SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 32
Download to read offline
Adjudication &
Appeals
Disclaimer 2
The information cited in this presentation has been drawn from various sources (including
study material prepared by The Institute of Cost Accountants of India and The Institute of
Chartered Accountants of India). While every efforts have been made to keep the
information in this presentation error free, no responsibility for any typographical or clerical
error which may have crept in while compiling the information provided can be taken.
The presentation has been prepared to provide an overview of the applicable law pertaining
to the subject matter. For detailed insight and for better understanding, its is advised to refer
to relevant provisions in the Act and the related rules & notifications.
What is Adjudication? 3
• “The act of judging a case, a competition or argument, or to make a formal decision about
something” – Cambridge Dictionary
• A legal process of resolving a lis or a dispute between taxpayer and the Department.
• The one who adjudicates is called the “Adjudicating Authority”.
• Issue of Adjudication Order is known as “Order-in-original”.
Adjudicating Authority 4
• “Adjudicating Authority” means any authority, appointed or authorised to pass any order
or decision under this Act, but does not include the CBIC, the Revisional Authority, the
Authority for Advance Ruling, the Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling, the Appellate
Authority, the Appellate Tribunal and the National Anti Profiteering Authority. Sec 2(4) of
CGST Act
• Such Authority can be of the rank of Additional/ Joint Commissioner or Deputy/
Assistant Commissioner.
Non-appealable decisions – Sec 121 5
• An Order to transfer of proceedings from one officer to another officer
• An Order pertaining to seizure of books of accounts, registers or other documents etc.
• An Order sanctioning prosecution under the Act
• An Order passed to grant/ not grant extension of time limit for payment of tax or
payment of dues in instalments
Normal Appeal Process
Adjudicating
Authority
Appellate
Authority
Appellate
Tribunal
High Court
Supreme
Court
Appeal Process in GST
Adjudicating
Authority
Appellate
Authority
Appellate
Tribunal
High Court
Supreme
Court
Revisional
Authority
Civil court
have no
jurisdiction
Appeal Process in GST
Adjudicating
Authority
Appellate
Authority
Appellate
Tribunal
High Court
Supreme
Court
Revisional
Authority
Appellate Authority 9
• First level of authority to appeal against the Order passed by an Adjudicating Authority.
• If the Adjudication Order has been passed by Deputy/ Assistant Commissioner/
Superintendent, the appeal lies before any officer not below Joint Commissioner (Appeals).
If the Order has been passed by Additional/ Joint Commissioner, the appeal lies before
Commissioner (Appeals).
Appeal to Appellate Authority – Sec 107
 To be filed within 3 months of the
Adjudication Order (6 months in case Dept.
wants to appeal). Condonation allowed by up
to 1 month.
 Appeal with supporting docs to be filed in
form GST APL-01 or GST APL-03 (Dept).
Provisional acknowledgement is issued.
 Certified copy of Order to be submitted
within 7 days of filing the appeal. Final
acknowledgment indicating appeal number is
generated in form GST APL-02
 Pre-deposit 100% of undisputed amount +
10% of the disputed tax amount (subject to
max Rs. 25 Cr.).
 Recovery proceedings deemed stayed once
the appeal filed and amount paid.
 The appellant shall be given opportunity to
be heard. Maximum 3 adjournments allowed.
 Additional ground(s) of appeal not specified
earlier can be added, provided the Authority
deems that such omission was not wilful or
unreasonable.
 Appellate Authority to inquire, hear and pass
the Order within 1 year in form GST APL-04
 If the issuance of Order is stayed by Court or
Tribunal, the period of such stay shall be
excluded in computing the period of 1 year.
Appeal to Appellate Authority – Sec 107
 Appellate Authority can’t refer the case back
to the Adjudicating Authority.
 Enhancement of fee/ penalty/ fine or
confiscating goods of greater value or
reducing refund/ Input credit not to be
passed unless appellant given reasonable
opportunity of showing cause.
 Order shall be in writing, stating the points
for determination, the decision thereon and
the reasons for such decision.
 Order passed shall be communicated to the
appellant, respondent and to the adjudicating
authority.
 Copy of the Order shall also be sent to the
jurisdictional Commissioner or the authority
designated by him in this behalf.
 Subject to further appeal, the Order of the
Appellate Authority shall be final and binding
on the parties.
Appeal Process in GST
Adjudicating
Authority
Appellate
Authority
Appellate
Tribunal
High Court
Supreme
Court
Revisional
Authority
Revisional Authority – Sec 108 13
• Powers
• Can work suo-moto or upon information received by him or on the request of the Commissioner.
• Can call for or examine record of any proceedings. He may then proceed to stay the operations of the Order
• if he considers that decision or Order passed by any officer subordinate to him is erroneous, prejudicial, illegal,
improper or missed material facts.
• in consequence of an observation by CAG
• After giving an opportunity to be heard, can pass an Order enhancing, modifying or annulling the earlier
Order.
• However, can’t exercise powers if:
• The matter has been subjected to appeal with one of the authorities in the appeal hierarchy
• The window to appeal to the Appellate Authority is open or more than 3 years have elapsed of passing of the
Order which is sought to be revised.
• The Order has already been taken up for revision once
• A revisional Order has already been passed (Revisional Order cannot be revised)
Revisional Authority – Sec 108 14
• To pass the Order on any point which has not been raised and decided in an appeal within 1 year
of the Order in such appeal or 3 years from the date of passing of the original Order, whichever is
later.
• Subject to the fact that it may be appealed further, Order of the Revisional Authority shall be final
and binding on the parties.
• If the decision or Order involves an issue in which an appeal to higher authorities is pending for
some other proceedings, the period spent between the date of the decision of the two authorities
shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation.
• If issuance of an Order is stayed by the Order of a Court or Appellate Tribunal, the period of
such stay shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation.
• In case the Order is likely to affect the person adversely, notice in form GST RVN-01 shall be
