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Article: Kashmir’s Two Fundamentalisms


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Published in the Daily Times on March 04, 2007


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Article: Kashmir’s Two Fundamentalisms

  1. 1. Home | RSS | Archives | Company Financials | Contact Us | Tuesday, August 03 Sunday, March 04, 2007 Girl Reproductive System Islam Matrimony Find diagrams and free articles by leading 1000s of profiles with photos from your Main News doctors Caste. Search & Contact now. National Islamabad EDITORIAL: Pa Karachi US, Iran and Al Share this story! VIEW: Counter Lahore the missing link Briefs VIEW: Kashmir’s two fundamentalisms —Dr Nyla Ali Khan Hasan-Askari Foreign POSTCARD US Editorial In contemporary Kashmiri society the question of the role of season on Pakis women in the nationalist scenario remains a vexed one. The Hallelujah! —Kh Business only women’s reactionary organisation in Kashmir, Real Estate VIEW: HEC: pr Dukhtaran-e-Millat, claims that the image of woman as solution —Sara Sport devoid of the agency to pave a path of her own choosing is VIEW: The reig Infotainment sanctioned by the versions of religious scriptures that this —Mehreen Zah vigilante group subscribes to Advertise VIEW: Kashmir The organisation and mobilisation of Muslim collective identities, which fundamentalism would enable the forging of political and cultural coalitions between Ali Khan various groups, has become a source of anxiety not just for the gurus of LETTERS: secular modernity but also for the upholders of an uncritical and ZAHOOR'S CAR fundamentalist version of Islam. In politically turbulent areas in India like Kashmir, secular nationalism has been deployed as a tool just as oppressive as religious fundamentalism by state-sponsored institutions. In such murky political scenarios, the rhetoric propounded by secular nationalism does not provide a substantial corrective to the ideology disseminated by religious fundamentalism. On the contrary, secular nationalist rhetoric ends up reinforcing a new kind External Links of orthodoxy, which not only validates the agendas of right-wing political and cultural organisations, but also constructs Islam as the exact opposite Upperhost.com of secular modernity and liberal democracy. Best Web Hosting For example, in contemporary Kashmiri society the question of the role of women in the nationalist scenario remains a vexed one. The only women’s Remove Security Tool reactionary organisation in Kashmir, Dukhtaran-e-Millat, claims that the image of woman as a burqa-clad faceless and voiceless cultural icon, Jobs in Pakistan devoid of the agency to pave a path of her own choosing, is sanctioned by the versions of religious scriptures that this vigilante group subscribes to tirmizi is one of the top and reinforces a woman’s strength and courage of conviction to make pakistani blogger sacrifices for the family. Concert Tickets This vigilante group uses intimidating and questionable tactics to raid houses that allegedly have been converted into brothels and brutally censors romantic liaisons between college-going boys and girls. It makes a facile attempt to reconstruct historical and cultural discourses in order to inspire the kind of cultural nationalism that fundamentalist politics require.
  2. 2. This organisation advocates the creation of a homogeneous culture devoid of the freedoms that Kashmiri women have traditionally enjoyed. Their For The Woman draconian methods to enforce purdah, reinforce a patriarchal structure in of Today which an unaccompanied woman is rendered vulnerable, and curtail the Be Stock Smart & mobility of the technology-savvy youth is an attempt to Arabise the Investment Savvy! syncretic ethos of Kashmir. Free Investment Guide for Women There seems to be an insensitivity in such reactionary organisations as Equitymaster.com/Investment_Guide in former and current regional and national administrations — such well as as the Congress and People’s Democratic Party coalition government in the state and the centralising regimes of the Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Muslim Men Party, and the National Democratic Front in the centre — about the diverse Marriage interpretations of religious laws regarding the institutions of marriage, Search for Brides divorce, inheritance rights, etc, and about the rich heterogeneity of & Grooms & Find cultural traditions. Your Life Partner. In its initial years, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah’s National Conference Register Today! enabled the emergence of a well-educated, politically aware generation of VivahaBandhan.com/Matrimonials Kashmiris. But in the 1970s and the 1980s, Indira Gandhi’s Congress regime characterised every demand for local empowerment as potentially insurgent, discouraging the growth of a progressive generation of Islam Matrimonial Kashmiris. Millions of Profiles with Photos. The vociferous members of the Dukhtaran-e-Millat would better serve the Search & Contact female population of the state by campaigning for quotas for women in the by Email Now. legislative assembly, legislative council, parliament, and the judiciary. An Shaadi.com/Register-Free! increase in the female representation in these institutions of authority would facilitate a cultural shift in terms of gender role expectations, allowing defiance of the normative structure. Girl Reproductive In the present scenario, no thought is given either by the state authorities System or by insurgent groups to women who have been victims of the Find diagrams and paramilitary forces and/or of militant organisations. Horrifying narratives free articles by of women and adolescent girls being humiliated and brutally interrogated leading doctors in remote villages are absent from the official record, and are fearfully IndianWomensHealth.com voiced in the atmosphere of paranoia that pervades the Kashmir valley. For instance, in 1991, more than 800 soldiers of the fourth Rajput Regiment raped 23-60 women in the course of one night in the village of Kunan Pohpura in Kashmir. These soldiers raided the village on the pretext of interrogating the local men who were allegedly insurgents. Another gruesome incident of a similar nature occurred in Handawara village in 2004, where a mother and Web DailyTimes her minor daughter were sadistically defiled by a major of the Rashtriya Search Rifles. In Mattan in South Kashmir, an Indian army subedar and his bodyguard of 7 Rashtriya Rifles were involved in a spine-chilling rape case against which the necessary governmental action is yet to be taken. Women representatives of the ruling People’s Democratic Party and those of its ally, the Congress, are quick to make visits accompanied by their entourages to isolated villages or towns in which the Indian army has trammelled the sensibilities of the female population. The PDP, while in opposition, raised the issue of human rights abuses which, until then, hadn’t been given much credence by the National Conference government. But they have been unable to advocate reforms that are specific to women. No stringent and timely measures have been taken to redress those wrongs. The writer is the grand-daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah