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Why should it be a concern? Pratiwi Wini Artati – EDCT 501 Media and Young People Ohio University
Overt  VS  Subtle and Benevolent Whillock (1995) It is seldom “overt and blatant but rather takes the modern form of new o...
Why has America become the most traffic place for Racial Cyberhate? <ul><li>Freedom of Speech – First Amendment </li></ul>...
Cyber behavior  Strategies to oppose racial cyberhate targeting young people.   Framework
Prominent players for Racial Cyberhates <ul><li>Extremist Seeking Credibility (ESC) </li></ul><ul><li>Holocaust Deniers </...
Statistics of Hate Groups Nationwide (USA) Source: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/graphic/2008/03/07/GR20080...
1995    one hate site on the web  ( www.stormfront.com ) 2005    over 524 hate sites and counting, not to mention chatro...
Internet & WWW as transformer and a new generator <ul><li>The secure feeling and power given by anonymity,  </li></ul><ul>...
INTERNET = A NEW KINGDOM <ul><li>Communication    deconstructing hate message and recreating rhetoric </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Racial Cyberhate Alerts – Cloaked websites <ul><li>reformulating the rhetoric of hate speech into bigotry masked with misg...
Cloaked Websites <ul><li>the art of disguise, masking, and coded for of transferring message in such a way where it will b...
Martin Luther King Jr  (www.martinlutherking.org) <ul><li>Common keyword: martin luther king </li></ul><ul><li>Through Goo...
The Insurgent  (www.resist.com) <ul><li>Common keyword: war </li></ul><ul><li>Through Google, this site appears as number ...
Lesson Learned  Suggested strategies opposing racial cyberhate   <ul><li>legal support by simply approaching those who wou...
Racial Cyberhates’ attention getter to youth games puzzles cartoons jokes music homework help, support assistance support ...
Racial Cyberhate on Music “white power rock” – extremely violent lyrics to vilify other races Song = a rallying cry for vi...
Lyrics sample – Third Reich  by Rahowa You kill all the niggers, you gas all the Jews Kill a gypsy and a commie too You ju...
Racial Cyberhate on Games Border Patrol    first created in 2002   Popular in 2006   Links to many racist sites Aryan 3 S...
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Wini's Presentation on Racial Cyberhates Targeting Young People

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Wini's Presentation on Racial Cyberhates Targeting Young People