issued to give the said person a reasonable opportunity to be heard.
• The Authority shall issue the Order providing summary and the final demand amount in form
GST APL-04.
Appeal Process in GST
Adjudicating
Authority
Appellate
Authority
Appellate
Tribunal
High Court
Supreme
Court
Revisional
Authority
Appellate Tribunal – Sec 109 16
• To be constituted and notified with the recommendation of the GST Council
• To hear appeal against Order passed by Appellate Authority or Revisional Authority
• Power exercised through National Bench, Regional Benches, State Benches & Area
Benches
• Constitution of the bench
• National bench - President, one Technical member (Centre) and one Technical member (State)
• Regional/ State/ Area bench – Judicial member, one Technical member (Centre) and one Technical
member (State) {Senior most judicial member in the state shall be designated as State President}
• National or Regional Bench to hear matters where one of the issue relates to place of
supply and State or Area Bench will hear matters relating to other transactions.
Appellate Tribunal – Sec 109 17
• President/ State President shall, by general or special Order, distribute the business or transfer
cases among Regional Benches and, as the case may be, to the Area Benches.
• In the absence of a member due to vacancy or otherwise, President of resp. Tribunal can entrust
matter to 2 member bench
• In case the amount involved is up to Rs. 5 Lacs and the case doesn’t involve any question of law,
with the approval of the President of resp. Tribunal, matter can be heard by a single member
Bench.
• Matter to be decided according to the opinion of the majority.
• In case of a deadlock in opinion, the resp. President may ask one or more members of the other
Bench for their opinion and then the matter shall be decided on majority.
• No act or proceedings of the Appellate Tribunal shall be questioned or shall be invalid merely on
the ground of the existence of any vacancy or defect in the constitution of the Appellate Tribunal.
Appellate Tribunal – Sec 110 18
• President - Judge of the Supreme Court or Chief Justice of a High Court or Judge of a
High Court for a period not less than 5 years
• Judicial member – Judge of a high court or District Judge qualified to be appointed as a
Judge of a High Court or Member of Indian Legal Service and has held a post not less
than Additional Secretary for 3 years
• Technical member (Centre) - Member of Indian Revenue (Customs and Central Excise)
Service, Group A, and has completed at least 15 years of service in Group A
• Technical member (State) - Officer of the State Government not below the rank of
Additional Commissioner of VAT or the State GST or such rank as may be notified by the
concerned State Government on the recommendations of the Council with at least 3 years
of experience in the administration of an existing law or the State GST or in the field of
finance and taxation.
Appellate Tribunal – Sec 110 19
• The President and the Judicial Members of the National Bench and the Regional Benches
shall be appointed by the Government after consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
• The Technical Member (Centre) and Technical Member (State) of the National Bench and
Regional Benches shall be appointed by the Government on the recommendations of a
Selection Committee.
• The Judicial Member of the State Bench or Area Benches shall be appointed by the State
Government after consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court of the State.
• The Technical Member (Centre) of the State Bench or Area Benches shall be appointed by
the Central Government and Technical Member (State) of the State Bench or Area
Benches shall be appointed by the State Government.
• The term of President and the Judicial member shall be 3 years and that of the technical
member, 5 years. They are eligible for reappointment unless attained superannuation.
Powers of Appellate Tribunal – Sec 111 20
• Appellate Tribunal shall have power to regulate its own procedure.
• For the purposes of discharging its functions under GST, the Tribunal shall have the same
powers as are vested in a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
• They may
• summon and enforce the attendance of any person and examining him on oath.
• Require the discovery and production of documents.
• Receive evidence on affidavits
• requisition any public record, document, copy of such record or document from any office (subject to
Sec 123 & 124 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872)
• issue commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.
• dismiss a representation for default or deciding it ex parte.
• set aside any Order of dismissal of any representation for default or any Order passed by it ex parte.
Powers of Appellate Tribunal – Sec 111 21
• Any Order made by the Appellate Tribunal may be enforced by it in the same manner as if
it were a decree made by a court in a suit pending therein.
• It shall be lawful for the Appellate Tribunal to send for execution of its orders to the court
within the local limits of whose jurisdiction,
• in the case a company, where the registered office of the company is situated.
• in the case of any other person, where the person concerned voluntarily resides or carries on business
or personally works for gain.
• All proceedings before the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be judicial proceedings
(within the meaning of Sec 193, 196 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code)
• The Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be Civil Court for the purposes of Sec 195 and
Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
Appeal to Appellate Tribunal – Sec 112
 To be filed within 3 months of the Order of
Appellate Authority (6 months in case Dept.
wants to appeal). Condonation allowed up to
3 months.
 Tribunal may refuse to admit petty appeals
where the monetary value involved doesn’t
exceed Rs. 50,000
 To be filed in form GST APL-05 together
with relevant docs. Fee Rs. 1,000 per lac of
the disputed amount involved, subject to max
Rs. 25,000
 Within 7 days of filing the appeal, certified
copy to be submitted. Final
acknowledgement and appeal number is then
issued in form GST APL-02
 Dept. to file appeal in form APL-07 without
fee
 Memorandum of Cross-objections to be filed
within 45 days of the receipt of the notice in
form GST APL-06.
 Pre-deposit 100% of undisputed amount +
20% of the disputed tax amount* (subject to
max Rs. 50 Cr.).
* The 20% of the disputed amount is over and above
the amount already deposited at the time of appeal to
