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"Avoiding Not
 Ignoring Hazardous
 Waste Regulations"
    “CONNECTICUT AUTO
RECYCLERS (CAR) CASE STUDY"




       Bradley Korth, P.E.
Environmental Consulting Engineer

     Korth Engineering, LLC
        Marlborough, CT
        (860) 989-2800
METHODOLOGY
 1.   Establish Goals
 2.   Define Waste Streams
 3.   Identify Applicable Regulations
 4.   Build On Existing Programs
 5.   Develop Standard Practices
 6.   Simple Implementation (plan, do, check, act)
 7.   Detail User Benefits
 8.   Assure Economic Viability
Question:
How this is applicable to other Industries?
PROGRAM GOALS
1.   Operate RCRA CESQG  HOW?
        Material Segregation
        Material Substitution
        Used Oil (Proper Management)
        Universal Waste
        Commercial Chemical Products
2.   Maintain Regulatory Compliance
ExemptionsAvoid Not Ignore Regulations
3.   Develop Standard Template
4.   Share Costs, Ideas & Lessons Learned
DEFINE ALL POTENTIAL WASTE STREAMS
1.  Used Oil
2.  Rags & Absorbents
3.  Antifreeze
4.  Windshield Fluid
5.  Fuel, Tanks & Filters
6.  Lead-Acid Batteries
7.  Mercury Switches
8.  Electronic Equipment
9.  Mercury Lamps
10. Oil / Water Separators
11. Parts Cleaning
12. Refrigerants
13. Tires
14. Lab Pack
15. Scrap Metal
16. Air Bags
IDENTIFY APPLICABLE REGULATIONS
WASTE CHARACTERIZATION:
 Hazardous Waste (RCRA)40 CFR 260-270
 Used Oil40 CFR 266 (Subpart E) & 279
 Universal Waste40 CFR 273
 CT Regulated WastesCGS Sec. 22a-454
GUIDANCE DOCUMENT:
Auto Recycling Industry Compliance Guide
INCORPORATE OTHER REGULATIONS:
 DOT Hazardous Materials49 CFR 172/173
 EPCRA (Right-to Know-Act)40 CFR 355
 OSHA29 CFR 1910
BUILD ON EXISTING PROGRAMS
Use of Existing Materials, Examples:
 Used Oil  Burned for Heat
 Fuels  Burned as Fuel
 Lead-Acid Batteries  Resold or Recycled
 Air Bags  Resold
 Mercury Switches  Recycled
   National Auto Recyclers Program In-Place
Combine / Coordinate with Other Programs:
 Stormwater, SPCC  Training, Inspections
 EPCRA / OSHA  Labeling, Reporting
DEVELOP STANDARD PRACTICES

Management & Compliance Manual
 General Program Reference Documents
 Separate Section for Each Waste Stream
  General Information  Management
  Instructions, Profiles, Shipping Papers
  Reference Documents  DEP Fact Sheets
  Waste Characterization Data
   Compliance Summary Form
   Support Data – Analytical, MSDS’s
 Container Labels  Material Segregation
 Acceptable Vendors & Disposal Methods
KEEP IT SIMPLE FOR USER

 Document Waste Characterization Efforts
  LegallyAnyone Can Perform, However:
  Hazardous Waste (RCRA)Complex Rules
  Suggest By Knowledgeable Professional
  UseSample Data & Process Knowledge
 Vendor FormsProfiles, Shipping Papers
 ChecklistsRoutine Tasks
 Integrate BMP’s with Existing Programs
  Training
  Inspections
  Records Retention
PROGRAM BENEFITS
Minimize or Improve Regulatory, Operational:
   RequirementsEx: Record Keeping, Plans
   AuditsMore $$’s React to Problems
   Liability & RisksCleanup, Lawsuits
   IncidentsFire, Explosion, Spill, Exposure
   CostsMaterial Disposal, Insurance
   Visual Site AppearanceOrganization
   Public Opinion”Green Is In”
Avoid CT Transfer Act - BIG $$’s:
 “Establishment”Generate > 100 kg /
  Month (220 lbs.) Hazardous Waste
PROGRAM MUST BE COST EFFECTIVE
HOW?
Cooperative Efforts:
   CAR  Contracted Manual Preparation
   CAR  Generates Labels for Members
   CAR  Provides Training for Members
   CAR  Assists in Identifying Vendors
   CAR Members  Offered Solutions
Process Management Allows for:
 Preventing Cross Contamination
    Minimize Sampling Costs
    Manage Off-Site Disposal Costs
APPLICABILITY
How Can My Facility Be a CESQG?
 Overall Program Basis  Manufacturing
 Material Segregation  Labeling
 Material Substitution
 Regulatory Exemptions
   Universal Wastes
   Reuse as a Commercial Chemical Product
   Specific Regulations  Ex: Used Oil
   Hazardous Waste Permits By Rule
 Existing InformationManual, Fact Sheets
 Waste Characterization Documentation
Additional Resources
• DEP RCRA Help Website
   – www.ct.gov/DEP/RCRAhelp
• CESQG Handbook
   – www.ct.gov/DEP/hazardouswaste
• Auto Recycling Industry Compliance Guide (January 2004)
• Pit stops Fact Sheet (July 2005)
• CAR (Connecticut Auto Recyclers Association)
   – http://ctautorecyclers.com
• COMPASS (Compliance Assistance)
   – Hotline: 1-888-424-4193
   – Consultative Audits (Free)
   – HWAC (Hazardous Waste Advisory Committee) Training

