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Old silos, new silos, no silosFrom redundancy to aggregation or distribution?Lukas KosterLibrary Systems CoordinatorLibrar...
“System incapable                                                                             of reciprocal               ...
“System containing data, only                            accessible via internal                                     syste...
Application Programming Interface        API                                                        Direct accesssystem ca...
FocusTraditional library content: publicationshttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Latin_dictionary.jpg                 ...
StoryOld silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                            6               @lukask
http://igelu.org/wp-                                content/uploads/2010/10/smug4eu_issue2.pdfOld silos, new silos, no sil...
!                     7 years ago!A: Federated search systems are deadBut you won’t get those kids back that you have alre...
!                     7 years ago!A: Federated search systems are deadBut you won’t get those kids back that you have alre...
http://igelu.org/wp-                                content/uploads/2010/10/smug4eu_issue4.pdfOld silos, new silos, no sil...
If libraries describe their philosophy they’ll certainly also talk about integration– integration of services, integration...
Libraries – integration of services, assets and resources.Integrated systems    • Functioning whole: an integrated structu...
StoryOld silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                            13               @lukask
http://www.flickr.com/photos/88526197@N00/4218544261/Libraries: local collections of physical printed publications        ...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/88526197@N00/4218548045/                                                         Catalogues: ...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/cat-sidh/457060770Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                  ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Screenshot_of_Dynix_library_automation_software_in_green.png                            ...
Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                            18               @lukask
http://www.flickr.com/photos/oliver_leitzgen/2967000266/                                                                  ...
Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                            20               @lukask
Silos                                                                                      Data trapshttp://www.flickr.com...
Silo originsTechnologyEconomicsLicenses                                                   http://www.flickr.com/photos/kot...
Serious Story    Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                                23              ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournal                                  Bibliogr...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournal                                  Federate...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = Aggregation                         ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = Aggregation                         ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = Aggregation                         ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository                                                    DL              ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository                                                    DL              ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository                                                           DL       ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository                                                           DL       ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository                                                           DL       ...
ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository                                                          DL        ...
Not very efficient        Free market leads to efficiency?                  Not really!  Huge redundancies     Missing dat...
Library crisis  245 $ a  Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                              36        ...
Silutions?http://www.flickr.com/photos/thelightningman/5494666930                                              Old silos, ...
Stand-alone   Aggregation                    Redundant        ComplementaryStand-alone    Redundant                  Compl...
Completely distributed•   Less redundancy                                        •      Redundancy risk•   Up to date     ...
Is linked data the answer? Karen Coyle at EMTACL12:     “The web is awash in bibliographic     data”     “Most of what we ...
Completely centralised      Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                                  41 ...
Completely aggregated•   Speed                                                 • Persistence risk•   Consistency          ...
Distributed aggregation•   Speed                                                  •    Persistence risk•   Consistency    ...
Next Generation ILS in the cloud                                         FRBR                                             ...
LoC Bibliographic Framework                                Work          Items                 Expression                 ...
WorldcatCommunity /shared                                                       Union                                     ...
Worldcat                  Community                                                       Google Scholar                  ...
Brave new world  Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 -                                              48                ...
Library roles•   Reconsider objectives•   Shift focus•   Communicate with system vendors•   Communicate with content vendo...
Don’t think systems    Think data                                                   http://www.flickr.com/photos/57402879@...
