to redeem our deposits when we want them.
These may sound like issues we don’t need to worry about in the Western world in 2021,
however it is worth noting that the US Federal Reserve has printed 40% of US dollars in
existence in the last 12 months alone3
.
BITCOIN ETHEREUM RIPPLE BCASH EOS
STELLAR LITECOIN CARDANO IOTA TETHER
EXAMPLES OF CRYPTO-CURRENCIES
BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO
4
https://www.fidelitydigitalassets.com/articles/corporate-treasurer-bitcoin
5
Coinbase Q2 2021 quarterly filings
As a decentralised distributed database that is accessible to everyone, Bitcoin is not controlled
by any single corporation, government, or person.
Unlike the supply of fiat currency, which governments can increase at will, in the process
eroding its value, there is an inbuilt limit on the supply of Bitcoin. Written into Bitcoin’s code is
that there will never be more than 21 million Bitcoin in existence. This limited supply is crucial
to the argument that Bitcoin can serve as a store of value.
Bitcoin can be neither confiscated nor destroyed. Cryptography ensures that no one can take
a person’s Bitcoin away without authorisation. Bitcoin does not have any physical properties
so it can’t be destroyed, and because the network is decentralised, no government can shut
it down.
Bitcoin is already being recognised as an investable asset class, with some corporates
starting to add bitcoin to their balance sheets alongside cash. Companies such as Square,
MicroStrategy, and Stone Ridge Holdings Group, have all added an allocation to their balance
sheet4
.
The second crypto investment opportunity lies in the innovative companies providing core
infrastructure for the crypto economy, including:
Crypto mining and mining equipment firms – Mining is the process by which new
Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are entered into circulation, and is also a critical
component of the maintenance and development of the blockchain ledger.
Asset management – Institutional adoption of crypto assets accelerated in 2020. Until
then, investment in crypto assets was mostly retail-driven, but asset managers are
increasingly selling and marketing crypto as another asset class.
Crypto exchanges and custody – As more investors and institutions become involved,
the trading volumes and custodial requirements of crypto will continue to grow. Coinbase,
one of the largest and longest-operating cryptocurrency exchanges in the world, made
over $2 billion in revenue in the second quarter of 2021 alone5
.
Service providers – Providers of financial infrastructure solutions and services to
participants in the digital currency industry will likely have an increasing role to play.
The companies driving the crypto economy
BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO
WHERE CAN CRYPTO FIT IN
AN INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO?
A challenge to investors in the emergence of a new asset class is figuring out ‘where it might fit’
in a portfolio? In determining their asset allocation, investors typically consider their financial
circumstances and goals, timeframe, risk tolerance, and the principles of traditional asset
allocation.
Digital assets typically are very volatile, have demonstrated low correlation to traditional
assets, and have a shorter history than other asset classes. Their potential and use case is
still developing.
The three main attributes of a direct investment in cryptocurrency are:
 the potential for high returns
 high volatility/risk
 low correlation with traditional assets
Following are four possible ways investors can view a direct investment in cryptocurrency:
Store of value – To be eligible for consideration as a store of value, an investment typically
should have scarcity value, and low correlation with traditional assets. Its value should not
be easily eroded over time due to inflation.
Early-stage investment opportunity – Even after 13 years, Bitcoin is considered to still
be in its infancy. As a technology and a network, the potential remains largely untapped.
Trading vehicle – The volatility of cryptocurrencies makes them attractive to many short-
term traders.
Speculative investment – some investors speculate with a small portion of their portfolio.
In taking this approach, investors should recognise that the potential for significant gain is
invariably accompanied by a high level of risk.
Investing in individual companies in the crypto eco-system is a high-risk exercise. Stock picking
is a challenge in any sector – but particularly so in a sector still in its infancy, and characterised
by as much volatility as crypto and crypto-related companies.
We believe that an ETF that provides exposure to a portfolio of companies driving the crypto
economy is a more prudent way of gaining exposure. Of course, exposure to this sector
remains high risk.