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Avoiding Not Ignoring Hazardous Waste Regulaions

  • 1. "Avoiding Not Ignoring Hazardous Waste Regulations" “CONNECTICUT AUTO RECYCLERS (CAR) CASE STUDY" Bradley Korth, P.E. Environmental Consulting Engineer Korth Engineering, LLC Marlborough, CT (860) 989-2800
  • 2. METHODOLOGY 1. Establish Goals 2. Define Waste Streams 3. Identify Applicable Regulations 4. Build On Existing Programs 5. Develop Standard Practices 6. Simple Implementation (plan, do, check, act) 7. Detail User Benefits 8. Assure Economic Viability Question: How this is applicable to other Industries?
  • 3. PROGRAM GOALS 1. Operate RCRA CESQG  HOW?  Material Segregation  Material Substitution  Used Oil (Proper Management)  Universal Waste  Commercial Chemical Products 2. Maintain Regulatory Compliance ExemptionsAvoid Not Ignore Regulations 3. Develop Standard Template 4. Share Costs, Ideas & Lessons Learned
  • 4. DEFINE ALL POTENTIAL WASTE STREAMS 1. Used Oil 2. Rags & Absorbents 3. Antifreeze 4. Windshield Fluid 5. Fuel, Tanks & Filters 6. Lead-Acid Batteries 7. Mercury Switches 8. Electronic Equipment 9. Mercury Lamps 10. Oil / Water Separators 11. Parts Cleaning 12. Refrigerants 13. Tires 14. Lab Pack 15. Scrap Metal 16. Air Bags
  • 5. IDENTIFY APPLICABLE REGULATIONS WASTE CHARACTERIZATION:  Hazardous Waste (RCRA)40 CFR 260-270  Used Oil40 CFR 266 (Subpart E) & 279  Universal Waste40 CFR 273  CT Regulated WastesCGS Sec. 22a-454 GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: Auto Recycling Industry Compliance Guide INCORPORATE OTHER REGULATIONS:  DOT Hazardous Materials49 CFR 172/173  EPCRA (Right-to Know-Act)40 CFR 355  OSHA29 CFR 1910
  • 6. BUILD ON EXISTING PROGRAMS Use of Existing Materials, Examples:  Used Oil  Burned for Heat  Fuels  Burned as Fuel  Lead-Acid Batteries  Resold or Recycled  Air Bags  Resold  Mercury Switches  Recycled  National Auto Recyclers Program In-Place Combine / Coordinate with Other Programs:  Stormwater, SPCC  Training, Inspections  EPCRA / OSHA  Labeling, Reporting
  • 7. DEVELOP STANDARD PRACTICES Management & Compliance Manual  General Program Reference Documents  Separate Section for Each Waste Stream General Information  Management Instructions, Profiles, Shipping Papers Reference Documents  DEP Fact Sheets Waste Characterization Data  Compliance Summary Form  Support Data – Analytical, MSDS’s  Container Labels  Material Segregation  Acceptable Vendors & Disposal Methods
  • 8. KEEP IT SIMPLE FOR USER  Document Waste Characterization Efforts LegallyAnyone Can Perform, However: Hazardous Waste (RCRA)Complex Rules Suggest By Knowledgeable Professional UseSample Data & Process Knowledge  Vendor FormsProfiles, Shipping Papers  ChecklistsRoutine Tasks  Integrate BMP’s with Existing Programs Training Inspections Records Retention
  • 9. PROGRAM BENEFITS Minimize or Improve Regulatory, Operational:  RequirementsEx: Record Keeping, Plans  AuditsMore $$’s React to Problems  Liability & RisksCleanup, Lawsuits  IncidentsFire, Explosion, Spill, Exposure  CostsMaterial Disposal, Insurance  Visual Site AppearanceOrganization  Public Opinion”Green Is In” Avoid CT Transfer Act - BIG $$’s:  “Establishment”Generate > 100 kg / Month (220 lbs.) Hazardous Waste
  • 10. PROGRAM MUST BE COST EFFECTIVE HOW? Cooperative Efforts:  CAR  Contracted Manual Preparation  CAR  Generates Labels for Members  CAR  Provides Training for Members  CAR  Assists in Identifying Vendors  CAR Members  Offered Solutions Process Management Allows for:  Preventing Cross Contamination Minimize Sampling Costs Manage Off-Site Disposal Costs
  • 11. APPLICABILITY How Can My Facility Be a CESQG?  Overall Program Basis  Manufacturing  Material Segregation  Labeling  Material Substitution  Regulatory Exemptions  Universal Wastes  Reuse as a Commercial Chemical Product  Specific Regulations  Ex: Used Oil  Hazardous Waste Permits By Rule  Existing InformationManual, Fact Sheets  Waste Characterization Documentation
  • 12. Additional Resources • DEP RCRA Help Website – www.ct.gov/DEP/RCRAhelp • CESQG Handbook – www.ct.gov/DEP/hazardouswaste • Auto Recycling Industry Compliance Guide (January 2004) • Pit stops Fact Sheet (July 2005) • CAR (Connecticut Auto Recyclers Association) – http://ctautorecyclers.com • COMPASS (Compliance Assistance) – Hotline: 1-888-424-4193 – Consultative Audits (Free) – HWAC (Hazardous Waste Advisory Committee) Training