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Old silos, new silos, no silos

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SWIB12, Köln, 2012. Video recording: http://www.scivee.tv/node/55381

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Old silos, new silos, no silos

  1. 1. Old silos, new silos, no silosFrom redundancy to aggregation or distribution?Lukas KosterLibrary Systems CoordinatorLibrary of the University of Amsterdam@lukaskl.koster@uva.nlSWIB12, Köln, November 26-28, 2012 http://www.flickr.com/photos/alpoma/4786094569
  2. 2. “System incapable of reciprocal operation with other, related What is a silo? information systems” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_silo Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 2 @lukaskhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/7716310@N03/1472185959
  3. 3. “System containing data, only accessible via internal system calls” access dataSILO NO SILO Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 3 @lukask
  4. 4. Application Programming Interface API Direct accesssystem call data call (LOD) http://twitter.com/hochstenbach/status/268033173366124544 http://twitter.com/jindrichmynarz/status/269089964103434242 Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 4 @lukask
  5. 5. FocusTraditional library content: publicationshttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Latin_dictionary.jpg Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 5 @lukask
  6. 6. StoryOld silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 6 @lukask
  7. 7. http://igelu.org/wp- content/uploads/2010/10/smug4eu_issue2.pdfOld silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 7 @lukask
  8. 8. ! 7 years ago!A: Federated search systems are deadBut you won’t get those kids back that you have already lost. They will staywith GoogleB: But what is the alternative? Build big databases like Google does?Harvest data till you drop?Probably we do need both. Big databases as well as federated search.C: Perhaps only a limited number of distributed harvested indexesaround the world.Federated search can survive and be used for accessing those indexes! Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 8 @lukask
  9. 9. ! 7 years ago!A: Federated search systems are deadBut you won’t get those kids back that you have already lost. They will staywith GoogleB: But what is the alternative? Build big databases like Google does?Harvest data till you drop?Probably we do need both. Big databases as well as federated search.C: Perhaps only a limited number of distributed harvested indexesaround the world.Federated search can survive and be used for accessing those indexes! Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 9 @lukask
  10. 10. http://igelu.org/wp- content/uploads/2010/10/smug4eu_issue4.pdfOld silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 10 @lukask
  11. 11. If libraries describe their philosophy they’ll certainly also talk about integration– integration of services, integration of assets and resources.To make an excellent service all these tools need to function as an integratedsystem. Not only with each other, but also interacting with the rest, such as theinstitutional website, the institutional portal, third party’s learning environments.Technically speaking, integration may result in a functioning or a unified whole.A “functioning whole” may be understood as an integrated structure ofcooperating tools in which the different parts (like in this case SFX, MetaLib orother tools) can be distinguished as such, whereas a “unified whole” wouldmean that the end users experience one “new” system or user interface thatconceals the integrated parts.Combining different databases in real or virtual collections that can beaccessed by a number of integrated or nonintegrated tools.When libraries are talking about integration, they are not only thinking aboutthe user’s perspective, but also about the backend of their business, whereinternal workflows are in focus. In general, our aim is to reduce duplicatingwork, to store the same information only once, to cooperate closely. Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 11 @lukask
  12. 12. Libraries – integration of services, assets and resources.Integrated systems • Functioning whole: an integrated structure of cooperating, distinguishable tools • Unified whole: one new system of concealed integrated partsCombined databases • Real collections • Virtual collectionsData management • Harvest data • Big data • Distributed harvested indexesBackend integration of internal workflows • Reduce duplicating work • Store the same information only once • Cooperate closely Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 12 @lukask
  13. 13. StoryOld silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 13 @lukask
  14. 14. http://www.flickr.com/photos/88526197@N00/4218544261/Libraries: local collections of physical printed publications Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 14 @lukask
  15. 15. http://www.flickr.com/photos/88526197@N00/4218548045/ Catalogues: finding publications and their locations Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 15 @lukask
  16. 16. http://www.flickr.com/photos/cat-sidh/457060770Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 16 @lukask
  17. 17. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Screenshot_of_Dynix_library_automation_software_in_green.png http://www.flickr.com/photos/dukeyearlook/7046582583 Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 17 @lukask
  18. 18. Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 18 @lukask
  19. 19. http://www.flickr.com/photos/oliver_leitzgen/2967000266/ 19 Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - @lukask
  20. 20. Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 20 @lukask
  21. 21. Silos Data trapshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/msueasrecords/6242093298/ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 21 @lukask
  22. 22. Silo originsTechnologyEconomicsLicenses http://www.flickr.com/photos/kotomi-jewelry/5035479051/TraditionPsychology Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 22 @lukask
  23. 23. Serious Story Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 23 @lukask
  24. 24. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournal Bibliographic data ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 24 @lukask
  25. 25. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournal Federated search ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 25 @lukask
  26. 26. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = Aggregation Aggregations Google Scholar Worldcat Union Repository Catalogue Gateway AGG AGG AGG ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 26 @lukask
