Bosnia

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A short description of the civil war in Bosnia

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Bosnia

  1. 1. <ul><li>12.OOO </li></ul><ul><li>50.000 </li></ul><ul><li>85% </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Siege of Sarajevo April 5, 1992 – February 2, 1995
  3. 3. <ul><li>Start of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Forces involved </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnian government </li></ul><ul><li>(declared independence) </li></ul><ul><li>Yugoslav people’s army (JNA) </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnian Serbs </li></ul><ul><li>(wanted to create Republic Srpska) </li></ul><ul><li>First casualty </li></ul><ul><li>groom's father killed at a Serb wedding procession on the first day of the referendum </li></ul><ul><li>April 5 (Declaration of independence) anti war marches – two people killed by Serb gunmen – first casualties </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early fighting for the city <ul><li>JNA forces began to mobilize around the city </li></ul><ul><li>May 2, 1992 - complete </li></ul><ul><li>blockade of the city by the </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnian Serbs </li></ul><ul><li>Water, electricity, and </li></ul><ul><li>heating were cut off </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Serbian Forces < Number of Bosnian </li></ul><ul><li>200 reinforced positions and bunkers </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3.777 Shell impacts, July, 1995 329 Shell impacts/day
  6. 6. <ul><li>September 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Every building had a degree of damage </li></ul><ul><li>35. 000 completely destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Building of the presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina </li></ul><ul><li>National Library </li></ul>
  7. 7. The siege of Sarajevo (1992-1993) <ul><li>Major military positions – Serbian Control </li></ul><ul><li>“ Beware Sniper!” – “Sniper alleys” </li></ul><ul><li>Novo Sarajevo – taken by Serbs </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnian government – inferior armory  Sarajevo Tunnel (1993) </li></ul><ul><li>Arms embargo applied to Bosnia </li></ul><ul><li>15 April, 1995 – 20 artilleries and 5 tanks </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mass killings <ul><li>June 1, 1993 – 15 killed, 80 injured during a football game </li></ul><ul><li>July 12, 1993 – 12 killed while waiting in line for water </li></ul><ul><li>February 5, 1994 – Markale marketplace massacre </li></ul><ul><li>68 civilians killed – 200 wounded </li></ul>
  9. 9. Aftermath <ul><li>Dayton Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees returning to their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Serbs left for the Republic Srpska </li></ul><ul><li>30% Serbs,1991  10% Serbs, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Novo Sarajevo - formed East Sarajevo </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>2004 most of the damage done to buildings during the siege was fixed </li></ul><ul><li>New construction projects </li></ul><ul><li>Scars of the siege of Sarajevo on its history may never fully disappear </li></ul>
  11. 11. Don’t forget

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