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Natural Disasters
(With The Working Of Forensics)
Overview
This will cover the basics of natural disasters that may have occurred around the
world and how it has affected archaeology as a whole in the past 5 years. And
how things could be adapted or changed due to those many events that occured.
Illustrations #1
2,500 × 2,373
Why Forensic Arcaheology?
I thought of this mainly since this was a very out of the box topic to go ahead
and talk about as its a topic that is not really that talked about as there have
been so much talk about the different bad things that may happen in the world,
but never too much about the insides of it.
What is a Natural Disaster?
A natural disaster is nothing more than catastrophic destruction produced by
natural forces. It is an unforeseeable event that will have an impact on the
environment and the species that live in it. Disasters are classified into tiers
based on the intensity of their effects.
What is Forensic Archaeology?
Forensic archeology is the use of archeological concepts and procedures to
identify and recover evidence for use in criminal justice systems or civil cases.
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Forensic Archaeology – Mass Disasters.pptx

  • 1. Natural Disasters (With The Working Of Forensics)
  • 2. Overview This will cover the basics of natural disasters that may have occurred around the world and how it has affected archaeology as a whole in the past 5 years. And how things could be adapted or changed due to those many events that occured.
  • 4. Why Forensic Arcaheology? I thought of this mainly since this was a very out of the box topic to go ahead and talk about as its a topic that is not really that talked about as there have been so much talk about the different bad things that may happen in the world, but never too much about the insides of it.
  • 5. What is a Natural Disaster? A natural disaster is nothing more than catastrophic destruction produced by natural forces. It is an unforeseeable event that will have an impact on the environment and the species that live in it. Disasters are classified into tiers based on the intensity of their effects.
  • 6. What is Forensic Archaeology? Forensic archeology is the use of archeological concepts and procedures to identify and recover evidence for use in criminal justice systems or civil cases.
  • 8. Forensic Analysis Forensic archaeology teaches the principles, practices, and protocols for documenting and analyzing this type of evidence at outdoor and other complex crime scenes, such as large-scale scene searches, surface-scattered remains, buried body features, fatal fires, and mass disaster scenes.
  • 9. Forensic Analysis on Disasters, Part 1 Forensic anthropological knowledge has been used in disaster victim identification (DVI) for over a century, but over the past decades, there have been a number of disaster events which have seen an increasing role for the forensic anthropologist. The experiences gained from some of the latest DVI operations have provided valuable lessons that have had an effect on the role and perceived value of the forensic anthropologist as part of the team managing the DVI process.
  • 10. What is a DVI? The techniques and procedures for recovering and identifying deceased people and human remains in multiple fatality occurrences are known as disaster victim identification (DVI). Where fatalities may occur as a result of an emergency or severe incident and will be analyzed. 1,200 × 630
  • 11. Forensic Analysis on Disasters, Part 2 Man different studies will present an overview of the ways in which forensic anthropologists might contribute to DVI, with a focus on how contemporary forensic anthropological experiences and innovations have augmented these contributions. As a result, this study examines the importance of forensic anthropological expertise at the disaster scene and at the morgue, as well as how forensic anthropologists might use imaging in DVI efforts.
  • 12. Analyzing A Human Skeleton Like reading a novel, a forensic anthropologist is able to interpret the evidence found in a skeleton. Skeletons from any era, ancient or modern, can be identified using the methods they employ to respond to inquiries in criminal cases. The growth and development phases of the teeth and bones reveal if the remains belong to an adult or a youngster. The strongest indicator of a person's sex is the form of their pelvic bones. A disease or trauma might be indicated by abnormal changes in the size, density, and form of bones. The cause of death can be determined by examining bones that have perimortem trauma, such as cuts, gunshot holes, or unhealed fractures. Skeletal traces of ancestry can also be recognized by a skilled anthropologist. 612 × 433
  • 13. The Bone Collectors The acquired information is examined and compiled to derive conclusions regarding the departed person. In a contemporary instance, pictures of the skull may be placed on pictures of individuals who have vanished to look For many investigations, comparing the discovered remains to other human skeletons is crucial. With more than 30,000 sets of human remains from communities from all over the world, the National Museum of Natural History is home to one of the biggest collections of biological anthropology in the world. Age, sex, ancestry, and cause of death information are linked to a large number of the bones. References from individual remains that provide known biological information are particularly important. These skeletons have been used by forensic anthropologists to create guidelines for identifying the gender, age, and ancestry of unidentified remains.
  • 14. Forensic Analysis on Disasters, Part 3 Today, a rising number of disaster recovery and identification specialists are devoting their expertise, talents, and research abilities to all elements of catastrophe victim recovery and identification, personal effects management, and family aid. Because of the tremendous trauma, fire, and other modifying forces connected with these types of occurrences, victims of mass disasters are frequently difficult to identify. Human remains may be in advanced stages of decomposition by the time responders get at the scene, depending on the magnitude of the disaster.
