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Renewable/Low Carbon Energy Opportunities for Businesses


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Renewable/Low Carbon Energy Opportunities for Businesses

  1. 1. Renewable/Low Carbon Energy Opportunities for BusinessesReport Details:Published:August 2012No. of Pages: 146Price: Single User License – US$2875The report offers technical and commercial guidance on a range of renewable and low carbongeneration technologies for business operators to work out what solutions suit them and how theycan implement these solutions for maximum benefit to the business.Features and benefits•The report will help business operators to identify the most cost-effective way of meeting their environmental targets.•This report will help business operators to manage the risk to their business through improving security of supply.•The report will empower business operators to adopt a balanced approach towards assessment of their energy supply options.HighlightsThe report provides straightforward access to the technical, environmental, and commercialprinciples of renewable/low carbon energy generation systems, providing the knowledge neededto follow an appropriate path for the business.The report gives valuable guidance on project delivery options that achieve a balance of risk andreward appropriate to the business.The report equips the reader with analytical methodology that will be applicable even withinevitable changes in technical and economic data with time and changing circumstances.Your key questions answered•What is the best balance between renewable energy generation and energy efficiency measures?•Which renewable/low carbon energy supply options are likely to give the best return on investment for businesses?•How can the risk to the business be minimized through renewable/low carbon energy supply measures and the way they are delivered and operated?•What is the required level of intervention in system delivery and operation by the business operator for different renewable/low carbon generation?•Is it better to invest in on-site or off-site generation for your business?Get your copy of this report @
  2. 2. points covered in Table of Contents of this report includeTable of ContentsAbout the authorDisclaimerEXECUTIVE SUMMARYIntroductionDrivers for renewable energy in businessEnergy Hierarchy and prioritizing of energy measuresBalancing energy supply and demandTechnology option overviewEconomics of renewable energy systemsEnvironmental impacts of energy systemsRisks to business operatorOn-site versus off-siteDelivery of renewable energy systemsBusiness internal changeSummary comparison of options and energy system approachIntroductionSummaryIntroductionReport overviewDrivers for renewable energy in businessSummaryIntroductionEnvironmental/planning drivers for renewable energyBuilding regulationsCarbon Reduction CommitmentEU Emissions Trading SchemeEconomic drivers for renewable energyReputational drivers for renewable energyEnergy Hierarchy and prioritizing of energy measuresSummaryIntroductionIntroduction to conceptPriority 1: energy conservationPriority 2: energy efficiencyPriority 3: utilization of renewable resourcesPriority 4: efficient supply of energyBalancing energy supply and demandSummaryIntroduction
  3. 3. Approach towards energy/CO2 balancingTechnology option overviewSummaryIntroductionGeneral characteristics of renewable energySolar photovoltaicsMaintenance of PVSolar thermalIntroductionSolar hot waterSolar space heatingSolar coolingWind energyBiomass heatingLog stoveLog boilerPellet boilerWood chip boilerOil boilerOther fuel typesAnaerobic digestionBiomethane mains injectionBioenergy electricity generation and combined heat and powerGeneralDirect combustion with steam turbineOrganic Rankine cycle with steam turbine/Stirling engineAdvanced thermal conversion (pyrolysis and gasification) with gas engine/gas turbine/fuel cellsNatural gas-fired combined heat and powerAbsorption chillingCo-firing of biomass with fossil fuels or wasteHeat pumpsGround source heat pumpsAir source heat pumpsEnergy storageThermal energy storageCooling energy storageElectrical energy storageSmart energy systemsDefinitionSmart meteringSmart control systems
  4. 4. Economics of renewable energy systemsSummaryIntroductionCapital costOperational costLifecycle costingFundingFeed-in tariffsRenewables Obligation Certificates (UK)Electricity Market Reform – Contract for DifferenceRenewable Heat IncentiveGreen DealFinancingEnvironmental impacts of energy systemsSummaryIntroductionWind energy environmental impactsVisualNoiseShadow flickerEcological and archaeologicalTechnical impacts – aviation and telecommunicationsBioenergy environmental impactsEmissionsPV environmental impactsHydroelectric environmental impactsRisks to business operatorSummaryIntroductionRisks with ownership optionManaging risks with outsourcing optionCombination of ownership and outsourcingOn-site versus off-siteSummaryIntroductionOn-siteGreen electricity/gasDefinitionCommercialEnvironmentalOpportunities for investment in off-site projects
  5. 5. Delivery of renewable energy systemsSummaryIntroductionDelivery by business operatorConsolidation of the business driversEnergy surveyTechnical and economic assessment of renewable energy generation potentialSpecificationEvaluation of quotations and appointmentOverseeing project deliverySetting up of appropriate operational regimeThird party ownership deliveryScope of workDetermination of benefits to the business operatorLength of contractProject Development AgreementLength of delivery programLevel of interference with business operator’s core businessSelection of energy service providerCombined client and third party deliveryProject delivery and operational responsibilityEquity in projectModularization, project planningBusiness internal changeSummaryIntroductionLevel of commitment requiredThird party delivery and operationIn-house delivery and operationCultural/behavioral changeEnergy managementMetering, monitoring, and administrationSummary comparison of options and energy system approachSummaryIntroductionApproach towards comparison of options and energy systemsFuture developmentsAppendixScopeMethodologyPrimary researchSecondary research
  6. 6. Glossary/abbreviationsBibliography/referencesList of TablesTable: Limiting fabric parameters (non-domestic buildings), UK Building Regulations, 2010Table: Recommended minimum energy efficiency standards for building services – biomassboilers (%), 2011Table: Recommended minimum energy efficiency standards for building services – heat pumps(%), 2011Table: Recommended minimum energy efficiency standards for building services – heat pumps(seasonal performance factor), 2010Table: UK Building Regulations fuel emissions factors (kgCO 2 /kWh), 2009Table: Types of renewable energy and their general applicability to businesses, 2012Table: Commercial solar PV module efficiency, 2010Table: Products of pyrolysis for different temperatures and residence times, 1997Table: CHP prime movers, indicative summary comparison, 2012Table: Wood fuel costs in the UK, July 2012Table: Maintenance requirements for different renewable energy technologies, 2012Table: Current and proposed ROC banding, 2012Table: RHI tariff banding in the UK, 2012List of FiguresFigure: Energy Hierarchy, 2012Figure: CO 2 emissions displaced by renewable energy/low carbon generation, 2012Figure: Grid-tied PV system configuration and components, 2012Figure: Indicative variation of PV efficiency with orientation in the UK, 2012Figure: PV shading, 2012Figure: Solar (thermal) island, Almere, the Netherlands, 2011Figure: Comparison of solar thermal cooling and cooling using electricity from PV, 2012Figure: Wind turbine at chemical factory, 2012Figure: Calculation of annual generation of a wind turbine from capacity factor, 2012Figure: Heat pump schematic, 2012Figure: Hale Village biomass boiler, 2011Contact: for more information.