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Classic HelloWorld! tutorial

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  1. 1. Hello World!Traditional programming tutorial
  2. 2. Copy the following code and save it in a text editor as hello.html<html> You can use any text editor of<head> <title></title> your choice. I prefer notepad ++</head> http://notepad-plus-<body></body></html>
  3. 3. Add script tags within head section The scripts tags tell the <html> <head> browser that there is <title></title> scripting contained <script between (in this case type="text/javascript"> “javaScript”). </script> </head> <body> </body> </html>
  4. 4. RememberScript tags are within the head section, not the body section.
  5. 5. Let’s make a function <html> <head>• A function executes a series <title></title> of instructions. <script type="text/javascript">• We will start with an empty shell function () { } </script> </head> <body> </body> </html>
  6. 6. Function name <html> <head>We will name our <title></title> <script type="text/javascript">function HelloWorld. function HelloWorld() {We will add an alert box alert ("Hello World!");that say’s “Hello }World!” </script> </head> <body> </body> </html>
  7. 7. Function Structure• The word function declares that there is a function.• The function name is HelloWorld.• Parentheses () (has use we will get to later in the course)• {} curly brackets contain the set of instructions
  8. 8. Execute Function <html> <head>Now that we have <title></title>covered the function <script type="text/javascript">head tags, let’s make itexecute when we click function HelloWorld() {on a link. alert ("Hello World!"); } </script> Here is a generic linkthat point nowhere: </head> <body> <a href="">Hello</a> </body> </html>
  9. 9. Execute Function <html> <head> <title></title>This will make it pointto our function <script type="text/javascript"> function HelloWorld() { alert ("Hello World!"); } </script> </head> <body> <a href=" javascript:HelloWorld()"> Hello</a> </body> </html>
  10. 10. Your turnAfter saving yourwork, try openingyourHelloWorld.htmlfile in your webbrowser.It should look likethis
  11. 11. Your first JavaScriptCongratulations, you just made your firstJavaScript!There are two things I would like you toremember:1. JavaScript and Java are not the same thing.2. JavaScript is case-sensitive!