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Arabic on Air - Study

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Arabic on Air - Study

  1. 1. ‫اﻟ ﱠر ُ اﻟﺘﺎ ِﻊ‬ ‫ﺪ س اﻟ ﱠﺎﺳﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺪرس ﺘ ﺳ‬ (lesson ninth) ‫اﻟ ﱢ َا َﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺪر ﺳ‬ (study) Arabic on Air (AoA) http://radiopengajian.com Friday, 30 April 2010 y, p Hanifah & Dewi
  2. 2. ‫)‪(Revision‬‬ ‫ﻣ َا َ َﺔ‬ ‫ُﺮ ﺟﻌ‬ ‫‪Prohibitive laa‬‬ ‫ﻻاﻟ ﱠﺎه َﺔ‬ ‫ﻨ ِﻴ‬ ‫!‪e.g Don’t drink the milk‬‬ ‫أﻧْﺖ : ﻻ ﺗﺸْﺮبْ اﻟﺤﻠﻴْﺐ‬ ‫َِ‬ ‫َ َ ََ َ‬ ‫أﻧْﺖ : ﻻ ﺗﺸْﺮ ِﻲ اﻟﺤﻠﻴْﺐ‬ ‫َ ِ َ َ َﺑﻲ َِ‬ ‫!‪Don’t forget‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﻨْﺲ‬ ‫َ َ َ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﻨْ ِﻲ‬ ‫َ َﺴ‬ ‫‪Command verb‬‬ ‫ِﻌﻞ ا َﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻓ ُ ﻷ ِ‬ ‫‪◦ Ch‬‬ ‫‪Changed from a present tense verb using the ‘2+1’ step‬‬ ‫‪df‬‬ ‫‪b‬‬ ‫’1 2‘ ‪h‬‬ ‫.‪◦ e.g‬‬ ‫ﻳﺠْﻠﺲ -------- ﺟْﻠﺲ --------- ﺟْﻠﺲْ -------- اﺟْﻠﺲْ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ُ‬ ‫َ ِ ُ‬ ‫َﺪْﻋﻮ ------- دْﻋﻮ ---------- دْع ---------ُدْ ُ‬ ‫ادع‬ ‫اع‬ ‫دع‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫دﻋﻮ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻋﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ٌﺸﺎهﺪ --------- ﺷﺎهﺪ ---------- ﺷﺎهﺪْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُِ‬ ‫ﻳ ُِ‬
  3. 3. (Revision) ‫ﻣ َا َ َﺔ‬ ‫ُﺮ ﺟﻌ‬ Number rule (3-10 only) ◦ Need to be followed by plural word ◦ Two words should be opposite in gender (in the singular form) ◦ eg e.g ‫و ﺒﺔ ﺛﻠ ث وﺟﺒﺎت‬ ‫َﺟْ َ ٌ : ََﺎ ُ َ َﺒﺎت‬ ‫وﺟﺒﺔ ﺛﻠﺎث وﺟ‬ ‫ﻗﻠ ٌ : ﺗﺴْﻌﺔ أﻗْﻼم‬ َ ُ َ ِ ‫َ َﻢ‬ Cardinal and ordinal numbers 1. Cardinal numbers : 1,2,3……..100…1000 2. Ordinal numbers : 1st, 2nd, 3rd…….10th, 11th … * Feminine ordinal numbers are also used to tell time.
  4. 4. (Revision) ‫ﻣ َا َ َﺔ‬ ‫ُﺮ ﺟﻌ‬ Near to – ‫ & ﻗ ِﻳ ٌ ِﻦ‬Far from – ‫َ ِﻴ ٌ َﻦ‬ ‫َﺮ ﺐ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺑﻌ ﺪ ﻋ‬ Time: ◦ Days (‫)اﻷ ﱠﺎم‬ (‫) َﻳ م‬ ◦ Months ( ‫) َﺷ ُﺮ/ﺷ ُﻮر‬ ‫ا ﻬ ُﻬ‬ Prepositions (‫) ُ ُو ُ اﻟ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮ ف اﻟﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮوف ﺠ‬ ◦ ‫ : ب‬with/by ◦ ‫ : ل‬to/for ◦ ‫ : ك‬similar/like/as
  5. 5. First Conversation ‫ﻮ ُ ﻷول‬ ‫اﻟﺤ َار ا َ ّل‬ ‫ِﻮ ﻷو‬
  6. 6. First Conversation ‫ﻮ ُ ﻷول‬ ‫اﻟﺤ َار ا َ ّل‬ ‫ِﻮ ﻷو‬