Appellate Authority.
 Recovery proceedings deemed stayed once
the appeal filed and amount paid.
Orders of Appellate Tribunal – Sec 113
 The parties will be given an opportunity to be
heard.
 Up to 3 adjournments allowed
 Tribunal to hear and decide the appeal within
1 year of filing (as far as possible)
 Tribunal may confirm, modify or annul the
Order appealed against.
 Can remand the matter back to the lower
authorities (AA, RA or Adjudicating
Authority) with directions.
 Statement indicating final demand will be
issued in form GST APL-04
 Copy of the Order is sent to the appellant,
the Jurisdictional Commissioner, AA/ RA or
Adjudicating Authority.
 If brought to notice within 3 months, may
amend* any Order passed by it so as to rectify
any error apparent on the face of the record.
* Amendment, if it increases liability of the
other party not to be passed unless appellant
given reasonable opportunity
 No fee for application made for rectification
of errors in Order.
 Subject to further appeal, the Order is final
and binding on the parties.
Other matters 24
• Rule 112 – Except in certain circumstances, no evidences, other than the ones produced during the
course of the proceedings before the adjudicating authority or the Appellate Authority shall be
allowed to be produced before the Appellate Authority or the Appellate Tribunal.
• Sec 114 – The President may delegate its financial and administrative powers to any member of the
National or Regional Bench. However, such person shall continue to act under the direction,
control and supervision of the President.
• Sec 115 – If, consequent to any Order by Appellate Authority or Tribunal, any pre deposit paid by
the appellant during the appeal process needs to be refunded, interest at the rate specified u/s 56
shall be payable on the said amount from the date of payment of the amount till the date of
refund of such amount.
• Sec 116 - Otherwise than when required to appear personally for examination on oath or
affirmation, the person may appoint an authorised representative to appear on his behalf for any
proceedings under the Act.
Authorised Representative – Sec 116 25
• Such authorised representative shall be,
• His relative or regular employee
• An advocate entitled to practice in any Court in India and has not been debarred from practice.
• Practising CA/ CMA/ CS, provided not debarred from practice
• Retired officer of Commercial Tax Dept who has worked not below the rank than that of Group-B Gazetted
officer rank for a period of not less than 2 years and more than 1 year has elapsed from his date of
retirement/ resignation.
• Authorised GST practitioner
• Disqualifications to act as authorised representative
• Dismissed or removed from Government service
• Convicted of an offence connected with the proceedings of the Acts dealing with imposition of tax on sale
or supply of goods or services.
• Found guilty of misconduct by the prescribed authority.
• Adjudged insolvent, till such time the insolvency continues.
Appeal Process in GST
Adjudicating
Authority
Appellate
Authority
Appellate
Tribunal
High Court
Supreme
Court
Revisional
Authority
Appeal to the High Court – Sec 117
 To hear Order passed by State or Area Bench
of Appellate Tribunal
 Appeal, in form GST APL-08, to be filed within
180 days of the Tribunal’s Order. Condonation
allowed on case to case basis.
 Admission of appeal, only if the case involves
substantial question of law
 HC shall formulate the questions and the appeal
shall be heard only on the questions so
formulated. HC, however, has the right to take
any additional question(s), if deem fit.
 Notwithstanding the appeal, sums due to the
Government as a result of an Order passed by
Tribunal shall be payable.
 Case to be heard by bench consisting of at least
2 judges.
 In case of no majority. additional judges may be
called to hear the case only on the points where
the original judges had a difference of opinion.
 Case shall be decided basis majority of the
opinion and shall be effected based on certified
copy of the judgement.
 Jurisdictional officer to issue statement in form
GST APL-04 indicating the final amount of
demand confirmed by the High Court.
 Provisions of Code of Civil Procedure relating
to appeals to the High Court shall, as far as
possible, apply in the case of appeals.
Appeal Process in GST
Adjudicating
Authority
Appellate
Authority
Appellate
Tribunal
High Court
Supreme
Court
Revisional
Authority
Appeal to the Supreme Court – Sec 118
 To be filed immediately after
 Order of National/ Regional bench of the
Appellate Tribunal
 Order of the High Court, after HC certifies
that the case is fit for an appeal to the
Supreme Court.
 Provisions of Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
relating to appeals to the Supreme Court shall
apply in the case of appeals.
 Notwithstanding the appeal, sums due to the
Government as a result of an Order passed
by the High Court shall be payable.
 Supreme Court may vary, upheld or reverse
the Order.
 Jurisdictional officer to issue statement in
form GST APL-04 indicating the final
amount of demand confirmed by the
Supreme Court.
Thank You
Manmohan Daga
Daga & Associates
9804199500
mmdaga@hotmail.com
Dept not to file appeal – Sec 120 31
• On the recommendations of the Council, the Board may, from time to time, issue Orders
or instructions or directions in congruence with the National Litigation Policy.
• If the amount involved is not high. Fixing monetary limits is to be recommended by the
GST council from time to time.
• In pursuance to the Order or instructions or directions, if the officer has not filed an
appeal against any decision, that can’t be restrictive for him not to file appeal in any other
case involving the same or similar issues or questions of law.
• Non filing of appeal by Department in similar cases cannot be used as a precedent or as a
ground to protest/ contest.
Admission of additional evidences – Rule
112 32
• When Adjudicating Authority or Appellate Authority has refused to admit evidences which
should have been admitted.
• Where the appellant was prevented from producing the evidences which were called upon
and were relevant to the case/ ground of appeal.
• Where the authorities have made Order without giving adequate opportunities to produce
evidences relevant to the case/ ground of appeal.
• No evidence shall be admitted unless the Appellate Authority or the Appellate Tribunal
records in writing the reasons for its admission.
• Such admission shall be made only after examining the evidence/ document or cross-
examining any witness produced or producing evidences in rebuttal to the claim by the
appellant.

