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Castles in the Loire
Valley of France
“Le jardin de la France”
The Loire Valley
 Fertile soil and mild climate
 Loire River and its tributaries
 Over 100 castles (or chateaux) still
remain
 15th
& 16th
century country residences
for the kings of France
Amboise
Amboise
 Italian influence
 Leonardo da
Vinci’s tomb
inside
 “Conspirator’s
Balcony”
Chenonceau
 Le Chateau de six femmes
Chenonceau
 Henri II’s mistress, Diane de Poitiers
had the bridge build to the opposite
side of the river
 Henri’s wife, Catherine de Medicis
kicked Diane out after Henri’s death
and had the gallery build over the
bridge, and enlarged the gardens
started by her rival.
Chenonceau
 In WWI, the gallery was used as a hospital ward
 In WWII, it was a means of escaping the Nazi occupied zone
on one side of the river to the free zone on the other bank.
Chambord
 The biggest caste in the Loire Valley
Chambord
 440 rooms, 365 fireplaces, 84 staircases
 Famous double spiral staircase
 Vacation spot for Francois I & other French kings & nobles
Versailles
Versailles
 Located southwest of Paris
 Built in 17th
century for Louis XIV, le Roi Soleil
 Took over 50 years to build
 Extends over 250 acres
 Parks, gardens, statues, fountains
 Over 20,000 people lived in the palace at one
time
 This royal extravagance contributed to the
decline of France’s power and the rise of the
French Revolution
Versailles
Versailles
 La galerie des glaces (Hall of Mirrors)
 Almost 250 feet long, 17 mirrors reflecting light from 17
windows
Quiz
 Why did so many French kings
choose to build their dwellings along
the Loire Valley?
a. It was close to Paris
b. Because of its mild climate &
fertile soil
c. It was far from Paris
Quiz
 What country’s art and culture
influenced the builders of the Loire
castles?
a. Germany
b. Spain
c. Italy
Quiz
 What happened to many French
Protestants at the castle of Amboise?
a. They were shot
b. They were released from prison
c. They were hanged
Quiz
 Who’s tomb is located in the Chateau
d’Amboise?
a. Michel Angelo
b. Francois I
c. Leonardo da Vinci
Quiz
 Which castle crosses a river?
a. Chambord
b. Versailles
c. Chenonceau
Quiz
 Who was Henri II’s mistress who had
the bridge built across the Cher?
a. Diane de Poitiers
b. Catherine de Medicis
c. Francoise de France
Quiz
 In WW I, Chenonceau was used as
a. A means of escaping the
Germans
b. A hospital
c. An army base
Quiz
 Chambord has
a. 550 rooms, 85 staircases, and
300 chimneys
b. 540 rooms, 84 staircases, and
362 chimneys
c. 440 rooms, 84 staircases, and
365 chimneys
Quiz
 Chambord is famous for its unique
a. bell tower
b. staircase
c. courtyard
Quiz
 Where is the palace of Versailles
located?
a. Southwest of Paris
b. In the Loire valley
c. In the middle of Paris
Quiz
 Louis XIV’s nickname was
a. Le Roi d’or
b. Le Roi de glaces
c. Le Roi de soleil
Quiz
 How many people once lived in the
palace of Versailles?
a. 10,000
b. 20,000
c. 30,000
Quiz
 The Hall of Mirrors is
a. almost 250 feet long
b. almost 100 feet long
c. almost 500 feet long

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Castles in the Loire Valley

  • 1. Castles in the Loire Valley of France “Le jardin de la France”
  • 2. The Loire Valley  Fertile soil and mild climate  Loire River and its tributaries  Over 100 castles (or chateaux) still remain  15th & 16th century country residences for the kings of France
  • 4. Amboise  Italian influence  Leonardo da Vinci’s tomb inside  “Conspirator’s Balcony”
  • 6. Chenonceau  Henri II’s mistress, Diane de Poitiers had the bridge build to the opposite side of the river  Henri’s wife, Catherine de Medicis kicked Diane out after Henri’s death and had the gallery build over the bridge, and enlarged the gardens started by her rival.
  • 7. Chenonceau  In WWI, the gallery was used as a hospital ward  In WWII, it was a means of escaping the Nazi occupied zone on one side of the river to the free zone on the other bank.
  • 8. Chambord  The biggest caste in the Loire Valley
  • 9. Chambord  440 rooms, 365 fireplaces, 84 staircases  Famous double spiral staircase  Vacation spot for Francois I & other French kings & nobles
  • 11. Versailles  Located southwest of Paris  Built in 17th century for Louis XIV, le Roi Soleil  Took over 50 years to build  Extends over 250 acres  Parks, gardens, statues, fountains  Over 20,000 people lived in the palace at one time  This royal extravagance contributed to the decline of France’s power and the rise of the French Revolution
  • 13. Versailles  La galerie des glaces (Hall of Mirrors)  Almost 250 feet long, 17 mirrors reflecting light from 17 windows
  • 14. Quiz  Why did so many French kings choose to build their dwellings along the Loire Valley? a. It was close to Paris b. Because of its mild climate & fertile soil c. It was far from Paris
  • 15. Quiz  What country’s art and culture influenced the builders of the Loire castles? a. Germany b. Spain c. Italy
  • 16. Quiz  What happened to many French Protestants at the castle of Amboise? a. They were shot b. They were released from prison c. They were hanged
  • 17. Quiz  Who’s tomb is located in the Chateau d’Amboise? a. Michel Angelo b. Francois I c. Leonardo da Vinci
  • 18. Quiz  Which castle crosses a river? a. Chambord b. Versailles c. Chenonceau
  • 19. Quiz  Who was Henri II’s mistress who had the bridge built across the Cher? a. Diane de Poitiers b. Catherine de Medicis c. Francoise de France
  • 20. Quiz  In WW I, Chenonceau was used as a. A means of escaping the Germans b. A hospital c. An army base
  • 21. Quiz  Chambord has a. 550 rooms, 85 staircases, and 300 chimneys b. 540 rooms, 84 staircases, and 362 chimneys c. 440 rooms, 84 staircases, and 365 chimneys
  • 22. Quiz  Chambord is famous for its unique a. bell tower b. staircase c. courtyard
  • 23. Quiz  Where is the palace of Versailles located? a. Southwest of Paris b. In the Loire valley c. In the middle of Paris
  • 24. Quiz  Louis XIV’s nickname was a. Le Roi d’or b. Le Roi de glaces c. Le Roi de soleil
  • 25. Quiz  How many people once lived in the palace of Versailles? a. 10,000 b. 20,000 c. 30,000
  • 26. Quiz  The Hall of Mirrors is a. almost 250 feet long b. almost 100 feet long c. almost 500 feet long