  7. 7. ‫‪Vocabulary‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻔْ َدات‬ ‫ُﺮ‬ ‫)ﻟﻮْ َﺔ( ‪Board‬‬ ‫َ ﺣ‬ ‫)ﺻ ّ( ‪Classroom‬‬‫َﻒ‬ ‫)اﻟﺠﺪْول اﻟﺪ َاﺳﻲ( ‪Course Schedule‬‬ ‫َ َ َ ﱢر ِﻲ(‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫)اﻟﻤ َاد اﻟﺪ َاﺳ ﱠﺔ( ‪Subjects‬‬ ‫َﻮ ﱠ ﱢر ِﻴ‬ ‫)اﻟﺜ َﺎ َﺔ اﻹﺳْﻼﻣ ﱠﺔ( ‪Islamic culture‬‬ ‫) ﱠﻘ ﻓ ِ َ ِﻴ (‬ ‫)اﻟﺮ َﺎﺿ ﱠﺎت( ‪Mathematics‬‬ ‫ﱢﻳ ِ ﻴ‬ ‫)اﻟﻌُﻮم( ‪Science‬‬ ‫) ُﻠﻮم(‬ ‫)اﻟ َﺎ ُﻮب( ‪Computer‬‬ ‫ﺤﺳ‬ ‫) َﻨْ ُ ُ( ‪(He) looks‬‬ ‫)ﻳﻨﻈﺮ(‬ ‫ﻳ ﻈﺮ‬
  8. 8. Negation ‫ﻧ ِﻲ اﻟ ِﻌﻞ اﻟﻤ َﺎ ِع‬ ‫ُﻀ ر‬ ‫َﻔ ﻔ‬ In formal Arabic, ‫ اﻟ ِﻌﻞ اﻟﻤ َﺎ ِع‬is negated with ‫ُﻀ ر‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ e.g. g ◦ I don’t know ‫ﻻ أﻋْﺮف اﺳْﻤﻪ‬ ُُ ِ ُ ِ َ َ ◦ He is not working/does not work ‫ﻻ ﻳﻌْﻤﻞ ِﻲ اﻟﻤﻜْ َﺐ‬ ‫ََ َُﻓ َ ﺘ‬ ◦ We do not study/are not studying ‫ﻻ ﻧﺪْرس اﻟﻔﺮﻧْﺴ ﱠﺔ‬ ‫َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ِﻴ‬ Interrogative particle ‫ ) ﻞ ( أ‬used in I l (= ‫)هﻞ‬ d negative question ◦ D ’ you k Don’t know…?! ?! ‫َ َ َﻌْﺮﻓْْﻦ اﻟ َﺎﻟ ُ اﻟﺠ ِﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫أﻻ ﺗ ِ ِﻴ َ اﻟﻄﺎِﺐ اَ ﺪ‬ ‫ﻓ ﻄﻟ ﻟ‬
  9. 9. ‫ﻟﺪى ، ﻋﻨﺪ ، ﻣﻊ ، ل‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ ﻣﻊ‬indicates physical possession of a thing or a person at the time of speaking. ◦ E.g : Do you have a pen with u? ‫َﻞ َ َ َ ََ ٌ؟‬ ‫هﻞ ﻚ ﻗﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻚ ﻗﻠ‬ : I go to school with my friends ‫أذْهﺐ ِﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﺪْر َﺔ ﻣﻊ أﺻْﺪ َﺎ ِﻲ‬ ‫َ َ ُ إ َ َ َﺳ َ َ َ ِﻗ ﺋ‬ ‫ ل‬is used to describe human relationships or possession of highly abstract entities. ◦ E.g : He has 3 children. ‫ﻟﻪ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ أوْ َد‬ ‫َ ُ َ ََ َ َ ﻻ‬ : The University has a long history history. ‫اﻟ َﺎﻣ َﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺗﺎ ِﻳﺦ ﻃ ِﻳﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎ ِﻌﺔ َ َﺎ َﺎرﻳﺦ َﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺠ ﻣﻌ ﻟﻬ ﺗ ر‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬and ‫ ﻟﺪى‬denotes a straightforward possession. ◦ E.g : I have a car ٌ ‫ِﻨ ِي ﺳ ﱠﺎر ٌ / ﻟﺪي ﺳ ﱠﺎر‬ ‫ﻋ ﺪ َﻴ َة َ َ ﱠ َﻴ َة‬ : Do you have a question? ‫هﻞْ ﻟ َْﻚ ُ َال؟ َﻞ ﻋﻨْ َك ُ َال؟‬ ‫َ َ َﻳْ َ ﺳ َال ه ِ ﺪ َ ﺳﺆ‬ ‫ﺆ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ * While ‫ ﻋﻨﺪ‬and ‫ ﻟﺪى‬denotes a straightforward possession, it is more general in ‫ى‬ a sense as it can be used for human relationships as well.
