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Intergovernmental Cooperation for Service Delivery 
Bringing Local Governments Together to Serve 
League of Wisconsin Municipalities Conference 
October 15, 2014
Panelists 
•Henry Veleker, Administrator, City of Waupaca 
•David Varana, Corvus Insights 
•Matt Dregne, Stafford Rosenbaum 
•You…..
Program 
1.Introduction to Cooperative Service Delivery (Gary Becker) 
2.Leadership (Henry Veleker) 
3.Analysis (David Varana) 
4.Negotiating an Agreement (Matt Dregne) 
5.Implementation (panelists and audience)
Local Government Institute 
•Wisconsin Towns Association 
•Wisconsin Counties Association 
•League of Wisconsin Municipalities 
•Urban Alliance
Local Government Institute 
Purpose: 
Collaborate with others to find solutions for the efficient delivery and funding of local government services consistent with the needs of our citizens.
Why Cooperate? 
•Service delivery can be more effective and lower cost than individual units providing the same service. 
•Bottom-up approach to regional issues requires cooperation – alternative is top-down approach. 
•Adopting a mindset of regional collaboration is linked to economic success and global competitiveness.
Legislative Authority 
Legislative authority for local cooperative action in Wisconsin can be found in these statutes: 
•66.0229 – Consolidation 
•66.0301 - Intergovernmental Cooperation (including joint action agencies and regional service delivery organizations) 
•66.0303 - Municipal Interstate Cooperation 
•66.0305 – Political Subdivision Revenue Sharing 
•66.0307 - Boundary Agreements (also addresses service delivery)
Legislative Authority 
•66.0813 – Provision of Utility Service Outside of Municipality 
•66.0823 – Joint Local Water Authorities 
•66.1105 – Multi-jurisdictional TIF Districts 
•33.21 – Public Inland Lake Protection Districts 
•200 – Metropolitan Sewerage Districts 
•91.86 – Agricultural Enterprise Areas 
•92.12 – Soil & Water Conservation
Legal Impediments 
•Uniformity Clause – prevents differential tax rates within same jurisdiction. 
•Municipal-County cooperation for road work prohibited.
Forms of Cooperation for Services 
•Contract 
–One jurisdiction enters into a contract to provide services to another jurisdiction. 
–Responsibility for provision of services to an area agreed to as part of a boundary agreement. 
•Joint Action/Consolidation 
–Multiple jurisdictions join together to form a regional service organization that they jointly control – e.g. sewerage district. 
–Two units of government become one
Cooperation in Practice 
LGI Findings: 
•Focus on the way services are delivered, not the number of local government units. 
•Cooperation is “in the genes” of local government – long history 
•Cooperation must be voluntary and organic – not mandated. One size does not fit all.
Lessons Learned 
•Cooperation can result in significant efficiencies over long-term, but not in short- term – not a quick fix. 
•Cooperative service delivery not always the best solution – depends upon context. Factors include: 
–Association with community identity 
–Geography: Scope and Limitations 
–Operating & Capital Costs 
–Ratio of Line Staff to Customers 
–Mandates
Lessons Learned 
Obstacles to cooperation include: 
•Turf 
•Competition for Revenue/Growth 
•Perceived Differences 
•Perceived Loss of Identity, Access, Reduced Control and Accountability, Threat to Employees
Lessons Learned 
Many obstacles can be overcome, but it takes nearly all of the following: 
•Demonstrate improved service 
•Clear fiscal benefit 
•Shared perception of need 
•Community support 
•Trust 
•Collaborative Leadership
Common Services 
•Public Safety – police, fire, EMT 
•Recycling 
•Library 
•Health 
•Landfills 
•Wastewater Treatment 
•Stormwater Management 
•Economic Development
Workshop Material Online 
Use this link to download material from today’s workshop: 
http://bit.ly/ZCHcdZ
LGI Resources 
•www.localgovinstitute.org 
•Case Studies of Local Government Collaboration (agreements online) 
•Roadmap for Government Transformation 
•Lean Government Conferences 
•Upcoming Events
Gary Becker 
Executive Director 
Local Government Institute 
Exec_dir@localgovinstitute.org 
www.localgovinstitute.org 
(608)831-1662

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Intergovernmental Cooperation for the Delivery of Services

  • 1. Intergovernmental Cooperation for Service Delivery Bringing Local Governments Together to Serve League of Wisconsin Municipalities Conference October 15, 2014
  • 2. Panelists •Henry Veleker, Administrator, City of Waupaca •David Varana, Corvus Insights •Matt Dregne, Stafford Rosenbaum •You…..
