SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 36
Current Affairs
AUGUST 2016
• GET STARTED: GET ORGANIZED FOR CLAT 2017
• CLAT 2016 ANALYSIS
• SPECIAL FEATURE OF THIS MONTH: OLYMPICS
• ACTIVITY OF THE MONTH: OLYMPICS HOST CITIES
• PERSONALITY OF THE MONTH: JUSTICE KRISHAN IYER
1
• GK SUPPLEMENT FOR PU ASPIRANTS: SUPERLATIVES/NICKNAMES
INDEX
Topics
Page No.
1) GET ORGANIZED TO CRACK CLAT 2017 3
2) CLAT 2016 ANALYSIS SPECIAL FEATURE OF THIS MONTH: OLYMPICS 4
3) SPECIAL EDITION: RIO 2016 5
4) MAIN ISSUE: CURRENT AFFAIRS- NATIONAL 11
5) INTERNATIONAL NEWS 18
6) AWARDS 20
7) SPORTS 21
8) PERSONALITY OF THE MONTH: JUSTICE KRISHAN IYER 24
9) GK SUPPLEMENT FOR PU ASPIRANTS 26
10) A list of India’s First 26
11) List of Sobriquets for Places 29
2
12) NICKNAMES OF INDIAN CITIES 30
GET ORGANIZED TO CRACK CLAT 2017
Cracking CLAT with a top rank holds the key to studying in a premier law school which in turn will open up myriad
opportunities in the world of law for you. Plum placement offers from top notch law firms, offers from UK based law
firms; mind blowing salaries are the other fringe benefits you are sure to enjoy in this career. Logically, your
systematic preparation and untiring efforts over the next nine moths will help you reap the benefits.
TO START WITH, GET A SELF- ASSESSMENT DONE:
Most students today simply chase their dreams without understanding their strengths, weaknesses and their aptitude.
First figure out if you are cut out for a career in law and if so, do you have the ability to crack the CLAT. Take one or
two model CLAT papers or work out 2016 CLAT question paper in order to assess yourself.
Remember, you must be honest with yourself and take these tests under strict exam conditions such as adhering to time
limit of two hours and ensure there is no access to answers. This exercise will give you an insight into your existing
levels. Now, analyse your marks in different subjects. You should be able to score more than 50% in all the subjects. If
you have been unable to do so, then that subject is your weak area. Having identified it, you can embark on a planned
study schedule to counter your “weak areas”. Further, in the subjects where you have scored well, you will understand
that you have the potential to do better, so hone your “strong points”. This meticulous self – assessment will help you
to streamline your preparation
DRAWING UP A PREPARATION STRATEGY:
Firstly, get all the reference books, study materials, past year CLAT question papers, etc.
Secondly, make a realistic study time table for a period of time, say, a month or week. Split the work into daily slots.
You should clock at least 40 hours of study time in a month, which translates to about 1 hour a day and an extra one
hour during weekends. Also, make sure you study two subjects a day; say, GK and logic or any other combination.
Thirdly, adopt a qualitative approach towards preparation. Instead of merely cramming GK information in a random
manner, try to do it topic-wise and follow it up with an MCQ test paper on that topic. This is a sure method that helps
retention of information.
LEARN TO BALANCE YOUR PRIORITIES:
Most of you lead your life like a juggler, it is quite amazing to see kids juggle school academics with extracurricular
activities, tuitions, preparation for competitive examinations, alongside using the i pads, i phones, x box and not to
forget the social networking sites.
First decide your goals and prioritize your work. For example, if for you, CLAT is more important than getting the
“school first” position, put in more labour on it and be content with a 80 – 90% in your school subjects. Similarly, you
have to take a call whether you would want to attend every inter school event at the cost of preparing for CLAT. Since
“enjoying life” is the main mantra of youngsters today, do so, by all means but after fulfilling your daily quota of
school work and preparation for CLAT.
Remember, this is a golden period of your life, if CLAT does not work out in 2017 you need to be ready with a back-
up plan or be mentally geared to drop a year for the next CLAT exam.
3
Finally, it is all about the 4 Cs Conviction, Courage, Commitment and Capability and these factors influence
your outcome in the CLAT or for the matter any examination!
4
CLAT 2016 Analysis: Easy paper, but higher cut-offs
CLAT 2016, a sigh of relief and a big respite after AILET-2016! That is probably the best way to describe CLAT
2016, and probably what you’re doing too! Let us do a quick analysis of the test.
This year’s test was supposedly one of the easiest CLAT papers in the recent past. It resembled CLAT 2014 in
terms of difficulty level. Average number of serious attempts was over 140 for many test takers, with the figure
going up to 170-185 questions for good students. With 80-85% accuracy, this gives a score of 145-155.
Here’s a quick look at the different sections in CLAT 2016.
English with Comprehension
This section had one Reading Comprehension passage. Other questions were spread across grammar, spellings, fill
in the blanks (prepositions, sentence completion, word usage), idioms & phrases, and legal maxims.
Logical Reasoning
The difficulty level of this section was easy to moderate. Critical Reasoning (CR) had 15 questions and Analytical
Reasoning had 25 questions. The LR section consisted of matrix arrangement, puzzles, family tree, directions,
coding & decoding, series, set based questions, etc. CR included course of action, strong & weak arguments,
syllogisms, etc.
Elementary Maths
Maths had a few tricky and calculation intensive questions, which made this section somewhat time consuming.
Questions were spread across topics like percentages, ratio proportion, algebra, probability, geometry, etc. Tricky
questions were better solved using elimination of options, using intelligent guessing.
General Knowledge
This section had around 40 questions from Current Affairs, and around 10 from Static GK. Questions appeared
from favourite areas like politics, finance & economy, sports, social and legal affairs.
Legal Aptitude
This section had a fairly easy set of 35 Legal Reasoning questions. Principle-facts questions were one liners (mostly
torts/contracts/criminal law) and 15 questions belonged to Legal Knowledge (mainly constitution, followed by
landmark judgments, famous judges and personalities). This was one of the easiest sections as the questions were
quite straightforward.
Cut-offs for CLAT 2016
Since average attempts this year have been higher, accuracy and a higher Legal Aptitude score will matter. In case
of equal total scores, LA will be a tie-breaker.
Cut-off for the top 3 NLUs are likely to be in the 150+ range. Here are the likely CLAT 2016 cut-offs for top
NLUs:
• Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata – 150+
• Gandhinagar, Bhopal, Jodhpur – 145-150
• Raipur, Lucknow, Patiala, Patna – 135-145
SPECIAL EDITION OF THIS MONTH
5
Olympics Fun Facts
• The early Olympic Games were celebrated as a religious festival from 776 B.C. until 393 A.D., when the games
were banned for being a pagan festival (the Olympics celebrated the Greek god Zeus). In 1894, a French
educator Baron Pierre de Coubertin, proposed a revival of the ancient tradition, and thus the modern-
day Olympic Summer Games were born.
• Host Greece won the most medals (47) at the first Olympic Summer Games in 1896.
• The first Winter Olympic Games were held in Chamonix, France in 1924.
• Norway has won the most medals (263) at the Winter Games.
• The United States has won more medals (2,189) at the Summer Games than any other country.
• The five Olympic rings represent the five major regions of the world – Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and
Oceana, and every national flag in the world includes one of the five colors, which are (from left to right) blue,
yellow, black, green, and red.
• Up until 1994 the Olympics were held every four years. Since then, the Winter and Summer games have
alternated every two years.
• The first Olympics covered by U.S. television was the 1960 Summer Games in Rome by CBS.
• No country in the Southern Hemisphere has ever hosted a Winter Games.
• Three continents – Africa, South America, and Antarctica – have never hosted an Olympics.
• A record 202 countries participated in the 2004 Olympic Summer Games in Athens.
• Only four athletes have ever won medals at both the Winter and Summer Olympic Games: Eddie Eagan (United
States), Jacob Tullin Thams (Norway), Christa Luding-Rothenburger (East Germany), and Clara Hughes
(Canada).
• The United States Olympic Committee established the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1983 to recognize
outstanding American Olympic athletes, however, a plan to build a hall has been suspended due to lack of
funding.
• The Summer Olympic sports are archery, badminton, basketball, beach volleyball, boxing, canoe / kayak,
cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, handball, judo, modern pentathlon (shooting,
fencing, swimming, show jumping, and running), mountain biking, rowing, sailing, shooting, soccer, swimming,
synchronized swimming, table tennis, taekwondo, tennis, track and field, triathlon (swimming, biking, running),
6
volleyball, water polo, weightlifting, and wrestling.
• The Winter Olympic sports are alpine skiing, biathlon (cross-country skiing and target shooting), bobsled, cross-
country skiing, curling, figure skating, freestyle skiing, ice hocky, luge, Nordic combined (ski jumping and
cross-country skiing), skeleton, ski jumping, snowboarding, and speed skatin
All about the Olympic Games
Learn a little about the Olympic Games, Ancient and Modern
The Ancient Olympic Games
• When were the first Olympic Games?
The first known Olympic Games was recorded in around 776 BC in Olympia, Greece. They were
celebrated until 396 AD.
• What events took place in the Ancient Olympic Games?
The Ancient Olympic Games consisted of only one race, the "stade" race, which was the length of the
stadium and between 180 and 240 metres long (we don't know for sure). Over the years more running
races and other events were added, including boxing, wrestling, chariot racing, long jump, javelin and
discus throwing.
• Who took part in the Ancient Olympic Games?
Only young men could take part. They had to be free men, and speak Greek. They usually competed
nude, and the prize was a crown of olive leaves (a sign of hope and peace).
• Were women allowed at the Ancient Olympic Games?
Women were not allowed to take part. Married women were not even allowed to watch!
The Modern Olympic Games
• Who revived the idea of the Olympic Games?
A French nobleman, Pierre Fredy, the Baron de Coubertin, born in 1863. When he was young,
Coubertin was a very keen sportsman. As he grew older he developed a passionate belief that sport
could encourage peace throughout the world and bring people from all over the world together.
Coubertin was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games and travelled around the world, spending his
own money, trying to persuade people to revive them. Eventually he managed to bring together
representatives of many different countries in Paris, in 1894, and the Olympic Movement was begun.
• When and where were the first modern Olympic Games held?
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896.
7
• Did women compete in this first modern Olympic Games?
No! Women began to compete in 1900. For many years there were problems for the women athletes
about what to wear, because it was considered very rude to show any part of the body or even the
shape of the body! Can you imagine trying to run and jump covered from head to foot in clothes?
• Who supervises the Olympic Games?
When Baron de Coubertin founded the Olympic Movement he established the International Olympic
Committee (the IOC) to supervise it, in 1894. He himself served as its president for 29 years, and there
have been 8 presidents since then. There were originally 14 members but the Committee has now
grown to over 130 members, all of whom must speak either French or English. Existing members elect
new members as required. The IOC is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.
• What is the aim of the Olympic Movement?
"The goal of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by
educating youth through sport practiced without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit,
which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play."
• What is an Olympiad?
An Olympiad is the period of four years which starts with a summer Olympic Games. Each Olympiad
is counted with Roman numerals, and the year of the Games cannot be changed (although Games have
been skipped out, as in 1916 during the First World War).
• Who chooses the next host for the Olympic Games, and how?
Members of the IOC choose the next venue for the Olympic Games, which must be a city rather than a
country. So, for example, the next Olympics, in 2016, will be hosted by Rio de Janeiro, rather than
Brazil. Any city which wishes to host the Games can put their bid to the IOC. Only one city from each
country can bid, and even putting forward a bid takes a huge amount of work and is very expensive. It
usually takes many years to prepare, and of course only one city can be successful!
• Who selects each country's team of athletes?
Each country has their own National Olympic Committee (NOC). The NOCs represent their countries
at the Olympic Games and select their own national teams.
• What is the Olympic torch?
Prior to each Games, the Olympic Torch or Flame is lit in Olympia, Greece and brought to the host
city by runners carrying the torch in relay.
• What is the Olympic creed?
"The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most
important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered
but to have fought well."
• Who wins medals?
The athletes or teams who come first, second and third win medals: respectively gold, silver and
8
bronze.
• Are the gold medals real gold?
No! They were solid gold until 1912, but are now silver covered with a thin layer of gold.
• Why do we have the Olympic rings as the emblem of the Olympic Games?
The five interlocking rings (blue, yellow, black, green, and red respectively) of the emblem was
originally designed in 1913 by Pierre de Coubertin, to symbolize the five continents of the world
taking part in the Olympic Games (the Americas are viewed as a single continent, and Antarctica is
omitted).
• What is the Olympic motto?
"Citius, Altius, Fortius.", which is Latin for "Swifter, Higher, Stronger"
AUGUST MONTH ACTIVITY:
You need to fill up these blanks. Answers will be discussed in the class on 9th
October
2017. Avoid copying from batch mates. Try to learn while searching the answers.
List of Olympic Host Cities
9
10
Olympiad Year Host City, Country
I 1896 __________,Greece
II 1900 Paris, France
III 1904 ___________, USA
1906 Athens, _________
IV __________ London, England, UK
V 1912 ___________, Sweden
VI 1916 Berlin, Germany (not held)
VII 1920 _____________, Belgium
VIII _________ Paris, France
IX 1928 Amsterdam, ____________
X 1932 Los Angeles, USA
XI 1936 Berlin, Germany
XII 1940 Tokyo, Japan / Helsinki, Finland (not held)
XIII 1944 London, England, UK (not held)
Current Affairs
11
NATIONAL
• PM Modi flags off 'Run for Rio'
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has flagged off
the Run for Rio event in New Delhi to celebrate
the Olympic mood in the country.The mass run
was announced by the Sports Minister Vijay
Goel at a press conference. Around 20,000
school children participated in the event, which
commenced from Major Dhyan Chand National
Stadium in Delhi.
• Suresh Prabhu flags off Agartala-Delhi train
'Tripura Sundari Express'
Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu has flagged off
maiden broad-gauge train service between
Agartala and Delhi, ‘Tripura Sundari Express’.
The ‘Tripura Sundari Express’ will run weekly
between Agartala and Anand Vihar in Delhi. The
rail link was developed at an expense of 968
crore rupees.
 Apart from this, Prabhu along with
Bangladesh Railway Minister Md. Mazibul
Hoque also laid the foundation stone for
Agartala-Akhaura International Rail Project.
This train link would be part of the trans-Asian
rail connectivity.
• Central body approves Rs 400 crore for Ganga
rejuvenation projects
A high-level panel of the National Ganga River
Basin Authority (NGRBA) has approved various
projects worth approximately Rs 400 crore for
development of ghats (river fronts) and
crematoria at different places along the river
Ganga from Uttarakhand to West Bengal under
the Centre’s ambitious Namami Gange
programme. The projects, approved by the
empowered steering committee of the NGRBA,
include development of ghats and crematoria in
the stretch from Rudrapraya to Guptkashi in
Uttarakhand, Kanpur, Allahabad, Bithoor and
Bijnor (on Ramganga) in Uttar Pradesh,
Kahalgaon in Bihar, Sahibganj and Rajmahal in
Jharkhand and Bhatpara and Naihati in West
Bengal.
• India to host international summit on tobacco-
control
India is going to host a crucial global summit in
November to eliminate the illicit trade of tobacco
products.The summit is scheduled for November
7-12 at the Indian Exposition Mart in Noida. In
this summit delegates from 180 countries will
take part.This is the 7th session of the
Conference of the Parties (COP7) to the WHO
Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
(WHO-FCTC).
• Odisha government to recruit transgenders as
jail warders
The Odisha government has decided to recruit
members of transgender community persons as
warders in jails of the State as per the directive
of the Supreme Court.
 The home department has issued instructions
to the Odisha Subordinate Staff Selection
Commission (OSSC) to include the gender
category.
 This is for the first time the state government
will mention the third gender as a separate
category in any of the recruitment process.
 As per the direction of the Directorate of
Prison, the physical standards stipulated for
transgender who will apply for the post of jail
warders will be same as prescribed for women
candidates.
• Resolution for the renaming of Madras High
Court passed
The Tamil Nadu Assembly has passed an
unanimous resolution that the Madras High
Court be renamed as Tamil Nadu High Court and
not as High Court of Chennai as proposed by the
Centre.
 The Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha by the
Minister of Law and Justice, Ravi Shanker
Prasad with an aim to modify the names of the
High Court’s (HCs) of Bombay, Calcutta, and
Madras. The High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta
and Madras will be known as the High Courts of
Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai respectively.
12
• Rajya Sabha passes historic GST Constitution
Bill
Marking an end to the long and tumultuous
