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Transplanting - The Fine Art of Plant Massage

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When it’s time to start transitioning those starts that you’ve lovingly nurtured and protected to the great outdoors, it’s time for this class! Participants will learn why some plants grow better from starts instead of seeds, and receive guidance on timing; hands-on practice with transplanting techniques will be emphasized. Participants will leave with at least one start to transplant into their own garden space.

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Transplanting - The Fine Art of Plant Massage

  1. 1. Transplanting Independence Gardens Portland, OR January 2012 © Independence Gardens LLC Download the handout that goes along with this slideshow! http://bit.ly/wZu6AA Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  2. 2. What We’ll Cover TodayIntro we are Independence Gardens • We build raised beds, chicken coops, & other garden infrastructure • Develop permaculture site designs • Help with garden planning, prep, and installation • Teach edible gardening classes • & make Doo Tees! Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  3. 3. Topics We’ll Cover • Basic plant needs • How transplanting works • Reasons for transplanting • Basic best practices • Stress prevention/reduction • Up-potting • Planting out • Hardening off • Post-transplant care What We’ll Cover TodayPreview Got Questions? Please ask as we go along. Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  4. 4. Basic plant needs • Relevant plant parts – Roots are sensitive and can be harmed by poor transplanting technique • Food: – N – P – K • Water: – Transplant shock • Shelter: – Transitions are hard Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  5. 5. How does transplanting work? • Plants develop to a certain point in one location…and then you move them! • This can be one of the most stressful experiences of a young plant’s life – Transplant shock Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  6. 6. Why transplant? • Reasons – Putting in plants that are new to your garden – Moving plants to more favorable locations – Getting plants out of too-small containers into bigger ones – Relocating plants that are grown indoors to the OUTDOORS! • Timing – In the edible garden, lots around April 15 (our last frost date) • Conditions – Early morning, at night, or on a cloudy day—or in an area where you’ve created shade/shelter for your new transplants Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  7. 7. Best practices • Create a favorable soil environment • Transplant when it’s damp/cool • Avoid root disturbance – Don’t let roots dry out – Be gentle with the roots when untangling root-bound mats • Transplant to the right depth • Make sure that only one plant from the original container gets transplanted to the new pot/garden space – If there are more, snip all but the healthiest one off at the soil line Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  8. 8. • Stress is bad • Avoid causing it • Do your best to remedy it if it’s already happened Goal #1: Stress prevention! Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  9. 9. • Stress is bad • Avoid causing it • Do your best to remedy it if it’s already happened Goal #2: Stress reduction! Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  10. 10. • If a plant has outgrown its container but isn’t mature enough to go outside • Or the conditions aren’t yet right Up-potting Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  11. 11. Step-by-step: Up-potting Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  12. 12. Step-by-step: Up-potting 1. Moisten potting soil to be wet, not soaking—the consistency of a wrung- out sponge Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  13. 13. Step-by-step: Up-potting 1. Moisten potting soil to be wet, not soaking—the consistency of a wrung- out sponge 2. Fill your new container with firmed-down soil so that when the plant with its old rootball is set on top, the base of the stem will be at the level of or just below the top Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  14. 14. Step-by-step: Up-potting 1. Moisten potting soil to be wet, not soaking—the consistency of a wrung- out sponge 2. Fill your new container with firmed-down soil so that when the plant with its old rootball is set on top, the base of the stem will be at the level of or just below the top 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers, inverting the container Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  15. 15. Step-by-step: Up-potting 1. Moisten potting soil to be wet, not soaking—the consistency of a wrung- out sponge 2. Fill your new container with firmed-down soil so that when the plant with its old rootball is set on top, the base of the stem will be at the level of or just below the top 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers, inverting the container 4. Set plant on top of filled-in soil; fill the voids in the pot with moistened soil, then press down firmly so soil is evenly compressed Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  16. 16. Step-by-step: Up-potting 1. Moisten potting soil to be wet, not soaking—the consistency of a wrung- out sponge 2. Fill your new container with firmed-down soil so that when the plant with its old rootball is set on top, the base of the stem will be at the level of or just below the top 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers, inverting the container 4. Set plant on top of filled-in soil; fill the voids in the pot with moistened soil, then press down firmly so soil is evenly compressed 5. Water well... Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  17. 17. Step-by-step: Up-potting 1. Moisten potting soil to be wet, not soaking—the consistency of a wrung- out sponge 2. Fill your new container with firmed-down soil so that when the plant with its old rootball is set on top, the base of the stem will be at the level of or just below the top 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers, inverting the container 4. Set plant on top of filled-in soil; fill the voids in the pot with moistened soil, then press down firmly so soil is evenly compressed 5. Water well... Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  18. 18. Step-by-step: Up-potting 1. Moisten potting soil to be wet, not soaking—the consistency of a wrung- out sponge 2. Fill your new container with firmed-down soil so that when the plant with its old rootball is set on top, the base of the stem will be at the level of or just below the top 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers, inverting the container 4. Set plant on top of filled-in soil; fill the voids in the pot with moistened soil, then press down firmly so soil is evenly compressed 5. Water well... Reminder: Know the ingredients of your potting soil; if it contains fertilizer, don’t add more. Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  19. 19. • When a plant is ready to be outdoors • And the conditions are right – Weather can be a challenge, so protect your new plantings Planting out Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  20. 20. Step-by-step: Planting out Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  21. 21. Step-by-step: Planting out 1. Prepare the soil: if the area has not been cultivated before, double dig (this loosens and aerates the soil, creates consistent soil texture, improves drainage, and stimulates microorganism activity); if it is an established bed, go to the second step! Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  22. 22. Step-by-step: Planting out 1. Prepare the soil: if the area has not been cultivated before, double dig (this loosens and aerates the soil, creates consistent soil texture, improves drainage, and stimulates microorganism activity); if it is an established bed, go to the second step! 2. Dig a hole in the ground about 2x the diameter and same depth of the plant’s rootball Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  23. 23. Step-by-step: Planting out 1. Prepare the soil: if the area has not been cultivated before, double dig (this loosens and aerates the soil, creates consistent soil texture, improves drainage, and stimulates microorganism activity); if it is an established bed, go to the second step! 2. Dig a hole in the ground about 2x the diameter and same depth of the plant’s rootball 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers (assuming it’s small enough), inverting the container so the plant is below your hand and the rootball in your palm Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  24. 24. Step-by-step: Planting out 1. Prepare the soil: if the area has not been cultivated before, double dig (this loosens and aerates the soil, creates consistent soil texture, improves drainage, and stimulates microorganism activity); if it is an established bed, go to the second step! 2. Dig a hole in the ground about 2x the diameter and same depth of the plant’s rootball 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers (assuming it’s small enough), inverting the container so the plant is below your hand and the rootball in your palm 4. Place plant in the hole and fill in sides with loose soil; press down firmly Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  25. 25. Step-by-step: Planting out 1. Prepare the soil: if the area has not been cultivated before, double dig (this loosens and aerates the soil, creates consistent soil texture, improves drainage, and stimulates microorganism activity); if it is an established bed, go to the second step! 2. Dig a hole in the ground about 2x the diameter and same depth of the plant’s rootball 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers (assuming it’s small enough), inverting the container so the plant is below your hand and the rootball in your palm 4. Place plant in the hole and fill in sides with loose soil; press down firmly 5. Top-dress with compost in a halo/donut at the dripline of the plant Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  26. 26. Step-by-step: Planting out 1. Prepare the soil: if the area has not been cultivated before, double dig (this loosens and aerates the soil, creates consistent soil texture, improves drainage, and stimulates microorganism activity); if it is an established bed, go to the second step! 2. Dig a hole in the ground about 2x the diameter and same depth of the plant’s rootball 3. Remove plant gently from current container by squeezing sides and, while holding its stem between your index and middle fingers (assuming it’s small enough), inverting the container so the plant is below your hand and the rootball in your palm 4. Place plant in the hole and fill in sides with loose soil; press down firmly 5. Top-dress with compost in a halo/donut at the dripline of the plant 6. Water in! Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  27. 27. Hardening off • Give plants time to acclimate to new conditions Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  28. 28. 1. You can harden off before and/or after transplanting; we recommend both 2. Take plant in its old container outside (or uncover) during favorable conditions (during the day, overcast & mild - not too sunny/rainy/ windy) 3. Bring plant inside (or cover with row cover or shade cloth) during less favorable conditions (at night, when it’s too bright/cold/hot) 4. Repeat until the plant is acclimated (usually 2 days-1 week), then put it in the ground 5. Keep up a sheltering routine for a similar length of time after transplant Reminder: Exact strategy depends on timing, weather conditions and plant type & health. Step-by-step: Hardening off Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  29. 29. • Provide extra shelter and protection from other damage – Some trees should be staked • Fertigate (water + fertilize) – Add P – Wait a little while to add N • Continue to water consistently Post-transplant care Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  30. 30. Next steps for you • Practice!! Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  31. 31. Questions? Tuesday, January 31, 2012

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