More Related Content

What's hot

What's hot (20)

Income tax-return-of-income-and-assessment-procedures
Income tax-return-of-income-and-assessment-proceduresIncome tax-return-of-income-and-assessment-procedures
Income tax-return-of-income-and-assessment-procedures
 
Input tax credit
Input tax creditInput tax credit
Input tax credit
 
Types of returns under gst
Types of returns under gstTypes of returns under gst
Types of returns under gst
 
Returns Under GST
Returns Under GSTReturns Under GST
Returns Under GST
 
Accounts & Records in GST
Accounts & Records in GSTAccounts & Records in GST
Accounts & Records in GST
 
Input Tax Credit under GST
Input Tax Credit under GSTInput Tax Credit under GST
Input Tax Credit under GST
 
Assessments Audit Penalties and Prosecution under GST Law
Assessments Audit Penalties and Prosecution under GST LawAssessments Audit Penalties and Prosecution under GST Law
Assessments Audit Penalties and Prosecution under GST Law
 
Search, Seizure and Arrest under GST
Search, Seizure and Arrest under GSTSearch, Seizure and Arrest under GST
Search, Seizure and Arrest under GST
 
input tax credit under GST
input tax credit under GSTinput tax credit under GST
input tax credit under GST
 
Supply under GST
Supply under GSTSupply under GST
Supply under GST
 
Input Tax Credit (itc) Under GST Provision
Input Tax Credit (itc) Under GST ProvisionInput Tax Credit (itc) Under GST Provision
Input Tax Credit (itc) Under GST Provision
 
Time and Value of Supply under GST
Time and Value of Supply under GSTTime and Value of Supply under GST
Time and Value of Supply under GST
 
E-way bill
E-way bill E-way bill
E-way bill
 
GST - Input tax credit
GST - Input tax creditGST - Input tax credit
GST - Input tax credit
 
Income from other sources
Income from other sourcesIncome from other sources
Income from other sources
 
Supply under GST (goods and services tax)
Supply under GST (goods and services tax)Supply under GST (goods and services tax)
Supply under GST (goods and services tax)
 
WORKS CONTRACT UNDER GST
WORKS CONTRACT UNDER GSTWORKS CONTRACT UNDER GST
WORKS CONTRACT UNDER GST
 
Invoice & Payment of Tax under GST
Invoice & Payment of Tax under GSTInvoice & Payment of Tax under GST
Invoice & Payment of Tax under GST
 
Tax invoice , credit ntote and debit note
Tax invoice , credit ntote and debit noteTax invoice , credit ntote and debit note
Tax invoice , credit ntote and debit note
 
Registration under GST Law
Registration under GST LawRegistration under GST Law
Registration under GST Law
 

Similar to GST Adjudication & Appeals

Appeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdf
Appeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdfAppeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdf
Appeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdf
PoojaGadiya1
 
Securitization and debt recovery ii
Securitization and debt recovery iiSecuritization and debt recovery ii
Securitization and debt recovery ii
Ujjwal 'Shanu'
 
Securitization and debt recovery ii revise
Securitization and debt recovery ii reviseSecuritization and debt recovery ii revise
Securitization and debt recovery ii revise
Ujjwal 'Shanu'
 
Administrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptx
Administrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptxAdministrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptx
Administrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptx
JepoyCruz
 
The Cunningham Report and Bill 171
The Cunningham Report and Bill 171The Cunningham Report and Bill 171
The Cunningham Report and Bill 171
Kristal Frew
 

Similar to GST Adjudication & Appeals (20)

GST Dispute Resolutions presentation Advocate Divesh Chawla
GST Dispute Resolutions presentation Advocate Divesh ChawlaGST Dispute Resolutions presentation Advocate Divesh Chawla
GST Dispute Resolutions presentation Advocate Divesh Chawla
 
Appeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdf
Appeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdfAppeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdf
Appeal and Revision in Income Tax Act.pdf
 
Advance Ruling under GST
Advance Ruling under GSTAdvance Ruling under GST
Advance Ruling under GST
 
A person who is aggrieved by a decision or order passed. against him by an ad...
A person who is aggrieved by a decision or order passed. against him by an ad...A person who is aggrieved by a decision or order passed. against him by an ad...
A person who is aggrieved by a decision or order passed. against him by an ad...
 
Article 8 Judiciary.pptx
Article 8 Judiciary.pptxArticle 8 Judiciary.pptx
Article 8 Judiciary.pptx
 
Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax dated 29.08.2014 Se...
Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax  dated 29.08.2014 Se...Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax  dated 29.08.2014 Se...
Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax dated 29.08.2014 Se...
 
Securitization and debt recovery ii
Securitization and debt recovery iiSecuritization and debt recovery ii
Securitization and debt recovery ii
 
Securitization and debt recovery ii revise
Securitization and debt recovery ii reviseSecuritization and debt recovery ii revise
Securitization and debt recovery ii revise
 
Administrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptx
Administrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptxAdministrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptx
Administrative LAW FOR FINALS.pptx
 
Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax dated 03.09.2014 Ses...
Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax dated 03.09.2014 Ses...Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax dated 03.09.2014 Ses...
Workshop on Understanding the Amended law of Service Tax dated 03.09.2014 Ses...
 
