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Presentación en el proyecto LAPSI en Leuven, Bélgica

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  1. 1. Privacy and reuse in Spain: The Basque Country Open Data case Iurismatica David Fernandez - Jorge Campanillas LAPSI Project Levun-7-10-2010
  2. 2. The Spanish Constitutional System <ul><li>Spanish Constitution (1978) </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes of autonomy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create “Autonomous communities” AKA Autonomies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asymetric powers and attibutions. Not all autonomies have the same attributions </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Access to information legal framework <ul><li>Main law is National Law 30/92 (Common administrative procedure Law) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art. 37 regulates access to public sector information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Requires personal,direct and legitime interest in the information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very vague </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heritage Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Documents 50 years old (general rule) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More interested in the preservation. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Access to public information law WE DON'T HAVE ONE!
  5. 5. Consequences <ul><li>No real acceso to info </li></ul><ul><li>No systems/files/archives ready for access </li></ul><ul><li>Not a real culture on access to info </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public servants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Data Protection <ul><li>Constitution (art 18.4). Directive and Law. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple privacy “Comisioners” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State level :Agencia Española de Proteccion de Datos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Private sector files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public State level files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomies level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Autonomies level files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Madrid, Cataluña, Basque Country </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Reuse <ul><li>Directive 2003/98 </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Reuse Law 37/2007 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transposed in the last moment under threat of sanctions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aporta Project, a state level project encorages the reuse </li></ul>
  8. 8. Main Principles <ul><li>No obligation of reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of fees </li></ul>
  9. 9. Right now... <ul><li>Lack of success </li></ul><ul><li>Very unknown by the Public Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Very few projects (No INSPIRE projects): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Aporta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> ( the spanish NIC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomies and cities: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asturias </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zaragoza City </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>País Vasco (Basque Country) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Open Data Case <ul><li>Agreement on 29-12-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic, transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Begins to operate on April 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Main problems on data protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for new consent ---->it's not gonna happen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change of use on the finality for the recollected data </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Catalogue: Geographic data <ul><li>Geographic data: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ortophotos (aerial images) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problems of possible identificability of phisical persons, license plates an so on. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hidrographics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basic cartography </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Statistics <ul><li>Statistics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Already protected by special law ( Basque statistics law 12/89) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistic secret enforced (Eustat) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Meteorological <ul><li>Weather and sea predictions, </li></ul><ul><li>Meteo stations </li></ul><ul><li>No impact on privacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with 3rd party IP </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Turistical info <ul><li>Tourist offices </li></ul><ul><li>Lodges, hotels etc </li></ul><ul><li>Transport... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with the contact info </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But spanish rules under the Spanish Data Protection Law makes and excepcion in DP with the contact info </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Traffic Info <ul><li>Road works </li></ul><ul><li>Live feed video cameras </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usual problems about video surveillance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possible positive id of persons and plates, but the cameras are very height </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More used to measure the traffic density. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Administrative <ul><li>Susidies and subventions </li></ul><ul><li>Public offerings </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY the calls and notifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was the idea to provide the name and info of the winners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But 30/92 forbids it. The transparency step forward couldn't be possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a near future.... </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Posible Conclusions <ul><li>Lack of FOIA avoids the reuse of info </li></ul><ul><li>Need for anonimization generates little reuse: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of budget/human resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not very well known by the public servants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right now, there are other issues... </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Questions <ul><li>Do we need an exception in DP for reuse? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we need to create a compulsory catalogue? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we need to create a open format (including meta data for personal data) to make easier to anonimize data ? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Unresolved fears <ul><li>Possible responsability of the reusers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the public administration makes a mistake in, for example, anonimization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If an personal data is generated merging four or five data. </li></ul></ul>