Cisco Catalyst 6500 Supervisor 2T Technical Highlights          – Will Sup2T Stop You From Buying Nexus?Supervisor 2T engi...
was. There’s a lot of requirements here, so take note.           The Supervisor 2T provides backward compatibility with t...
There are two main connectors here to what Cisco identifies as two distinctbackplanes: the fabric connector, and the share...
Now here’s a strange bit. While the crossbar fabric throughput is described in thecontext of full-duplex, the 80Gbps per-s...
through the switch. The DFC4 performs the same functions only it rides on a linecard,keeping forwarding functions local to...
with all frames entering the forwarding engine.            Improved EtherChannel Hash – etherchannel groups with odd     ...
of IOS, but it offers stability better than IOS-SX and features that most customersneed.In some ways, I’m making an unfair...
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Cisco catalyst 6500 supervisor 2 technical highlights

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Cisco catalyst 6500 supervisor 2 technical highlights

  1. 1. Cisco Catalyst 6500 Supervisor 2T Technical Highlights – Will Sup2T Stop You From Buying Nexus?Supervisor 2T engine for the Catalyst 6500E chassis. The Sup2T is a boost to keep the6500′ s legs running a little longer. I think of the 2T as a product enabling customerswith a large 6500 investment to put off the inevitable migration to the Nexusplatform. The 2T, by all accounts, is the end of the development roadmap for the6500. My understanding is that the 2T takes the 6500 chassis as far as it can scale interms of packet forwarding performance.With the advent of the Nexus 7009, I doubt we’ll see yet another replacement 6500chassis model (like we saw the “E” some years back). The Nexus uptake has beenreasonably good for most Cisco shops, and the Nexus 7009 form factor takes awaythe physical space challenges faced by those previously considering the 7010 as aforklift upgrade for the widely deployed 6509. In my mind, it makes sense for Cisco tofocus their Catalyst development efforts on the Catalyst 4500 line for access andcampus deployments, with Nexus products running NX-OS for core routing servicesand data center fabric. Could I be wrong? Sure. If Cisco announced a new 6500E“plus” chassis that can scale higher, than that would reflect a customer demand forthe product that I personally don’t see happening. Most of the network engineeringcommunity is warming up to the Nexus gear and NX-OS.That baseline established,Cisco is selling the Sup2T today. What does it bring to thetable? Note that anything in italics is lifted directly from the Cisco architecturedocument referenced below in the “Links” section.  Two Terabit (2080 Gbps) crossbar switch fabric. That’s where the “2T” comes from. These sups are allowing for forwarding performance up to 2 Tbps. Of course, as with previous supervisor engines, the aggregate throughput of the chassis depends on what line cards you deploy in the chassis. That old WS-X6148A you bought several years ago isn’t imbued with magical forwarding powers just because you pop a 2T into the chassis.  The Supervisor 2T is designed to operate in any E-Series 6500 chassis. The Supervisor 2T will not be supported in any of the earlier non E-Series chassis. You know that non-E 6500 chassis running Sup720s you love so much? Gotta go if you want to upgrade to a 2T (to which I ask the question if you’re considering this…why not Nexus 7009 instead?)  As far as power requirements, note the following:  The 6503-E requires a 1400 W power supply and the 6504-E requires a 2700 W power supply, when a Supervisor 2T is used in each chassis.  While the 2500 W power supply is the minimum-sized power supply that must be used for a 6, 9, and 13-slot chassis supporting Supervisor 2T, the current supported minimum shipping power supply is 3000 W.  Line cards are going to bite you; backwards compatibility is not what it oncehttp://www.router-switch.com/http://blog.router-switch.com/ http://www.router-switch.com/see_all.html
  2. 2. was. There’s a lot of requirements here, so take note.  The Supervisor 2T provides backward compatibility with the existing WS-X6700 Series Linecards, as well as select WS-X6100 Series Linecards only.  All WS-X67xx Linecards equipped with the Central Forwarding Card (CFC) are supported in a Supervisor 2T system, and will function in centralized CEF720 mode.  Any existing WS-X67xx Linecards can be upgraded by removing their existing CFC or DFC3x and replacing it with a new DFC4 or DFC4XL. They will then be operationally equivalent to the WS-X68xx linecards but will maintain their WS-X67xx identification.  There is no support for the WS-X62xx, WS-X63xx, WS-X64xx, or WS-X65xx Linecards.  Due to compatibility issues, the WS-X6708-10GE-3C/3CXL cannot be inserted in a Supervisor 2T system, and must be upgraded to the new WS-X6908-10GE-2T/2TXL.  The Supervisor 2T Linecard support also introduces the new WS-X6900 Series Linecards. These support dual 40 Gbps fabric channel connections, and operate in distributed dCEF2T mode.To summarize thus far, a legacy 6500 chassis will need to be upgraded to a 6500E.Many older series line cards are not supported at all, or will require a DFC upgrade.Power supplies are a consideration, although the base requirements are notegregious. Therefore, moving to a 2T will require a good bit of technical andbudgetary planning to get into a Sup2T. I suspect that for the majority of customers,this will not be a simple supervisor engine swap.This diagram from Cisco shows the hardware layout of the Sup2T, focusing on all themajor junction points a packet or frame could crossed through depending on ingresspoint, required processing, and egress point.http://www.router-switch.com/http://blog.router-switch.com/ http://www.router-switch.com/see_all.html