debate on GST, the Rajya Sabha today approved
the crucial 122nd Constitutional amendment to
turn the bill into law. The Lok Sabha had already
passed the key bill. The bill will now go back to
the Lower House to incorporate the amendments
approved by the Rajya Sabha. The bill will also
have to be approved by 50 percent of all the state
assemblies.
 The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill,
2014 was approved by the Rajya Sabha with 203
votes in favour and none against.
• WEF India Economic Summit in Delhi on
October 6-7
World Economic Forum (WEF), will host its
annual India Economic Summit on October
6-7 in New Delhi which would be attended by
over 500 business and political leaders
including top policymakers and CEOs.
 This year's meet will be convened under the
theme, 'Fostering an Inclusive India
through Digital Transformation'.
• West Bengal Cabinet cleared proposal to
rename the state as “Bengal”
West Bengal Cabinet cleared a proposal to
rename the state as “Bengal” in English and
“Bango” or “Bangla” in Bengali. Later, it will be
sent to the Union Government for approval by
the Parliament as changing of the name will
require its approval.
 The other reason for changing the name of the
state is that whenever there is any meeting of all
states, West Bengal comes at the bottom of the
list alphabetically.
• Rajasthan becomes first state to approve
sewage & waste water policy
Rajasthan has become the first state in the
country to approve sewage and wastewater
policy. It
has been approved by Chief Minister
Vasundhara Raje in Jaipur.
 Under this policy, all district headquarters,
heritage cities, and cities in the state which have
more than one lakh population will be included.
Waste water treated under it will be used in
irrigation and agricultural work. It will be
compulsory for every house in the state to
connect with sewage system in those cities
which have 100% sewage system in next five
years.
• BHEL commissions 500 Mw Marwa Thermal
Power station in Chhattisgarh
State-run Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL)
has commissioned the second 500 Mw
(megawatt) thermal unit at Marwa Thermal
Power Station in Janjgir-Champa district of
Chhattisgarh. The first unit of Marwa TPS was
also commissioned earlier by BHEL. Marwa
TPS has been set up by Chhattisgarh State Power
Generation Company (CSPGCL).
• LS Speaker inaugurates DRDO exhibition in
Parliament premises
Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan has
inaugurated the three-day Defence
Research and Development Organisation
(DRDO) exhibition in the Parliament premises in
New Delhi. The three-day long exhibition will
showcase numerous state-of-the-art defence
technologies, products, and systems developed
by various DRDO laboratories indigenously.
 This would include the BrahMos missile, the
'Arjun' main battle tank, Airborne Early Warning
and Control System, Multi Barrel Rocket
Launcher 'Pinaka' Various type of Radars and
other products. The DRDO will also organise a
virtual reality display of Arjun Main Battle Tank,
BrahMos Missile, AEW&C & LCA-Tejas.
• Modi Launches PMO App
At MyGov Anniversary Event Prime Minister
Narendra Modi has launched the new PMO app
at a function organised by MyGov in New Delhi.
The app would correspond to the website of the
Prime Minister’s Office (PMO). The app is
developed by a team of young engineering
students from Delhi who has won the contest to
develop the app. The new app will allow mobile
users to connect with the website of the
Prime Minister's Office.
13
• 2nd National Handloom day has celebrated
The second National Handloom Day has been
celebrated all over the country, on August 7. As
the first National Handloom Day was celebrated
last year and Hon’ble Prime Minister was the
Chief Guest in the main event held in Chennai
on 7th August, 2015.But this time, the main
function was held in Varanasi in which Sant
Kabir Awards and National Handloom Awards
has been presented by the Union Textiles
Minister Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani who was the
Chief Guest on the occasion.
• Odisha Government launches special assistance
scheme for elderly weavers
The Odisha government launched a special
assistance scheme- ‘Baristha Bunakar Sahayata
Yojana’ for elderly weavers to mark the National
Handlooms Day.The Baristha Bunakar Sahayata
Yojana is for all senior weavers who are above
the age of 60 years who have been working in
this field for the last 20 years. Under this scheme
all weavers who are above 60 years they will get
a monthly pension of 500 rupees, and those
above 80 years would get 700 rupees.
• Union Minister Prakash Javadekar
inaugurates Chhattisgarh’s first IIT
Union Human Resource Development Minister
Prakash Javadekar has inaugurated the Indian
Institute of Technology (IIT) - Raipur at the
Government Engineering College campus. The
IIT will have its own campus by the time its first
batch of students pass
out.
• Irom Sharmila ends 16-year-long fast
Human rights activist Irom Chanu Sharmila (44)
has ended her 16-year-long fast against Armed
Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 and was
granted bail by an Imphal court on Rs.10,000
personal bond. However, she will be examined
in court again on August 23. Irom had earlier
announced that she will contest 2017 Manipur
Assembly election.
• Maharastra govt launches 'Quit India 2'
movement to mark its 75th anniversary
To mark the 75th anniversary of Quit India
Movement, Maharashtra Government launched
Quit India 2-from Swaraaj to Suraaj initiative.
The initiative would emphasize on freedom from
illiteracy, farmer suicide, wastage of water,
addiction among youth and corruption.
• PM Modi, Russian Prez Vladimir Putin jointly
dedicated Kudankulam Nuclear Plant
Unit-I to the nation The first unit of Kudankulam
Nuclear Power Plant has jointly dedicated to the
nation by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister
Jayalalithaa, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and
Russian President Vladimir Putin through video
conferencing. It has been built with Russian
expertise following a pact between the then
Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Soviet
leader Mikahil Gorbachev in November 1988.
Now the first unit of Kudankulam power plant is
generating its full capacity of 1000 megawatts of
electricity since 2014.
• Maneka Gandhi kicks off a campaign to mark
11 August as Daughters' Day
The Minister of Women and Child Development
Menaka Gandhi has launched a social media
campaign to mark the Daughters Day to be
celebrated on 11th August 2016 by tweeting a
picture with her daughter-in-law and grand-
daughter. The entire coming week will be
celebrated by the Ministry of Women and Child
Development as Daughters Week, as part of the
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao programme to check
female foeticide, improve sex ratio and educate
girls across the country. Through social media
websites such as Facebook, Twitter etc, users
from across the country will post photographs
online with their Daughters,Daughters-in-law
and Granddaughters using the hashtag
#BBBPDaughtersWeek. This opportunity is
being used by the Ministry to engage citizens to
celebrate the young women and girls in their
lives and spread the message of valuing the girl
child.
• PM Narendra Modi launches Yaad Karo
Kurbani celebrations
14
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched
Yaad Karo Kurbani (remember the sacrifices)
celebrations at the birthplace of freedom fighter
Chandra Shekhar Azad at Alirajpur, Madhya
Pradesh.The Yaad Karo Kurbani is a 15-day
programme aimed to commemorate the 75th
anniversary of the Quit India Movement (QIM)
and 70 years of Independence. Later he also
flagged off the Tiranga Yatra to mark the launch
of the 70th Freedom Year celebrations with a
theme song '70 Saal Azadi Yaad Karo Kurbani'
which has been composed by Dr. Ghazal
Srinivas.
• CBDT constitutes committee to review media
policy
Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has
constituted a new committee to "review" the
existing media policy for communicating the
activities of the board and the income tax
department to the public. The 9 member
committee will be headed by Mr. Gopal
Mukherjee. The committee will make a guideline
for the departmental contact with media and
Journalists.
• Badal inaugurates first 'Sewa Kendra' in
Punjab
Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal has
inaugurated city’s first Sewa Kendra at
Ladhewali where people will be able to avail
services under one roof. While Deputy Chief
Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal has inaugurated
Sewa Kendras at Mansa, Pathankot, Bholath and
Amargarh. A total of 2,147 Sewa Kendras has
been constructed at a cost of Rs 500 crore.
• Assam becomes the first state to ratify GST
Assam has become the first state to ratify the
Goods and Services Tax Constitutional
Amendment Bill. The Parliament had earlier
cleared the bill to usher in a uniform tax regime
throughout the country, and it now awaits the
ratification of at least 15 states to make it a law.
The Centre seeks to roll-out the GST by April 1,
2017.
• Smart Ganga City programme launched in 10
cities
Union Ministers M Venkaiah Naidu and Water
Resources Minister Uma Bharti has jointly
launched 'Smart Ganga City' programme in 10
cities located through video conferencing.
Haridwar, Rishikesh, Mathura, Varanasi,
Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Patna, Sahibganj
and Barrackpore are the cities/town where the
programme will be implemented in the first
phase.
These cities has been chosen by the National
Mission for Clean Ganga where the programme
will be established in the first phase for
infrastructure development for sewage treatment
on hybrid annuity mode on public private
partnership basis.
• Railway Budget set to be merged with Union
Budget from next fiscal
Ending a 92-year-old tradition which started
during the colonial era, Railway Budget will be
merged with the General Budget from 2017-18
onwards. If the merger happens, the Railways
will get rid of the annual dividend that it has to
pay for gross budgetary support from the
government. According to a report, the finance
ministry has given a go-ahead signal to the
proposal by the Railways ministry and has set up
a five-member committee in this regard.
• India’s first BIO-CNG plant inaugurated in
Pune
India’s first ever BIO-CNG plant producing
CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) from
agricultural residue was inaugurated in Pune,
Maharashtra. It was jointly inaugurated by Union
Minister of surface Transport Nitin Gadkari and
Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.
• Bihar Assembly unanimously passes GST bill
The Bihar state assembly has unanimously
passed the crucial Goods and Services Tax
Bill (GST Bill).
With this, it has become the first non-Bharatiya
Janata Party-ruled state to ratify the GST, Last
week, Assam became the first state to ratify the
Bill. The GST Bill needs to be ratified by at least
15 state legislatures before the President can
notify the GST Council, which will then decide
15
the new tax rate and other issues.
• Odia becomes Official Language in Odisha
Odia language will be used as the official
language in all government offices in Odisha.
According to the amendment of the Orissa
Official Language Act 1954, all government
letters, files will be carried in Odia language.
Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi has
prepared a panel to ensure mandatory use of the
Odia as the State language in all Government
offices across the state.
• Kerala Govt. allots Rs 10,000 cr for govt
schools
Kerala govt has earmarked Rs 10,000 crore for
state-run and aided schools for the next 5 years.
As part of the drive, around 60,000 new hi-tech
class rooms will be set up in all govt and aided
schools. About 1,000 schools will be elevated to
international standards.
• E-auction portal for power transmission
Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal launched
the process of tariff-based reverse auction in the
transmission sector and also inaugurated a portal
for electronic bidding for transmission projects.
Union Minister has launched “Tarang” mobile
App, “e-Trans” and “DEEP” (Discovery of
Efficient Electricity Price) e-bidding web portals
developed by Rural Electrification Corp which
reverse auction is being introduced in
transmission
sector on the lines of coal sector in order to
facilitate better price discovery in such projects.
• Sachin Tendulkar adopts village in Osmanabad
under SAGY
Former Cricketer and Rajya Sabha MP Sachin
Tendulkar has selected Donja village in
Osmanabad district of Maharashtra for
development under the Sansad Adarsh Gram
Yojna (SAGY). Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is
a rural development programme. Sansad Adarsh
Gram Yojana was launched in October 2014.
• IIT-Kanpur Adopts Villages Under Namami
Gange
IIT-Kanpur has adopted 5 villages under the
Namami Gange programme and will use its
expertise to restrict the flow of sewage into the
river. The five villages adopted by the institute
are Ramel Nagar, Khoyra Katree, Pratapur, Hari
Hindpur, and Katri Ladhva Khera. Under the
initiative, IIT-Kanpur will ensure sewage water
is not disposed of in the river, and also keep a
check on quality of drinking water and
sanitation.
• Shashi Shekhar Committee on World Culture
Festival of AOL submitted report to NGT.
The Shashi Shekhar Committee was in news in
the third week of August 2016 as the NGT
directed Sri Sri Ravi Shankar's Art of Living
(AOL) to submit its response within three weeks
on the inspection report. The report of the expert
committee dealt with the damage caused to the
Yamuna flood plains due to the World Culture
Festival. The festival was organised by the AOL
in March 2016 along the River Yamuna in New
Delhi. The inspection report of the committee
concluded that the event has caused damage to
the riverbed.
• Maneka Gandhi Inaugurate Animal Birth
Control Centre in Dehradun
Union Women and Child Development (WCD)
Minister Maneka Gandhi inaugurated the state’s
first animal birth control centre (ABC) at
Kedarpuram. The centre will take up birth
control measures with stray dogs the population
of which has been rising in the city and the state.
The centres will be set up in Nainital and
Mussoorie and other five municipal corporations
in Haridwar, Haldwani, Kashipur, Haldwani and
Roorkee. The Department of Urban
Development has sanctioned Rs 2 crore to set up
the centres.
• Two-day meeting of BRICS women
Parliamentarian's forum held in Jaipur
The two-day meeting of the BRICS Women's
Parliamentarian Forum was held in Jaipur in
which 42 delegates from member countries were
participated. Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra
Mahajan inaugurated the meeting which had
16
different plenary sessions. A total of 42 delegates
attended the meeting.
•Uma Bharti launches Rs 560 cr projects under
Namami Gange
Union Minister for Water Resources, River
Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Sushri
Uma Bharti launched various Projects on the
Bank of Ganga worth Rs. 560 crore under
Namami Gange programme at Ganga Barrage in
Kanpur.
 The Projects include:
Interception and diversion plan of Sisamau drain
—worth Rs. 63 crore.
Networking schemes at Bithoor–Worth Rs. 397
crore
River front development scheme at Bithoor–worth
Rs. 100 crore.
14 Ghats and five crematoria will be constructed
at Bithoor.
• Punjab CM Prakash Singh Badal launches
mobile app for farmers
Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal
launched a mobile app 'Kisan Suvidha' for
farmers. The app will provide basic information
on weather updates, crop prices and expert
advices. Praising the Agriculture Department
initiative, he said this would go a long way to
keep the farmers abreast with the changing
agricultural practices and marketing support,
coupled with the latest agronomical techniques
to enhance productivity.
• Sugamaya Pustakalaya – Online Library for
Persons with print Disabilities
“Sugamaya Pustakalaya” is an online platform
that makes accessible content available to print-
disabled people. The library houses publications
across diverse subjects and languages and
multiple accessible formats. It has been created
by Department of Empowerment of Persons with
Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social
Justice and Empowerment in collaboration with
member organizations of Daisy Forum of India
and powered by TCS Access. Books are
available in Accessible formats for people with
visual impairment and other print disabilities.
Over 2 lakhs books in diverse languages.
Integrating libraries across India and the Globe,
including the largest international library,
Bookshare.
• Union Cabinet clears Surrogacy Bill
The Union Cabinet cleared the draft Surrogacy
Bill 2016, aimed at regulating commissioning of
surrogacy in the country in a proper manner. The
bill aims to safeguard rights of surrogate mothers
and make parentage of such children legal. It
will now be introduced in the Parliament.
 The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016
proposes to regulate surrogacy in India
by permitting it as an option for couples
who cannot naturally have children, have
a lack of other assisted reproductive
technology options, are keen to have a
biological child, and can find a surrogate
mother among their relatives. Altruistic
surrogacy, which means an arrangement
without transfer of funds as inducement,
is currently practised in some centres in
India, though the majority of surrogacy
centres use women who are paid for their
services.
 The child born through surrogacy will
have all the rights of a biological child.
Indian infertile couples between the ages
of 23-50 years (woman) and 26-55 (man)
who have been married for five years and
who do not have a surviving child will be
eligible for surrogacy. The surrogate
mother should be a close relative of the
intending couple and between the ages of
25-35 years and shall act as a surrogate
mother only once in her lifetime.
Implementation will be through the
national and State surrogacy boards. Any
establishment found undertaking
commercial surrogacy, abandoning the
child, exploiting the surrogate mother,
selling or importing a human embryo
shall be punishable with imprisonment
for a term not be less than 10 years and
with a fine up to Rs.10 lakh. Registered
surrogacy clinics will have to maintain all
records for a minimum period of 25
years.
17
•Maharashtra to have own law for internal
security
The newly drafted Maharashtra Protection of
Internal Security Act (MPISA) has proposed
setting up of Special Security Zones (SSZ). In
these Zones, movement of arms, explosives and
inflow of unaccounted funds will be prohibited.
Maharashtra is the first State in the country to
draft its own internal security act.
