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CJS Mid-Term Project


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Core Strategies of Policing

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CJS Mid-Term Project

  1. 1. By: Mary Browning
  2. 2. 4/27/2010
  3. 3. 4/27/2010 Operational Strategies of Police Work (Schmalleger, 2007, p. 199)
  4. 4. <ul><li>Dominant operational policing strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Backbone of police work </li></ul><ul><li>Routine Patrol Activities using Uniformed Police Officers on the streets amongst the public </li></ul><ul><li>Use most resources of local and state-level police agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Operational mode used when police officers are not involved in answering service calls </li></ul><ul><li>(Schmalleger, 2007) </li></ul>4/27/2010
  5. 5. (Schmalleger, 2007) 4/27/2010
  6. 6. (Schmalleger, 2007) 4/27/2010
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  8. 8. (Schmalleger, 2007) 4/27/2010
  9. 9. (Schmalleger, 2007) 4/27/2010
  10. 10. <ul><li>Save life </li></ul><ul><li>Interrupt crime </li></ul><ul><li>Protect property </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Responses are used for… </li></ul><ul><li>Crimes in Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic Accidents with Serious Injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Incidents of Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Officer Requests for Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>All situations where human life is in jeopardy/serious danger </li></ul><ul><li>(Schmalleger, 2007) </li></ul>(Hoffman, et. al., 2003) 4/27/2010
  11. 11. <ul><li>Criminal Investigation is “the process of discovering, collecting, preparing, identifying, and presenting evidence to determine what happened and who is responsible” (Schmalleger, 2007, p. 11 – 12, ¶ 4)at the occurrence of a crime. </li></ul>(Miller, 2007) 4/27/2010
  12. 12. 4/27/2010 Criminal Investigation: Crime Scene Investigation Process (Schmalleger, 2007, p. 201)
  13. 13. <ul><li>Dominates Media Depictions of Police Work </li></ul><ul><li>Constitute a relatively small proportion of police work </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Investigators (Detectives) are responsible for solving crimes and produce evidence to succeed in prosecution of suspects </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Response (critical incidents) officers play a critical role in assisting the injured and capturing suspects </li></ul><ul><li>(Schmalleger, 2007) </li></ul>4/27/2010
  14. 14. <ul><li>Crime Scene: “The physical area in which a crime is thought to have occurred and in which evidence of the crime is thought to reside” (Schmalleger, 2007, p. 201, ¶ 2). </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary investigation: “All of the activities undertaken by a police officer who responds to the scene of a crime, including determining whether a crime has occurred, securing the crime scene, and preserving evidence” (Schmalleger, 2007, p. 202, ¶ 2). </li></ul><ul><li>Crime-scene investigator: “An expert trained in the use of forensics techniques, such as gathering DNA evidence, collecting fingerprints, photography, sketching, and interviewing witnesses” (Schmalleger, 2007, p. 202, ¶ 4). </li></ul><ul><li>Solvability factor: “Information about a crime that forms the basis for determining the perpetrator’s identity “(Schmalleger, 2007, p. 202, ¶ 5). </li></ul>4/27/2010
  15. 15. <ul><li>Responding to immediate needs and rendering aid to the injured </li></ul><ul><li>Noting such facts as the position of victims or injured subjects, recording spontaneous statements, noting unusual actions or activities, and notifying headquarters with an assessment of the scene </li></ul><ul><li>Determining that a crime has been committed </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating enforcement action, such as arresting or pursuing the offender or dispatching apprehension information </li></ul><ul><li>Securing the crime scene and protecting evidence, including limiting access, identifying and isolating witnesses, and protecting all evidence, especially short-lived evidence (such as impressions in sand or mud) </li></ul><ul><li>Determining the need for investigative specialists and arranging for their notification </li></ul><ul><li>Compiling a thorough and accurate report of activities (Schmalleger, 2007, p. 202, ¶ 1) </li></ul>4/27/2010
  16. 16. <ul><li>Fifth operational strategy of policing </li></ul><ul><li>Also called problem-oriented policing </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks to reduce chronic offending in a community </li></ul><ul><li>Gained structure and systematic attention only in the past 20 years (Schmalleger, 2007) </li></ul>4/27/2010
  17. 17. <ul><li>There are two methodologies of police problem solving. </li></ul><ul><li>SARA (scanning, analysis, response, and assessment) </li></ul><ul><li>CAPRA (clients, acquired/analyzed, partnerships, respond, assess); created by Royal Canadian Mounted Police, building on the earlier SARA process (Schmalleger, 2007) </li></ul>4/27/2010
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  21. 21. <ul><li>Hoffman, J., Roberts, G., Ashley, V., & Hoyer, J. (2003, March 1). 9-11 Research: Twin Tower Impacts. 9-11 Research: An Independent Investigation of the 9-11-2001 Attack . Retrieved April 24, 2010, from </li></ul><ul><li>Miller, K. (2007, February 1). Two Million Reasons for Murder. . Retrieved April 24, 2010, from </li></ul><ul><li>Schmalleger, F. (2006). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century (9th Edition) (9 ed.). Alexandria, VA: Prentice Hall. </li></ul>4/27/2010