  • 3. Program 1.Introduction to Cooperative Service Delivery (Gary Becker) 2.Leadership (Henry Veleker) 3.Analysis (David Varana) 4.Negotiating an Agreement (Matt Dregne) 5.Implementation (panelists and audience)
  • 4. Local Government Institute •Wisconsin Towns Association •Wisconsin Counties Association •League of Wisconsin Municipalities •Urban Alliance
  • 5. Local Government Institute Purpose: Collaborate with others to find solutions for the efficient delivery and funding of local government services consistent with the needs of our citizens.
  • 6. Why Cooperate? •Service delivery can be more effective and lower cost than individual units providing the same service. •Bottom-up approach to regional issues requires cooperation – alternative is top-down approach. •Adopting a mindset of regional collaboration is linked to economic success and global competitiveness.
  • 7. Legislative Authority Legislative authority for local cooperative action in Wisconsin can be found in these statutes: •66.0229 – Consolidation •66.0301 - Intergovernmental Cooperation (including joint action agencies and regional service delivery organizations) •66.0303 - Municipal Interstate Cooperation •66.0305 – Political Subdivision Revenue Sharing •66.0307 - Boundary Agreements (also addresses service delivery)
  • 8. Legislative Authority •66.0813 – Provision of Utility Service Outside of Municipality •66.0823 – Joint Local Water Authorities •66.1105 – Multi-jurisdictional TIF Districts •33.21 – Public Inland Lake Protection Districts •200 – Metropolitan Sewerage Districts •91.86 – Agricultural Enterprise Areas •92.12 – Soil & Water Conservation
  • 9. Legal Impediments •Uniformity Clause – prevents differential tax rates within same jurisdiction. •Municipal-County cooperation for road work prohibited.
  • 10. Forms of Cooperation for Services •Contract –One jurisdiction enters into a contract to provide services to another jurisdiction. –Responsibility for provision of services to an area agreed to as part of a boundary agreement. •Joint Action/Consolidation –Multiple jurisdictions join together to form a regional service organization that they jointly control – e.g. sewerage district. –Two units of government become one
  • 11. Cooperation in Practice LGI Findings: •Focus on the way services are delivered, not the number of local government units. •Cooperation is “in the genes” of local government – long history •Cooperation must be voluntary and organic – not mandated. One size does not fit all.
  • 12. Lessons Learned •Cooperation can result in significant efficiencies over long-term, but not in short- term – not a quick fix. •Cooperative service delivery not always the best solution – depends upon context. Factors include: –Association with community identity –Geography: Scope and Limitations –Operating & Capital Costs –Ratio of Line Staff to Customers –Mandates
  • 13. Lessons Learned Obstacles to cooperation include: •Turf •Competition for Revenue/Growth •Perceived Differences •Perceived Loss of Identity, Access, Reduced Control and Accountability, Threat to Employees
  • 14. Lessons Learned Many obstacles can be overcome, but it takes nearly all of the following: •Demonstrate improved service •Clear fiscal benefit •Shared perception of need •Community support •Trust •Collaborative Leadership
  • 15. Common Services •Public Safety – police, fire, EMT •Recycling •Library •Health •Landfills •Wastewater Treatment •Stormwater Management •Economic Development
  • 16. Workshop Material Online Use this link to download material from today’s workshop: http://bit.ly/ZCHcdZ
  • 17. LGI Resources •www.localgovinstitute.org •Case Studies of Local Government Collaboration (agreements online) •Roadmap for Government Transformation •Lean Government Conferences •Upcoming Events
  • 18. Gary Becker Executive Director Local Government Institute Exec_dir@localgovinstitute.org www.localgovinstitute.org (608)831-1662