• Naqvi launches websites for Ministry of
Minority Affairs
The Union Minister of State for Minority Affairs
(Independent Charge) & Parliamentary Affairs
Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi launched new Hindi
website and updated and revamped English
website of the Minority Affairs Ministry. The
new improved and revamped website
http://www.minorityaffairs.gov.in is very user-
friendly and provides easy navigation.
• South India’s first Children Court was
inaugurated in Hyderabad
After Goa and Delhi, Telangana has become the
third state to inaugurate south India’s first
Children’s Court was inaugurated in Hyderabad.
This court is a child-friendly court and sixth in
the country with features like separate waiting
rooms for children and a video camera trial for
the accused, mandated under the Protection of
Children from Sexual Offences (POSCO) Act-
2012.
• 92 Paisa insurance premium for train traveller
from August 31
A travel insurance cover of upto Rs 10 lakh can
be availed while a booking train ticket online by
paying less than one rupee from August 31. The
new facility will be available to all passengers
excluding those travelling on suburban trains
while booking online irrespective of the class. It
will be started on a trial basis.
• The cover will not be applicable for
children upto 5 years of age and foreign
citizens. It will be for passengers holding
tickets such as confirmed, RAC and wait-
listed ones, said the official. The scheme
offers travellers/nominees/legal heirs a
compensation of Rs 10 lakh in the event
of death or total disabilty, Rs 7.5 lakh for
partial disability, upto Rs 2 lakh for
hospitalisation expenses and Rs 10,000
for transportation of mortal remains from
the place of a train accident
• 1st BRICS film festival from Sept. 2 – 6 in New
Delhi
India will be hosting the first BRICS film
festival which will begin from Sept. 2 to 6 New
Delhi. The film festival will showcase an
amalgamation of culture, films, song, dance and
food of the 5-member countries including Brazil,
Russia, India, China and South Africa
• Union Minister Maneka Gandhi launches
POCSO e-box
Women and Child Development Minister
(WCD) Maneka Sanjay Gandhi has launched
Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses,
POCSO e-box, in New Delhi. It is initiative of
National Commission for Protection of Child
Rights, for direct online reporting of child sexual
abuse.
• Bengaluru to host the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
2017
The IT-BT capital of the country, Bengaluru,
will host the 2017 Bharatiya Pravasi Divas.
Scheduled to take place on February 7, 8 and 9
of 2017, the Ministry of External Affairs held a
meeting with Tourism Minister R V Deshpande
for a preliminiary round of talks. It will see close
to 3000 Non-Residential Indians (NRI) and PIO
delegates from across the world.
• India's first textile university to come up at
Surat
Gujarat government is planning to set up India's
first textile university at Surat. The main aim of
the university is to provide all kind of support
including technology, research and development
(R&D), skilled manpower etc. The university
will build on over 250 acre land in Surat and it is
expected to get operational in the next one and a
half years.
18
• ISRO tests Scramjet Rocket engine
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
successfully test-fired its Scramjet Rocket
Engine. It will use oxygen from the atmosphere
thereby reducing launch cost, from the spaceport
of Sriharikota.
• Aug 29 is Sports Day to mark Dhyan Chand's
b'day
National Sports Day in India is celebrated on
August 29 to mark hockey legend Dhyan
Chand's birthday. Dhyan Chand, considered as
the greatest player in hockey, played a key role
in India's three consecutive Olympic triumphs in
1928, 1932 and 1936. Notably, the government
gives away awards such as Rajiv Gandhi Khel
Ratna, Arjuna and Dronacharya Awards on this
day.
• Yes Bank launches its own mobile wallet Yes
Pay
Private sector lender Yes bank has launched its
own digityal wallet Yes Pay for Android and iOS
mobile platforms. The wallet application can be
accessed through social media accounts of
Facebook. Apart from mobile recharge and bill
payment which are the key offerings for most
digital wallets in India, Yes Pay also features
functionalities that allow both 'users' and 'non
users' to send and receive money through Yes
Pay wallet.
• PM Narendra Modi inaugurates the first phase
of SAUNI yojana
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the
first phase of the 4 phases Saurastra Narmada
Avataran Irrigation yojana (SAUNI) at Sanodara
of Jamnagar district of Gujarat. Under the
project, nearly 10 dams and reservoirs of Rajkot,
Jamnagar and Morbi will be filled up with the
water of Narmada river. First Phase of the
project has been developed at a cost of Rs. 1,562
crore with 58 km of pipeline.
• Madhukar Gupta Committee on border
protection submits report to MHA
The Madhukar Gupta (former Home Secretary)
Committee on border protection has submitted
its report to the Home Minister Rajnath Singh.
The Committee has been appointed in April
2016 for strengthening border protection and
addressing the issue of gaps and vulnerability in
border fencing along Indo-Pakistan Border.
INTERNATIONAL
• WHO to remove trans genders from its mental
disorders list
The World Health Organisation (WHO) is
considering changing the way it classifies
transgender identity. It came following calls
from researchers and advocates to remove it
from the WHO's list of mental disorders. The
study was led by the National Institute of
Psychiatry in Mexico.
• Kathakali dance troupe in Egypt for first time
A nine-member Kathakali dance troupe has
performed first time in Egypt. The Kathakali
dance troupe was a part the 14th Summer
Festival organized by Bibliotheca Alexandrina.
And as part of their tour, the Indian dance troupe
will performe in different places including Port
Said Cultural Palace, Ismailia Cultural Palace.
• Over 1000 Dancing Robots Set Guinness
Record in China
A new Guinness World Record for the most
robots dancing simultaneously has been set in
China where 1,007 robots shimmied in unison,
nearly double the previous record. Each of the
43.8 cm tall dancing machines at the Qingdao
Beer Festival were controlled using just one
mobile phone and they had to dance for a full
minute in order to count towards the record. A
few robots were disqualified because they did
not dance or fell over, but the majority of the
mechanical dance troupe completed the 60
second routine in perfect unison.
• First-ever 'Pizza ATM' opens in the US
The first-ever 'Pizza ATM' has been installed at a
university campus of US by French- based
company Paline, which developed the ATM. The
19
pizza vending machine on the campus of Xavier
University (XU) in Ohio can hold seventy 12-
inch pizzas and dispense them fresh and hot in
just three minutes.
 Customers can select what kind of pizza they
want using the 24-hour machine's touchscreen.
The pizza
ATM, which opens for public on August 10.
• India’s ranking as business destination
improves: Survey
India’s ranking as a business destination has
improved as per a recent survey of Transparency
International. It now ranks 76th as compared to
the 94th position it held earlier. Minister of State
in Prime Minister’s Office Jitendra Singh stated
this in the Lok Sabha.
• Azim Premji, Shiv Nadar in Forbes list of 100
richest tech tycoons
Wipro Chairman Azim Premji and HCL co-
founder Shiv Nadar are the only two billionaires
from India in Forbes' list of the world's 100
richest people in technology. They are ranking in
the top 20 ahead of Google boss Eric Schmidt
and Uber CEO Travis Kalanick. While the '100
Richest Tech Billionaires In The World 2016' list
has been topped by Microsoft founder Bill Gates
with an estimated fortune of USD 78 billion.
Premji ranks 13th on the list with a net worth of
$16 billion and Nadar comes in on the 17th spot
with $11.6 billion of net worth.
• 6,900 km gas pipelines to connect Bangladesh,
Myanmar, India
The government has ambitious plan to lay 6,900
km of gas pipelines linking Bangladesh,
Myanmar, most north-eastern states, and West
Bengal. Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation
(BPC) and Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) signed
an agreement in April this year to jointly set up a
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) terminal plant in
Chittagong port city which will help pipe gas to
the north-eastern states.
• India extends $ 1 million grant to Zimbabwe
India has provided One million US Dollars grant
to Zimbabwe in the wake of El Nino induced
drought disaster. External Affairs Ministry said,
last week, Indian Ambassador to Zimbabwe
handed over the assistance to Zimbabwe.
Accepting the grant, Chief Secretary to the
President and Cabinet Dr. Misheck Sibanda
thanked for the quick response by India to an
international appeal made by his country.
• India ranked 66th in Global Innovation Index
India climbed 15 spots, from 81 last year, to 66
in the Global Innovation Index (GII) and
maintained the top spot in the Central and South
Asia regions, according to the rankings released
by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Switzerland, Sweden, United Kingdom, United
States of America and Finland have been placed
as the top 5 in the index, while Singapore,
Ireland, Denmark, Netherlands and Germany
follow, including in the top 10 most innovative
economies.
• China successfully launches world's first
quantum satellite
China successfully launched the world's first
quantum satellite which boasts of establishing
hack-proof communications between space and
the ground as it is equipped with security
features to prevent wiretapping and
intercepts.The satellite nicknamed "Micius" was
launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch
Centre. Quantum communication boasts of ultra-
high security as a quantum photon can neither be
separated nor duplicated.
• China begins operating bullet trains at 350
kmph speed
China began operating its indigenously designed
bullet trains which can clock 350 kmph speed.
The China Railway Corporation announced that
Train No G8041 departed from Dalian for
Shenyang, capital of northeast China’s Liaoning.
• India, Bangladesh to jointly make films on 1971
war, Sheikh Mujibur
India and Bangladesh will jointly produce a
documentary on the 1971 War of Independence
of Bangladesh. India will also facilitate the
20
production of a "mega movie" by Bangladesh to
mark the 100th birth anniversary of its Father of
the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur
Rahman in 2020.
• World's Longest, Highest Glass Bridge to Open
In China
The world's longest and highest glass bridge
opened to visitors in China. The bridge concreted
with 99 panes of three-layer transparent glasses,
hangs between two steep cliffs 300 metres
altitude is maintained from the ground. The
bridge has set 10 world records spanning its
design and construction.
• China's high speed train maker launches
operation in India
China largest high-speed train maker has
announced the launch of its first joint venture
(JV) plant in India with USD 63.4 million
investment to manufacture and repair railway
locomotives. The joint venture, named CRRC
(China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation)
Pioneer (India) Electric Co Ltd, is housed in
Bavo Industrial District of Haryana between
New Delhi and Bombay. The Chinese side holds
51% of the share.
• India pledges Rs 39.97 million for upgrading
school in Nepal
India has pledged financial assistance worth
39.97 million Nepali Rupees for the construction
of a new building and a hostel facility at a
Sanskrit school in eastern Nepal. The project is
being implemented through the Indian
government's grant assistance under the small
development programme.
• India ranks 39th in Asia Pacific on fixed
broadband
India ranks a low 39th in terms of fixed
broadband adoption among Asia-Pacific
countries, with just 1.3% of its citizens
subscribing to such a service in 2015, according
to a study by the United Nations Economic and
Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
(ESCAP). Hong Kong, New Zealand, Japan,
Macao, Australia and Singapore topped the list
of 53 countries.
AWARDS
• Shubha Mudgal to be awarded Rajiv Gandhi
National Sadbhavana Award-The advisory
committee of the Rajiv Gandhi National
Sadbhavana Award has decided that the 23rd
Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award will
be given to Shubha Mudgal. Mudgal will be
honoured for her outstanding contribution
towards the promotion of communal harmony,
peace and goodwill on 20 August 2016 at
Jawahar Bhawan Auditorium. She is a well-
known Indian singer of Hindustani classical
music, Khayal, Thumri, Dadra, and Indian pop
music.
• M S Subbulakshmi to be honoured by A R
Rahman at UN on Independence Day=
Renowned carnatic vocalist M. S. Subbulakshmi
will be honoured at the United Nations on 15
August 2016, India’s 70th Independence Day, by
a performance by A.R. Rahman at the United
Nations General Assembly. With this, Rahman
will become the second Indian artist after
Subbulakshmi to perform at the UN. She was
invited by the then UN Secretary General U
Thant to perform at the UN headquarters in
1966.She was the first musician ever to be
awarded the Bharat Ratna.
• Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Sonam Kapoor win top
awards at IFF Melbourne = Bollywood star
actors Sonam Kapoor and Nawazuddin Siddiqui
bagged the best actress and best actor awards at
the Indian Film Festival (IFF) of Melbourne
2016. The theme for this year 2016 is ‘Women
Empowerment’. Angry India Goddess, will bring
the curtains down for the festival.
• A.R. Rahman honoured with Tamil Ratna
Award- Oscar-winning music maestro A.R.
Rahman has been honoured by the America
Tamil Sangam with its Tamil Ratna Award.
Rahman was invited at the UNGA to perform a
concert to honour M.S. Subbulakshi, the doyen
of Carnatic music. The concert was sponsored by
India's UN Mission and Sankara Nethralaya, a
21
Chennai-based charity organisation.
• Hindi author Sunita Jain conferred Vyas
Samman award=Hindi scholar and writer
Sunita Jain was awarded the prestigious 25th
Vyas Samman 2015 for her poetry collection
"Kshama". West Bengal Governor K N Tripathi
conferred the award on the scholar. The award
instituted by the K K Birla Foundation carries a
cash prize of Rs 2.50 lakh. It is given annually to
outstanding literary work in Hindi authored by
an Indian citizen.
• Pt Shiv Kumar Sharma to get lifetime
achievement award= Santoor maestro Pandit
Shiv Kumar Sharma will be conferred upon with
the annual Sangeet Martand Ustad Chand Khan
Lifetime Achievement Award this year. The
award carries a cash prize of Rs 50,000, a
memento and a citation. The 23rd edition of the
festival that celebrates Indian classical art is
scheduled to be held on September 13 and
September 14. A Padma Vibhushan recipient,
Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma was born in Jammu
in 1938.
• BEL head bags top award= SK Sharma,
Chairman and MD, Bharat Electronics Limited
(BEL), has been awarded as the Most
Enterprising CEO in Electronics Sector by the
Indo Global Business Council (IGBC), a policy
think-tank based in New Delhi. M M Joshi,
Executive Director (National Marketing), BEL,
received the award on behalf of CMD.
• Kamal Haasan to get prestigious French
honour-Famous Actor Kamal Haasan will be
awarded the Chevalier de L'Ordre Arts et Lettres
(The Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters) by
the French government. The Order is part of
France’s premier award, the Legion of Honor.
The order of merit is awarded “to recognize
eminent artists and writers, as well as people
who have contributed significantly to furthering
the arts in France and throughout the world.”
Other Indians who have been conferred the
Chevalier Order include actors Sivaji Ganesan,
AmitabhBachchan, Aishwarya Rai, Nandita Das
and Shah Rukh Khan.
SPORTS
• India to host Kabaddi World Cup in October
2016-International Kabaddi Federation
announced selected India to host The 2016
Kabaddi World Cup. The World Cup featuring
12 countries is scheduled to be held in October
2016, the dates for the event will be announced
later. Participants of the tournament include
India, USA, Canada, UK, Australia, Iran,
Poland, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Korea, Japan and
Kenya. Kabaddi became a part of Asian Games
in the year 1990 and India has won all the gold
medals since.
• Pro Kabaddi season 4: Patna Pirates lift trophy
for second time - Patna Pirates beat Jaipur Pink
Panthers by 37-29 in the final of season 4 in the
Pro Kabaddi League. Patna, who were the
champions of season 3, dominated the game
right from the first whistle. The Patna unit made
history as they became the only team to lift the
trophy twice in the tournament’s history of four
editions.
• Lewis Hamilton wins 2016 German Grand Prix
title of Formula One- Mercedes driver Lewis
Hamilton has won the 2016 German Grand Prix
title of Formula One. It was his fourth
consecutive win in the 2016 season and overall
fifth title of the 2016 season.
• Novak Djokovic clinched 2016 Rogers Cup-
Serbian Novak Djokovic and Simona Halep of
Romania won men’s and women’s singles title in
the 2016 Rogers Cup. The Rogers Cup also
known as Canadian Open/Masters was held in
Toronto (for men) and Montreal (for women)
from 25 July to 31 July 2016. Category Winner
Runner-up Men’s Singles Novak Djokovic
(Serbia) Kei Nishikori (Japan) Women’s Singles
Simona Halep (Romania) Madison Keys (the
US)
• Harmanpreet Kaur first Indian to play in
Women's Big Bash League - India women's
22
team all-rounder Harmanpreet Kaur created
history by becoming the first player from the
country to get a contract from an overseas
Twenty20 franchise. The 27-year-old is all set to
play in the Women's Big Bash League in
Australia after striking a deal with defending
champions Sydney Thunder.
• IOC gives nod to addition of five new sports in
Olympic Games Tokyo 2020-The International
Olympic Committee (IOC) has agreed to add
Baseball-Softball, Karate, Skateboard, Climbing
Sports and surfing in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
The decision was taken by the 129th IOC session
being held in Rio de Janeiro. The inclusion of the
new sports will add 18 events.
• Gymnast Dipa Karmakar becomes first Indian
to qualify for Vault Finals-Dipa Karmakar, the
Indian Gymnast, created history by becoming the
first Indian gymnast to enter the Olympic final at
the Rio Olympic Centre. She scored 14.850 by
performing her much-vaunted ‘Produnova’ vault
cleanly on the vault. While American Simone
Biles, the three-time world all-round champion
topped the charts with a score of 16.050.
• Michael Phelps becomes first swimmer to win
