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  1. 1. Suggested levels for Guided Reading, DRA,™ ®Lexile, and Reading Recovery ™ are providedin the Pearson Scott Foresman Leveling Guide. by Leah Johnson Comprehension Genre Text Features Skills and Strategy Skill and Strategy Expository Nonfiction • DrawItem First Conclusions • Captions Item 1 nonfiction Fiction • Generalize Second Item • Glossary Item 2 • Answer Questions • Item 3 • Item 4Scott Foresman Reading Street 4.2.3 ISBN-13: 978-0-328-39480-7 ISBN-10: 0-328-39480-7 9 0 0 0 0 9 780328 394807
  2. 2. Vocabulary advice arguments arrangements descendant dishonesty script snagWord count: 769 by Leah JohnsonNote: The total word count includes words in the running text and headings only.Numerals and words in chapter titles, captions, labels, diagrams, charts, graphs,sidebars, and extra features are not included. Glenview, Illinois • Boston, Massachusetts • Mesa, Arizona Shoreview, Minnesota • Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
  3. 3. If you’ve ever seen a play, you know that at the end of the play, you clap for the actors. Their performance is entertaining. But they are just one part of the performance. Many people work together for many hours to put on a play. Without teamwork, a play could not go on. You see the actors on stage, but there are many other people who work behind the scenes. Do you know what they do? Let’s go backstage and find out!PhotographsEvery effort has been made to secure permission and provide appropriate credit forphotographic material. The publisher deeply regrets any omission and pledges tocorrect errors called to its attention in subsequent editions.Unless otherwise acknowledged, all photographs are the property of Pearson.Photo locations denoted as follows: Top (T), Center (C), Bottom (B), Left (L), Right (R),Background (Bkgd)CVR © Graham Salter/Lebrecht Collection; 1 Ryan McVay/Getty Images; 3 © GrahamSalter/Lebrecht Collection; 4 © Drew Farrell/Lebrecht Collection; 5 SuperStock;7 © Corbis Super RF/Alamy; 8 © Drew Farrell/Lebrecht Collection; 9,11 Getty Images;10 Ryan McVay/Getty Images; 12 © Jupiterimages/Comstock Premium/Alamy; 14 © TomLipton/SuperStock; 15 Ryan McVay/Getty ImagesISBN 13: 978-0-328-39480-7ISBN 10: 0-328-39480-7Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All Rights Reserved.Printed in the United States of America. This publication is protected by copyrightand permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibitedreproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by anymeans, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise. For informationregarding permission(s), write to: Pearson School Rights and Permissions, One LakeStreet, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458.Pearson and Scott Foresman are trademarks, in the U.S. and/or other countries, ofPearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). The actors take a bow at the end of the show.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 V0G1 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 3
  4. 4. Costumes help transform the actors into their characters. The people who work behind the scenes of a play are called the “crew.” Some crew members control the show’s lighting. The costume crew The costumes often begin as drawings designs and sews the costumes. The props crew made by the technical director. finds the “props,” or things that the actors will touch, hold, or use during the play. The technical director is in charge of the set, The costumes are an important part of the play. or scenery. He or she designs the set for each They help make the characters in the play look scene in the play. The technical director’s crew real. Some costumes look like everyday clothes. builds and paints the set. He or she also designs Other costumes are fancy. Plays about kings and the costumes and decides how lights will be used. queens need costumes that will transform the The technical director gives his crew advice on actor into a descendant of a royal family. how to make the stage look its best for the play.4 5
  5. 5. Set builders are busy backstage. Much of the stage manager’s job is to control the special effects on stage. Every play needs a stage manager. The stage Backstage there is the buzz of activity. Clap! manager is the person who makes the show Bang! Buzz! The crew is building the sets. Builders go smoothly. He or she has many jobs, such as hammer, saw, and sand pieces of wood. Some making sure that the lights come on at the right of the wooden frames are covered with cloth to time. The stage manager is also in charge of make “flats.” Other crew members paint the flats special effects like smoke and rain and sound to make them look like clouds, buildings, and effects like thunder. The stage manager tells the other backgrounds. The painted flats will look crew when to change the scenery or put props real from the seats in the audience! on the stage.6 7
  6. 6. ON STAGE Casting BROADWAY Brenda: CAST. Female, 20s. Southern belle nurse with a heart of gold. Works with and falls in love with Auditions will be held on Wednesday, November 28 and Thursday, November 29 at 7 p.m. Catch Me If You Can, The New Frank at a hospital while Frank is All auditions will be held at The Broadway Musical - Equity Principal posing as a doctor. Sweet, innocent, Chatham Playhouse, 23 North Passaic Auditions gullible. Strong singer. SUPPORTING. Avenue, Chatham, NJ Category: Performer Casting Director’s statement: “ We The Chatham Community Players Description: Based on the 2002 welcome actors of all ethnicities to has an open casting policy. All roles DreamWorks film of the same name. attend.” are open; none are pre-cast. For Seeking: Union Information: AEA more details, please visit www. If Frank Jr.: Male, 18+ to play late teens. Salary: $478/week minimum you have any questions or concerns, Young, intelligent, seductive con artist Company Telsey + Company please contact Kristin Barber at extraordinaire who can outsmart Address New York City, NY USA (732) 208-4184 or email casting@ almost anyone. s. LEAD. Respond Method(s) At Audition Cheryl Ann: Female, 20s. A beautiful Audition Information Synopsis model who thinks highly of herself. When: Equity Principal Auditions: O’Neill called his only comedy, Strong singer. SUPPORTING. Wednesday, December 19, 2007 Ah, Wilderness! “A comedy of Ensemble Singers: Males and recollection.” However, the family life 10 AM - 6 PM females, 20s – 40s. Interesting types that is portrayed by the Millers was Lunch from 1:30 – 2:30 to play an assortment of characters. in actuality the ideal life that O’Neill Lots of speaking and singing lines Where: Telsey + Company wished he had had. In this large, small and “moments.” Strong singers. 