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Mycoscaping in Brooklyn

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Even if you're an avid gardener - if you are only gardening plants,
you're missing out! There is a whole other kingdom to explore - and
eat.  We can incorporate delicious, nutritious fungi in our urban
veggie gardens, backyards, lawns, landscaping, balconies,
windowboxes... In this workshop, we'll explore the basics - and
not-so-basics - of mushroom cultivation, and get some hands-on
experience. We'll learn how to look at mushroom crops through a
holistic, permaculture lens, and find the niche in the landscape where
they can peform useful ecological functions, even as they produce food
and medicine for us. We'll review common and less-common mushroom
crops, and different cultivation techniques. You'll get practice
inoculating mushroom logs, and even take one home. No gardening
experience necessary!

Published in: Business, News & Politics

Mycoscaping in Brooklyn

  1. 1. Mycoscaping Mushrooms in the Urban Landscape Rafter Sass • E C O P H I L O S for Port Quincy Bedford-Stuyvesant, NY September 26, 2009 Ecological Learning Institute • E C O P H I L O S • Liberation Ecology Project Permaculture Across Borders • Food Security Roundtable
  2. 2. Mycoscaping Mushrooms in the Urban Landscape Rafter Sass • E C O P H I L O S for Port Quincy Bedford-Stuyvesant, NY September 26, 2009 Ecological Learning Institute • E C O P H I L O S • Liberation Ecology Project Permaculture Across Borders • Food Security Roundtable
  3. 3. why mushrooms?
  4. 4. f u n g a l alchemy
  5. 5. f u n g a l WASTE INPUTS alchemy
  6. 6. f u n g a l WASTE INPUTS alchemy
  7. 7. f u n g a l WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS alchemy
  8. 8. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS f u n g a l alchemy
  9. 9. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management f u n g a l alchemy
  10. 10. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production alchemy
  11. 11. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry alchemy
  12. 12. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture alchemy
  13. 13. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated waste mgt. alchemy
  14. 14. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated waste mgt. alchemy Waste from beer industry
  15. 15. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated waste mgt. alchemy Waste from beer industry Waste from coffee industry
  16. 16. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated waste mgt. alchemy Waste from beer industry Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ?
  17. 17. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Medicine Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated waste mgt. alchemy Waste from beer industry Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ?
  18. 18. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Medicine Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated Ecological waste mgt. alchemy Restoration Waste from beer industry Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ?
  19. 19. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Medicine Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Animal feed Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated Ecological waste mgt. alchemy Restoration Waste from beer industry Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ?
  20. 20. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Medicine Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Animal feed Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture Waste from integrated Ecological waste mgt. alchemy Restoration Waste from beer industry Ecological Synergy Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ?
  21. 21. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Medicine Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Animal feed Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture FOOD Waste from integrated Ecological waste mgt. alchemy Restoration Waste from beer industry Ecological Synergy Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ?
  22. 22. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Medicine Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Animal feed Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture FOOD Waste from integrated Ecological waste mgt. alchemy Restoration Waste from beer industry Ecological Synergy Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ? What else?
  23. 23. Other SustainableYields...
  24. 24. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols
  25. 25. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols Food processing
  26. 26. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols Food processing Plant crop symbiosis
  27. 27. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols Food processing Plant crop symbiosis Blight protection
  28. 28. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols Food processing Plant crop symbiosis Blight protection Degradation of toxins
  29. 29. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols Food processing Plant crop symbiosis Blight protection Degradation of toxins Dyes
  30. 30. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols Food processing Plant crop symbiosis Blight protection Degradation of toxins Dyes Fabric & paper
  31. 31. Other SustainableYields... Pest biocontrols Food processing Plant crop symbiosis Blight protection Degradation of toxins Dyes Fabric & paper Tinder
  32. 32. The Basics fruiting body
  33. 33. The Basics pileus fruiting body
  34. 34. The Basics pileus fruiting body stipe
  35. 35. The Basics pileus annulus fruiting body stipe
  36. 36. The Basics
  37. 37. The Basics mycelium
  38. 38. The Basics mycelium on substrate
  39. 39. The Basics
  40. 40. The Basics
  41. 41. The Basics
  42. 42. Family Ties
  43. 43. Family Ties
  44. 44. Family Ties
  45. 45. Family Ties
  46. 46. Family Ties
  47. 47. Modern Industrial Cultivation Last 20-80 Years Button Mushroom
  48. 48. Modern Industrial Cultivation Last 20-80 Years Reishi Shitake
  49. 49. Modern Industrial Cultivation Last 20-80 Years Oyster
  50. 50. Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus France, 1600