four consecutive golds in same event- Michael
Phelps won his fourth consecutive 200m
individual medley Olympic title. With this, he
became the first swimmer ever to win four
consecutive golds in the same event. Phelps
clocked one minute, 54.66 seconds to grab the
200m individual medley Olympic title. Japan’s
Kosuke Hagino won the silver medal and
China’s Wang Shun took the bronze.
• USA wins 1,000th Olympic gold medal - Simone
Manuel anchored the U.S. women's 4x100
metres medley relay team to the 1,000th gold
medal in her country's summer Olympic history,
and the second of her career. USA has got its
first gold in 1896 Athens Olympic.
• Indian ace wins Australian Open squash- India
squash queen Dipika Pallikal won the Australian
Open squash title by beating Mayar Hany of
Egypt by 10-12, 11-5, 11-6, 11-4. Notably, this
is her first Professional Squash Association
(PSA) title since February 2015. Pallikal stands
on 10th in ranking table and this is Dipika’s 11th
PSA title. Wrestler Sakshi Malik wins bronze for
India in Rio 2016 India's Sakshi Malik won a
bronze medal in the wrestling 58kg category in
Rio Olympics 2016. She beat Aisuluu
Tynybekova 8-5 in the bronze medal bout. The
23-year-old became the 4th Indian woman to
have ever won an Olympic medal Malik was
born on 3 September 1992 in Mokhra village of
Haryana's Rohtak district.
• Narsingh Yadav banned for 4 years by CAS-
The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)
accepted the World Anti Doping Agency’s
(WADA) appeal and sanctioned a four-year ban
on wrestler Narsingh Yadav who had earlier
tested positive for steroids. The ban will be
accounted for from August 18, meaning he
would not compete in the Rio Olympics. The
CAS also ruled to disqualify all the competitive
results obtained by Narsingh from June 25, 2016.
• Sania Mirza gets No 1 spot in women's doubles
by defeating Martina Hingis- Sania Mirza,
paired with Barbora Strycova from the Czech
Republic, defeated Martina Hingis and her
partner Coco Vandeweghe 7-5, 6-4. This is the
first win for Indo-Czech pair. With the win,
Sania retained her number one status on the
women's doubles ranking as Hingis slipped to
2nd spot.
• Cristiano Ronaldo voted UEFA's 2015-16 best
player in Europe- Cristiano Ronaldo has been
voted UEFA's 2015-16 Best Player in Europe
ahead of Real Madrid team mate Gareth Bale
and Atletico Madrid's Antoine Griezmann.
Ronaldo scored 51 goals in 48 games in all
competitions for Real who won the Champions
League and finished runners-up to Barcelona in
La Liga. The Portugal marksman also played a
key role in his country's triumph at Euro 2016.
• Four years after London Olympics, Yogeshwar
Dutt’s bronze for India to turn silver-Indian
23
wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt may be in for a
pleasant surprise. The bronze medal that he won
in the 2012 London Olympics is set to be
upgraded to silver. The unexpected upgrade has
been triggered by a positive dope test of the
silver winner in the 60-kg freestyle event in
London – Russia’s Besik Kudukhov. With
Kudukhov testing positive, Yogeshwar Dutt of
India will get the silver.
KNOW YOUR LEGAL EAGLE:
Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer (15 November 1914 – 4 December 2014) was an Indian judge and minister who
reformed the Indian criminal justice system, stood up for the poor and the underprivileged, especially, and
remained a human-rights champion,[3]
a crusader for social justice and the environment,[4]
and a doyen of civil
liberties, throughout life. Also a sports enthusiast and a prolific author,[5]
he was conferred with thePadma
Vibhushan in 1999.
Justice Vaidyanathapuram Rama Ayyar Krishna Iyer was born at Palakkad, in the Malabar region of the then
Madras State.
24
In office
He was appointed a judge of the Kerala High Court on 2 July 1968. He was a member of the Law Commission
from 1971 to 1973 where he drafted a comprehensive report, which would lead to the legal-aid movement in
the country. He was elevated as judge of the Supreme Court on 17 July 1973.
A thinker ahead of his time, he would go on to write landmark judgments:
• Shamsher Singh case which interpreted the powers of the Cabinet with that of the President.
• Maneka Gandhi case which paved the way to read the plain words "right to life" and "personal liberty", to
mean many human rights now, thus expanding Article 21 of the Constitution. That the government of the day
cannot put fetters on the rights of citizens, nor, should courts get unduly alarmed, when both of them are
reacting to a fear of facing all manner of hostile comment, was what he tersely reminded them:
Along with Justice P. N. Bhagwati, he laid the foundations for the induction of PILs (Public Interest
Litigations) in the country with a series of cases, when in one such case, he treated a prisoner’s letter posted
from jail as a writ petition, commenting:
"Freedom behind bars is part of our constitutional tryst...If wars are too important to be left to the generals,
surely prisoners’ rights are too precious to be left to the jailors"
This revolutionary tool, initially used by public-spirited citizens to file PILs on behalf of sections of society
unable to on their own, continues to bring in unheard changes in the day-to-day lives of the people even now,
decades later.[20]
Observing this, he states:[21]
"To transform the Supreme Court of India into the Supreme Court for Indians was the challenge...When the
history of the judiciary in India comes to be written, PIL will be glorified as the noblest ally of the little
Indian"
Books
He has to his credit 70–100 books, mostly on law, and four travelogues. He has also authored a book in
Tamil, Neethimandramum Samanvya Manithanum. Wandering in Many Worlds is his autobiography. There
are around five published books by other authors about him.
Name of the book Year
Law and the People 1972
Law, Freedom and Change 1975
Law India, Some Contemporary Challenges 1976
Jurisprudence and Juris-Conscience à la Gandhi 1976
25
Social Mission of Law 1976
Law & Social Change and Indian Overview 1978
Social Justice and the Handicapped Humans 1978
The Integral Yoga of Public Law and Development in the Context of
India
1979
Of Law & Life 1979
A Constitutional Miscellany 1986
Life After Death[32]
2005
Wandering in Many Worlds 2009
The Indian Law (Dynamic Dimensions of the Abstract) 2009
Sitting on the bench and away from it, he would reiterate time and again a guiding principle, that:
"The law of all laws is that the 'rule of law' must keep pace with the 'rule of life'"
by climbing down from its high pedestal, shedding its static and sterile inertia, to ascertain ground realities for
meeting the needs[23]
and aspirations of the people in an ever changing society.
Public life after office
He retired as a judge, on 14 November 1980. He stood for the nation's President in 1987, as the Opposition's
candidate against R. Venkataraman, the ruling Congress's nominee who eventually, would assume office.
In 2002, he inquired into the Gujarat riots as part of a citizens' panel, with retired Justice P. B. Sawant among
others. He also headed the Kerala Law Reform Commission in 2009.
Out of public office he continued to advocate the cause of justice on every forum and in his writings, and his
house would always remain open, bustling with all who sought his advice.
100th birthday and death
His 100th birthday was celebrated in Kochi in November, 2014 and a number of programmes were organised
26
by members of the legal fraternity, citizenry and his friends and well-wishers to felicitate him. He had been
actively involved in social and political life after retirement, almost till a few weeks when ill-health and
advancing age took their toll on him.
He died on 4 December 2014.
DON’T MISS FOR PU ASPIRANT:
 A list of India’s First
• President of Indian Republic: Dr Rajendra Prasad
• Vice President of Indian Republic: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
• Defence Minister of India: Baldev Singh
• Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa
• Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst
• Indian Chief of Staff: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa
• Commander-in-Chief, IAF: Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee
• Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral R D Katari
• Cosmonaut: Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma
• Field Marshal: Sam Manekshaw
• First female jawan in the Army: Shanti Tigga
• First Param Vir Chakra Winner: Major Som Nath Sharma
• Person to reach the South Pole: Col Jatinder Kumar Bajaj
• Woman to scale Mount Everest: Bachendri Pal
• Person to reach the North Pole: Jagannathan Srinivasaraghavan
• Person to have walked across Gobi desert: Sucheta Kadethankar
• Indian to swim across the English Channel: Mihir Sen, 1958.
27
• Woman to swim across the English Channel: Arati Saha, 1959
• Formula One racer: Narain Karthikeyan
• Formula One team: Force India F1
• Person to equal world record in Archery: Limba Ram, 1992
• Shiva Keshavan, first Indian to win 2 Gold Medals for India in Winter sports
• Sushil Kumar (wrestler) is the first Indian to win back to back Olympic medals (Bronze and Silver in the 2008 and
2012 Summer Olympics respectively)
• Chess Grandmaster: Male - Viswanathan Anand, 1988.
• Female - Koneru Humpy – 2002
• Mr. Universe: Manohar Aich in 1952
• Miss World: Reita Faria in 1966. (She was also the first Asian to win the title.)
• Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen in 1994
• Miss Earth: Nicole Faria in 2010
• Man Booker Prize: Arundhati Roy for her novel "The God of Small Things" in the year 1997.
• Bharat Ratna: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and C. V. Raman in 1954
• Magsaysay Award: Vinoba Bhave, 1958
• Oscar for Lifetime Achievement - Satyajit Ray
• Nishan-e-Pakistan: Morarji Desai, 1990
• First Indian filmmaker to get Bharat Ratna: Satyajit Ray
• Sound film: Alam Ara (1931) directed by Ardeshir Irani
• Sound engineer to win an Oscar: Resul Pookutty for Slumdog Millionaire
• Music director to win an Oscar and first double Oscar winner-Mr. A. R. Rahman for Slumdog Millionaire
• Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Language Film: Mother India
• Oscar for Lifetime Achievement: Satyajit Ray
• Sponsored TV serial: Hum Log, started on 7 July 1984, was also the first soap opera of India, ran for 156 episodes
• 3-D film: My Dear Kuttichathan, a Malayalam film, produced in 1984, dubbed in Hindi as Chhota Chetan.
28
• Hindi film screened at the United Nations: Lage Raho Munna Bhai, 10 November 2006,directed by Rajkumar Hirani
• President of the Indian National Congress: Womesh Chandra Bannerjee, 1885
• President of the Indian National Congress of independent India: Acharya Kripalani, till November 1947
• President: Rajendra Prasad (1950–1962)
• First Woman President: Pratibha Patil (2007–2012)
• The first Chief Election Commissioner : Sukumar Sen
• Vice-President: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
• Prime Minister: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947–64
• Deputy Prime Minister: Vallabhbhai Patel (1947–1950)
• Law Minister of India: B. R. Ambedkar CLATGyan | All Rights Reserved Page 5
• Leader of Opposition: A. K. Gopalan
• Women Railway Minister of India: Mamata Banerjee
• The first Viceroy of India: Lord Canning, 1858
• Governor-General of India: Warren Hastings, 1773
• Governor-General of Independent India: Lord Mountbatten, 1947
• Indian Governor-General of Indian Union: C Rajagopalachari, 1948
• Chief Justice of India: H. J. Kania (1947–1951)
• Indian ICS Officer: Satyendranath Tagore, 1863
• Speaker of Lok Sabha: G.V. Mavlankar (1952–1956)
• Presentation of First Budget after India's Independence: R. K. Shanmukhan Chetty
• First Home Minister of India: Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
• First Indian President to die in Office: Dr Zakir Hussain
• First Chief Minister to die in Office: C.N.Annadurai, Tamil Nadu
• First Indian Prime Minister to resign from office: Morarji Desai, 1979
• First woman Cabinet Minister in India: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
29
• First woman Minister in India: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
• First woman Chief Minister: Sucheta Kriplani, UP
• First woman Governor of a State: Sarojini Naidu (Governor of Uttar Pradesh, 1947–49)
• First female Home Minister: Sabitha Indra Reddy in Andhra Pradesh Govt.
• First woman Speaker of the Lok Sabha: Meira Kumar
• Woman in space: Kalpana Chawla
• Test-tube baby: Durga Agarwal, born 1978
• Nuclear Reactor: Apsara, Mumbai
• Satellite: Aryabhata, launched on 19 April 1975
• Olympic team medal: Gold in Field Hockey, Amsterdam, beating the Netherlands in the Finals.
• Individual medal (in British India): Two Silver medals by Norman Pritchard in 200 metres and 200 metres hurdles at
the 1900 Summer Olympics, Paris. (This is disputed however. The IOC claims he participated for India. The IAAF
records him as participant for Great Britain.)
• Individual medal: Bronze by K. D. Jadhav for Wrestling at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki.
• Medal in Tennis: Leander Paes at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.
• Individual medal by a woman: Bronze by Karnam Malleswari for weightlifting 54 kg class, at the 2000 Summer
Olympics Sydney.
• Individual Gold medal: Abhinav Bindra in the 10 m Air Rifle event at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.
• Individual Silver medal Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore in the Men's Double Trap event at the 2004 Summer Olympics in
Athens.
• Medal in boxing: Vijender Kumar in the Beijing Olympics 2008.
• Medal in Badminton: Saina Nehwal, winning bronze in the London Olympics 2012
• Medal in wrestling: Sushil Kumar, winning a Bronze in the Beijing Olympics 2008
• Medal in ladies boxing: MC Mary Kom, winning bronze in the London Olympics 2012‟
• Grand Slam title: Mahesh Bhupathi (partnering with Japanese Rika Hiraki) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 1997
French Open.
• Woman to win a Grand Slam title: Sania Mirza (partnering with Mahesh Bhupathi) in the Mixed Doubles category of
the 2009 Australian Open
30
• Captain in Tests: C. K. Nayudu for the 1932 tour of England.
• ODI captain: Ajit Wadekar.
• Cricketer to score a century in a Test match: Lala Amarnath
• Cricketer to score a double century in a Test match: Polly Umrigar, 223
• Cricketer to score a triple century in a Test match: Virender Sehwag
• Indian to score an ODI century: Kapil Dev, 175
• Indian to score an ODI double century is Sachin Tendulkar, 200*
• Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in Tests: Sunil Gavaskar (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat)
• Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in ODIs: Sachin Tendulkar (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat)
• First Indian to score a T20 century: at Suresh Raina
• Woman to be the Chairperson of State Bank of India:Arundhati Bhattacharya
• Woman Photojournalist: Homai Vyarawalla
• Woman Supreme Court judge: Justice M. Fathima Beevi
• Woman President of the United Nations General Assembly: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, 1953
• Wax statue of a living Indian: Mahatma Gandhi at Madame Tussaud's in 1939.
 List of Sobriquets for Places
• Battle field of Europe - Belgium
• City of Sky Scrapers - New York (USA)
• City of Magnificent Distances - Washington DC
• City of Golden Gate - San Francisco (USA)
• City of Seven Hills - Rome (Italy)
• Cockpit of Europe - Belgium
• Copper Country - Zambia
31
• Dark Continent - Africa
• Empire City - New York (USA)
• Emerald Island - Ireland
• Eternal City - Rome (Italy)
• Forbidden City - Lhasa (Tibet, China)
• Garden of England - Kent
• George Cross Island - Malta
• Granite City - Aberdeen (Scotland)
• Hill Queen - Shimla
• Holy Land - Palestine
• Island of Pearls - Bahrain
• Island of Cloves - Madagascar
• Land of Eagles - Albania
• Land of Golden Fleece - Australia
• Land of Lilies - Canada
• Land of Golden Pagoda - Myanmar
• Land of Maple - Canada
• Land of Thousand Lakes - Finland
• Land of Morning Calm - Korea
• Land of Rising Sun - Japan
• Land of Setting Sun - Britain
• Land of Midnight Sun - Norway
• Land of Lakes - Scotland
• Land of the Tulips - Netherlands
• Land of White Elephant - Thailand
32
• Land of Thunder Bolt - Bhutan
• Land of Thousand Elephants - Laos
• Manchester of the Orient - Osaka
• Never Never Land - Prairies, North Australia
• Land of Thunder Dragon - China
• Nation of Thousand Hills - Rwanda
• Pearl of Arabia - Bahrain
• Pearl of Antilles - Cuba
• Pillars of Hercules - Strait of Gibralter
• Quaker City of USA - Philadelphia (USA)
• Queen of the Adriatic - Venice, Italy
• Sick Man of Europe - Turkey
• Sugar Bowl of World - Cuba
• Venice of the North - Stockholm (Sweden)
• White City - Belgrade
• Windy City - Chicago
• World's Bread Basket - Priries of North America
• Land of Windmills - Holland
 NICKNAMES OF INDIAN CITIES
City State Nickname(s)
Bhiwandi Maharashtra Manchester of India
Talcher Odisha Black Diamond
Bhiwandi Maharashtra Manchester of India and Godown hub of India
Bengaluru Karnataka Electronic City of India
33
City State Nickname(s)
Garden City of India
Silicon Valley of India
Space City[1]
Science city of India
Chennai Tamil Nadu
Detroit of Asia
Automobile Capital of India
Coimbatore Tamil Nadu Manchester of South India
Hyderabad Telangana City of Pearls
Jaipur Rajasthan Pink City
Jaisalmer Rajasthan Golden City of India
Jamshedpur Jharkhand
Steel City of India
Pittsburgh of India
Kannauj Uttar Pradesh
Grasse of the East
Perfume Capital of India
Harsh Vardhan city
Bhubaneswar Odisha Temple City of India
Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
Leather City of the World
Manchester of The North
Kochi Kerala
Queen of the Arabian Sea
God's Own Country
Kolkata West Bengal City of Joy
Kolhapur Maharashtra City of Wrestlers
Kollam Kerala Cashew Capital of the World
34
City State Nickname(s)
Lucknow Uttar Pradesh City of Nawabs
Ludhiana Punjab
Madurai Tamil Nadu
City of Festivals
Temple city
Mangalore Karnataka
Cradle Of Indian Banking
Gateway Of Karnataka
Mumbai Maharashtra
City of Seven Islands
Gateway of India
Hollywood of India
Maximum City
Mussoorie Uttarakhand Queen of the Mountains
Muzaffarpur Bihar The Land of Leechi
Nagpur Maharashtra Orange City
Patiala Punjab Royal City
Panipat Haryana City of Weavers
Pondicherry Puducherry Paris of the East
Pune Maharashtra
Oxford of the East
Queen of Deccan
Siliguri West Bengal Gateway to the Dooars
Surat Gujarat
Diamond City
Silk City
Food city
Tezpur Assam City of Blood
Thoothukudi Tamil Nadu Pearl City
35
City State Nickname(s)
Udaipur Rajasthan
White City
City of Lakes
Venice of the East
Trivandrum Kerala Evergreen City of India
Visakhapatnam
Andhra
Pradesh
City Of Destiny
36

