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Principle of managment pradeep subedi


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The thought process of selecting a logical choice from the available options.
When trying to make a good decision, a person must weight the positives and negatives of each option, and consider all the alternatives. For effective decision making, a person must be able to forecast the outcome of each option as well, and based on all these items, determine which option is the best for that particular situation.

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Principle of managment pradeep subedi

  1. 1. By : Pradeep subedi (
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Characteristi s of Management Goal oriented Universal activities Social process Dynamic activities Group activities
  4. 4. Principle of management Division of work Centralization Discipline Scalar chain Unity of command Order Unity of direction Equity
  5. 5. Planning Organizing Staffing Directing Controlling
  6. 6. Low Level of Management ( supervisor, Foreman and Account-in-charge ) Middle Level Management ( Department Heads ) Top Level management ( Board of Directors, Chief Executives Officer )
  7. 7. 1. Top level of manager This is the highest level of managerial hierarchy and also know as the brain of the management. This level is the final source of authority. Generally, top level management is constituted with a management committee elected directly from shareholder as member of board of director . 2. Middle Level Manager Middle level manager is the largest group of manager in most organizations. This level of managers consists of departmental heads like personnel manager, production manager, marketing manager, procurement manager, and similar other position. 3. Lower Level Manager This level is know as first line or operating level of manager. It is directly involved in the actual operation of production, marketing, financing, accounting, etc.
  8. 8. Top management Middle management Lower management •Concept skill •Human skill •Technical skill
  9. 9. Interpersonal Roles •Figurehead •Leader •Liaison Informational Roles •Monitor •Disseminator •Spokesperson Decisional Roles •Entrepreneur •Disturbance handler •Resource allocator
  10. 10.  Thank you