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Digital books


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Digital books

  3. 3. OVERVIEW OF DIGITAL BOOKS <ul><ul><li>Digital Books - Electronic books (e-book) are publications in digital form, including text and images  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be in PDF form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scanned from a physical book </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Published through software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Readable on a computer, smart phone, e-reader or any PC tablet </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. HISTORY <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1970    Project Gutengerg: Michael Hart at U of Illinois with the purpose of starting an electronic public library  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1985-1992  Robert Stein (Voyager Company): books on CD-ROM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First e-book: Copy of the United States Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998  First e-book reader: Rocket ebook and Soft ebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998  U.S. libraries start to upload free e-books on their library websites  </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. HISTORY <ul><ul><li>2000   Microsoft: Adobe software-only tool for reading e-books on PCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006  Sony Reader (e-ink)   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007  Amazon: Kindle  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2009  Barnes & Noble: NOOK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May 2011  Amazon e-book sales surpass paper book sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-textbooks (6,000+) Pearson, Wiley, Morgan Kaufmann </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. BENEFITS OF DIGITAL BOOKS – TO COMPANIES AND CONSUMERS <ul><ul><li>New market for companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves consumers money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text size options for visually impaired  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to travel with  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors can “create” their own books by cutting out chapters, highlighting sections, etc.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduces costs and contributes to “green books” effort </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. RISKS AND CHALLENGES IN IMPLEMENTATION <ul><ul><li>Copyright and antitrust problems  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google's attempt to create “world’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>largest digital library” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wanted to include books under copyright  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universities given copies of copyright books w/o permission  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fragments of books now available online </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations (i.e. universities) can publish books unlawfully </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Michigan   </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. RISKS AND CHALLENGES IN IMPLEMENTATION <ul><ul><li>Digital book libraries pose risks to books and the book publishing industry  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Priced lower resulting in lower income for publishers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decreased demand for publishers  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scared of Amazon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge in keeping digital book attraction high as a result of flattened text   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital ownership lacks a sense of ownership and physical relationship with the material and all materials seem to be “equal” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does Harry Potter = Plato?   </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. RESOURCES IT HAS CREATED/REQUIRED <ul><li>    </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon and Google digital book libraries - new resources  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Requires publishers and authors to settle copyright agreements  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital publishers new on the block   </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. LIKELIHOOD OF OVERALL SUCCESS <ul><ul><li>Managers and authoritative figures are implementing the use of digital books in schools and universities to replace textbooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ie Burlington HS   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Resources  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital book publishers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. FUTURE OF DIGITAL BOOKS <ul><ul><li>Designers working on improvements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing the color palates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example with Bio </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Typically associated with web functions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prices of e-books increasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Agency Pricing&quot;   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping the reading experience alive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Melville House's Hybrid Book  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illuminations  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. FUTURE OF DIGITAL BOOKS WAYS DIGITAL BOOKS WILL CHANGE PUBLICATION <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility of Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Books Now on Your I-Phone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Kindle App </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay per Chapter—Nonfiction concern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Chapter Preview—(option on Amazon) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can change how authors write fiction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never Read Alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online Forums--similar to online book club </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 13. FUTURE OF DIGITAL BOOKS HOW WE WILL SEARCH FOR BOOKS Q.) Has anyone ever written down a title of a book, that a friend recommended to you? Q.) Have you ever looked around a bookstore to find a new book?  
  14. 14. FUTURE OF DIGITAL BOOKS HOW WE WILL SEARCH FOR BOOKS <ul><ul><li>Publishers no longer compete for bookstore space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors and publishers try to adjust their books to move up the list. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book searches now go through online search engines  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can search for books instantly by... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Key Phrase </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Key Words </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of Libraries? </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. - How would you feel if Villanova decided to take away text books and switch to all digital books? Does this scare you?  - Do you think the take over of digital books will have a positive or negative impact on society? Why? - Those of you who use digital books, do you experience the &quot;flattened text&quot; effect?  - Do you think the increased production of digital books and decreased printing of paper books will help the environment, or, in your opinion, is the carbon footprint just as great for both?    Questions