More Related Content

Recently uploaded

ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITYISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITYKayeClaireEstoconing
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...Postal Advocate Inc.
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSJoshuaGantuangco2
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptxMusic 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptxleah joy valeriano
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
Full Stack Web Development Course for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course  for BeginnersFull Stack Web Development Course  for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course for BeginnersSabitha Banu
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Celine George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITYISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
 
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptxMusic 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
Full Stack Web Development Course for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course  for BeginnersFull Stack Web Development Course  for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course for Beginners
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 

Featured

AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdf
AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdfAI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdf
AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdfmarketingartwork
 
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024Neil Kimberley
 
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)contently
 
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024Albert Qian
 
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie Insights
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie InsightsSocial Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie Insights
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie InsightsKurio // The Social Media Age(ncy)
 
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024Search Engine Journal
 
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summarySpeakerHub
 
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd Clark Boyd
 
Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next Tessa Mero
 
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search IntentGoogle's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search IntentLily Ray
 
Time Management & Productivity - Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity -  Best PracticesTime Management & Productivity -  Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity - Best PracticesVit Horky
 
The six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project managementThe six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project managementMindGenius
 
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...RachelPearson36
 
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...Applitools
 
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at WorkGetSmarter
 

Featured (20)

AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdf
AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdfAI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdf
AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdf
 
Skeleton Culture Code
Skeleton Culture CodeSkeleton Culture Code
Skeleton Culture Code
 
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024
 
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)
 
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024
 
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie Insights
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie InsightsSocial Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie Insights
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie Insights
 
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024
 
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
 
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
 
Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next
 
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search IntentGoogle's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
 
How to have difficult conversations
How to have difficult conversations How to have difficult conversations
How to have difficult conversations
 
Introduction to Data Science
Introduction to Data ScienceIntroduction to Data Science
Introduction to Data Science
 
Time Management & Productivity - Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity -  Best PracticesTime Management & Productivity -  Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity - Best Practices
 
The six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project managementThe six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project management
 
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
 
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
 
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
 
ChatGPT webinar slides
ChatGPT webinar slidesChatGPT webinar slides
ChatGPT webinar slides
 
More than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike Routes
More than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike RoutesMore than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike Routes
More than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike Routes
 

