The Democratic Republic of Congo • According to the International Rescue Committee, “Congo is the world’s least developed country in terms of life expectancy, education, standard of living and key health indicators, like maternal and child mortality.” • The ethnic and political violence of the Second Congo War, which ended in 2003, resonates today as the DRC as a result of continued dispute over conflict minerals.
What is a CONFLICT-FREE CAMPUS? A campus that does not indirectly support an A campus that oppressive regime supports companies’ efforts A campus that is not complicit in to clean their the oppression of supply chain of women conflict minerals A campus that does from the DRC not ignore the impact it can make on the live of millions of Congolese
Armed Forces• Armed groups use violence to achieve political, ideological, and economic dominance.• They are not sponsored by the DRC’s state government.• They include: – Rebel movements (i.e. M23 and LRA) – Ethnic militias (i.e. Mai Mai Militias) – Economic & Military entrepreneurs (i.e. CNDP)
Violence Against Women• Armed group use rape as a weapon of submission, systematically defining sexual violence as acceptable not only in war but in civilian life.• 1100 Women are raped every day.• Access to medical and psychological help is limited as a result of negative perceptions surrounding rape victims.
Impact on the Congolese• The DRC is the most impoverished country in the world, with the average citizen earning only $400 annually.• The International Rescue Committee estimates over 3 million deaths have occurred due to violence since 1998.• Armed groups control mineral mines to fund their violence. They staff these mines by enslaving men, women, and children.
What are the CONFLICT MINERALS? GOLD, TIN, TANTALUM, AND TUNGSTEN
What are they used for?• Electronics Products! – Tungsten- used in light bulb filaments and heating elements – Tin- used to connect elements in circuit boards of laptops and cell phones – Tantalum- used for capacitors and resistors in cells phones. “The smarter your phone is the more Tantalum it has. – Gold- used in coating and wiring electronic connections
What does the Conflict-Free Campus Initiative do? We are going to ask the University’s Board of Trustees to pressure the companies that we, as a college, dobusiness with to stop taking mineralsfrom conflict mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
What can you do toSTOP THE VIOLENCE? •Sign and encourage your friends to sign our petition! •Photograph your friends with a “I support a conflict-free campus” sheet and send it to us! •Be informed! Ask us questions or go to: www.raisehopeforcongo.org enoughproject.org •Like us at Conflict Free at UD on Facebook and follow @UDSTAND on Twitter