A crypto ETF can be considered a thematic exposure, offering access to a theme that has the
potential for strong growth over the long term. Crypto is shaping up to be a technology that
disrupts many industries and become a global megatrend.An exposure to the innovators of the
digital assets industry could be compared to thematic exposures such as robotics and artificial
intelligence, cloud computing, and climate change innovators.
Exposure to crypto-equities is not the same as investing directly in crypto-currencies. The
performance of such companies should not be expected to track price movements of any
cryptocurrencies.
Direct crypto-currency exposure
Investing in the companies behind the crypto economy
BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO
Investing in crypto assets or crypto focused companies should be considered very high risk. Exposure to crypto assets and
companies involves substantially higher risk when compared to traditional investments due to their speculative nature and the
very high volatility of crypto asset markets.
Investing in crypto assets and companies is not suitable for all investors and should only be considered by investors who (i) fully
understand their features and risks or after consulting a professional financial adviser, and (ii) who have a very high tolerance for
risk and the capacity to absorb a rapid loss of some or all of the investment.
Any investment in crypto assets and companies should only be considered as a very small component of an investor’s overall
portfolio.
The risks of a direct investment in digital assets or in shares of companies servicing crypto-
asset markets, include:
Volatility risk – Cryptocurrencies are subject to extreme volatility, as are companies
operating in the crypto-economy.
Early-stage investment risk – Just because something is first, does not make it the best,
and there is no guarantee that the first players in the crypto space will remain dominant.
Remember that MySpace preceded Facebook!
Regulatory risk – Regulation in crypto assets is still evolving and varies from jurisdiction
to jurisdiction. Investors should expect the evolution and variation to continue. The taxation
treatment of digital assets also continues to evolve.
Custody risks – Traditional investment vehicles will make investing in Bitcoin easier and
should lower the risk of fraud, cyber-attacks, and lost keys. These risks remain for direct
crypto investments.
Crypto-assets are highly speculative in nature and companies with significant exposure to
crypto-asset markets can be expected to have a very high level of return volatility.
Risks
Summary
Digital assets such as Bitcoin have generated strong investor interest and returns over the past
ten years, and the crypto economy is anticipated to continue to grow strongly. The investment
opportunity presented by crypto can be accessed by investing directly in cryptocurrencies,
or by investing in the companies driving the crypto economy, or by a combination of both.
Given the very high volatility of the sector, investors should consider carefully whether such an
investment is appropriate for their circumstances.
www.betashares.com.au
ABOUT BETASHARES
BetaShares is a leading manager of exchange traded funds (ETFs) and other
Funds traded on the ASX.
Launched in 2009, BetaShares now offers the broadest range of exchange
traded products in Australia, appealing to a wide range of investors and financial
advisers - from institutional investors to individuals, including those maintaining
self-managed superannuation funds.
IMPORTANT NOTICE
BetaShares Capital Limited (ABN 78 139 566 868, AFSL 341181) (“BetaShares”)
is the issuer of the BetaShares Funds. This information is general only, is not
personal financial advice, and is not a recommendation to buy units or adopt
any particular strategy. It does not take into account any person’s financial
objectives, situation or needs. Investments in BetaShares Funds are subject to
investment risk and the value of units may go down as well as up. Target Market
Determination (TMD) and PDS are available at www.betashares.com.au. Any
person wishing to invest should obtain a copy of the relevant PDS and obtain
financial advice in light of their individual circumstances.