SLA's Current Affairs Capsule August 2016

  • 1. Current Affairs AUGUST 2016 • GET STARTED: GET ORGANIZED FOR CLAT 2017 • CLAT 2016 ANALYSIS • SPECIAL FEATURE OF THIS MONTH: OLYMPICS • ACTIVITY OF THE MONTH: OLYMPICS HOST CITIES • PERSONALITY OF THE MONTH: JUSTICE KRISHAN IYER 1
  • 2. • GK SUPPLEMENT FOR PU ASPIRANTS: SUPERLATIVES/NICKNAMES INDEX Topics Page No. 1) GET ORGANIZED TO CRACK CLAT 2017 3 2) CLAT 2016 ANALYSIS SPECIAL FEATURE OF THIS MONTH: OLYMPICS 4 3) SPECIAL EDITION: RIO 2016 5 4) MAIN ISSUE: CURRENT AFFAIRS- NATIONAL 11 5) INTERNATIONAL NEWS 18 6) AWARDS 20 7) SPORTS 21 8) PERSONALITY OF THE MONTH: JUSTICE KRISHAN IYER 24 9) GK SUPPLEMENT FOR PU ASPIRANTS 26 10) A list of India’s First 26 11) List of Sobriquets for Places 29 2
  • 3. 12) NICKNAMES OF INDIAN CITIES 30 GET ORGANIZED TO CRACK CLAT 2017 Cracking CLAT with a top rank holds the key to studying in a premier law school which in turn will open up myriad opportunities in the world of law for you. Plum placement offers from top notch law firms, offers from UK based law firms; mind blowing salaries are the other fringe benefits you are sure to enjoy in this career. Logically, your systematic preparation and untiring efforts over the next nine moths will help you reap the benefits. TO START WITH, GET A SELF- ASSESSMENT DONE: Most students today simply chase their dreams without understanding their strengths, weaknesses and their aptitude. First figure out if you are cut out for a career in law and if so, do you have the ability to crack the CLAT. Take one or two model CLAT papers or work out 2016 CLAT question paper in order to assess yourself. Remember, you must be honest with yourself and take these tests under strict exam conditions such as adhering to time limit of two hours and ensure there is no access to answers. This exercise will give you an insight into your existing levels. Now, analyse your marks in different subjects. You should be able to score more than 50% in all the subjects. If you have been unable to do so, then that subject is your weak area. Having identified it, you can embark on a planned study schedule to counter your “weak areas”. Further, in the subjects where you have scored well, you will understand that you have the potential to do better, so hone your “strong points”. This meticulous self – assessment will help you to streamline your preparation DRAWING UP A PREPARATION STRATEGY: Firstly, get all the reference books, study materials, past year CLAT question papers, etc. Secondly, make a realistic study time table for a period of time, say, a month or week. Split the work into daily slots. You should clock at least 40 hours of study time in a month, which translates to about 1 hour a day and an extra one hour during weekends. Also, make sure you study two subjects a day; say, GK and logic or any other combination. Thirdly, adopt a qualitative approach towards preparation. Instead of merely cramming GK information in a random manner, try to do it topic-wise and follow it up with an MCQ test paper on that topic. This is a sure method that helps retention of information. LEARN TO BALANCE YOUR PRIORITIES: Most of you lead your life like a juggler, it is quite amazing to see kids juggle school academics with extracurricular activities, tuitions, preparation for competitive examinations, alongside using the i pads, i phones, x box and not to forget the social networking sites. First decide your goals and prioritize your work. For example, if for you, CLAT is more important than getting the “school first” position, put in more labour on it and be content with a 80 – 90% in your school subjects. Similarly, you have to take a call whether you would want to attend every inter school event at the cost of preparing for CLAT. Since “enjoying life” is the main mantra of youngsters today, do so, by all means but after fulfilling your daily quota of school work and preparation for CLAT. Remember, this is a golden period of your life, if CLAT does not work out in 2017 you need to be ready with a back- up plan or be mentally geared to drop a year for the next CLAT exam. 3
  • 4. Finally, it is all about the 4 Cs Conviction, Courage, Commitment and Capability and these factors influence your outcome in the CLAT or for the matter any examination! 4
  • 5. CLAT 2016 Analysis: Easy paper, but higher cut-offs CLAT 2016, a sigh of relief and a big respite after AILET-2016! That is probably the best way to describe CLAT 2016, and probably what you’re doing too! Let us do a quick analysis of the test. This year’s test was supposedly one of the easiest CLAT papers in the recent past. It resembled CLAT 2014 in terms of difficulty level. Average number of serious attempts was over 140 for many test takers, with the figure going up to 170-185 questions for good students. With 80-85% accuracy, this gives a score of 145-155. Here’s a quick look at the different sections in CLAT 2016. English with Comprehension This section had one Reading Comprehension passage. Other questions were spread across grammar, spellings, fill in the blanks (prepositions, sentence completion, word usage), idioms & phrases, and legal maxims. Logical Reasoning The difficulty level of this section was easy to moderate. Critical Reasoning (CR) had 15 questions and Analytical Reasoning had 25 questions. The LR section consisted of matrix arrangement, puzzles, family tree, directions, coding & decoding, series, set based questions, etc. CR included course of action, strong & weak arguments, syllogisms, etc. Elementary Maths Maths had a few tricky and calculation intensive questions, which made this section somewhat time consuming. Questions were spread across topics like percentages, ratio proportion, algebra, probability, geometry, etc. Tricky questions were better solved using elimination of options, using intelligent guessing. General Knowledge This section had around 40 questions from Current Affairs, and around 10 from Static GK. Questions appeared from favourite areas like politics, finance & economy, sports, social and legal affairs. Legal Aptitude This section had a fairly easy set of 35 Legal Reasoning questions. Principle-facts questions were one liners (mostly torts/contracts/criminal law) and 15 questions belonged to Legal Knowledge (mainly constitution, followed by landmark judgments, famous judges and personalities). This was one of the easiest sections as the questions were quite straightforward. Cut-offs for CLAT 2016 Since average attempts this year have been higher, accuracy and a higher Legal Aptitude score will matter. In case of equal total scores, LA will be a tie-breaker. Cut-off for the top 3 NLUs are likely to be in the 150+ range. Here are the likely CLAT 2016 cut-offs for top NLUs: • Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata – 150+ • Gandhinagar, Bhopal, Jodhpur – 145-150 • Raipur, Lucknow, Patiala, Patna – 135-145 SPECIAL EDITION OF THIS MONTH 5
  • 6. Olympics Fun Facts • The early Olympic Games were celebrated as a religious festival from 776 B.C. until 393 A.D., when the games were banned for being a pagan festival (the Olympics celebrated the Greek god Zeus). In 1894, a French educator Baron Pierre de Coubertin, proposed a revival of the ancient tradition, and thus the modern- day Olympic Summer Games were born. • Host Greece won the most medals (47) at the first Olympic Summer Games in 1896. • The first Winter Olympic Games were held in Chamonix, France in 1924. • Norway has won the most medals (263) at the Winter Games. • The United States has won more medals (2,189) at the Summer Games than any other country. • The five Olympic rings represent the five major regions of the world – Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceana, and every national flag in the world includes one of the five colors, which are (from left to right) blue, yellow, black, green, and red. • Up until 1994 the Olympics were held every four years. Since then, the Winter and Summer games have alternated every two years. • The first Olympics covered by U.S. television was the 1960 Summer Games in Rome by CBS. • No country in the Southern Hemisphere has ever hosted a Winter Games. • Three continents – Africa, South America, and Antarctica – have never hosted an Olympics. • A record 202 countries participated in the 2004 Olympic Summer Games in Athens. • Only four athletes have ever won medals at both the Winter and Summer Olympic Games: Eddie Eagan (United States), Jacob Tullin Thams (Norway), Christa Luding-Rothenburger (East Germany), and Clara Hughes (Canada). • The United States Olympic Committee established the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1983 to recognize outstanding American Olympic athletes, however, a plan to build a hall has been suspended due to lack of funding. • The Summer Olympic sports are archery, badminton, basketball, beach volleyball, boxing, canoe / kayak, cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, handball, judo, modern pentathlon (shooting, fencing, swimming, show jumping, and running), mountain biking, rowing, sailing, shooting, soccer, swimming, synchronized swimming, table tennis, taekwondo, tennis, track and field, triathlon (swimming, biking, running), 6
  • 7. volleyball, water polo, weightlifting, and wrestling. • The Winter Olympic sports are alpine skiing, biathlon (cross-country skiing and target shooting), bobsled, cross- country skiing, curling, figure skating, freestyle skiing, ice hocky, luge, Nordic combined (ski jumping and cross-country skiing), skeleton, ski jumping, snowboarding, and speed skatin All about the Olympic Games Learn a little about the Olympic Games, Ancient and Modern The Ancient Olympic Games • When were the first Olympic Games? The first known Olympic Games was recorded in around 776 BC in Olympia, Greece. They were celebrated until 396 AD. • What events took place in the Ancient Olympic Games? The Ancient Olympic Games consisted of only one race, the "stade" race, which was the length of the stadium and between 180 and 240 metres long (we don't know for sure). Over the years more running races and other events were added, including boxing, wrestling, chariot racing, long jump, javelin and discus throwing. • Who took part in the Ancient Olympic Games? Only young men could take part. They had to be free men, and speak Greek. They usually competed nude, and the prize was a crown of olive leaves (a sign of hope and peace). • Were women allowed at the Ancient Olympic Games? Women were not allowed to take part. Married women were not even allowed to watch! The Modern Olympic Games • Who revived the idea of the Olympic Games? A French nobleman, Pierre Fredy, the Baron de Coubertin, born in 1863. When he was young, Coubertin was a very keen sportsman. As he grew older he developed a passionate belief that sport could encourage peace throughout the world and bring people from all over the world together. Coubertin was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games and travelled around the world, spending his own money, trying to persuade people to revive them. Eventually he managed to bring together representatives of many different countries in Paris, in 1894, and the Olympic Movement was begun. • When and where were the first modern Olympic Games held? The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. 7
  • 8. • Did women compete in this first modern Olympic Games? No! Women began to compete in 1900. For many years there were problems for the women athletes about what to wear, because it was considered very rude to show any part of the body or even the shape of the body! Can you imagine trying to run and jump covered from head to foot in clothes? • Who supervises the Olympic Games? When Baron de Coubertin founded the Olympic Movement he established the International Olympic Committee (the IOC) to supervise it, in 1894. He himself served as its president for 29 years, and there have been 8 presidents since then. There were originally 14 members but the Committee has now grown to over 130 members, all of whom must speak either French or English. Existing members elect new members as required. The IOC is based in Lausanne, Switzerland. • What is the aim of the Olympic Movement? "The goal of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sport practiced without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play." • What is an Olympiad? An Olympiad is the period of four years which starts with a summer Olympic Games. Each Olympiad is counted with Roman numerals, and the year of the Games cannot be changed (although Games have been skipped out, as in 1916 during the First World War). • Who chooses the next host for the Olympic Games, and how? Members of the IOC choose the next venue for the Olympic Games, which must be a city rather than a country. So, for example, the next Olympics, in 2016, will be hosted by Rio de Janeiro, rather than Brazil. Any city which wishes to host the Games can put their bid to the IOC. Only one city from each country can bid, and even putting forward a bid takes a huge amount of work and is very expensive. It usually takes many years to prepare, and of course only one city can be successful! • Who selects each country's team of athletes? Each country has their own National Olympic Committee (NOC). The NOCs represent their countries at the Olympic Games and select their own national teams. • What is the Olympic torch? Prior to each Games, the Olympic Torch or Flame is lit in Olympia, Greece and brought to the host city by runners carrying the torch in relay. • What is the Olympic creed? "The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well." • Who wins medals? The athletes or teams who come first, second and third win medals: respectively gold, silver and 8
  • 9. bronze. • Are the gold medals real gold? No! They were solid gold until 1912, but are now silver covered with a thin layer of gold. • Why do we have the Olympic rings as the emblem of the Olympic Games? The five interlocking rings (blue, yellow, black, green, and red respectively) of the emblem was originally designed in 1913 by Pierre de Coubertin, to symbolize the five continents of the world taking part in the Olympic Games (the Americas are viewed as a single continent, and Antarctica is omitted). • What is the Olympic motto? "Citius, Altius, Fortius.", which is Latin for "Swifter, Higher, Stronger" AUGUST MONTH ACTIVITY: You need to fill up these blanks. Answers will be discussed in the class on 9th October 2017. Avoid copying from batch mates. Try to learn while searching the answers. List of Olympic Host Cities 9
  • 10. 10 Olympiad Year Host City, Country I 1896 __________,Greece II 1900 Paris, France III 1904 ___________, USA 1906 Athens, _________ IV __________ London, England, UK V 1912 ___________, Sweden VI 1916 Berlin, Germany (not held) VII 1920 _____________, Belgium VIII _________ Paris, France IX 1928 Amsterdam, ____________ X 1932 Los Angeles, USA XI 1936 Berlin, Germany XII 1940 Tokyo, Japan / Helsinki, Finland (not held) XIII 1944 London, England, UK (not held)
  • 12. NATIONAL • PM Modi flags off 'Run for Rio' Prime Minister Narendra Modi has flagged off the Run for Rio event in New Delhi to celebrate the Olympic mood in the country.The mass run was announced by the Sports Minister Vijay Goel at a press conference. Around 20,000 school children participated in the event, which commenced from Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in Delhi. • Suresh Prabhu flags off Agartala-Delhi train 'Tripura Sundari Express' Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu has flagged off maiden broad-gauge train service between Agartala and Delhi, ‘Tripura Sundari Express’. The ‘Tripura Sundari Express’ will run weekly between Agartala and Anand Vihar in Delhi. The rail link was developed at an expense of 968 crore rupees.  Apart from this, Prabhu along with Bangladesh Railway Minister Md. Mazibul Hoque also laid the foundation stone for Agartala-Akhaura International Rail Project. This train link would be part of the trans-Asian rail connectivity. • Central body approves Rs 400 crore for Ganga rejuvenation projects A high-level panel of the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) has approved various projects worth approximately Rs 400 crore for development of ghats (river fronts) and crematoria at different places along the river Ganga from Uttarakhand to West Bengal under the Centre’s ambitious Namami Gange programme. The projects, approved by the empowered steering committee of the NGRBA, include development of ghats and crematoria in the stretch from Rudrapraya to Guptkashi in Uttarakhand, Kanpur, Allahabad, Bithoor and Bijnor (on Ramganga) in Uttar Pradesh, Kahalgaon in Bihar, Sahibganj and Rajmahal in Jharkhand and Bhatpara and Naihati in West Bengal. • India to host international summit on tobacco- control India is going to host a crucial global summit in November to eliminate the illicit trade of tobacco products.The summit is scheduled for November 7-12 at the Indian Exposition Mart in Noida. In this summit delegates from 180 countries will take part.This is the 7th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC). • Odisha government to recruit transgenders as jail warders The Odisha government has decided to recruit members of transgender community persons as warders in jails of the State as per the directive of the Supreme Court.  The home department has issued instructions to the Odisha Subordinate Staff Selection Commission (OSSC) to include the gender category.  This is for the first time the state government will mention the third gender as a separate category in any of the recruitment process.  As per the direction of the Directorate of Prison, the physical standards stipulated for transgender who will apply for the post of jail warders will be same as prescribed for women candidates. • Resolution for the renaming of Madras High Court passed The Tamil Nadu Assembly has passed an unanimous resolution that the Madras High Court be renamed as Tamil Nadu High Court and not as High Court of Chennai as proposed by the Centre.  The Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Law and Justice, Ravi Shanker Prasad with an aim to modify the names of the High Court’s (HCs) of Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras. The High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras will be known as the High Courts of Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai respectively. 12
  • 13. • Rajya Sabha passes historic GST Constitution Bill Marking an end to the long and tumultuous debate on GST, the Rajya Sabha today approved the crucial 122nd Constitutional amendment to turn the bill into law. The Lok Sabha had already passed the key bill. The bill will now go back to the Lower House to incorporate the amendments approved by the Rajya Sabha. The bill will also have to be approved by 50 percent of all the state assemblies.  The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill, 2014 was approved by the Rajya Sabha with 203 votes in favour and none against. • WEF India Economic Summit in Delhi on October 6-7 World Economic Forum (WEF), will host its annual India Economic Summit on October 6-7 in New Delhi which would be attended by over 500 business and political leaders including top policymakers and CEOs.  This year's meet will be convened under the theme, 'Fostering an Inclusive India through Digital Transformation'. • West Bengal Cabinet cleared proposal to rename the state as “Bengal” West Bengal Cabinet cleared a proposal to rename the state as “Bengal” in English and “Bango” or “Bangla” in Bengali. Later, it will be sent to the Union Government for approval by the Parliament as changing of the name will require its approval.  The other reason for changing the name of the state is that whenever there is any meeting of all states, West Bengal comes at the bottom of the list alphabetically. • Rajasthan becomes first state to approve sewage & waste water policy Rajasthan has become the first state in the country to approve sewage and wastewater policy. It has been approved by Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje in Jaipur.  Under this policy, all district headquarters, heritage cities, and cities in the state which have more than one lakh population will be included. Waste water treated under it will be used in irrigation and agricultural work. It will be compulsory for every house in the state to connect with sewage system in those cities which have 100% sewage system in next five years. • BHEL commissions 500 Mw Marwa Thermal Power station in Chhattisgarh State-run Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) has commissioned the second 500 Mw (megawatt) thermal unit at Marwa Thermal Power Station in Janjgir-Champa district of Chhattisgarh. The first unit of Marwa TPS was also commissioned earlier by BHEL. Marwa TPS has been set up by Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company (CSPGCL). • LS Speaker inaugurates DRDO exhibition in Parliament premises Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan has inaugurated the three-day Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) exhibition in the Parliament premises in New Delhi. The three-day long exhibition will showcase numerous state-of-the-art defence technologies, products, and systems developed by various DRDO laboratories indigenously.  This would include the BrahMos missile, the 'Arjun' main battle tank, Airborne Early Warning and Control System, Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher 'Pinaka' Various type of Radars and other products. The DRDO will also organise a virtual reality display of Arjun Main Battle Tank, BrahMos Missile, AEW&C & LCA-Tejas. • Modi Launches PMO App At MyGov Anniversary Event Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the new PMO app at a function organised by MyGov in New Delhi. The app would correspond to the website of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO). The app is developed by a team of young engineering students from Delhi who has won the contest to develop the app. The new app will allow mobile users to connect with the website of the Prime Minister's Office. 13
