Many Nazi leaders disapproved of Rohm’s and other SA leaders’ homosexuality
Many Germans disliked SA’s thuggish behavior</li></li></ul><li>June 30, 1934: Hitler and SS arrested Rohm and SA leaders. 200-1000 SA leaders executed. <br /><ul><li>Secured loyalty of German Army for Hitler.
SS given independent status; no longer part of the SA.
SS Leader Heinrich Himmler now answered to Hitler and no one else.
SA brownshirts absorbed into the regular army after Hitler re-introduced military conscription in 1935. </li></li></ul><li>“If anyone reproaches me and asks why I did not resort to the regular courts of justice, then all I can say is this: In this hour I was responsible for the fate of the German people, and thereby I became the supreme judge of the German people. … Everyone must know for all future time that if he raises his hand to strike the State, then certain death is his lot.”<br /><ul><li> Adolf Hitler, speech to Reichstag July 13, 1934
Proclaimed himself to be supreme judge of the German people making his word the law
Instilled a permanent sense of fear in the German people</li></li></ul><li>Hitler Becomes Führer<br />August 2, 1934: Hindenburg dies; Hitler combines Presidency and Chancellorship; assumes title of Führer.<br />August 19, 1934: A direct vote approved the combination of the two offices. 95% of registered voters went to the polls and gave Hitler 90% approval.<br />
August 20, 1934: All public employees – military, civil service, police, teachers, and judiciary – had to take a loyalty oath not to the constitution or Germany, but to Hitler.<br />
Myth or Fact: Adolf Hitler was elected to power.<br />Myth or Fact: Adolf Hitler was elected to power.<br />Hitler never received more than 37% of the popular vote in the honest elections that occurred before he became Chancellor. He would never have risen to power had the German Republic been truly democratic.<br />Myth or Fact:Hitler’s rise to power was inevitable.<br />Myth or Fact:Hitler’s rise to power was inevitable.<br />Hitler’s rise to power was not inevitable. It was due to:<br />Fatal flaws in the Weimar Republic constitution.<br />German leaders who had a weak devotion to democracy, came in actively plotting to overthrow it.<br />Events of the Great Depression.<br />A half-senile President Hindenburg.<br />Incompetent competition.<br />
Works Cited<br />Bergen, Doris L. War and Genocide, A Concise History of the Holocaust. New York: Barnes and Noble, 2007.<br />Bullock, Alan. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York: HarperCollins, 1962.<br />The History Place.http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/index.htm.<br />St. Martin’s College.http://www.history-ontheweb.co.uk/topic/topic_weimar.htm.<br />Shirer, William. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960.<br />The Shoah Education Project.http://www.shoaheducation.com/weimar.html.<br />Suite 101.com.http://weuropeanhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_weimar_republic.<br />The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. www.ushmm.org.<br />The Walter Benjamin Research Syndicate: New College of California. http://www.wbenjamin.org/weimar.html.<br />Western New England College.http://mars.wnec.edu/~grempel/courses/germany/lectures/23weimar_collapse.html.<br />YadVashem. www.yadvashem.org.<br />