  • 15. Forensic Archaeology on Disasters, Part 4 - Mount Vesuvius Part 1. Bali Info On The Right Officials at the Herculaneum archeological site claimed on Thursday that Mount Vesuvius' explosion transformed the glassy remains of an incinerated victim's brain, marking the first time experts have confirmed the phenomena from a volcanic blast. Human brain tissue is seldom found by archaeologists, and when it is, it is often smooth and soapy in substance, according to a New England Journal of Medicine article describing the find. The people of Pompeii and nearby Herculaneum perished instantaneously in the year 79 when Vesuvius erupted, covering a 20-kilometer (12-mile) radius in ash in a matter of hours. In November 2017, the world’s eyes were focused on the tourist island of Bali, Indonesia, as Agung erupted for the first time since 1963 [Gertisser et al., 2018] (Figure 1). Locals refer to Gunung Agung, the Bahasa Indonesian term for “great mountain,” as Bali’s “great volcano.” This latest Balinese eruption and the ensuing ashfall required some 150,000 people to evacuate the area and caused airline flight disruptions and widespread anxiety. However, this latest eruption was tame compared to the climactic 1963 crisis, in which fast-flowing, glowing hot debris avalanches killed at least 1,100 people. Sulfur-rich gas emitted to the stratosphere during the 1963 event also caused global temperatures to dip by 0.1°C to 0.4°C [Self and Rampino, 2012]. Now that Agung has shown signs of reawakening, it is imperative that scientists understand its inner workings (Figure 1). Our international research team has taken on this challenge. We collected evidence from chemical analysis of volcanic crystals, which now enables us to reconstruct the magma storage network beneath Agung [Geiger et al., 2018]. We found magma storage areas at both mantle (~20 kilometers (km)) and shallow crustal (~5 km) depths beneath Agung. This type of multilevel plumbing system may be typical of Indonesian volcanoes and could cause magma in shallow reservoirs to become enriched in silica and volatile compounds containing sulfur or hydrogen, thus promoting the frequent explosive eruptions observed in the region.
  • 17. Reconstructing the Past, Part 1 Findings from the Smithsonian's biological anthropologists studying historic human remains are transforming our understanding of the past and how we conduct research on it. A clearer picture of how individuals lived and died in colonial America has been made possible by the efforts of Dr. Owsley and Kari Bruwelheide.
  • 18. Forensic Archaeology on Disasters, Part 5 - Mount Vesuvius Part 2. + Pompeii Info on the Right In the 1960s, the bones of a guy who was laying on a wooden bed were found at Herculaneum, which is nearer Vesuvius than Pompeii. It is thought that he was the keeper of the Collegium Augustalium, a house of worship. According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, a team led by forensic anthropologist Pier Paolo Petrone of Federico II University in Naples concluded that the victim's brain matter had been vitrified, a process in which tissue is burned at a high temperature and turned into glass. The pieces appeared as broken pieces of glossy black substance scattered inside pieces of the victim's skull. The instant Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 C.E., the majority of the Roman residents of Herculaneum were doomed. A cloud of heated volcanic ash engulfed the town and neighboring Pompeii in a matter of hours after sweeping down the flank of the well-known Italian volcano and racing over the countryside. Numerous deaths occurred. The graphic details of what transpired to their bodies when the scorching ash landed are revealed in two recent investigations. The bones of nearly 300 persons killed by the volcano were discovered during Herculaneum excavations in the 1980s and 1990s, primarily in a dozen stone shelters adjacent to the town's seashore where boats were kept.
  • 19. What Holds for the Future? Recent studies have concentrated on improving computer and associated technology utilization as well as specific attempts to elucidate the distinction between soft and hard tissues. While art and science continue to coexist in facial approximation, new developments have reinforced the scientific basis.
  • 20. Forensic Archaeology on Disasters, Part 6 - Mount Vesuvius Part 3. The greatest temperature found by analyzing the neighboring burnt wood is 520 C (968 F). According to the study, "this suggests that intense radiant heat was able to ignite body fat and vaporize soft tissue." According to the report, the resultant hardened spongy mass discovered in the victim's chest bones is likewise distinct from that of other archeological sites and can be likened to the victims of more recent historical occurrences such as the World War II firebombing of Dresden and Hamburg. The intense heat burst was followed by a sharp drop in temperature, the scientists claimed, which vitrified the brain material.
  • 21. Reconstructing the Past, Part 2. For instance, the wife of the governor of St. Mary's City, the first English colony in Maryland, was a rich woman who received inadequate treatment for a thigh bone fracture. At the time, there were no possibilities for the kinds of therapies that are employed today, such as screws and traction. It's possible that the therapies that were available—such as medications containing arsenic—made things worse. This woman's preserved hair revealed through chemical tests that she had consumed this poison.
  • 22. Summary Many of the slides have basically covered disasters that has happened around the world in a bigger coverage while still explaining the insides that may happen before or after one as well. This shows how things could be even prevented and how some more insight could be caused on how to even possibly change a natural disaster while seeing the insides of one to never happen again. Sources: https://disasterphilanthropy.org/disasters/ https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/billions/ https://www.azolifesciences.com/article/Forensic-Identification-in-Mass-Disasters.aspx https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8746669/ https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/nij/199758.pdf https://naturalhistory.si.edu/education/teaching-resources/social-studies/forensic-anthropology https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374934/ https://www.science.org/content/article/studies-reveal-gruesome-last-moments-pompeii-volcano-s-victims https://eos.org/science-updates/forensic-probe-of-balis-great-volcano