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Federal Procurement Updates Presented by Frank Kenniasty VP of Contracts/General Counsel June 30, 2010
Agenda <ul><li>Mandatory Disclosure Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes and Regulations </li></ul><...
Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Rule took effect December 12, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Two sources of authority: </li></u...
Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Contractors not actually  required  to make disclosures.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However,...
Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Rule applies to a violation in connection with the award, performance, or closeout of a ...
Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Requirements of FAR 52.203-13 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written code of ethics and conduct m...
Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Other requirements not applicable to commercial items or small business contractors: </l...
Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Issues to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timely disclosure not defined.  Pros and cons ...
Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Initial Reports (DOD IG): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Mischarging – 41% </li></ul></ul><...
Disputes <ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Libby Physical Med. Ctr. & Host Springs Health Spa v. U.S. Dep’t of In...
Disputes <ul><li>Claims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BLR Group of Am. v. U.S ., 84 Fed. Cl. 634 (2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
Disputes <ul><li>Claims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Warehousing Co., K.S.C ., ASBCA No. 56888, 09-1 BCA  ¶ 265. </li></ul...
Disputes <ul><li>Other Contract Disputes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saleh v. Titan Corp ., 580 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2009). </li></...
Disputes <ul><li>Other Contract Disputes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. v. Hoffman , 556 F3d. 871 (8 th  Cir. 2009) </li></ul>...
Disputes <ul><li>Other Contract Disputes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boeing v. U.S. Department of the Air Force , 616 F. Supp. 2...
Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, P.L. 111-5, 123 Stat. 115 (Feb. 17, 2009) </li></...
Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>Omnibus Appropriations Act, P.L. 111-8, 123 Stat. 524 (March 11, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul...
Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act, P.L. 111-21, 123 Stat. 1617 (May 20, 2009). </li></ul...
Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>National Defense Authorization Act, P.L. 111-84. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SETA contractors n...
Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>FAR  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subpart 12.5:  lists requirements which are not required for C...
Bid Protests *Based on protestor obtaining some form of relief from the agency as  reported by GAO. 23% 29% 27% 21% 18% Su...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Report to Congress on Bid Protests Involving Defense Procurements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>H.R. Rep. No....
Bid Protests <ul><li>Failure to follow Evaluation Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common problem according to Michael ...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Unequal Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atna Support and Training Servs., LLC , B-400947.2, May 15, 2...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Unsupported Evaluation and Selection Criteria. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T-C Transcription, Inc.,  B-4014...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Meaningful Cost Evaluations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ACCESS Sys. Inc. B-400623.3, Mar. 4, 2009, 2009 CPD...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Organizational Conflict of Interests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L-3 Servs., Inc ., B-400134.11; B-400134.1...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Tyler Construction Group, Inc. v. U.S ., 570 F.3d 1329 (Fed. Cir. June 25, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Digital Technologies, Inc., v. U.S.,  No. 08-604C (Fed. Cl. Dec. 9, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cour...
Bid Protests <ul><li>Software Engineering Services Corp. v. U.S ., 85 Fed. Cl. 547 (Feb. 5, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P...
Organizational Conflict of Interest (OCI) <ul><li>New rules promulgated April 22, 2010. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide unif...
OCI’s <ul><li>New coverage includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entire contractor organization is included to protect against O...
OCI’s <ul><li>Identification of OCI’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contracting officers should obtain assistance from program of...
OCI’s <ul><li>Resolution of OCI’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoidance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitation on future contra...
OCI’s <ul><li>Exceptions to OCI’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and development work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly qu...
OCI <ul><li>TASC, formerly a unit of Northrop Grumman Corporation, is a premier,  non-conflicted  provider of advanced sys...