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Investors Guide to Crypto

  • 1. THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO INVESTOR GUIDE Enter your mobile number and win 700$ by clicking here https://linktr.ee/hassanmoutawalli
  • 2. BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO The crypto economy has been growing strongly, aided by the performance of Bitcoin, Ethereum and other digital assets over the past ten years. This growth is anticipated to continue, naturally attracting the interest of investors. However, the radical technological innovation of digital ledger technology, and the investment opportunity it represents, may not be as easily understood as an investment in traditional asset classes such as equities and fixed income. This guide is intended to help investors who may be considering an investment in the cryptocurrency sector, but who are unsure where to start. In this guide, we will: provide a brief explanation of blockchain, and cryptocurrency set out the opportunity that crypto presents to investors, and discuss where an exposure to crypto might fit in an investment portfolio. Investing in the crypto space involves very high risk of rapid loss. It should only be considered by investors who understand the nature of the investment, who have very high tolerance for risk, and as a small component of an overall portfolio. BRIEF GUIDE TO BLOCKCHAIN AND CRYPTO What is a blockchain? A blockchain is a digital, publicly accessible ledger or register. The ledger contains data, such as a list of transactions, and is replicated across all the computers in the network, rather than being centralised. A blockchain is a type of distributed ledger. In network terms, the blockchain utilises the peer-to-peer model, in which there is no centralised database. In the traditional client/server model, by contrast, a centralised database holds 100% of the data, and clients trust that the data held on the server is definitive. DLTAND BLOCKCHAIN The terms distributed ledger technology (DLT) and blockchain are sometimes used interchangeably. They are not the same, however. Blockchain is a type of DLT, but not all distributed ledgers use blockchain technology. Blockchain is the type of DLT used by Bitcoin. As the name suggests, a blockchain consists of a sequence of blocks. A block contains data, for example, information about a group of transactions. Additionally, it contains a reference to the preceding block in the chain, in the form of a digital ‘fingerprint’ called a hash, which is determined by the contents of the preceding block. This reference is a fundamental part of the blockchain, as it is what guarantees the integrity of the chain, and the information in it. It provides a way to validate the data.
  • 3. BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO Any attempt to tamper with part of the blockchain is immediately evident, as the new hash will not match the old ones. In this way, the blockchain replaces the need for a central intermediary to authenticate the transaction source with cryptography, as anyone can authenticate the chain by looking at the chain’s digital fingerprints. If the fingerprints are consistent with the data, and the fingerprints all join up in the chain, this is proof that the blockchain is internally consistent. With a centralised database, in contrast, trust is placed in the third party that maintains the database. The central database is the sole source of truth, on which all participants must rely. If the third party proves untrustworthy, or if the database is tampered with, the source of truth is corrupted. How is the blockchain built? What is a cryptocurrency? Parties with access to the network enter into transactions, for example transferring digital currency to another party. Transactions are verified by other computers in the network, and grouped into a block, which is then added to the chain. Once a block is added to the chain, the new version of the blockchain is broadcast to all the nodes (computers) in the blockchain network. As a result, each computer in the network has its own copy of the ‘source of truth’ , rather than having to refer to a central version. A cryptocurrency is a type of digital token that makes use of cryptography to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units in the currency. Transactions of most cryptocurrencies utilise blockchain technology. What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin is the most prominent example of a cryptocurrency. It was released as open-source software in 2009 by a programmer (or group of programmers) using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin Source: Deloitte University Press
  • 4. BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO Bitcoin can be purchased on crypto exchanges worldwide. Users pay in their currency of choice, and nominate the bitcoin wallet to which the bitcoin should be allocated. The user can then use their wallet to transfer bitcoin to, or receive bitcoin from, another address on the network, and sign the transaction with their private key (a secret digital signature). Details of the transaction are sent by the wallet software to other computers on the bitcoin blockchain. The first computer to receive details of the transaction runs tests to validate it. Once the transaction is validated, the validating computer broadcasts it to all other computers on the bitcoin network, which run the same tests. Specialised computers in the network, known as miners, then work to group validated transactions into a block, to be added to the Bitcoin blockchain. Once the new block is confirmed by the Bitcoin network, it is added to the chain, and the newly updated blockchain is published to all the other computers on the network. Each computer performs its own check to verify that the new block is valid, and once that test is passed, the block is added to their own copy of the blockchain. The fact that all these nodes are independently validating new blocks is a key feature of blockchain design that ‘keeps the system honest’ . A new block is added on average every ten minutes. WHAT IS ‘MINING’? Mining involves performing a set of mathematical computations to win the right to add a new block to the chain. Miners compete for this right, because the reward for being the node that adds the block to the chain is newly-minted bitcoin (as of July 2021, 6.25 BTC per block).