Tribunals
Tribunals Tribunals
Tribunals
 
Appeals in excise duty
Appeals in excise dutyAppeals in excise duty
Appeals in excise duty
 
GST APPEALS.pdf
GST APPEALS.pdfGST APPEALS.pdf
GST APPEALS.pdf
 
Judicial department of the Philippines
Judicial department of the Philippines Judicial department of the Philippines
Judicial department of the Philippines
 
Excise and custom duty
Excise and custom dutyExcise and custom duty
Excise and custom duty
 
ARBITRATION: NEED OF THE HOUR
ARBITRATION: NEED OF THE HOUR ARBITRATION: NEED OF THE HOUR
ARBITRATION: NEED OF THE HOUR
 
Arbitration as Applicable in Pakistan.pptx
Arbitration as Applicable in Pakistan.pptxArbitration as Applicable in Pakistan.pptx
Arbitration as Applicable in Pakistan.pptx
 
Court procedure & preparation of statement of facts
Court  procedure & preparation of statement of  factsCourt  procedure & preparation of statement of  facts
Court procedure & preparation of statement of facts
 
Mba ii hrm u-4.6 industrial dispute
Mba ii hrm u-4.6 industrial disputeMba ii hrm u-4.6 industrial dispute
Mba ii hrm u-4.6 industrial dispute
 
The Cunningham Report and Bill 171
The Cunningham Report and Bill 171The Cunningham Report and Bill 171
The Cunningham Report and Bill 171
 

Recently uploaded

一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
mefyqyn
 
一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
mefyqyn
 
Katarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applications
Katarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applicationsKatarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applications
Katarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applications
judeplata
 
买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量
买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量
买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量
acyefsa
 
Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...
Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...
Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...
ZurliaSoop
 

Recently uploaded (20)

CASE STYDY Lalman Shukla v Gauri Dutt BY MUKUL TYAGI.pptx
CASE STYDY Lalman Shukla v Gauri Dutt BY MUKUL TYAGI.pptxCASE STYDY Lalman Shukla v Gauri Dutt BY MUKUL TYAGI.pptx
CASE STYDY Lalman Shukla v Gauri Dutt BY MUKUL TYAGI.pptx
 
一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(UC Berkeley毕业证书)加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
 
Role of Blockchain Lawyers in Indian Startups: Navigating Legal Complexities
Role of Blockchain Lawyers in Indian Startups: Navigating Legal ComplexitiesRole of Blockchain Lawyers in Indian Startups: Navigating Legal Complexities
Role of Blockchain Lawyers in Indian Startups: Navigating Legal Complexities
 
Mischief Rule of Interpretation of statutes
Mischief Rule of Interpretation of statutesMischief Rule of Interpretation of statutes
Mischief Rule of Interpretation of statutes
 
Jim Eiberger Rental Agreement Redacted Former Lease.docx
Jim Eiberger Rental Agreement Redacted Former Lease.docxJim Eiberger Rental Agreement Redacted Former Lease.docx
Jim Eiberger Rental Agreement Redacted Former Lease.docx
 
Embed-2-2.pdf[[app[r[prf[-rk;lme;[ed[prp[
Embed-2-2.pdf[[app[r[prf[-rk;lme;[ed[prp[Embed-2-2.pdf[[app[r[prf[-rk;lme;[ed[prp[
Embed-2-2.pdf[[app[r[prf[-rk;lme;[ed[prp[
 
一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
一比一原版(Indiana State毕业证书)印第安纳州立大学毕业证成绩单原件一模一样
 
Valuation of Intangible Assets In Indian Companies In International Financial...
Valuation of Intangible Assets In Indian Companies In International Financial...Valuation of Intangible Assets In Indian Companies In International Financial...
Valuation of Intangible Assets In Indian Companies In International Financial...
 
Katarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applications
Katarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applicationsKatarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applications
Katarungang pambarangay forms-uses and applications
 
Essential Components of an Effective HIPAA Safeguard Program
Essential Components of an Effective HIPAA Safeguard ProgramEssential Components of an Effective HIPAA Safeguard Program
Essential Components of an Effective HIPAA Safeguard Program
 
How to Protect Your Children During a Divorce?
How to Protect Your Children During a Divorce?How to Protect Your Children During a Divorce?
How to Protect Your Children During a Divorce?
 
HOW LAW FIRMS CAN SUPPORT MILITARY DIVORCE CASES
HOW LAW FIRMS CAN SUPPORT MILITARY DIVORCE CASESHOW LAW FIRMS CAN SUPPORT MILITARY DIVORCE CASES
HOW LAW FIRMS CAN SUPPORT MILITARY DIVORCE CASES
 
December 8 2020 Hearing Transcript from Bankruptcy Adversary Proceeding
December 8 2020 Hearing Transcript from Bankruptcy Adversary ProceedingDecember 8 2020 Hearing Transcript from Bankruptcy Adversary Proceeding
December 8 2020 Hearing Transcript from Bankruptcy Adversary Proceeding
 
买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量
买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量
买(rice毕业证书)莱斯大学毕业证本科文凭证书原版质量
 
Embed-4-2.pdf vk[di-[sd[0edKP[p-[kedkpodekp
Embed-4-2.pdf vk[di-[sd[0edKP[p-[kedkpodekpEmbed-4-2.pdf vk[di-[sd[0edKP[p-[kedkpodekp
Embed-4-2.pdf vk[di-[sd[0edKP[p-[kedkpodekp
 
Dabholkar-matter-Judgement-1.pdfrefp;sdPp;
Dabholkar-matter-Judgement-1.pdfrefp;sdPp;Dabholkar-matter-Judgement-1.pdfrefp;sdPp;
Dabholkar-matter-Judgement-1.pdfrefp;sdPp;
 
Common Legal Risks in Hiring and Firing Practices.pdf
Common Legal Risks in Hiring and Firing Practices.pdfCommon Legal Risks in Hiring and Firing Practices.pdf
Common Legal Risks in Hiring and Firing Practices.pdf
 
2024 Managing Labor + Employee Relations Seminar
2024 Managing Labor + Employee Relations Seminar2024 Managing Labor + Employee Relations Seminar
2024 Managing Labor + Employee Relations Seminar
 
Law of succession-Notes for students studying law
Law of succession-Notes for students studying lawLaw of succession-Notes for students studying law
Law of succession-Notes for students studying law
 
Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...
Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...
Jual obat aborsi Bandung ( 085657271886 ) Cytote pil telat bulan penggugur ka...
 

