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Cours M2 - Nancy / partie 1

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Cours M2 - Nancy / partie 1

  1. 1. Révolution industrielle en géodynamique
  2. 2. Modélisation de la Dynamique du Manteau terrestre
  3. 3. Workshop intergalactique de Nancy 2010 – 9.11.2010 - Philosophie du manteau profond
  4. 4. Workshop intergalactique de Nancy 2010 – 9.11.2010 - Philosophie du manteau profond Quelle est la structure du manteau terrestre, comment fonctionne-t-il ? Les scientifiques les plus inventifs proposeront leurs modèles et les soumettront à la vindicte populaire
  5. 5. Une frontière infranchissable Allègre et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 3555-3557 (1996)
  6. 6. Des grumeaux Davies, J. Geophys. Res. 89, 6017–6040 (1984)
  7. 7. Une « lava-lamp » Kellogg et al., Science 283, 1881 - 1884 (1999)
  8. 8. Une poubelle Christensen & Hofmann, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 19867(1994)
  9. 9. Une cafetière Bercovici et Karato, Nature 425, 39-44 (2003)
  10. 10. Le manteau névrosé Boyet et Carlson, Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 250, 254-268 (2006)
  11. 11. Le coffre fort Labrosse et al., Nature 450, 866-868 (2007)
  12. 12. Votons !!
  13. 13. Forces et faiblesses
  14. 14. Difficultés du chantier
  15. 15. Alors comment réaliser un modèle ?
  16. 16. Un modèle n’est pas un test d’hypothèse Il doit permettre de réaliser des prédictions indépendantes des observations qui ont servi à le construire…
  17. 17. Outil de prédiction #1
  18. 18. modèle de boîte • Conserver les espèces chimiques • Relier les flux entre réservoirs à leurs compositions moyennes
  19. 19. Problème : pas de physique
  20. 20. Outil de prédiction #2
  21. 21. modèle géodynamique Nakagawa & Tackley, 2004 Résoudre des équations de conservation contenant explicitement les termes de transports locaux
  22. 22. Problème #1 : modéliser la physique du fractionnement 30% des éléments incompatibles(producteurs de chaleur) sont dans la croûte continentale
  23. 23. Problème #2 : la diffusion La diffusion chimique dans les solides est extrêmement faible
  24. 24. Problème #3 : numérique… • Méthode 1 : résoudre l’équation de transport d’un champ chimique • Méthode 2 : advecter des traceurs
  25. 25. Comment construire de meilleurs outils ?
  26. 26. • Intégrer de la physique dans les modèles de boîtes • Intégrer les processus microscopiques dans les modèles de convection

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