  51. 51. Shitake Lentinula edodes China, ~1000 AD
  52. 52. Paddy Straw Mushroom Volvariella volvaceae ~600 AD
  53. 53. this moment in history
  54. 54. Lepiota Termitomyces by leaf-cutter ants by termites ~50 million YBP?
  55. 55. Niche Analysis
  56. 56. mycorrhizal fungi the root zone conspiracy
  57. 57. mycorrhizal fungi the root zone conspiracy Steering succession
  58. 58. chanterelles and associates most truffles many gilled mushrooms porcini and many other boletes
  59. 59. saprophytic fungi the recomposers
  60. 60. Armillaria sp.
  61. 61. Armillaria ostoyae
  62. 62. our symbiotic partners
  63. 63. Shitake Lentinula edodes
  64. 64. Elm Oyster Hypsyzigus ulmarius
  65. 65. Shaggy Mane Coprinus comatus
  66. 66. Reishi Ganoderma lucidum
  67. 67. Lions Mane Hericium erinaceus
  68. 68. Morel Morchella esculenta
  69. 69. Winecap Stropharia rugosoannulata
  70. 70. Chicken mushroom Laetiporeous sulfureus
  71. 71. Oyster Pleurotus complex
  72. 72. WASTE USEFUL INPUTS OUTPUTS Waste from forest management Medicine Waste from grain and hay f u n g a l production Animal feed Waste from animal husbandry Waste from other agriculture FOOD Waste from integrated Ecological waste mgt. alchemy Restoration Waste from beer industry Ecological Synergy Waste from coffee industry Wastes from... ? What else? smart like a honey mushroom...
  73. 73. ‘Conventional’ Cultivation Lifecycle
  74. 74. Isolating and growing a pure culture
  75. 75. Creating a grain master
  76. 76. Growing spawn
  77. 77. Multiplying spawn
  78. 78. Inoculation of bulk substrate
  79. 79. INCREASING VOLUME
  80. 80. INCREASING VOLUME DECREASING NUTRIENTS
  81. 81. INCREASING VOLUME DECREASING NUTRIENTS DECREASING STERILITY
  82. 82. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production
  83. 83. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production log culture
  84. 84. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production stump culture
  85. 85. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production stump culture?
  86. 86. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production patch culture
  87. 87. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production garden bed polyclture
  88. 88. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production straw bale culture
  89. 89. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production living tree culture
  90. 90. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production container culture: sawdust
  91. 91. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production container culture: waste paper
  92. 92. Sustainable, DIY, and Homescale Production ...and assorted others....
  93. 93. Remediation & Restoration
  94. 94. Remediation & Restoration white rot and delignification
  95. 95. Remediation & Restoration brown rot and cellulose digestion
  96. 96. Remediation & Restoration Hydrocarbons Pleurotus sp.
  97. 97. Remediation & Restoration PCBs Phanerochaete chrysosporium
  98. 98. Remediation & Restoration Dyes Trametes versicolor
  99. 99. Remediation & Restoration Munitions Psilocybe cyanescens
  100. 100. Remediation & Restoration Dairy effluent and agricultural run-off Stropharia rugusoannulata
  101. 101. Remediation & Restoration
  102. 102. why mushrooms in the city?
  103. 103. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild
  104. 104. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low
  105. 105. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low Low Resilience High
  106. 106. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low Low Resilience High Low Species & Genetic Diversity High
  107. 107. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low Low Resilience High Low Species & Genetic Diversity High High Capital & Infrastructure Low
  108. 108. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low Low Resilience High Low Species & Genetic Diversity High High Capital & Infrastructure Low High Energy Inputs Low
  109. 109. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low Low Resilience High Low Species & Genetic Diversity High High Capital & Infrastructure Low High Energy Inputs Low High Amount of Management Required Low/None
  110. 110. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low Low Resilience High Low Species & Genetic Diversity High High Capital & Infrastructure Low High Energy Inputs Low High Amount of Management Required Low/None High Predictability / Reliability Low
  111. 111. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild High Fragility Low Low Resilience High Low Species & Genetic Diversity High High Capital & Infrastructure Low High Energy Inputs Low High Amount of Management Required Low/None High Predictability / Reliability Low High Yields for Human Use Low
  112. 112. From Sterile to Wild Culture Sterile Wild MYCOSCAPING High Fragility Low Low Resilience High Low Species & Genetic Diversity High High Capital & Infrastructure Low High Energy Inputs Low High Amount of Management Required Low/None High Predictability / Reliability Low High Yields for Human Use Low
  113. 113. Principles and Directives
  114. 114. Principles and Directives I N N OVAT I O N Experiment and document Find the sweet spot on sterile-wild spectrum
  115. 115. Principles and Directives I N N OVAT I O N Experiment and document Find the sweet spot on sterile-wild spectrum BIOCONVERSION Fungal exosymbionts: Intercept a local surplus or ‘waste’ stream
  116. 116. Principles and Directives I N N OVAT I O N Experiment and document Find the sweet spot on sterile-wild spectrum BIOCONVERSION Fungal exosymbionts: Intercept a local surplus or ‘waste’ stream GO REGIONAL Support local spawn producers Propagate regional strains
  117. 117. Principles and Directives I N N OVAT I O N Experiment and document Find the sweet spot on sterile-wild spectrum BIOCONVERSION Fungal exosymbionts: Intercept a local surplus or ‘waste’ stream GO REGIONAL Support local spawn producers Propagate regional strains LANDSCAPE SYNERGY Integrate components to tighten nutrient cycles Accelerate decomposition Produce food and medicine everywhere
  118. 118. ...

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