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Federal Procurement Updates June 2010

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Federal Procurement Updates June 2010

  1. 1. Federal Procurement Updates Presented by Frank Kenniasty VP of Contracts/General Counsel June 30, 2010
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Mandatory Disclosure Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes and Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Bid Protests </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Conflicts of Interest </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Rule took effect December 12, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Two sources of authority: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clause 52.203-13 to be inserted in all “covered” contracts and subcontracts pursuant to FAR 3.1004. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>> $5M and 120 days </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present responsibility provisions in FAR 9.406-2 and 9.407-2 pursuant to FAR 1.003. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Contractors not actually required to make disclosures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, must implement provisions to make disclosures if contractor does not want to forfeit rights to perform and receive government contracts. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must timely disclose when there is credible evidence of violation of Federal criminal law: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involving fraud, conflict of interest, bribery, or gratuity violations found in Title 18 U.S. Code or violation of Civil False Claims Act. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also requires disclosure when there is evidence of significant overpayments by government. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Rule applies to a violation in connection with the award, performance, or closeout of a government contract performed by the contractor or subcontractor. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to disclose remains a cause for suspension and/or debarment until three years after final payment on a contract (see 9.406-2(b)(1)(vi) and 9.407-2(a)(8)). </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Requirements of FAR 52.203-13 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written code of ethics and conduct made available to each employee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise due diligence to prevent and detect criminal conduct. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disclose in writing to agency OIG with a copy to contracting officer. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Other requirements not applicable to commercial items or small business contractors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring and auditing to detect criminal conduct. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Periodic assessment of risk of criminal conduct. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disciplinary action for improper conduct or failure to take steps to prevent and detect. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full cooperation with any Government agencies responsible for audits, investigations, or corrective actions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best Practices: Government contractors should implement these provisions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Issues to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timely disclosure not defined. Pros and cons of disclosing before investigation. On balance, probably should disclose early. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserving confidentiality and privilege. Tension with full cooperation requirement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal control systems, audit, detection, and investigation program. Most difficult requirement – what is sufficient? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Mandatory Disclosure Rule <ul><li>Initial Reports (DOD IG): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Mischarging – 41% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other – 16% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>False Claims – 12% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonconforming materials/parts – 10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Procurement Integrity – 8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Kickback – 7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theft of Government Property – 4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bribery – 2% </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Disputes <ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Libby Physical Med. Ctr. & Host Springs Health Spa v. U.S. Dep’t of Interior , CBCA No. 13-05, 09-1 BCA ¶ 34,080 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board held it had jurisdiction over concessions contract and was in scope of the CDA. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rejected DOI argument contract was outside scope of CDA because contract called for procurement of construction and maintenance of real property to which Gov’t had title. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Disputes <ul><li>Claims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BLR Group of Am. v. U.S ., 84 Fed. Cl. 634 (2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COFC held contractor’s written response to contracting agency requesting correction of inaccuracies in a contractor’s CPAR was a claim under the CDA. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Constructors, LLC v. U.S ., Case No. 08-cv-757C, 2009 WL 875358 (Fed. Cl. Mar.. 27 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Previously undisclosed amount in reservation of claims was not a sum certain under the CDA. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contractor could not later claim as “other relief,” and COFC dismissed those claims. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Disputes <ul><li>Claims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Warehousing Co., K.S.C ., ASBCA No. 56888, 09-1 BCA ¶ 265. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When appellant submitted claim in April 2009, CO replied within 60 days stating she would issue a decision by December 3, 2009. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ASBCA found this was not a “deemed denial” because of size and complexity of claim. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DynCorp Int’l , ASBCA No. 56078 (ASBCA Oct. 2009). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board ruled a claim for mistake in bid accrued when contractor became aware of the mistake, even though this was several months after contract award. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board rejected argument contractor should have known. Also found claim was subject to “continuing claim doctrine” under option year contracts which are distinct events and evaluated separately. