Making the Case By Natalie Espiritu
What is a case? <ul><li>A case is a way to organize your persuasion. </li></ul><ul><li>A case is necessary when an advocat...
Organize your persuasion… <ul><li>to suit the needs of your audience </li></ul><ul><li>with the level of detail required f...
The Pro Side  <ul><li>The side advocating for the acceptance of the claim (the affirmative side/pro side) has three case a...
Problem/Solution <ul><li>Problem/Solution suggests that there is a problem existing with the status quo. </li></ul><ul><li...
Two Types of Problem/Solution <ul><li>Systems Analysis-states that a system is not functioning properly and needs to be fi...
Advantages <ul><li>Another type of case alternative the affirmative side can choose is called Advantages. </li></ul><ul><l...
Residues <ul><li>The last type of case alternative that the affirmative side can choose is called Residues. </li></ul><ul>...
The Con Side <ul><li>The side rejecting acceptance of the claim (the negative/con side) also has three case alternatives t...
Straight Refutation <ul><li>Straight refutation is when the con side  argues for keeping the status quo. This can be done ...
Defense of the Status Quo <ul><li>It is this case alternative where the negative side argues that the status quo is genera...
Counterproposal <ul><li>In this case alternative, the con side admits that the status quo has an issue and that the goals ...
The End
Bibliography Communicating Critical Thinking . Valley Glen: Sterk, Marteney, 2008. Pri
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Description of the different types of cases in argumentation/persuasion.

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  1. 1. Making the Case By Natalie Espiritu
  2. 2. What is a case? <ul><li>A case is a way to organize your persuasion. </li></ul><ul><li>A case is necessary when an advocate has more than one reason to present his/her position. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Organize your persuasion… <ul><li>to suit the needs of your audience </li></ul><ul><li>with the level of detail required for your specific audience </li></ul><ul><li>from the perspective of your audience </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Pro Side <ul><li>The side advocating for the acceptance of the claim (the affirmative side/pro side) has three case alternatives to select from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem/Solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residues </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Problem/Solution <ul><li>Problem/Solution suggests that there is a problem existing with the status quo. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem/Solution is the most traditional case approach utilized by the affirmative side </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of Problem/Solution case approaches. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Two Types of Problem/Solution <ul><li>Systems Analysis-states that a system is not functioning properly and needs to be fixed </li></ul><ul><li>Goals/Criteria-suggests that the target audience goal is not being met and cannot be met under the status quo </li></ul>
  7. 7. Advantages <ul><li>Another type of case alternative the affirmative side can choose is called Advantages. </li></ul><ul><li>The advantage type of case states that there is nothing wrong with the status quo, but that there is something better that exists. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Residues <ul><li>The last type of case alternative that the affirmative side can choose is called Residues. </li></ul><ul><li>Residues state that though there may be other choices in altering the status quo, all but one choice is unacceptable. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Con Side <ul><li>The side rejecting acceptance of the claim (the negative/con side) also has three case alternatives to choose from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Straight Refutation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense of the Status Quo with minor repairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counterproposal </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Straight Refutation <ul><li>Straight refutation is when the con side argues for keeping the status quo. This can be done three ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refuting the problem or situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denying all the advantages from a change if status quo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arguing the alternatives presented in the residues </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Defense of the Status Quo <ul><li>It is this case alternative where the negative side argues that the status quo is generally doing an effective job. </li></ul><ul><li>If the con side admits there is an issue with the status quo, it is only minor and requires minimal amount of change. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Counterproposal <ul><li>In this case alternative, the con side admits that the status quo has an issue and that the goals of the pro side is are valid, but that the pro side’s method of achieving the goal is unacceptable. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus becomes which alternative will achieve target audience approval </li></ul>
  13. 13. The End
  14. 14. Bibliography Communicating Critical Thinking . Valley Glen: Sterk, Marteney, 2008. Pri

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