  • 5. BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO Crypto presents investors with two broad opportunities, which can be seen either as standalone, or as opportunities that complement each other: 1. The opportunity in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies 2. The opportunity offered by the companies driving the crypto economy There are currently over 5,700 cryptocurrencies1 . Of these, Bitcoin is the oldest, the largest in terms of market cap, the most liquid, and the most popular. Let’s take a closer look. ‘Bitcoin’ is used to refer to two different things: the Bitcoin cryptocurrency itself, and the Bitcoin protocol and payment network (the technology that makes it possible to trade Bitcoin the cryptocurrency). 1 https://coinmarketcap.com/ 2 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333298459_The_Role_of_Bitcoin_in_the_Monetary_System_Its_Development_and_the_Possible_Future 3 https://techstartups.com/2021/05/22/40-us-dollars-existence-printed-last-12-months-america-repeating-mistake-1921-weimar-germany/ THE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY Bitcoin – the future of money? An investment in Bitcoin is an investment in both these things. Bitcoin, which can be considered the world’s first rules-based monetary system2 , aims to solve the problem of ‘trust’ within the financial system.With fiat money, we need to trust governments not to erode the value of our money or confiscate it, and we need to trust banks to stay solvent in order for us to redeem our deposits when we want them. These may sound like issues we don’t need to worry about in the Western world in 2021, however it is worth noting that the US Federal Reserve has printed 40% of US dollars in existence in the last 12 months alone3 . BITCOIN ETHEREUM RIPPLE BCASH EOS STELLAR LITECOIN CARDANO IOTA TETHER EXAMPLES OF CRYPTO-CURRENCIES
  • 6. BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO 4 https://www.fidelitydigitalassets.com/articles/corporate-treasurer-bitcoin 5 Coinbase Q2 2021 quarterly filings As a decentralised distributed database that is accessible to everyone, Bitcoin is not controlled by any single corporation, government, or person. Unlike the supply of fiat currency, which governments can increase at will, in the process eroding its value, there is an inbuilt limit on the supply of Bitcoin. Written into Bitcoin’s code is that there will never be more than 21 million Bitcoin in existence. This limited supply is crucial to the argument that Bitcoin can serve as a store of value. Bitcoin can be neither confiscated nor destroyed. Cryptography ensures that no one can take a person’s Bitcoin away without authorisation. Bitcoin does not have any physical properties so it can’t be destroyed, and because the network is decentralised, no government can shut it down. Bitcoin is already being recognised as an investable asset class, with some corporates starting to add bitcoin to their balance sheets alongside cash. Companies such as Square, MicroStrategy, and Stone Ridge Holdings Group, have all added an allocation to their balance sheet4 . The second crypto investment opportunity lies in the innovative companies providing core infrastructure for the crypto economy, including: Crypto mining and mining equipment firms – Mining is the process by which new Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are entered into circulation, and is also a critical component of the maintenance and development of the blockchain ledger. Asset management – Institutional adoption of crypto assets accelerated in 2020. Until then, investment in crypto assets was mostly retail-driven, but asset managers are increasingly selling and marketing crypto as another asset class. Crypto exchanges and custody – As more investors and institutions become involved, the trading volumes and custodial requirements of crypto will continue to grow. Coinbase, one of the largest and longest-operating cryptocurrency exchanges in the world, made over $2 billion in revenue in the second quarter of 2021 alone5 . Service providers – Providers of financial infrastructure solutions and services to participants in the digital currency industry will likely have an increasing role to play. The companies driving the crypto economy
  • 7. BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO WHERE CAN CRYPTO FIT IN AN INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO? A challenge to investors in the emergence of a new asset class is figuring out ‘where it might fit’ in a portfolio? In determining their asset allocation, investors typically consider their financial circumstances and goals, timeframe, risk tolerance, and the principles of traditional asset allocation. Digital assets typically are very volatile, have demonstrated low correlation to traditional assets, and have a shorter history than other asset classes. Their potential and use case is still developing. The three main attributes of a direct investment in cryptocurrency are: the potential for high returns high volatility/risk low correlation with traditional assets Following are four possible ways investors can view a direct investment in cryptocurrency: Store of value – To be eligible for consideration as a store of value, an investment typically should have scarcity value, and low correlation with traditional