  27. 27. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = Aggregation Federated search Google Scholar Worldcat Union Repository Catalogue Gateway AGG AGG AGG ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 27 @lukask
  28. 28. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional RepositoryDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = Aggregation Aggregated search Google Scholar Worldcat Union Repository Catalogue Gateway AGG AGG AGG ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 28 @lukask
  29. 29. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository DL DL DLDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = AggregationDI = Discovery IndexDL = Discovery Layer DI Discovery DI DI Google Scholar Worldcat Union Repository Catalogue Gateway AGG AGG AGG ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 29 @lukask
  30. 30. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository DL DL DLDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = AggregationDI = Discovery IndexDL = Discovery Layer DI DI DI Google Scholar Worldcat Bibliographic data Union Repository Catalogue Gateway AGG AGG AGG ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 30 @lukask
  31. 31. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository DL DL DLDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = AggregationDI = Discovery IndexDL = Discovery Layer B B B C H C H C H DI DI DIB Bibliographic data B B HH Holdings data B Google Scholar H HC Circulation data Worldcat B H B H Repository Union Catalogue Gateway AGG AGG AGG B B B B B H H H C H C ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ B B B B B B B B B B B B H H H H H H C H Csilos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - Old C C C C @lukask C 31
  32. 32. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository DL DL DLDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = AggregationDI = Discovery IndexDL = Discovery Layer B B BNG = Next Generation ILS C H C H C H DI DI DIB Bibliographic data B B HH Holdings data B Google Scholar H HC Circulation data NG Worldcat B NG H NG B H Repository Union Catalogue Gateway AGG AGG AGG B B B B B H H H C H C ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ B B B B B B B B B B B B H H H H H H C H Csilos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - Old C C C C @lukask C 32
  33. 33. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository DL DL DLDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = AggregationDI = Discovery IndexDL = Discovery Layer B B BNG = Next Generation ILS C H C H C H DI DI DIB Bibliographic data B B HH Holdings data B Google Scholar H HC Circulation data NG Worldcat B NG H B NG B H C B C H Repository H Union Gateway B Catalogue H C AGG AGG AGG B B B B B H H H C H C ILS REPO ILS REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ B B B B B B B B B B B B H H H H H H C H Csilos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - Old C C C C @lukask C 33
  34. 34. ILS = Library CatalogueREPO = Institutional Repository DL DL DLDB = DatabaseEJ = EJournalAGG = AggregationDI = Discovery IndexDL = Discovery Layer B B BNG = Next Generation ILS C H C H C H DI DI DIB Bibliographic data B B HH Holdings data B Google Scholar H HC Circulation data NG Worldcat B NG H B NG B H C B C H Repository H Union Gateway B Catalogue H C AGG AGG AGG B B B B B H H H C H C REPO REPO ILS REPO DB DB DB EJ EJ EJ B B B B B B B B B B H H H H Old C H Csilos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - C C @lukask C 34
  35. 35. Not very efficient Free market leads to efficiency? Not really! Huge redundancies Missing dataObscure, cloudy situation Unequal access Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 35 @lukask
  36. 36. Library crisis 245 $ a Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 36 @lukask
  37. 37. Silutions?http://www.flickr.com/photos/thelightningman/5494666930 Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 37 @lukask
  38. 38. Stand-alone Aggregation Redundant ComplementaryStand-alone Redundant Complementary Redundantaggregation Aggregations aggregations Complementary Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 38 @lukask
  39. 39. Completely distributed• Less redundancy • Redundancy risk• Up to date • Performance risk• Trust • Persistence risk• Share workload • Inconsistent indexes• … • Trust • … http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fallacies_of_Distributed_Computing Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 39 @lukask
  40. 40. Is linked data the answer? Karen Coyle at EMTACL12: “The web is awash in bibliographic data” “Most of what we would contribute would be duplication of data that already exists” “It is library holdings that is key to providing service and furthering knowledge creation”http://www.kcoyle.net/presentations/thinkDiff.pdf Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 40 @lukask
  41. 41. Completely centralised Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 41 @lukask
  42. 42. Completely aggregated• Speed • Persistence risk• Consistency • Trust• No redundancy • …• Share workload• … Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 42 @lukask
  43. 43. Distributed aggregation• Speed • Persistence risk• Consistency • Reduncancy risk• Share workoad • Silos• … • … Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 43 @lukask
  44. 44. Next Generation ILS in the cloud FRBR Worldcat Community Work /shared Expression Union zone Manifestation Catalogue Library Items ILS zone Holdingshttp://thoughts.care-affiliates.com/2012/10/impressions-of-new-library-service.html Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 44 @lukask
  45. 45. LoC Bibliographic Framework Work Items Expression Manifestation Holdings http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 45 @lukask
  46. 46. WorldcatCommunity /shared Union Catalogue zone Library ILS zone Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 46 @lukask
  47. 47. Worldcat Community Google Scholar /shared zone Library zone Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 47 @lukask
  48. 48. Brave new world Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 48 @lukask
  49. 49. Library roles• Reconsider objectives• Shift focus• Communicate with system vendors• Communicate with content vendors• Engage in framework transition• Cooperate Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 49 @lukask
  50. 50. Don’t think systems Think data http://www.flickr.com/photos/57402879@N00/261930788/ Old silos, new silos, no silos - SWIB12 - 50 @lukask

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