  3. 3. There are two main connectors here to what Cisco identifies as two distinctbackplanes: the fabric connector, and the shared bus connector. The fabricconnector provides the high-speed connectors for the newer line cards, such as thenew 6900 series with the dual 40Gbps connections mentioned above. The sharedbus connector supports legacy cards (sometimes referred to as “classic” cards), thatis linecards with no fabric connection, but rather connections to a bus shared withsimilarly capable cards.The crossbar switch fabric is where the throughput scaling comes from. Notice thatCisco states there are “26 x 40″ fabric channels in the diagram. That equates to the2080Gbps Cisco’s talking about. The crossbar switch fabric on the Supervisor 2Tprovides 2080 Gbps of switching capacity. This capacity is based on the use of 26fabric channels that are used to provision data paths to each slot in the chassis. Eachfabric channel can operate at either 40 Gbps or 20 Gbps, depending on the insertedlinecard. The capacity of the switch fabric is calculated as follows: 26 x 40 Gbps =1040 Gbps; 1040 Gbps x 2 (full duplex) = 2080 Gbps.“Full-duplex” means that what we’re really getting is 1Tbps in one direction, and1Tbps in the other direction. The marketing folks are using weasel words to say thatthe Sup2T is providing a 2 terabit fabric. This marketing technique is neither new noruncommon in the industry when describing speeds and feeds, but it is something tokeep in mind in whiteboard sessions, especially if you’re planning a large deploymentwith specific data rate forwarding requirements.http://www.router-switch.com/http://blog.router-switch.com/ http://www.router-switch.com/see_all.html
  4. 4. Now here’s a strange bit. While the crossbar fabric throughput is described in thecontext of full-duplex, the 80Gbps per-slot is not. The 80 Gbps per slotnomenclature represents 2 x 40 Gbps fabric channels that are assigned to each slotproviding for 80 Gbps per slot in total. If marketing math were used for this per slotcapacity, one could argue that the E-Series chassis provides 160 Gbps per slot.Moving onto the control-plane functions of the Sup2T, we run into the newMSFC5. The MSFC5 CPU handles Layer 2 and Layer 3 control plane processes, suchas the routing protocols, management protocols like SNMP and SYSLOG, and Layer 2protocols (such as Spanning Tree, Cisco Discovery Protocol, and others), the switchconsole, and more. The MSFC5 is not compatible with any other supervisor. Thearchitecture is different from previous MSFC’s, in that while previous MSFC’s sporteda route processor and a switch processor, the MSFC5 combines these functions into asingle CPU.The diagram also show a “CMP”, which is a feature enhancement of merit. The CMPis the “Connectivity Management Processor,” and seems to function like an iLOport. Even if the route processor is down on the Sup2T, you can still access thesystem remotely via the CMP. The CMP is a stand-alone CPU that the administratorcan use to perform a variety of remote management services. Examples of how theCMP can be used include: system recovery of the control plane; system resets andreboots; and the copying of IOS image files should the primary IOS image becorrupted or deleted. Implicitly, you will have deployed an out-of-band network orother remote management solution to be able to access the CMP, but the CMPenhances our ability to recover a borked 6500 from far away.The PFC4/DFC4 comprise the next major component of the Sup2T. The PFC4 rides asa daughter card on the supervisor, and is the hardware slingshot that forwards datahttp://www.router-switch.com/http://blog.router-switch.com/ http://www.router-switch.com/see_all.html