  • 14. • 2nd National Handloom day has celebrated The second National Handloom Day has been celebrated all over the country, on August 7. As the first National Handloom Day was celebrated last year and Hon’ble Prime Minister was the Chief Guest in the main event held in Chennai on 7th August, 2015.But this time, the main function was held in Varanasi in which Sant Kabir Awards and National Handloom Awards has been presented by the Union Textiles Minister Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani who was the Chief Guest on the occasion. • Odisha Government launches special assistance scheme for elderly weavers The Odisha government launched a special assistance scheme- ‘Baristha Bunakar Sahayata Yojana’ for elderly weavers to mark the National Handlooms Day.The Baristha Bunakar Sahayata Yojana is for all senior weavers who are above the age of 60 years who have been working in this field for the last 20 years. Under this scheme all weavers who are above 60 years they will get a monthly pension of 500 rupees, and those above 80 years would get 700 rupees. • Union Minister Prakash Javadekar inaugurates Chhattisgarh’s first IIT Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar has inaugurated the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) - Raipur at the Government Engineering College campus. The IIT will have its own campus by the time its first batch of students pass out. • Irom Sharmila ends 16-year-long fast Human rights activist Irom Chanu Sharmila (44) has ended her 16-year-long fast against Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 and was granted bail by an Imphal court on Rs.10,000 personal bond. However, she will be examined in court again on August 23. Irom had earlier announced that she will contest 2017 Manipur Assembly election. • Maharastra govt launches 'Quit India 2' movement to mark its 75th anniversary To mark the 75th anniversary of Quit India Movement, Maharashtra Government launched Quit India 2-from Swaraaj to Suraaj initiative. The initiative would emphasize on freedom from illiteracy, farmer suicide, wastage of water, addiction among youth and corruption. • PM Modi, Russian Prez Vladimir Putin jointly dedicated Kudankulam Nuclear Plant Unit-I to the nation The first unit of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant has jointly dedicated to the nation by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin through video conferencing. It has been built with Russian expertise following a pact between the then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Soviet leader Mikahil Gorbachev in November 1988. Now the first unit of Kudankulam power plant is generating its full capacity of 1000 megawatts of electricity since 2014. • Maneka Gandhi kicks off a campaign to mark 11 August as Daughters' Day The Minister of Women and Child Development Menaka Gandhi has launched a social media campaign to mark the Daughters Day to be celebrated on 11th August 2016 by tweeting a picture with her daughter-in-law and grand- daughter. The entire coming week will be celebrated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development as Daughters Week, as part of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao programme to check female foeticide, improve sex ratio and educate girls across the country. Through social media websites such as Facebook, Twitter etc, users from across the country will post photographs online with their Daughters,Daughters-in-law and Granddaughters using the hashtag #BBBPDaughtersWeek. This opportunity is being used by the Ministry to engage citizens to celebrate the young women and girls in their lives and spread the message of valuing the girl child. • PM Narendra Modi launches Yaad Karo Kurbani celebrations 14
  • 15. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched Yaad Karo Kurbani (remember the sacrifices) celebrations at the birthplace of freedom fighter Chandra Shekhar Azad at Alirajpur, Madhya Pradesh.The Yaad Karo Kurbani is a 15-day programme aimed to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Quit India Movement (QIM) and 70 years of Independence. Later he also flagged off the Tiranga Yatra to mark the launch of the 70th Freedom Year celebrations with a theme song '70 Saal Azadi Yaad Karo Kurbani' which has been composed by Dr. Ghazal Srinivas. • CBDT constitutes committee to review media policy Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has constituted a new committee to "review" the existing media policy for communicating the activities of the board and the income tax department to the public. The 9 member committee will be headed by Mr. Gopal Mukherjee. The committee will make a guideline for the departmental contact with media and Journalists. • Badal inaugurates first 'Sewa Kendra' in Punjab Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal has inaugurated city’s first Sewa Kendra at Ladhewali where people will be able to avail services under one roof. While Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal has inaugurated Sewa Kendras at Mansa, Pathankot, Bholath and Amargarh. A total of 2,147 Sewa Kendras has been constructed at a cost of Rs 500 crore. • Assam becomes the first state to ratify GST Assam has become the first state to ratify the Goods and Services Tax Constitutional Amendment Bill. The Parliament had earlier cleared the bill to usher in a uniform tax regime throughout the country, and it now awaits the ratification of at least 15 states to make it a law. The Centre seeks to roll-out the GST by April 1, 2017. • Smart Ganga City programme launched in 10 cities Union Ministers M Venkaiah Naidu and Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti has jointly launched 'Smart Ganga City' programme in 10 cities located through video conferencing. Haridwar, Rishikesh, Mathura, Varanasi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Patna, Sahibganj and Barrackpore are the cities/town where the programme will be implemented in the first phase. These cities has been chosen by the National Mission for Clean Ganga where the programme will be established in the first phase for infrastructure development for sewage treatment on hybrid annuity mode on public private partnership basis. • Railway Budget set to be merged with Union Budget from next fiscal Ending a 92-year-old tradition which started during the colonial era, Railway Budget will be merged with the General Budget from 2017-18 onwards. If the merger happens, the Railways will get rid of the annual dividend that it has to pay for gross budgetary support from the government. According to a report, the finance ministry has given a go-ahead signal to the proposal by the Railways ministry and has set up a five-member committee in this regard. • India’s first BIO-CNG plant inaugurated in Pune India’s first ever BIO-CNG plant producing CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) from agricultural residue was inaugurated in Pune, Maharashtra. It was jointly inaugurated by Union Minister of surface Transport Nitin Gadkari and Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar. • Bihar Assembly unanimously passes GST bill The Bihar state assembly has unanimously passed the crucial Goods and Services Tax Bill (GST Bill). With this, it has become the first non-Bharatiya Janata Party-ruled state to ratify the GST, Last week, Assam became the first state to ratify the Bill. The GST Bill needs to be ratified by at least 15 state legislatures before the President can notify the GST Council, which will then decide 15
  • 16. the new tax rate and other issues. • Odia becomes Official Language in Odisha Odia language will be used as the official language in all government offices in Odisha. According to the amendment of the Orissa Official Language Act 1954, all government letters, files will be carried in Odia language. Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi has prepared a panel to ensure mandatory use of the Odia as the State language in all Government offices across the state. • Kerala Govt. allots Rs 10,000 cr for govt schools Kerala govt has earmarked Rs 10,000 crore for state-run and aided schools for the next 5 years. As part of the drive, around 60,000 new hi-tech class rooms will be set up in all govt and aided schools. About 1,000 schools will be elevated to international standards. • E-auction portal for power transmission Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal launched the process of tariff-based reverse auction in the transmission sector and also inaugurated a portal for electronic bidding for transmission projects. Union Minister has launched “Tarang” mobile App, “e-Trans” and “DEEP” (Discovery of Efficient Electricity Price) e-bidding web portals developed by Rural Electrification Corp which reverse auction is being introduced in transmission sector on the lines of coal sector in order to facilitate better price discovery in such projects. • Sachin Tendulkar adopts village in Osmanabad under SAGY Former Cricketer and Rajya Sabha MP Sachin Tendulkar has selected Donja village in Osmanabad district of Maharashtra for development under the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna (SAGY). Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is a rural development programme. Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched in October 2014. • IIT-Kanpur Adopts Villages Under Namami Gange IIT-Kanpur has adopted 5 villages under the Namami Gange programme and will use its expertise to restrict the flow of sewage into the river. The five villages adopted by the institute are Ramel Nagar, Khoyra Katree, Pratapur, Hari Hindpur, and Katri Ladhva Khera. Under the initiative, IIT-Kanpur will ensure sewage water is not disposed of in the river, and also keep a check on quality of drinking water and sanitation. • Shashi Shekhar Committee on World Culture Festival of AOL submitted report to NGT. The Shashi Shekhar Committee was in news in the third week of August 2016 as the NGT directed Sri Sri Ravi Shankar's Art of Living (AOL) to submit its response within three weeks on the inspection report. The report of the expert committee dealt with the damage caused to the Yamuna flood plains due to the World Culture Festival. The festival was organised by the AOL in March 2016 along the River Yamuna in New Delhi. The inspection report of the committee concluded that the event has caused damage to the riverbed. • Maneka Gandhi Inaugurate Animal Birth Control Centre in Dehradun Union Women and Child Development (WCD) Minister Maneka Gandhi inaugurated the state’s first animal birth control centre (ABC) at Kedarpuram. The centre will take up birth control measures with stray dogs the population of which has been rising in the city and the state. The centres will be set up in Nainital and Mussoorie and other five municipal corporations in Haridwar, Haldwani, Kashipur, Haldwani and Roorkee. The Department of Urban Development has sanctioned Rs 2 crore to set up the centres. • Two-day meeting of BRICS women Parliamentarian's forum held in Jaipur The two-day meeting of the BRICS Women's Parliamentarian Forum was held in Jaipur in which 42 delegates from member countries were participated. Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan inaugurated the meeting which had 16
  • 17. different plenary sessions. A total of 42 delegates attended the meeting. •Uma Bharti launches Rs 560 cr projects under Namami Gange Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Sushri Uma Bharti launched various Projects on the Bank of Ganga worth Rs. 560 crore under Namami Gange programme at Ganga Barrage in Kanpur.  The Projects include: Interception and diversion plan of Sisamau drain —worth Rs. 63 crore. Networking schemes at Bithoor–Worth Rs. 397 crore River front development scheme at Bithoor–worth Rs. 100 crore. 14 Ghats and five crematoria will be constructed at Bithoor. • Punjab CM Prakash Singh Badal launches mobile app for farmers Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal launched a mobile app 'Kisan Suvidha' for farmers. The app will provide basic information on weather updates, crop prices and expert advices. Praising the Agriculture Department initiative, he said this would go a long way to keep the farmers abreast with the changing agricultural practices and marketing support, coupled with the latest agronomical techniques to enhance productivity. • Sugamaya Pustakalaya – Online Library for Persons with print Disabilities “Sugamaya Pustakalaya” is an online platform that makes accessible content available to print- disabled people. The library houses publications across diverse subjects and languages and multiple accessible formats. It has been created by Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in collaboration with member organizations of Daisy Forum of India and powered by TCS Access. Books are available in Accessible formats for people with visual impairment and other print disabilities. Over 2 lakhs books in diverse languages. Integrating libraries across India and the Globe, including the largest international library, Bookshare. • Union Cabinet clears Surrogacy Bill The Union Cabinet cleared the draft Surrogacy Bill 2016, aimed at regulating commissioning of surrogacy in the country in a proper manner. The bill aims to safeguard rights of surrogate mothers and make parentage of such children legal. It will now be introduced in the Parliament.  The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 proposes to regulate surrogacy in India by permitting it as an option for couples who cannot naturally have children, have a lack of other assisted reproductive technology options, are keen to have a biological child, and can find a surrogate mother among their relatives. Altruistic surrogacy, which means an arrangement without transfer of funds as inducement, is currently practised in some centres in India, though the majority of surrogacy centres use women who are paid for their services.  The child born through surrogacy will have all the rights of a biological child. Indian infertile couples between the ages of 23-50 years (woman) and 26-55 (man) who have been married for five years and who do not have a surviving child will be eligible for surrogacy. The surrogate mother should be a close relative of the intending couple and between the ages of 25-35 years and shall act as a surrogate mother only once in her lifetime. Implementation will be through the national and State surrogacy boards. Any establishment found undertaking commercial surrogacy, abandoning the child, exploiting the surrogate mother, selling or importing a human embryo shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term not be less than 10 years and with a fine up to Rs.10 lakh. Registered surrogacy clinics will have to maintain all records for a minimum period of 25 years. 17
  • 18. •Maharashtra to have own law for internal security The newly drafted Maharashtra Protection of Internal Security Act (MPISA) has proposed setting up of Special Security Zones (SSZ). In these Zones, movement of arms, explosives and inflow of unaccounted funds will be prohibited. Maharashtra is the first State in the country to draft its own internal security act. • Naqvi launches websites for Ministry of Minority Affairs The Union Minister of State for Minority Affairs (Independent Charge) & Parliamentary Affairs Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi launched new Hindi website and updated and revamped English website of the Minority Affairs Ministry. The new improved and revamped website http://www.minorityaffairs.gov.in is very user- friendly and provides easy navigation. • South India’s first Children Court was inaugurated in Hyderabad After Goa and Delhi, Telangana has become the third state to inaugurate south India’s first Children’s Court was inaugurated in Hyderabad. This court is a child-friendly court and sixth in the country with features like separate waiting rooms for children and a video camera trial for the accused, mandated under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POSCO) Act- 2012. • 92 Paisa insurance premium for train traveller from August 31 A travel insurance cover of upto Rs 10 lakh can be availed while a booking train ticket online by paying less than one rupee from August 31. The new facility will be available to all passengers excluding those travelling on suburban trains while booking online irrespective of the class. It will be started on a trial basis. • The cover will not be applicable for children upto 5 years of age and foreign citizens. It will be for passengers holding tickets such as confirmed, RAC and wait- listed ones, said the official. The scheme offers travellers/nominees/legal heirs a compensation of Rs 10 lakh in the event of death or total disabilty, Rs 7.5 lakh for partial disability, upto Rs 2 lakh for hospitalisation expenses and Rs 10,000 for transportation of mortal remains from the place of a train accident • 1st BRICS film festival from Sept. 2 – 6 in New Delhi India will be hosting the first BRICS film festival which will begin from Sept. 2 to 6 New Delhi. The film festival will showcase an amalgamation of culture, films, song, dance and food of the 5-member countries including Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa • Union Minister Maneka Gandhi launches POCSO e-box Women and Child Development Minister (WCD) Maneka Sanjay Gandhi has launched Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses, POCSO e-box, in New Delhi. It is initiative of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights, for direct online reporting of child sexual abuse. • Bengaluru to host the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 2017 The IT-BT capital of the country, Bengaluru, will host the 2017 Bharatiya Pravasi Divas. Scheduled to take place on February 7, 8 and 9 of 2017, the Ministry of External Affairs held a meeting with Tourism Minister R V Deshpande for a preliminiary round of talks. It will see close to 3000 Non-Residential Indians (NRI) and PIO delegates from across the world. • India's first textile university to come up at Surat Gujarat government is planning to set up India's first textile university at Surat. The main aim of the university is to provide all kind of support including technology, research and development (R&D), skilled manpower etc. The university will build on over 250 acre land in Surat and it is expected to get operational in the next one and a half years. 18
  • 19. • ISRO tests Scramjet Rocket engine The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully test-fired its Scramjet Rocket Engine. It will use oxygen from the atmosphere thereby reducing launch cost, from the spaceport of Sriharikota. • Aug 29 is Sports Day to mark Dhyan Chand's b'day National Sports Day in India is celebrated on August 29 to mark hockey legend Dhyan Chand's birthday. Dhyan Chand, considered as the greatest player in hockey, played a key role in India's three consecutive Olympic triumphs in 1928, 1932 and 1936. Notably, the government gives away awards such as Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna and Dronacharya Awards on this day. • Yes Bank launches its own mobile wallet Yes Pay Private sector lender Yes bank has launched its own digityal wallet Yes Pay for Android and iOS mobile platforms. The wallet application can be accessed through social media accounts of Facebook. Apart from mobile recharge and bill payment which are the key offerings for most digital wallets in India, Yes Pay also features functionalities that allow both 'users' and 'non users' to send and receive money through Yes Pay wallet. • PM Narendra Modi inaugurates the first phase of SAUNI yojana Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the first phase of the 4 phases Saurastra Narmada Avataran Irrigation yojana (SAUNI) at Sanodara of Jamnagar district of Gujarat. Under the project, nearly 10 dams and reservoirs of Rajkot, Jamnagar and Morbi will be filled up with the water of Narmada river. First Phase of the project has been developed at a cost of Rs. 1,562 crore with 58 km of pipeline. • Madhukar Gupta Committee on border protection submits report to MHA The Madhukar Gupta (former Home Secretary) Committee on border protection has submitted its report to the Home Minister Rajnath Singh. The Committee has been appointed in April 2016 for strengthening border protection and addressing the issue of gaps and vulnerability in border fencing along Indo-Pakistan Border. INTERNATIONAL • WHO to remove trans genders from its mental disorders list The World Health Organisation (WHO) is considering changing the way it classifies transgender identity. It came following calls from researchers and advocates to remove it from the WHO's list of mental disorders. The study was led by the National Institute of Psychiatry in Mexico. • Kathakali dance troupe in Egypt for first time A nine-member Kathakali dance troupe has performed first time in Egypt. The Kathakali dance troupe was a part the 14th Summer Festival organized by Bibliotheca Alexandrina. And as part of their tour, the Indian dance troupe will performe in different places including Port Said Cultural Palace, Ismailia Cultural Palace. • Over 1000 Dancing Robots Set Guinness Record in China A new Guinness World Record for the most robots dancing simultaneously has been set in China where 1,007 robots shimmied in unison, nearly double the previous record. Each of the 43.8 cm tall dancing machines at the Qingdao Beer Festival were controlled using just one mobile phone and they had to dance for a full minute in order to count towards the record. A few robots were disqualified because they did not dance or fell over, but the majority of the mechanical dance troupe completed the 60 second routine in perfect unison. • First-ever 'Pizza ATM' opens in the US The first-ever 'Pizza ATM' has been installed at a university campus of US by French- based company Paline, which developed the ATM. The 19
  • 20. pizza vending machine on the campus of Xavier University (XU) in Ohio can hold seventy 12- inch pizzas and dispense them fresh and hot in just three minutes.  Customers can select what kind of pizza they want using the 24-hour machine's touchscreen. The pizza ATM, which opens for public on August 10. • India’s ranking as business destination improves: Survey India’s ranking as a business destination has improved as per a recent survey of Transparency International. It now ranks 76th as compared to the 94th position it held earlier. Minister of State in Prime Minister’s Office Jitendra Singh stated this in the Lok Sabha. • Azim Premji, Shiv Nadar in Forbes list of 100 richest tech tycoons Wipro Chairman Azim Premji and HCL co- founder Shiv Nadar are the only two billionaires from India in Forbes' list of the world's 100 richest people in technology. They are ranking in the top 20 ahead of Google boss Eric Schmidt and Uber CEO Travis Kalanick. While the '100 Richest Tech Billionaires In The World 2016' list has been topped by Microsoft founder Bill Gates with an estimated fortune of USD 78 billion. Premji ranks 13th on the list with a net worth of $16 billion and Nadar comes in on the 17th spot with $11.6 billion of net worth. • 6,900 km gas pipelines to connect Bangladesh, Myanmar, India The government has ambitious plan to lay 6,900 km of gas pipelines linking Bangladesh, Myanmar, most north-eastern states, and West Bengal. Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC) and Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) signed an agreement in April this year to jointly set up a Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) terminal plant in Chittagong port city which will help pipe gas to the north-eastern states. • India extends $ 1 million grant to Zimbabwe India has provided One million US Dollars grant to Zimbabwe in the wake of El Nino induced drought disaster. External Affairs Ministry said, last week, Indian Ambassador to Zimbabwe handed over the assistance to Zimbabwe. Accepting the grant, Chief Secretary to the President and Cabinet Dr. Misheck Sibanda thanked for the quick response by India to an international appeal made by his country. • India ranked 66th in Global Innovation Index India climbed 15 spots, from 81 last year, to 66 in the Global Innovation Index (GII) and maintained the top spot in the Central and South Asia regions, according to the rankings released by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Switzerland, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States of America and Finland have been placed as the top 5 in the index, while Singapore, Ireland, Denmark, Netherlands and Germany follow, including in the top 10 most innovative economies. • China successfully launches world's first quantum satellite China successfully launched the world's first quantum satellite which boasts of establishing hack-proof communications between space and the ground as it is equipped with security features to prevent wiretapping and intercepts.The satellite nicknamed "Micius" was launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre. Quantum communication boasts of ultra- high security as a quantum photon can neither be separated nor duplicated. • China begins operating bullet trains at 350 kmph speed China began operating its indigenously designed bullet trains which can clock 350 kmph speed. The China Railway Corporation announced that Train No G8041 departed from Dalian for Shenyang, capital of northeast China’s Liaoning. • India, Bangladesh to jointly make films on 1971 war, Sheikh Mujibur India and Bangladesh will jointly produce a documentary on the 1971 War of Independence of Bangladesh. India will also facilitate the 20