GST Adjudication & Appeals

  • 2. Disclaimer 2 The information cited in this presentation has been drawn from various sources (including study material prepared by The Institute of Cost Accountants of India and The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India). While every efforts have been made to keep the information in this presentation error free, no responsibility for any typographical or clerical error which may have crept in while compiling the information provided can be taken. The presentation has been prepared to provide an overview of the applicable law pertaining to the subject matter. For detailed insight and for better understanding, its is advised to refer to relevant provisions in the Act and the related rules & notifications.
  • 3. What is Adjudication? 3 • “The act of judging a case, a competition or argument, or to make a formal decision about something” – Cambridge Dictionary • A legal process of resolving a lis or a dispute between taxpayer and the Department. • The one who adjudicates is called the “Adjudicating Authority”. • Issue of Adjudication Order is known as “Order-in-original”.
  • 4. Adjudicating Authority 4 • “Adjudicating Authority” means any authority, appointed or authorised to pass any order or decision under this Act, but does not include the CBIC, the Revisional Authority, the Authority for Advance Ruling, the Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling, the Appellate Authority, the Appellate Tribunal and the National Anti Profiteering Authority. Sec 2(4) of CGST Act • Such Authority can be of the rank of Additional/ Joint Commissioner or Deputy/ Assistant Commissioner.
  • 5. Non-appealable decisions – Sec 121 5 • An Order to transfer of proceedings from one officer to another officer • An Order pertaining to seizure of books of accounts, registers or other documents etc. • An Order sanctioning prosecution under the Act • An Order passed to grant/ not grant extension of time limit for payment of tax or payment of dues in instalments
  • 7. Appeal Process in GST Adjudicating Authority Appellate Authority Appellate Tribunal High Court Supreme Court Revisional Authority Civil court have no jurisdiction
  • 8. Appeal Process in GST Adjudicating Authority Appellate Authority Appellate Tribunal High Court Supreme Court Revisional Authority
  • 9. Appellate Authority 9 • First level of authority to appeal against the Order passed by an Adjudicating Authority. • If the Adjudication Order has been passed by Deputy/ Assistant Commissioner/ Superintendent, the appeal lies before any officer not below Joint Commissioner (Appeals). If the Order has been passed by Additional/ Joint Commissioner, the appeal lies before Commissioner (Appeals).
  • 10. Appeal to Appellate Authority – Sec 107  To be filed within 3 months of the Adjudication Order (6 months in case Dept. wants to appeal). Condonation allowed by up to 1 month.  Appeal with supporting docs to be filed in form GST APL-01 or GST APL-03 (Dept). Provisional acknowledgement is issued.  Certified copy of Order to be submitted within 7 days of filing the appeal. Final acknowledgment indicating appeal number is generated in form GST APL-02  Pre-deposit 100% of undisputed amount + 10% of the disputed tax amount (subject to max Rs. 25 Cr.).  Recovery proceedings deemed stayed once the appeal filed and amount paid.  The appellant shall be given opportunity to be heard. Maximum 3 adjournments allowed.  Additional ground(s) of appeal not specified earlier can be added, provided the Authority deems that such omission was not wilful or unreasonable.  Appellate Authority to inquire, hear and pass the Order within 1 year in form GST APL-04  If the issuance of Order is stayed by Court or Tribunal, the period of such stay shall be excluded in computing the period of 1 year.
  • 11. Appeal to Appellate Authority – Sec 107  Appellate Authority can’t refer the case back to the Adjudicating Authority.  Enhancement of fee/ penalty/ fine or confiscating goods of greater value or reducing refund/ Input credit not to be passed unless appellant given reasonable opportunity of showing cause.  Order shall be in writing, stating the points for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for such decision.  Order passed shall be communicated to the appellant, respondent and to the adjudicating authority.  Copy of the Order shall also be sent to the jurisdictional Commissioner or the authority designated by him in this behalf.  Subject to further appeal, the Order of the Appellate Authority shall be final and binding on the parties.
  • 12. Appeal Process in GST Adjudicating Authority Appellate Authority Appellate Tribunal High Court Supreme Court Revisional Authority
  • 13. Revisional Authority – Sec 108 13 • Powers • Can work suo-moto or upon information received by him or on the request of the Commissioner. • Can call for or examine record of any proceedings. He may then proceed to stay the operations of the Order • if he considers that decision or Order passed by any officer subordinate to him is erroneous, prejudicial, illegal, improper or missed material facts. • in consequence of an observation by CAG • After giving an opportunity to be heard, can pass an Order enhancing, modifying or annulling the earlier Order. • However, can’t exercise powers if: • The matter has been subjected to appeal with one of the authorities in the appeal hierarchy • The window to appeal to the Appellate Authority is open or more than 3 years have elapsed of passing of the Order which is sought to be revised. • The Order has already been taken up for revision once • A revisional Order has already been passed (Revisional Order cannot be revised)
  • 14. Revisional Authority – Sec 108 14 • To pass the Order on any point which has not been raised and decided in an appeal within 1 year of the Order in such appeal or 3 years from the date of passing of the original Order, whichever is later. • Subject to the fact that it may be appealed further, Order of the Revisional Authority shall be final and binding on the parties. • If the decision or Order involves an issue in which an appeal to higher authorities is pending for some other proceedings, the period spent between the date of the decision of the two authorities shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation. • If issuance of an Order is stayed by the Order of a Court or Appellate Tribunal, the period of such stay shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation. • In case the Order is likely to affect the person adversely, notice in form GST RVN-01 shall be issued to give the said person a reasonable opportunity to be heard. • The Authority shall issue the Order providing summary and the final demand amount in form GST APL-04.