  5. 5. through the switch. The DFC4 performs the same functions only it rides on a linecard,keeping forwarding functions local to the linecard, as opposed to passing it throughthe fabric up to the PFC4.The majority of packets and frames transiting the switch are going to be handled bythe PFC, including IPv4 unicast/multicast, IPv6 unicast/multicast, Multi-Protocol LabelSwitching (MPLS), and Layer 2 packets. The PFC4 also performs in hardware anumber of other functions that could impact how a packet is fowarded. This includes,but is not limited to, the processing of security Access Control Lists (ACLs), applyingrate limiting policies, quality of service classification and marking, NetFlow flowcollection and flow statistics creation, EtherChannel load balancing, packet rewritelookup, and packet rewrite statistics collection.The PFC performs a large array of functions in hardware, including the following listI’m lifting from Cisco’s architecture whitepaper.  Layer 2 functions:  Increased MAC Address Support – a 128 K MAC address table is standard.  A bridge domain is a new concept that has been introduced with PFC4. A bridge domain is used to help scale traditional VLANs, as well as to scale internal Layer 2 forwarding within the switch.  The PFC4 introduces the concept of a Logical Interface (LIF), which is a hardware-independent interface (or port) reference index associatedhttp://www.router-switch.com/http://blog.router-switch.com/ http://www.router-switch.com/see_all.html
  6. 6. with all frames entering the forwarding engine.  Improved EtherChannel Hash – etherchannel groups with odd numbers of members will see a better distribution across links.  VSS support – it appears you can build a virtual switching system right out of the box with the Sup2T. There does not seem to be a unique “VSS model” like in the Sup720 family.  Per Port-Per-VLAN – this feature is designed for Metro Ethernet deployments where policies based on both per-port and per- VLAN need to be deployed.  Layer 3 functions. There’s a lot here, and rather than try to describe them all, I’m just going to hit the feature names here, grouped by category. You can read in more detail in the architecture document I link to below.  Performance: Increased Layer 3 Forwarding Performance  IPv6: uRPF for IPv6, Tunnel Source Address Sharing, IPv6 Tunnelling  MPLS/WAN: VPLS, MPLS over GRE, MPLS Tunnel Modes, Increased Support for Ethernet over MPLS Tunnels, MPLS Aggregate Label Support, Layer 2 Over GRE  Multicast: PIM Register Encapsulation/De-Encapsulation for IPv4 and IPv6, IGMPv3/MLDv2 Snooping  Netflow: Increased Support for NetFlow Entries, Improved NetFlow Hash, Egress NetFlow, Sampled NetFlow, MPLS NetFlow, Layer 2 Netflow, Flexible NetFlow  QoS: Distributed Policing, DSCP Mutation, Aggregate Policers, MicroflowPolicers  Security: Cisco TrustSec (CTS), Role-Based ACL, Layer 2 ACL, ACL Dry Run, ACL Hitless Commit, Layer 2 + Layer 3 + Layer 4 ACL, Classification Enhancements, Per Protocol Drop (IPv4, IPv6, MPLS), Increase in ACL Label Support, Increase in ACL TCAM Capacity, Source MAC + IP Binding, Drop on Source MAC Miss, RPF Check Interfaces, RPF Checks for IP Multicast PacketsSo, do you upgrade to a Sup2T? It depends. The question comes down to what youneed more: speed or features. The Sup2T is extending the life of the 6500E chassiswith speed and a boatload of features. That said, you can’t scale the Cisco 6500 tothe sort of 10Gbps port density you can a Nexus. Besides, most of the features foundon a 6500 aren’t going to be used by most customers. If your 6500 is positioned as acore switch, then what you really need is the core functionality of L2 and L3forwarding to be performed as quickly as possible with minimal downtime. To me,the place to go next is the Nexus line if that description of “core” is your greatestneed.If instead you need a super-rich feature set, then the question is harder to answer.The Nexus has a ways to go before offering all of the features the Catalyst does.That’s not to say that all a Nexus offers is throughput. True, NX-OS lacks the maturityhttp://www.router-switch.com/http://blog.router-switch.com/ http://www.router-switch.com/see_all.html
  7. 7. of IOS, but it offers stability better than IOS-SX and features that most customersneed.In some ways, I’m making an unfair comparison. Nexus7K and Cat6500 have differentpurposes, and solve different problems. But for most customers, I think eitherplatform could meet the needs. So if you’re looking for a chassis you can leave in therack for a very long time, it’s time to look seriously at Nexus, rejecting it only ifthere’s some specific function it lacks that you require. If the Nexus platform can’tsolve all of your problems, then you probably have requirements that are differentfrom merely “going faster”. The 6500/Sup2T may make sense for you.---Original reading from packetpushers.netThe Supervisor 2T provides 2-terabit system performance for 80Gbps switchingcapacity per slot on all Catalyst 6500 E-Series Chassis. As a result, you can: Maintain investment protection through backward compatibility Deliver scalability and performance improvements such as distributed forwarding (dCEF) 720Mpps with the fourth-generation Policy Feature Card (PFC4) Support future 40Gbps interface and nonblocking 10Gbps modules Enable new applications and services with hardware accelerated VPLS, Layer 2 over mGRE for Network Virtualization Take advantage of integrated Connectivity Management Processor (CMP) for improved out-of-band management.More Related Cisco Catalyst 6500 Supervisor 2T Review:Catalyst 6500 Supervisor 2T May Not be Your Upgrade Answerhttp://www.router-switch.com/http://blog.router-switch.com/ http://www.router-switch.com/see_all.html

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