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Local Government Collaboration Case Studies

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This presentation provides an overview of the work of the Local Government Institute, lessons learned from recent studies, factors for success in intergovernmental cooperation for service delivery and a review of some case studies.

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Local Government Collaboration Case Studies

  1. 1. Local Government Collaboration for Service Delivery Presented By: Gary W. Becker WAPA Conference June 13, 2013 B r i n g i n g L o c a l G o v e r n m e n t s T o g e t h e r t o S e r v e
  2. 2. Local Government Institute • Wisconsin Towns Association • Wisconsin Counties Association • League of Wisconsin Municipalities • Urban Alliance
  3. 3. Local Government Institute Purpose: Collaborate with others to find solutions for the efficient delivery and funding of local government services consistent with the needs of our citizens.
  4. 4. Why Collaboration? • Bottom-up approach to regional issues requires collaboration – alternative is top-down approach • Collaborative approach is generally more effective and lower cost than individual units each addressing an issue on their own. • Adopting a mindset of regional collaboration is linked to economic success and global competitiveness
  5. 5. Collaboration in Practice LGI Findings: • Collaboration is “in the genes” of local government – long history • Collaborations must be voluntary and organic – not mandated. One size does not fit all. • Focus on the way services are delivered, not the number of local government units.
  6. 6. Lessons Learned – General Collaboration • Collaboration can result in significant efficiencies over long-term, but not in short-term – not a quick fix • Not all services are suitable for collaboration. Factors include: – Association with community identity – Geography: Scope and Limitations – Operating & Capital Costs – Ratio of Line Staff to Customers – Mandates
  7. 7. Lessons Learned – General Collaboration Obstacles to collaboration include: • Turf • Competition for Revenue/Growth • Perceived Differences • Perceived Loss of Identity, Access, Reduced Control and Accountability, Threat to Employees
  8. 8. Lessons Learned – General Collaboration Many obstacles can be overcome, but it takes nearly all of the following: • Demonstrate improved service • Clear fiscal benefit • Shared perception of need • Community support • Trust • Collaborative Leadership
  9. 9. Legislative Authority Legislative authority for local government collaborative action in Wisconsin can be found in these statutes: • 66.0229 – Consolidation • 66.0301 - Intergovernmental Cooperation (including joint action agencies and regional service delivery organizations) • 66.0303 - Municipal Interstate Cooperation • 66.0305 – Political Subdivision Revenue Sharing • 66.0307 - Boundary Agreements (also addresses service delivery)
  10. 10. Legislative Authority • 66.0813 – Provision of Utility Service Outside of Municipality • 66.0823 – Joint Local Water Authorities • 66.1105 – Multi-jurisdictional TIF Districts • 33.21 – Public Inland Lake Protection Districts • 200 – Metropolitan Sewerage Districts • 91.86 – Agricultural Enterprise Areas • 92.12 – Soil & Water Conservation
  11. 11. Case Studies
  12. 12. Case Studies • Formal Collaboration Much More Prevalent in Urban Areas • Collaboration in Rural Areas Most Often at County Level
  13. 13. Case Studies DeForest/Windsor Cooperative Plan • 66.037 Cooperative Boundary Agreement • Years of Conflict – Primarily Over Development • Irregular Boundaries Created Problems – Community Identity, Planning, Service Delivery, and Budgeting • Also History of Working Together – Community/Senior Center, Joint Municipal Court, Fire/Police Protection – These Agreements Became Touchstones for Building Trust • Pro-development Forces Formed DAWN – To Bring Rationality to Development Process for Area
  14. 14. Case Studies • DAWN Pressured Both Jurisdictions to Come to a Resolution • 2004 Annexation Settlement Agreement Committed The Jurisdictions to Develop A Cooperative Boundary Agreement • Six Years to Reach Agreement on A Plan – Approved by DOA in Oct 2010 • In Addition to Boundaries & Land Use, Boundary Agreement Established a Joint Planning Mechanism, Common Police Protection Standards and Agreement on the Provision of Shared Services
  15. 15. Case Studies Benefits: • Greater political stability regarding land use decisions and new development • Increased private investment in area – greater tax revenue and increased funding for school • Expand intergovernmental agreements around key services • Greater protection of water quality through a coordinated approach to stormwater management
  16. 16. Case Studies Forums: Intergovernmental Cooperation • Brown County – Municipal Initiatives Committee • Racine County – Heads of Government Group (HOG) • Green Lake County • Western Wisconsin Intergovernmental Collaborative – 99 LUGs in St. Croix, Polk and Pierce Counties • Inter-county Coordinating Committee – Sauk, Columbia, Jefferson, Dodge, Green Lake & Marquette Counties • Good Neighbor Committee – Black Earth Creek Watershed Western Dane County
  17. 17. LGI Resources • www.localgovinstitute.org • Case Studies of Local Government Collaboration • Training for Local Elected Officials In WI • Roadmap for Government Transformation • Lean Government Conference • Regional Collaboration Initiative • Upcoming Events
  18. 18. Gary Becker Executive Director Local Government Institute Exec_dir@localgovinstitute.org www.localgovinstitute.org (608)831-1662

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