  10. 10. ‫‪Time‬‬ ‫اﻟ َﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻮ ُ‬ ‫?‪What time is it now‬‬ ‫آﻢ اﻟ ﺎ ﺔ اﻵن ؟‬ ‫آ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ اﻵ‬ ‫‪◦ One o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ َﻟ َاﺣ َة‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ا ﻮ ِﺪ‬ ‫‪◦ Two o’clock‬‬ ‫‪o clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ َﻟ ﱠﺎﻧ َﺔ‬ ‫ِﻴ‬ ‫اﺴﻋ اﺜ ﻴ‬ ‫‪◦ Three o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ َﺔ‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﺜ ِﺜ‬ ‫‪◦ Four o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ‬ ‫‪◦ Five o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ َﺎﻣ َﺔ‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﺨ ِﺴ‬ ‫‪◦ Six o’clock‬‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎد َﺔ َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ‬ ‫ﺴ ِﺳ ا ﺴ ﻋ‬ ‫‪◦ Seven o clock‬‬ ‫‪o’clock‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺴ ِﻌﺔ‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟﺴﺎﺑ َﺔ‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﱠﺎﺑﻌ‬ ‫‪◦ Eight o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻣ َﺔ‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﺜ ِﻨ‬ ‫‪◦ Nine o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺎﺳ َﺔ‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﺘ ِﻌ‬ ‫‪◦ Ten o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ ﻟ َﺎﺷ َة‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﻌ ِﺮ‬ ‫‪◦ Eleven o’clock‬‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ َﺎد َﺔ ﻋﺸْ َة‬ ‫ا ﺴ ﻋ ﺤ ِﻳ َ ﺮ‬ ‫‪◦ Twelve o’clock‬‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎﻋﺔ َﻟ ﱠﺎ ِﻴﺔ ﻋ ْﺮة‬ ‫َﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻧَﺔ َﺸْ َة‬ ‫اﺴ اﺜﻧ‬
  11. 11. Time ‫اﻟ َﻗﺖ‬ ُ ‫ﻮ‬ Telling time in Arabic is similar to telling g g fractions, e.g : 5:30 is said as “half-past five” 5:40 is said as “a third to six o’clock” Second(s) ‫َﺎﻧﻴﺔ/ َ َان‬ ‫ﺛﺎ ِﻴﺔ ﺛﻮان‬ ‫ﺛ ﻧ ﺛﻮ‬ Minute(s) ‫دﻗﻴْ َﺔ/د َﺎ ِﻖ‬ ‫َ ِ ﻘ َﻗ ﺋ‬ Hour(s) ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ َﺎ َﺎ‬ H ( ) ‫َﺎ َﺔ/ﺳﺎﻋﺎت‬
  12. 12. ‫‪Time‬‬ ‫اﻟ َﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻮ ُ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ .... إ َ ﺧﻤْﺲ د َﺎﺋﻖ = ‪5 mins to‬‬ ‫ّ َ ُ َﻗ ِﻖ‬ ‫ِﻻ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺴﻋ‬ ‫ﺧﻤْﺲ د َﺎﺋﻖ = ‪5 mins‬‬ ‫َ ُ َﻗ ِﻖ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ إﻻ َﺧﻤْﺲ د َﺎ ِﻖ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ ِ َ َ ُ َﻗ ﺋ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫55:3‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ وﺧﻤْﺲ د َﺎ ِﻖ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ َ َ ُ َﻗ ﺋ‬ ‫50:4‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ .... إﻻ ﻋﺸْﺮ د َﺎ ِﻖ = ‪10 mins to‬‬ ‫ِ َ َ َ َﻗ ﺋ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺴﻋ‬ ‫ﻋﺸْﺮ د َﺎ ِﻖ = ‪10 mins‬‬ ‫َ َ َﻗ ﺋ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ إﻻ ﻋﺸْﺮ د َﺎ ِﻖ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ ِ َ َ َ َﻗ ﺋ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫04:3‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ وﻋﺸْﺮ د َﺎ ِﻖ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ َ َ َ َﻗ ﺋ‬ ‫01:4‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ .... ِﻻ اﻟﺮﺑْ ُ = ‪a quarter to‬‬ ‫‪q‬‬ ‫إ َ ُﻊ‬ ‫ّ ّ‬ ‫ﺴﻋ‬ ‫رﺑْﻊ اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ = ‪15 mins‬‬ ‫ُ ُ ﺴﻋ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ إﻻ اﻟ ّﺑْﻊ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ ِ َ ﺮ ُ‬ ‫ّ ُ‬ ‫54:3‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ َاﻟﺮﺑْﻊ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ و ُ ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫51:4‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ.... إ ّاﻟ ّﻠﺚ = ‪20 mins to‬‬ ‫ِﻻ ﺜُ ُ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫ﺴﻋ‬ ‫ُﻠﺚ اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ = ‪20 mins‬‬ ‫ﺛُ ُ ﺴ ﻋ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ إ ّاﻟ ّﻠﺚ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ ِﻻ ﺜُ ُ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫04:3‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ َاﻟﺜﻠﺚ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ و ُُ ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫02:4‬ ‫ﻧﺼْﻒ اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ = ‪30 mins‬‬ ‫ِ ُ ﺴﻋ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠاﺑ َﺔ َاﻟﻨﺼْﻒ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻋ ﺮ ِﻌ و ِ ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫03:4‬
  13. 13. .. ‫إَﻰ اﻟﱢﻘﺎء‬ ‫ِﻟﻰ ﻠ ء‬ End of this session ☺

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