assets. Its value should not be easily eroded over time due to inflation. Early-stage investment opportunity – Even after 13 years, Bitcoin is considered to still be in its infancy. As a technology and a network, the potential remains largely untapped. Trading vehicle – The volatility of cryptocurrencies makes them attractive to many short- term traders. Speculative investment – some investors speculate with a small portion of their portfolio. In taking this approach, investors should recognise that the potential for significant gain is invariably accompanied by a high level of risk. Investing in individual companies in the crypto eco-system is a high-risk exercise. Stock picking is a challenge in any sector – but particularly so in a sector still in its infancy, and characterised by as much volatility as crypto and crypto-related companies. We believe that an ETF that provides exposure to a portfolio of companies driving the crypto economy is a more prudent way of gaining exposure. Of course, exposure to this sector remains high risk. A crypto ETF can be considered a thematic exposure, offering access to a theme that has the potential for strong growth over the long term. Crypto is shaping up to be a technology that disrupts many industries and become a global megatrend.An exposure to the innovators of the digital assets industry could be compared to thematic exposures such as robotics and artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and climate change innovators. Exposure to crypto-equities is not the same as investing directly in crypto-currencies. The performance of such companies should not be expected to track price movements of any cryptocurrencies. Direct crypto-currency exposure Investing in the companies behind the crypto economy
  • 8. BETASHARES | THE INVESTOR’S GUIDE TO CRYPTO Investing in crypto assets or crypto focused companies should be considered very high risk. Exposure to crypto assets and companies involves substantially higher risk when compared to traditional investments due to their speculative nature and the very high volatility of crypto asset markets. Investing in crypto assets and companies is not suitable for all investors and should only be considered by investors who (i) fully understand their features and risks or after consulting a professional financial adviser, and (ii) who have a very high tolerance for risk and the capacity to absorb a rapid loss of some or all of the investment. Any investment in crypto assets and companies should only be considered as a very small component of an investor’s overall portfolio. The risks of a direct investment in digital assets or in shares of companies servicing crypto- asset markets, include: Volatility risk – Cryptocurrencies are subject to extreme volatility, as are companies operating in the crypto-economy. Early-stage investment risk – Just because something is first, does not make it the best, and there is no guarantee that the first players in the crypto space will remain dominant. Remember that MySpace preceded Facebook! Regulatory risk – Regulation in crypto assets is still evolving and varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Investors should expect the evolution and variation to continue. The taxation treatment of digital assets also continues to evolve. Custody risks – Traditional investment vehicles will make investing in Bitcoin easier and should lower the risk of fraud, cyber-attacks, and lost keys. These risks remain for direct crypto investments. Crypto-assets are highly speculative in nature and companies with significant exposure to crypto-asset markets can be expected to have a very high level of return volatility. Risks Summary Digital assets such as Bitcoin have generated strong investor interest and returns over the past ten years, and the crypto economy is anticipated to continue to grow strongly. The investment opportunity presented by crypto can be accessed by investing directly in cryptocurrencies, or by investing in the companies driving the crypto economy, or by a combination of both. Given the very high volatility of the sector, investors should consider carefully whether such an investment is appropriate for their circumstances.
  • 9. www.betashares.com.au ABOUT BETASHARES BetaShares is a leading manager of exchange traded funds (ETFs) and other Funds traded on the ASX. Launched in 2009, BetaShares now offers the broadest range of exchange traded products in Australia, appealing to a wide range of investors and financial advisers - from institutional investors to individuals, including those maintaining self-managed superannuation funds. IMPORTANT NOTICE BetaShares Capital Limited (ABN 78 139 566 868, AFSL 341181) (“BetaShares”) is the issuer of the BetaShares Funds. This information is general only, is not personal financial advice, and is not a recommendation to buy units or adopt any particular strategy. It does not take into account any person’s financial objectives, situation or needs. Investments in BetaShares Funds are subject to investment risk and the value of units may go down as well as up. Target Market Determination (TMD) and PDS are available at www.betashares.com.au. Any person wishing to invest should obtain a copy of the relevant PDS and obtain financial advice in light of their individual circumstances.