  1. 1. Why should it be a concern? Pratiwi Wini Artati – EDCT 501 Media and Young People Ohio University
  2. 2. Overt VS Subtle and Benevolent Whillock (1995) It is seldom “overt and blatant but rather takes the modern form of new or symbolic racism and is typically enacted in the many forms of subtle and indirect discrimination (in action and discourse).
  3. 3. Why has America become the most traffic place for Racial Cyberhate? <ul><li>Freedom of Speech – First Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>lawmakers may not pass any legislation that unnecessarily limits freedom of speech” (Cortese, 2006, p. 15) </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunication Act of 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>many companies that provide internet service in the United States have little incentive to regulate the speech of their users because the Telecommunications Act of 1996 specifically states that internet service providers cannot be held criminally liable for the speech of subscribers” ( http://www.partnersagainsthate.org/ ) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cyber behavior Strategies to oppose racial cyberhate targeting young people. Framework
  5. 5. Prominent players for Racial Cyberhates <ul><li>Extremist Seeking Credibility (ESC) </li></ul><ul><li>Holocaust Deniers </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan (KKK) Members </li></ul><ul><li>Neo-Nazi </li></ul><ul><li>Racist Skinheads </li></ul><ul><li>World Church of the Creators (WCOTC) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Statistics of Hate Groups Nationwide (USA) Source: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/graphic/2008/03/07/GR2008030702914.html
  7. 7. 1995  one hate site on the web ( www.stormfront.com ) 2005  over 524 hate sites and counting, not to mention chatrooms, bulletin boards, blogs, and personal pages (e.g.myspace), there are over 2500 portals of hate. 2006  844 hate groups identified (Southern Poverty Law Center) http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/hate.jsp
  8. 8. Internet & WWW as transformer and a new generator <ul><li>The secure feeling and power given by anonymity, </li></ul><ul><li>Free means of information exchange, </li></ul><ul><li>Global effect where no one is foreign and no one is domestic, </li></ul><ul><li>Provide support base for encouragement without having to join any physical group. </li></ul><ul><li>Easily allow hate groups to recruit, network, and plan events effortlessly than before, </li></ul><ul><li>More people around the world to join hate groups instantly and faster, </li></ul><ul><li>Hate creators design a meaningful web page with minimum cost and bring it easily to the viewers </li></ul>
  9. 9. INTERNET = A NEW KINGDOM <ul><li>Communication  deconstructing hate message and recreating rhetoric </li></ul><ul><li>Control  efficacy, flexibility, and accessibility with massive range </li></ul><ul><li>Command  empowered their users’ mind and thoughts by developing misguided sense of self worth and belonging. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Racial Cyberhate Alerts – Cloaked websites <ul><li>reformulating the rhetoric of hate speech into bigotry masked with misguided educational scholarly content such as politics, race and history </li></ul><ul><li>internet will always be the first place for young people nowadays to look or do research for any information needed in this digital society </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cloaked Websites <ul><li>the art of disguise, masking, and coded for of transferring message in such a way where it will be considered as somehow decent, common, normal, and acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Using scholarly and educational setting, such as political, race, multicultural issues, and history </li></ul><ul><li>Stumbling upon – cases </li></ul><ul><li>Using suffix .org or .com with common keyword in such a way where they become source of references recognized by regular search engine </li></ul>
  12. 12. Martin Luther King Jr (www.martinlutherking.org) <ul><li>Common keyword: martin luther king </li></ul><ul><li>Through Google, this site appears as number eight from the search list entitled Martin Luther King Jr – A True Historical Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo ranks this site in the first place with the same entitlement </li></ul><ul><li>created by a white supremacist named Don Black </li></ul><ul><li>The target of this site is expected to be young people, teenagers, adolescents, and students </li></ul><ul><li>professional – looking graphic design </li></ul><ul><li>Non-extremist sounding rhetoric </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Insurgent (www.resist.com) <ul><li>Common keyword: war </li></ul><ul><li>Through Google, this site appears as number ten from the search list entitled WAR – White Aryan Resistance </li></ul><ul><li>created by Tom Metzger, a former Ku Klux Klan leader </li></ul><ul><li>focuses more to the use of games as popular culture that happens to be more reachable for young people, especially boys </li></ul><ul><li>Providing violently racist games such as Bin Laden Liquors, Drive by 2, African Detroit Cop, Watch out behind You Hunter, Border Patrol and Kaboom </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lesson Learned Suggested strategies opposing racial cyberhate <ul><li>legal support by simply approaching those who would provide a platform for hate mongers and asking them to withdraw the platform such as phone companies, Internet Service Providers (ISPs). </li></ul><ul><li>encouragement from community of anti-hate speech in the form of monitoring group, agencies, and parents can also be used as one of the attempts to oppose racial cyberhate </li></ul><ul><li>parental supervision by using two ways: (1) simply keeping an eye on what children do and stopping them from doing anything that would harm themselves, including connecting through the internet to hate speech sites and (2) harnessing computer filtering and blocking programs, programs that would block access from home computers to hate sites such as Net Nanny, SurfWatch, Cyberpatrol and Cybersitter. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Racial Cyberhates’ attention getter to youth games puzzles cartoons jokes music homework help, support assistance support groups propaganda – memorabilia
  16. 16. Racial Cyberhate on Music “white power rock” – extremely violent lyrics to vilify other races Song = a rallying cry for violence Screwdriver Bully Boys White Pride World Wide Prussian Blue Nordic Thunder Blue Eyed Devils Rahowa Blood and Honour Angry Aryans Berserkr Extreme Hatred
  17. 17. Lyrics sample – Third Reich by Rahowa You kill all the niggers, you gas all the Jews Kill a gypsy and a commie too You just killed a kike, don’t it feel right? Goodness gracious, Third Reich
  18. 18. Racial Cyberhate on Games Border Patrol  first created in 2002 Popular in 2006 Links to many racist sites Aryan 3 SIEG HEIL Concentration Camp Rat Hunt Ghetto Blaster Jew Blaster Kill ‘Em All KZ (Concentration Camp Manager Moorhuhn – Nazi Duck Hunt NS Doom Racial Holy war Shoot the Blacks WP Doom ZOG’s Nightmare

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