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Usmma - tms 2013 4 22-13 - 1425


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Usmma - tms 2013 4 22-13 - 1425

  1. 1. Ed RichardsonPresidentUSMMATechnology Metals Summit 2013
  2. 2. 2013 ©Magnet Development
  3. 3. 2013 ©Permanent Magnets Available TodayAlnico FerritesSamariumCobaltNeodymiumIronBoronHighestTemperatureLowest CostHighestMaximumEnergy ProductHigh Temp /High MaxEnergy Product
  4. 4. 2013 ©Permanent Magnets Available TodayAlnico FerritesSamariumCobaltNeodymiumIronBoronGenerally Considered “High Performance”HighestTemperatureLowest CostHighestMaximumEnergy ProductHigh Temp /High MaxEnergy Product
  5. 5. 2013 ©Who Produces Them in the U.S.?• Alnico Magnets▫ Thomas & Skinner Indianapolis, IN 170 employees▫ Permanent Magnetic Corporation Indianapolis, IN 50 employees▫ Arnold Magnetic Technologies Marengo, IL 140 employees• Samarium-Cobalt▫ Electron Energy Corporation Landisville, PA 100 employees• Hard Ferrites▫ Hoosier Magnetics, Inc. (ferritepowder) Ogdensburg, NY 50 employees• Neodymium-Iron-Boron▫ Hitachi Metals (planned) China Grove, NC 130 employees
  6. 6. 2013 ©How They Are Made: CastingPour moltenmetal into molds Heat treat Grinding Inspection
  7. 7. 2013 ©How They Are Made: SinteringCast Alloy & Crush Press Powder SinterHeat TreatGrindingInspection
  8. 8. 2013 ©High-Performance Magnets: Commercial Use• Aerospace▫ Motors▫ Sensors▫ Switches• Medical▫ Transducers• Industrial▫ Motors/generators▫ Guitar pickups▫ Instrumentation• Oil and Gas Exploration▫ SensorsAerospace Industrial Oil Exploration Medical
  9. 9. 2013 ©High-Performance Magnets: Military UseAGM-114 “Hellfire”Excalibur Artillery Shell JDAM AssemblyF-22A RaptorAIM-9XPhalanx CIWSAESA RadarsBlack Hawk Helicopter
  10. 10. 2013 ©Military Requirement for Domestic Sources:Some, Not AllHard (Permanent) Magnets Soft Magnetic Materials• Four general types:▫ Alnico▫ SmCo (Rare Earth)▫ NdFeB (Rare Earth)▫ Hard Ferrites• Multiple types, including:▫ Electrical Steel▫ Powdered Iron▫ Soft Ferrites
  11. 11. 2013 ©Why Do We Need A Secure Supply?• Vietnam War▫ Sony withheld cameras used to guide tactical missiles• 1983▫ Socialists in the Japanese Diet blocked the sale of ceramicpackaging used in U.S. cruise missiles• 2002▫ Hellfire Missile production stopped during West Coast dock strike Critical parts sourced in Japan were awaiting off-loading• 2003▫ JDAM bomb production stopped during Iraq war because SwatchGroup refused to ship critical part Disagreed w/ Bush Administration foreign policy
  12. 12. 2013 ©Why Do We Need A Secure Supply?• Critical to our economy▫ Innovation is a key trait of the companies listed in theBusiness Week 50, an annual ranking of the top-performing companies in America• Critical to a strong military▫ Weapons systems typically built with new, innovativetechnology and materials“Innovation remains a powerful engine of success”
  13. 13. 2013 ©Case study: NdFeB Magnets and Innovation• “Offshoring technology innovation: A case study ofrare-earth technology,” Fifarek, Veloso and Davidson, Journal ofOperations Management, Vol. 26, 2008▫ Shows that once the domestic bonded neo magnet industrywent to China, innovation by US industry involving bondedneo magnets decreased dramatically.▫ Number of patents involving bonded neo magnets droppedprecipitously.Without the ability to manufacture,we lose the ability to innovate.
  14. 14. 2013 ©U.S. Production is Vital• Develop unique materials for mission specific DODrequirements, U.S. market needs, AND commercialize.• Interest and ability to work with high performance,small production runs.• China has become a critical US defense supplier.
  15. 15. 2013 ©Summary• U.S. magnetic materials industry is alive.• 10 U.S.C. 2533b “Specialty Metals Clause” applies to the high performancemagnets.• High performance magnets are strategic materials in high-profile legacy andemerging weapon systems.• U.S. defense supply chain needs domestic, advanced, and specialized magnettechnology capabilities for unique military requirements.• Supply Chain Security works for the Defense Department• The US military should not become dependent on China for its defensesystemsAbility to manufacture = ability to innovate
  16. 16. 2013 ©Questions?Ed RichardsonPresidentUSMMA(317)