Claims

576 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
576
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Claims

  1. 1. Chapter 9: Understanding Claims By Adriana Cuevas
  2. 2. What is a Claim? <ul><li>A claim is always a STATEMENT. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Any single statement of controversy advanced for the purpose of argument.” (p.136) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Seven Characteristics of a Claim <ul><li>Should be phrased as statements, not questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be phrased equally for both sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be phrased as specific as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Claims must be phrased against the status quo. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Seven Characteristics of a Claim Cont. <ul><li>The burdens should be clear to both sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides should debate the same claim. </li></ul><ul><li>Should promote a pro/con argumentative environment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. There are three types of claims: <ul><li>Fact: Something that is, was or will be. </li></ul><ul><li>Value: If something is good or bad. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: If something should or should not be. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Purpose of a Claim: <ul><li>The foundation of an argument. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus of the argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the starting and ending points </li></ul><ul><li>Has two sides: pro and con </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides have the responsibilities known as burdens. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Burdens: <ul><li>Burden of Proof: Reasons why the status quo must be replaced by the claim being advocated. </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of Presumption: The defense of the status quo, why it should remain intact. </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of Rebuttal: The obligation to respond to the argument. </li></ul><ul><li>failure to respond indicates compliance. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Argumentative Burdens <ul><li>Negative Side </li></ul><ul><li>● Burden of Presumption: Why things should stay the way they are. </li></ul><ul><li>● Burden of Rebuttal: Obligation to respond to the argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative Side </li></ul><ul><li>● Burden of Proof: Why status quo should be changed. </li></ul><ul><li>● Burden of Rebuttal: Obligation to respond to the argument. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Debate Environments <ul><li>Scholarly: Emphasizes factual claims. Is meant to discover what is, how and why it is. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious: Which religion is best. </li></ul><ul><li>Political: Calls for specific action to be taken to deal with problems in the status quo. </li></ul><ul><li>Business: What can be done to better the overall well being of the business. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Debate Environments Cont. <ul><li>Legal Debate: Whether something is legal or illegal and whether someone is guilty or innocent. </li></ul><ul><li>Educational: Occur in high schools and colleges. Can be centered around debates of claims of value and/or policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Social: The least unstructured, deals with personal values. </li></ul>

×