  • 15. Appeal Process in GST Adjudicating Authority Appellate Authority Appellate Tribunal High Court Supreme Court Revisional Authority
  • 16. Appellate Tribunal – Sec 109 16 • To be constituted and notified with the recommendation of the GST Council • To hear appeal against Order passed by Appellate Authority or Revisional Authority • Power exercised through National Bench, Regional Benches, State Benches & Area Benches • Constitution of the bench • National bench - President, one Technical member (Centre) and one Technical member (State) • Regional/ State/ Area bench – Judicial member, one Technical member (Centre) and one Technical member (State) {Senior most judicial member in the state shall be designated as State President} • National or Regional Bench to hear matters where one of the issue relates to place of supply and State or Area Bench will hear matters relating to other transactions.
  • 17. Appellate Tribunal – Sec 109 17 • President/ State President shall, by general or special Order, distribute the business or transfer cases among Regional Benches and, as the case may be, to the Area Benches. • In the absence of a member due to vacancy or otherwise, President of resp. Tribunal can entrust matter to 2 member bench • In case the amount involved is up to Rs. 5 Lacs and the case doesn’t involve any question of law, with the approval of the President of resp. Tribunal, matter can be heard by a single member Bench. • Matter to be decided according to the opinion of the majority. • In case of a deadlock in opinion, the resp. President may ask one or more members of the other Bench for their opinion and then the matter shall be decided on majority. • No act or proceedings of the Appellate Tribunal shall be questioned or shall be invalid merely on the ground of the existence of any vacancy or defect in the constitution of the Appellate Tribunal.
  • 18. Appellate Tribunal – Sec 110 18 • President - Judge of the Supreme Court or Chief Justice of a High Court or Judge of a High Court for a period not less than 5 years • Judicial member – Judge of a high court or District Judge qualified to be appointed as a Judge of a High Court or Member of Indian Legal Service and has held a post not less than Additional Secretary for 3 years • Technical member (Centre) - Member of Indian Revenue (Customs and Central Excise) Service, Group A, and has completed at least 15 years of service in Group A • Technical member (State) - Officer of the State Government not below the rank of Additional Commissioner of VAT or the State GST or such rank as may be notified by the concerned State Government on the recommendations of the Council with at least 3 years of experience in the administration of an existing law or the State GST or in the field of finance and taxation.
  • 19. Appellate Tribunal – Sec 110 19 • The President and the Judicial Members of the National Bench and the Regional Benches shall be appointed by the Government after consultation with the Chief Justice of India. • The Technical Member (Centre) and Technical Member (State) of the National Bench and Regional Benches shall be appointed by the Government on the recommendations of a Selection Committee. • The Judicial Member of the State Bench or Area Benches shall be appointed by the State Government after consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court of the State. • The Technical Member (Centre) of the State Bench or Area Benches shall be appointed by the Central Government and Technical Member (State) of the State Bench or Area Benches shall be appointed by the State Government. • The term of President and the Judicial member shall be 3 years and that of the technical member, 5 years. They are eligible for reappointment unless attained superannuation.
  • 20. Powers of Appellate Tribunal – Sec 111 20 • Appellate Tribunal shall have power to regulate its own procedure. • For the purposes of discharging its functions under GST, the Tribunal shall have the same powers as are vested in a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908. • They may • summon and enforce the attendance of any person and examining him on oath. • Require the discovery and production of documents. • Receive evidence on affidavits • requisition any public record, document, copy of such record or document from any office (subject to Sec 123 & 124 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872) • issue commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents. • dismiss a representation for default or deciding it ex parte. • set aside any Order of dismissal of any representation for default or any Order passed by it ex parte.
  • 21. Powers of Appellate Tribunal – Sec 111 21 • Any Order made by the Appellate Tribunal may be enforced by it in the same manner as if it were a decree made by a court in a suit pending therein. • It shall be lawful for the Appellate Tribunal to send for execution of its orders to the court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction, • in the case a company, where the registered office of the company is situated. • in the case of any other person, where the person concerned voluntarily resides or carries on business or personally works for gain. • All proceedings before the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be judicial proceedings (within the meaning of Sec 193, 196 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code) • The Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be Civil Court for the purposes of Sec 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
  • 22. Appeal to Appellate Tribunal – Sec 112  To be filed within 3 months of the Order of Appellate Authority (6 months in case Dept. wants to appeal). Condonation allowed up to 3 months.  Tribunal may refuse to admit petty appeals where the monetary value involved doesn’t exceed Rs. 50,000  To be filed in form GST APL-05 together with relevant docs. Fee Rs. 1,000 per lac of the disputed amount involved, subject to max Rs. 25,000  Within 7 days of filing the appeal, certified copy to be submitted. Final acknowledgement and appeal number is then issued in form GST APL-02  Dept. to file appeal in form APL-07 without fee  Memorandum of Cross-objections to be filed within 45 days of the receipt of the notice in form GST APL-06.  Pre-deposit 100% of undisputed amount + 20% of the disputed tax amount* (subject to max Rs. 50 Cr.). * The 20% of the disputed amount is over and above the amount already deposited at the time of appeal to Appellate Authority.  Recovery proceedings deemed stayed once the appeal filed and amount paid.