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Disputes <ul><li>Other Contract Disputes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saleh v. Titan Corp ., 580 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2009). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Court granted summary judgment in favor of one contractor regarding tort claim pertaining to Abu Ghraib prison, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Held state tort claims were preempted because contractor’s acts were under direct command and exclusive control of the U.S. military. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other contractor summary judgment motion was denied because contractor had dual reporting chain to both military and corporate officers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On appeal, D.C. Circuit agreed, but found exclusive control was not required – only where contractor is integrated into combatant activity and military retains command authority over contractors. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Disputes <ul><li>Other Contract Disputes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. v. Hoffman , 556 F3d. 871 (8 th Cir. 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affirmed conviction of defendant vice president who supplied aerial photography services to government. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gave golf clubs to Government official with the intent to influence favorable rating, even though there was 13 months between gift and alleged request. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lesson learned: gratuities can create big problems, even if distant in time. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Disputes <ul><li>Other Contract Disputes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boeing v. U.S. Department of the Air Force , 616 F. Supp. 2d 40 (D.D.C. 2009). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plaintiff contractor filed suit to enjoin Air Force from disclosing unit pricing information pursuant to FOIA request. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Court held pricing information would not cause competitive harm because labor rates fluctuated annually in non-linear fashion – competitor could not predict future labor rates. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, P.L. 111-5, 123 Stat. 115 (Feb. 17, 2009) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$60B for federal contracts and $300B for federal assistance to state and local governments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive reporting requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy American provision for construction, repair, and maintenance of public buildings or public works. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>Omnibus Appropriations Act, P.L. 111-8, 123 Stat. 524 (March 11, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits use of an appropriated funds for contracts or grants in excess of $5M unless contractor or grantee certifies it has the following: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Filed all federal tax returns during last three years, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has not been convicted of a criminal offense under IRS code, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has not been notified of any unpaid federal tax in last 90 days. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act, P.L. 111-21, 123 Stat. 1617 (May 20, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No present requirement under False Claims Act – now only requires a demand for payment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A false record or statement is now included as “material to an obligation to pay or transmit money or property to the Government.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More risk to government contractors. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>National Defense Authorization Act, P.L. 111-84. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SETA contractors now required to enter into NDA’s with owners of data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOD now has subpoena authority in performance of its functions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A-76 suspended until DOD performs review of policy for public-private competitions. Also, authorizes filing of bid protests by agency tender officials. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Statutes and Regulations <ul><li>FAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subpart 12.5: lists requirements which are not required for COTS items. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subpart 42.1502: Contractor past performance information must be prepared and submitted to the Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS) ( www.ppirs.gov ) for all contracts exceeding $550,000. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Award fee rollovers no longer allowed. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Bid Protests *Based on protestor obtaining some form of relief from the agency as reported by GAO. 23% 29% 27% 21% 18% Sustain Rate 37% 39% 38% 42% 45% Effectiveness Rate* 71 72 91 60 57 Sustains 306 251 335 291 315 Decisions on the Merit 1341 1275 1411 1582 1989 Cases Filed FY2005 FY2006 FY2007 FY2008 FY2009
  22. 22. Bid Protests <ul><li>Report to Congress on Bid Protests Involving Defense Procurements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>H.R. Rep. No. 110-652, at 394-95, May 16, 2008). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewed protest last five years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Findings: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number increased, but percentage closed within 30 days remained same (59.2%). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remaining closed within 100 days. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Process significantly reduces potential disruption. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Bid Protests <ul><li>Failure to follow Evaluation Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common problem according to Michael Gordon, GAO Managing Associate General Counsel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ashbury Int’l Group, Inc ., B-401123, June 1, 2009 ¶ 140. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solicitation stated agency would conduct testing on submitted products, but agency failed to test awardee’s product. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Bid Protests <ul><li>Unequal Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atna Support and Training Servs., LLC , B-400947.2, May 15, 2009, 2009 CPD ¶ 119. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protest sustained where agency evaluated awardee and protestor unequally. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Credited awardee with experience of subcontractor, but not protestor. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agency viewed both firms’ subcontractors as having relevant experience. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Bid Protests <ul><li>Unsupported Evaluation and Selection Criteria. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T-C Transcription, Inc., B-401470, Sept. 16, 2009, 2009 CPD ¶ 172. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of protestor’s proposal for transcription services at multiple locations was inconsistent regarding the most important technical factor. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agency relied on overall adjectival rating which failed to capture differences between relative ratings or reasonably explain conclusions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tradeoff included only the two awardees and did not consider protestor even though protestor’s proposal at certain locations was higher. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Bid Protests <ul><li>Meaningful Cost Evaluations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ACCESS Sys. Inc. B-400623.3, Mar. 4, 2009, 2009 CPD ¶ 154. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protest sustained where record did not explain selection of higher-priced quotation and superior capabilities of awardee. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Net Fed. Servs., LLC, B-401652.2, B-401652.5, Nov. 4, 2009, 2009 CPD ¶ 220. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Price realism evaluation was flawed where proposed staffing did not consider agency technical requirements or risk. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Bid Protests <ul><li>Organizational Conflict of Interests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L-3 Servs., Inc ., B-400134.11; B-400134.12, Sep. 3, 2009, 2009 CPD ¶ 171. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agency unreasonably determined awardee did not have a “biased ground rule” OCI. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Record showed awardee’s subcontractor provided procurement development services that could affect subsequent competition. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation plan was not furnished to agency until after the conclusion of the performance of work covered by the plans. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Bid Protests <ul><li>Tyler Construction Group, Inc. v. U.S ., 570 F.3d 1329 (Fed. Cir. June 25, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Circuit affirmed Court of Federal Claims ruling that agency had reasonable basis for using IDIQ task order contracting for housing construction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No statute or regulation precluded such use. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom line: difficult to challenge agency’s method of contracting. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Bid Protests <ul><li>Digital Technologies, Inc., v. U.S., No. 08-604C (Fed. Cl. Dec. 9, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court did not have jurisdiction to hear a bid protest challenging task order award due to restrictions under FASA , 41 U.S.C. § 253j(d). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tasks order >$10M can be protested at GAO. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plaintiff could pursue breach of contract claim for alleged violation of “Fair Opportunity” clause in IDIQ contract. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courts want to see competition and fair opportunity. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Bid Protests <ul><li>Software Engineering Services Corp. v. U.S ., 85 Fed. Cl. 547 (Feb. 5, 2009). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plaintiff filed post award protest regarding six IDIQ contracts supporting USSTRATCOM. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Court held protest was mere disagreement in Air Force’s technical evaluation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plaintiff could not rely solely on its incumbent status of performing prior contract – must explain capabilities in detail. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Organizational Conflict of Interest (OCI) <ul><li>New rules promulgated April 22, 2010. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide uniform guidance and “tighten existing requirements.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now under new subpart 203.12 dealing with improper business practices and personal conflicts of interest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expands coverage to unique issues associated with task orders and delivery orders under IDIQ contracts. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. OCI’s <ul><li>New coverage includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entire contractor organization is included to protect against OCI’s, including firms and affiliates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firewalls as technique to mitigate OCI’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies to acquisition under FAR Part 12, commercial items. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. OCI’s <ul><li>Identification of OCI’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contracting officers should obtain assistance from program office, technical specialists, and legal counsel to identify potential conflicts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications regarding OCI’s do not constitute discussions under source selection rules. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. OCI’s <ul><li>Resolution of OCI’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoidance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitation on future contracting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation (preferred is possible). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waivers cannot be used in a competitive source selection unless solicitation explicitly reserves the right to waiver. </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. OCI’s <ul><li>Exceptions to OCI’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and development work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly qualified contractor with domain experience and expertise, and OCI can be adequately resolved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SETA contractors not excepted. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New rule does not have certification requirement. </li></ul>
  36. 36. OCI <ul><li>TASC, formerly a unit of Northrop Grumman Corporation, is a premier, non-conflicted provider of advanced system engineering, integration and decision-support services across the intelligence community, Department of Defense and civilian agencies of the federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>Lockheed recently divested two business units </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Integration Group and Pacific Architects and Engineers. </li></ul></ul>

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