315 West 43rd St., 10th Floor town in Connecticut in the year 1906, ENSEMBLE. New York City we watch an all American family deal The following roles are cast. Notes/What to bring: Please prepare with an adolescent son’s misbehavior Auditioning performers will be a brief contemporary musical theater and growing pains. At the same time, considered as possible replacements. song or pop song showing range. we learn more about the rest of the Bring sheet music; an accompanist will Miller family and see how the entire Carl Hanratty: CAST. Male, 40s. FBI be provided. family dynamic impacts on the son’s bank fraud agent whose mission is to Please bring a picture and resume, evolution. O’Neill tells this story with The director leads the actors and crew. catch Frank Jr. Humorless, dour, lonely, great tenderness and affection. . stapled together relentless, compassionate. Strong Casting Breakdown singer.s LEAD. Nat Miller: 40-50 years old. Even- Frank Sr.: CAST. Male, 50s. Frank Jr.’s father and a has-been swindler OFF-BROADWAY tempered owner of the local paper. As a father, her prefers to guide his whose age is catching up with him. Ah, Wilderness! children to choices rather than force Loves his son dearly and teaches him his own on them. The Chatham Community Players is con skills. SUPPORTING. Auditions are announced in pleased to announce auditions for Essie Miller: 40-50 years old. Mother Paula: CAST. Female, late 40s – 50s. Ah, Wilderness! by Eugene O’Neil. and wife and heart of the Miller Frank Sr.’s wife and Frank Jr.’s mother, The show opens February 29 and runs household. She is in the midst of who was born in France. Disapproves through March 15, 2008. Director the painful process of watching her of her husband and son’s schemes. John Stringer asks that actors come children mature. Strong singer. SUPPORTING. prepared to read from the script. newspapers and on the Internet. Arthur Miller: 19 years old. A solemn collegian from Yale. He takes himself Of the dozens of people who work on the play, The director chooses the actors, or cast, for the the person “in charge” is the director. This person play. Nothing is more important than choosing knows everything about the play. The director has the right actors to fill each role. studied the script and knows how he or she wants to present the play to the audience.8 9
  7. 7. Actors must audition to win a role in the play. The director makes arrangements to hold tryouts, or auditions at the theater. The Once the play has been cast, rehearsals begin. director needs to cast the play. Many actors will audition, but not everyone will get a part. The first rehearsal includes the entire cast Auditions may go on for many days. Sometimes and crew. The cast sits around a table to read actors must come back to audition a second the script aloud, while the people who work time. When the director decides who will have backstage listen. The director gives everyone a each part, a cast list is posted. The actors who rehearsal schedule. The cast and crew will work find their name on the list will be in the play. together for several weeks to get ready for The other actors will not. opening night.10 11
  8. 8. Finally, rehearsals begin. This is an exciting The director must be able to get along with time for everyone. The cast and crew must work everyone who works on the play. Sometimes as a team. While the actors practice onstage, the director has to settle arguments between everyone else puts the pieces of the play people who work on the play. together backstage.12 13
  9. 9. The audience applauds to show their appreciation for the cast and crew. All of a play’s props and scenery must be purchased or built, and the play’s program and posters must be paid for. Staging a play is hard work. The play usually runs into a snag or two. Costumes rip. Props Another person behind the scenes is the break. Actors sometimes forget their lines. But business manager. All those props cost money! the show must go on! A good cast and crew will Lumber, cloth, and paint cost money too. The not let a snag ruin the show. If everyone works business manager takes care of these kinds of together, even the worst problems can be solved. expenses and balances the budget. The business The next time you see a play, remember to manager is trusted to carefully handle the play’s cheer for the people backstage too. Without money. There’s no room for dishonesty. them, the play would not have been possible.14 15
  10. 10. Glossary Reader Response advice n. an opinion descendant n. person 1. What conclusion can you draw about the work about what should be born of a certain family needed to present a play on a stage? Use a done; suggestion or group graphic organizer like the one below to help you arguments n. dishonesty n. lack of with your answer. discussions by persons honesty who disagree; disputes Details script n. manuscript of arrangements n. a play, movie, or radio Conclusion Details adjustments, or TV show settlements, or snag n. a hidden or Details agreements unexpected obstacle 2. What questions do you have about the role of the technical director in a play? Where could you find the answers to your questions? 3. Reread page 14. Why would a dishonest business manager be harmful to a stage production? 4. Now that you know about what it takes to stage a play, which job do you think you would do best? Explain your answer.16