  • 23. Orders of Appellate Tribunal – Sec 113  The parties will be given an opportunity to be heard.  Up to 3 adjournments allowed  Tribunal to hear and decide the appeal within 1 year of filing (as far as possible)  Tribunal may confirm, modify or annul the Order appealed against.  Can remand the matter back to the lower authorities (AA, RA or Adjudicating Authority) with directions.  Statement indicating final demand will be issued in form GST APL-04  Copy of the Order is sent to the appellant, the Jurisdictional Commissioner, AA/ RA or Adjudicating Authority.  If brought to notice within 3 months, may amend* any Order passed by it so as to rectify any error apparent on the face of the record. * Amendment, if it increases liability of the other party not to be passed unless appellant given reasonable opportunity  No fee for application made for rectification of errors in Order.  Subject to further appeal, the Order is final and binding on the parties.
  • 24. Other matters 24 • Rule 112 – Except in certain circumstances, no evidences, other than the ones produced during the course of the proceedings before the adjudicating authority or the Appellate Authority shall be allowed to be produced before the Appellate Authority or the Appellate Tribunal. • Sec 114 – The President may delegate its financial and administrative powers to any member of the National or Regional Bench. However, such person shall continue to act under the direction, control and supervision of the President. • Sec 115 – If, consequent to any Order by Appellate Authority or Tribunal, any pre deposit paid by the appellant during the appeal process needs to be refunded, interest at the rate specified u/s 56 shall be payable on the said amount from the date of payment of the amount till the date of refund of such amount. • Sec 116 - Otherwise than when required to appear personally for examination on oath or affirmation, the person may appoint an authorised representative to appear on his behalf for any proceedings under the Act.
  • 25. Authorised Representative – Sec 116 25 • Such authorised representative shall be, • His relative or regular employee • An advocate entitled to practice in any Court in India and has not been debarred from practice. • Practising CA/ CMA/ CS, provided not debarred from practice • Retired officer of Commercial Tax Dept who has worked not below the rank than that of Group-B Gazetted officer rank for a period of not less than 2 years and more than 1 year has elapsed from his date of retirement/ resignation. • Authorised GST practitioner • Disqualifications to act as authorised representative • Dismissed or removed from Government service • Convicted of an offence connected with the proceedings of the Acts dealing with imposition of tax on sale or supply of goods or services. • Found guilty of misconduct by the prescribed authority. • Adjudged insolvent, till such time the insolvency continues.
  • 26. Appeal Process in GST Adjudicating Authority Appellate Authority Appellate Tribunal High Court Supreme Court Revisional Authority
  • 27. Appeal to the High Court – Sec 117  To hear Order passed by State or Area Bench of Appellate Tribunal  Appeal, in form GST APL-08, to be filed within 180 days of the Tribunal’s Order. Condonation allowed on case to case basis.  Admission of appeal, only if the case involves substantial question of law  HC shall formulate the questions and the appeal shall be heard only on the questions so formulated. HC, however, has the right to take any additional question(s), if deem fit.  Notwithstanding the appeal, sums due to the Government as a result of an Order passed by Tribunal shall be payable.  Case to be heard by bench consisting of at least 2 judges.  In case of no majority. additional judges may be called to hear the case only on the points where the original judges had a difference of opinion.  Case shall be decided basis majority of the opinion and shall be effected based on certified copy of the judgement.  Jurisdictional officer to issue statement in form GST APL-04 indicating the final amount of demand confirmed by the High Court.  Provisions of Code of Civil Procedure relating to appeals to the High Court shall, as far as possible, apply in the case of appeals.
  • 28. Appeal Process in GST Adjudicating Authority Appellate Authority Appellate Tribunal High Court Supreme Court Revisional Authority
  • 29. Appeal to the Supreme Court – Sec 118  To be filed immediately after  Order of National/ Regional bench of the Appellate Tribunal  Order of the High Court, after HC certifies that the case is fit for an appeal to the Supreme Court.  Provisions of Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 relating to appeals to the Supreme Court shall apply in the case of appeals.  Notwithstanding the appeal, sums due to the Government as a result of an Order passed by the High Court shall be payable.  Supreme Court may vary, upheld or reverse the Order.  Jurisdictional officer to issue statement in form GST APL-04 indicating the final amount of demand confirmed by the Supreme Court.
  • 30. Thank You Manmohan Daga Daga & Associates 9804199500 mmdaga@hotmail.com
  • 31. Dept not to file appeal – Sec 120 31 • On the recommendations of the Council, the Board may, from time to time, issue Orders or instructions or directions in congruence with the National Litigation Policy. • If the amount involved is not high. Fixing monetary limits is to be recommended by the GST council from time to time. • In pursuance to the Order or instructions or directions, if the officer has not filed an appeal against any decision, that can’t be restrictive for him not to file appeal in any other case involving the same or similar issues or questions of law. • Non filing of appeal by Department in similar cases cannot be used as a precedent or as a ground to protest/ contest.
  • 32. Admission of additional evidences – Rule 112 32 • When Adjudicating Authority or Appellate Authority has refused to admit evidences which should have been admitted. • Where the appellant was prevented from producing the evidences which were called upon and were relevant to the case/ ground of appeal. • Where the authorities have made Order without giving adequate opportunities to produce evidences relevant to the case/ ground of appeal. • No evidence shall be admitted unless the Appellate Authority or the Appellate Tribunal records in writing the reasons for its admission. • Such admission shall be made only after examining the evidence/ document or cross- examining any witness produced or producing evidences in rebuttal to the claim by the appellant.