  • 21. production of a "mega movie" by Bangladesh to mark the 100th birth anniversary of its Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 2020. • World's Longest, Highest Glass Bridge to Open In China The world's longest and highest glass bridge opened to visitors in China. The bridge concreted with 99 panes of three-layer transparent glasses, hangs between two steep cliffs 300 metres altitude is maintained from the ground. The bridge has set 10 world records spanning its design and construction. • China's high speed train maker launches operation in India China largest high-speed train maker has announced the launch of its first joint venture (JV) plant in India with USD 63.4 million investment to manufacture and repair railway locomotives. The joint venture, named CRRC (China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation) Pioneer (India) Electric Co Ltd, is housed in Bavo Industrial District of Haryana between New Delhi and Bombay. The Chinese side holds 51% of the share. • India pledges Rs 39.97 million for upgrading school in Nepal India has pledged financial assistance worth 39.97 million Nepali Rupees for the construction of a new building and a hostel facility at a Sanskrit school in eastern Nepal. The project is being implemented through the Indian government's grant assistance under the small development programme. • India ranks 39th in Asia Pacific on fixed broadband India ranks a low 39th in terms of fixed broadband adoption among Asia-Pacific countries, with just 1.3% of its citizens subscribing to such a service in 2015, according to a study by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). Hong Kong, New Zealand, Japan, Macao, Australia and Singapore topped the list of 53 countries. AWARDS • Shubha Mudgal to be awarded Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award-The advisory committee of the Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award has decided that the 23rd Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award will be given to Shubha Mudgal. Mudgal will be honoured for her outstanding contribution towards the promotion of communal harmony, peace and goodwill on 20 August 2016 at Jawahar Bhawan Auditorium. She is a well- known Indian singer of Hindustani classical music, Khayal, Thumri, Dadra, and Indian pop music. • M S Subbulakshmi to be honoured by A R Rahman at UN on Independence Day= Renowned carnatic vocalist M. S. Subbulakshmi will be honoured at the United Nations on 15 August 2016, India’s 70th Independence Day, by a performance by A.R. Rahman at the United Nations General Assembly. With this, Rahman will become the second Indian artist after Subbulakshmi to perform at the UN. She was invited by the then UN Secretary General U Thant to perform at the UN headquarters in 1966.She was the first musician ever to be awarded the Bharat Ratna. • Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Sonam Kapoor win top awards at IFF Melbourne = Bollywood star actors Sonam Kapoor and Nawazuddin Siddiqui bagged the best actress and best actor awards at the Indian Film Festival (IFF) of Melbourne 2016. The theme for this year 2016 is ‘Women Empowerment’. Angry India Goddess, will bring the curtains down for the festival. • A.R. Rahman honoured with Tamil Ratna Award- Oscar-winning music maestro A.R. Rahman has been honoured by the America Tamil Sangam with its Tamil Ratna Award. Rahman was invited at the UNGA to perform a concert to honour M.S. Subbulakshi, the doyen of Carnatic music. The concert was sponsored by India's UN Mission and Sankara Nethralaya, a 21
  • 22. Chennai-based charity organisation. • Hindi author Sunita Jain conferred Vyas Samman award=Hindi scholar and writer Sunita Jain was awarded the prestigious 25th Vyas Samman 2015 for her poetry collection "Kshama". West Bengal Governor K N Tripathi conferred the award on the scholar. The award instituted by the K K Birla Foundation carries a cash prize of Rs 2.50 lakh. It is given annually to outstanding literary work in Hindi authored by an Indian citizen. • Pt Shiv Kumar Sharma to get lifetime achievement award= Santoor maestro Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma will be conferred upon with the annual Sangeet Martand Ustad Chand Khan Lifetime Achievement Award this year. The award carries a cash prize of Rs 50,000, a memento and a citation. The 23rd edition of the festival that celebrates Indian classical art is scheduled to be held on September 13 and September 14. A Padma Vibhushan recipient, Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma was born in Jammu in 1938. • BEL head bags top award= SK Sharma, Chairman and MD, Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), has been awarded as the Most Enterprising CEO in Electronics Sector by the Indo Global Business Council (IGBC), a policy think-tank based in New Delhi. M M Joshi, Executive Director (National Marketing), BEL, received the award on behalf of CMD. • Kamal Haasan to get prestigious French honour-Famous Actor Kamal Haasan will be awarded the Chevalier de L'Ordre Arts et Lettres (The Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters) by the French government. The Order is part of France’s premier award, the Legion of Honor. The order of merit is awarded “to recognize eminent artists and writers, as well as people who have contributed significantly to furthering the arts in France and throughout the world.” Other Indians who have been conferred the Chevalier Order include actors Sivaji Ganesan, AmitabhBachchan, Aishwarya Rai, Nandita Das and Shah Rukh Khan. SPORTS • India to host Kabaddi World Cup in October 2016-International Kabaddi Federation announced selected India to host The 2016 Kabaddi World Cup. The World Cup featuring 12 countries is scheduled to be held in October 2016, the dates for the event will be announced later. Participants of the tournament include India, USA, Canada, UK, Australia, Iran, Poland, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Korea, Japan and Kenya. Kabaddi became a part of Asian Games in the year 1990 and India has won all the gold medals since. • Pro Kabaddi season 4: Patna Pirates lift trophy for second time - Patna Pirates beat Jaipur Pink Panthers by 37-29 in the final of season 4 in the Pro Kabaddi League. Patna, who were the champions of season 3, dominated the game right from the first whistle. The Patna unit made history as they became the only team to lift the trophy twice in the tournament’s history of four editions. • Lewis Hamilton wins 2016 German Grand Prix title of Formula One- Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton has won the 2016 German Grand Prix title of Formula One. It was his fourth consecutive win in the 2016 season and overall fifth title of the 2016 season. • Novak Djokovic clinched 2016 Rogers Cup- Serbian Novak Djokovic and Simona Halep of Romania won men’s and women’s singles title in the 2016 Rogers Cup. The Rogers Cup also known as Canadian Open/Masters was held in Toronto (for men) and Montreal (for women) from 25 July to 31 July 2016. Category Winner Runner-up Men’s Singles Novak Djokovic (Serbia) Kei Nishikori (Japan) Women’s Singles Simona Halep (Romania) Madison Keys (the US) • Harmanpreet Kaur first Indian to play in Women's Big Bash League - India women's 22
  • 23. team all-rounder Harmanpreet Kaur created history by becoming the first player from the country to get a contract from an overseas Twenty20 franchise. The 27-year-old is all set to play in the Women's Big Bash League in Australia after striking a deal with defending champions Sydney Thunder. • IOC gives nod to addition of five new sports in Olympic Games Tokyo 2020-The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has agreed to add Baseball-Softball, Karate, Skateboard, Climbing Sports and surfing in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. The decision was taken by the 129th IOC session being held in Rio de Janeiro. The inclusion of the new sports will add 18 events. • Gymnast Dipa Karmakar becomes first Indian to qualify for Vault Finals-Dipa Karmakar, the Indian Gymnast, created history by becoming the first Indian gymnast to enter the Olympic final at the Rio Olympic Centre. She scored 14.850 by performing her much-vaunted ‘Produnova’ vault cleanly on the vault. While American Simone Biles, the three-time world all-round champion topped the charts with a score of 16.050. • Michael Phelps becomes first swimmer to win four consecutive golds in same event- Michael Phelps won his fourth consecutive 200m individual medley Olympic title. With this, he became the first swimmer ever to win four consecutive golds in the same event. Phelps clocked one minute, 54.66 seconds to grab the 200m individual medley Olympic title. Japan’s Kosuke Hagino won the silver medal and China’s Wang Shun took the bronze. • USA wins 1,000th Olympic gold medal - Simone Manuel anchored the U.S. women's 4x100 metres medley relay team to the 1,000th gold medal in her country's summer Olympic history, and the second of her career. USA has got its first gold in 1896 Athens Olympic. • Indian ace wins Australian Open squash- India squash queen Dipika Pallikal won the Australian Open squash title by beating Mayar Hany of Egypt by 10-12, 11-5, 11-6, 11-4. Notably, this is her first Professional Squash Association (PSA) title since February 2015. Pallikal stands on 10th in ranking table and this is Dipika’s 11th PSA title. Wrestler Sakshi Malik wins bronze for India in Rio 2016 India's Sakshi Malik won a bronze medal in the wrestling 58kg category in Rio Olympics 2016. She beat Aisuluu Tynybekova 8-5 in the bronze medal bout. The 23-year-old became the 4th Indian woman to have ever won an Olympic medal Malik was born on 3 September 1992 in Mokhra village of Haryana's Rohtak district. • Narsingh Yadav banned for 4 years by CAS- The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) accepted the World Anti Doping Agency’s (WADA) appeal and sanctioned a four-year ban on wrestler Narsingh Yadav who had earlier tested positive for steroids. The ban will be accounted for from August 18, meaning he would not compete in the Rio Olympics. The CAS also ruled to disqualify all the competitive results obtained by Narsingh from June 25, 2016. • Sania Mirza gets No 1 spot in women's doubles by defeating Martina Hingis- Sania Mirza, paired with Barbora Strycova from the Czech Republic, defeated Martina Hingis and her partner Coco Vandeweghe 7-5, 6-4. This is the first win for Indo-Czech pair. With the win, Sania retained her number one status on the women's doubles ranking as Hingis slipped to 2nd spot. • Cristiano Ronaldo voted UEFA's 2015-16 best player in Europe- Cristiano Ronaldo has been voted UEFA's 2015-16 Best Player in Europe ahead of Real Madrid team mate Gareth Bale and Atletico Madrid's Antoine Griezmann. Ronaldo scored 51 goals in 48 games in all competitions for Real who won the Champions League and finished runners-up to Barcelona in La Liga. The Portugal marksman also played a key role in his country's triumph at Euro 2016. • Four years after London Olympics, Yogeshwar Dutt’s bronze for India to turn silver-Indian 23
  • 24. wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt may be in for a pleasant surprise. The bronze medal that he won in the 2012 London Olympics is set to be upgraded to silver. The unexpected upgrade has been triggered by a positive dope test of the silver winner in the 60-kg freestyle event in London – Russia’s Besik Kudukhov. With Kudukhov testing positive, Yogeshwar Dutt of India will get the silver. KNOW YOUR LEGAL EAGLE: Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer (15 November 1914 – 4 December 2014) was an Indian judge and minister who reformed the Indian criminal justice system, stood up for the poor and the underprivileged, especially, and remained a human-rights champion,[3] a crusader for social justice and the environment,[4] and a doyen of civil liberties, throughout life. Also a sports enthusiast and a prolific author,[5] he was conferred with thePadma Vibhushan in 1999. Justice Vaidyanathapuram Rama Ayyar Krishna Iyer was born at Palakkad, in the Malabar region of the then Madras State. 24
  • 25. In office He was appointed a judge of the Kerala High Court on 2 July 1968. He was a member of the Law Commission from 1971 to 1973 where he drafted a comprehensive report, which would lead to the legal-aid movement in the country. He was elevated as judge of the Supreme Court on 17 July 1973. A thinker ahead of his time, he would go on to write landmark judgments: • Shamsher Singh case which interpreted the powers of the Cabinet with that of the President. • Maneka Gandhi case which paved the way to read the plain words "right to life" and "personal liberty", to mean many human rights now, thus expanding Article 21 of the Constitution. That the government of the day cannot put fetters on the rights of citizens, nor, should courts get unduly alarmed, when both of them are reacting to a fear of facing all manner of hostile comment, was what he tersely reminded them: Along with Justice P. N. Bhagwati, he laid the foundations for the induction of PILs (Public Interest Litigations) in the country with a series of cases, when in one such case, he treated a prisoner’s letter posted from jail as a writ petition, commenting: "Freedom behind bars is part of our constitutional tryst...If wars are too important to be left to the generals, surely prisoners’ rights are too precious to be left to the jailors" This revolutionary tool, initially used by public-spirited citizens to file PILs on behalf of sections of society unable to on their own, continues to bring in unheard changes in the day-to-day lives of the people even now, decades later.[20] Observing this, he states:[21] "To transform the Supreme Court of India into the Supreme Court for Indians was the challenge...When the history of the judiciary in India comes to be written, PIL will be glorified as the noblest ally of the little Indian" Books He has to his credit 70–100 books, mostly on law, and four travelogues. He has also authored a book in Tamil, Neethimandramum Samanvya Manithanum. Wandering in Many Worlds is his autobiography. There are around five published books by other authors about him. Name of the book Year Law and the People 1972 Law, Freedom and Change 1975 Law India, Some Contemporary Challenges 1976 Jurisprudence and Juris-Conscience à la Gandhi 1976 25
  • 26. Social Mission of Law 1976 Law & Social Change and Indian Overview 1978 Social Justice and the Handicapped Humans 1978 The Integral Yoga of Public Law and Development in the Context of India 1979 Of Law & Life 1979 A Constitutional Miscellany 1986 Life After Death[32] 2005 Wandering in Many Worlds 2009 The Indian Law (Dynamic Dimensions of the Abstract) 2009 Sitting on the bench and away from it, he would reiterate time and again a guiding principle, that: "The law of all laws is that the 'rule of law' must keep pace with the 'rule of life'" by climbing down from its high pedestal, shedding its static and sterile inertia, to ascertain ground realities for meeting the needs[23] and aspirations of the people in an ever changing society. Public life after office He retired as a judge, on 14 November 1980. He stood for the nation's President in 1987, as the Opposition's candidate against R. Venkataraman, the ruling Congress's nominee who eventually, would assume office. In 2002, he inquired into the Gujarat riots as part of a citizens' panel, with retired Justice P. B. Sawant among others. He also headed the Kerala Law Reform Commission in 2009. Out of public office he continued to advocate the cause of justice on every forum and in his writings, and his house would always remain open, bustling with all who sought his advice. 100th birthday and death His 100th birthday was celebrated in Kochi in November, 2014 and a number of programmes were organised 26
  • 27. by members of the legal fraternity, citizenry and his friends and well-wishers to felicitate him. He had been actively involved in social and political life after retirement, almost till a few weeks when ill-health and advancing age took their toll on him. He died on 4 December 2014. DON’T MISS FOR PU ASPIRANT:  A list of India’s First • President of Indian Republic: Dr Rajendra Prasad • Vice President of Indian Republic: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan • Defence Minister of India: Baldev Singh • Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa • Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst • Indian Chief of Staff: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa • Commander-in-Chief, IAF: Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee • Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral R D Katari • Cosmonaut: Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma • Field Marshal: Sam Manekshaw • First female jawan in the Army: Shanti Tigga • First Param Vir Chakra Winner: Major Som Nath Sharma • Person to reach the South Pole: Col Jatinder Kumar Bajaj • Woman to scale Mount Everest: Bachendri Pal • Person to reach the North Pole: Jagannathan Srinivasaraghavan • Person to have walked across Gobi desert: Sucheta Kadethankar • Indian to swim across the English Channel: Mihir Sen, 1958. 27
  • 28. • Woman to swim across the English Channel: Arati Saha, 1959 • Formula One racer: Narain Karthikeyan • Formula One team: Force India F1 • Person to equal world record in Archery: Limba Ram, 1992 • Shiva Keshavan, first Indian to win 2 Gold Medals for India in Winter sports • Sushil Kumar (wrestler) is the first Indian to win back to back Olympic medals (Bronze and Silver in the 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics respectively) • Chess Grandmaster: Male - Viswanathan Anand, 1988. • Female - Koneru Humpy – 2002 • Mr. Universe: Manohar Aich in 1952 • Miss World: Reita Faria in 1966. (She was also the first Asian to win the title.) • Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen in 1994 • Miss Earth: Nicole Faria in 2010 • Man Booker Prize: Arundhati Roy for her novel "The God of Small Things" in the year 1997. • Bharat Ratna: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and C. V. Raman in 1954 • Magsaysay Award: Vinoba Bhave, 1958 • Oscar for Lifetime Achievement - Satyajit Ray • Nishan-e-Pakistan: Morarji Desai, 1990 • First Indian filmmaker to get Bharat Ratna: Satyajit Ray • Sound film: Alam Ara (1931) directed by Ardeshir Irani • Sound engineer to win an Oscar: Resul Pookutty for Slumdog Millionaire • Music director to win an Oscar and first double Oscar winner-Mr. A. R. Rahman for Slumdog Millionaire • Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Language Film: Mother India • Oscar for Lifetime Achievement: Satyajit Ray • Sponsored TV serial: Hum Log, started on 7 July 1984, was also the first soap opera of India, ran for 156 episodes • 3-D film: My Dear Kuttichathan, a Malayalam film, produced in 1984, dubbed in Hindi as Chhota Chetan. 28
  • 29. • Hindi film screened at the United Nations: Lage Raho Munna Bhai, 10 November 2006,directed by Rajkumar Hirani • President of the Indian National Congress: Womesh Chandra Bannerjee, 1885 • President of the Indian National Congress of independent India: Acharya Kripalani, till November 1947 • President: Rajendra Prasad (1950–1962) • First Woman President: Pratibha Patil (2007–2012) • The first Chief Election Commissioner : Sukumar Sen • Vice-President: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan • Prime Minister: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947–64 • Deputy Prime Minister: Vallabhbhai Patel (1947–1950) • Law Minister of India: B. R. Ambedkar CLATGyan | All Rights Reserved Page 5 • Leader of Opposition: A. K. Gopalan • Women Railway Minister of India: Mamata Banerjee • The first Viceroy of India: Lord Canning, 1858 • Governor-General of India: Warren Hastings, 1773 • Governor-General of Independent India: Lord Mountbatten, 1947 • Indian Governor-General of Indian Union: C Rajagopalachari, 1948 • Chief Justice of India: H. J. Kania (1947–1951) • Indian ICS Officer: Satyendranath Tagore, 1863 • Speaker of Lok Sabha: G.V. Mavlankar (1952–1956) • Presentation of First Budget after India's Independence: R. K. Shanmukhan Chetty • First Home Minister of India: Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel • First Indian President to die in Office: Dr Zakir Hussain • First Chief Minister to die in Office: C.N.Annadurai, Tamil Nadu • First Indian Prime Minister to resign from office: Morarji Desai, 1979 • First woman Cabinet Minister in India: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur 29
  • 30. • First woman Minister in India: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit • First woman Chief Minister: Sucheta Kriplani, UP • First woman Governor of a State: Sarojini Naidu (Governor of Uttar Pradesh, 1947–49) • First female Home Minister: Sabitha Indra Reddy in Andhra Pradesh Govt. • First woman Speaker of the Lok Sabha: Meira Kumar • Woman in space: Kalpana Chawla • Test-tube baby: Durga Agarwal, born 1978 • Nuclear Reactor: Apsara, Mumbai • Satellite: Aryabhata, launched on 19 April 1975 • Olympic team medal: Gold in Field Hockey, Amsterdam, beating the Netherlands in the Finals. • Individual medal (in British India): Two Silver medals by Norman Pritchard in 200 metres and 200 metres hurdles at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Paris. (This is disputed however. The IOC claims he participated for India. The IAAF records him as participant for Great Britain.) • Individual medal: Bronze by K. D. Jadhav for Wrestling at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. • Medal in Tennis: Leander Paes at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. • Individual medal by a woman: Bronze by Karnam Malleswari for weightlifting 54 kg class, at the 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney. • Individual Gold medal: Abhinav Bindra in the 10 m Air Rifle event at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. • Individual Silver medal Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore in the Men's Double Trap event at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. • Medal in boxing: Vijender Kumar in the Beijing Olympics 2008. • Medal in Badminton: Saina Nehwal, winning bronze in the London Olympics 2012 • Medal in wrestling: Sushil Kumar, winning a Bronze in the Beijing Olympics 2008 • Medal in ladies boxing: MC Mary Kom, winning bronze in the London Olympics 2012‟ • Grand Slam title: Mahesh Bhupathi (partnering with Japanese Rika Hiraki) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 1997 French Open. • Woman to win a Grand Slam title: Sania Mirza (partnering with Mahesh Bhupathi) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 2009 Australian Open 30
  • 31. • Captain in Tests: C. K. Nayudu for the 1932 tour of England. • ODI captain: Ajit Wadekar. • Cricketer to score a century in a Test match: Lala Amarnath • Cricketer to score a double century in a Test match: Polly Umrigar, 223 • Cricketer to score a triple century in a Test match: Virender Sehwag • Indian to score an ODI century: Kapil Dev, 175 • Indian to score an ODI double century is Sachin Tendulkar, 200* • Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in Tests: Sunil Gavaskar (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat) • Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in ODIs: Sachin Tendulkar (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat) • First Indian to score a T20 century: at Suresh Raina • Woman to be the Chairperson of State Bank of India:Arundhati Bhattacharya • Woman Photojournalist: Homai Vyarawalla • Woman Supreme Court judge: Justice M. Fathima Beevi • Woman President of the United Nations General Assembly: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, 1953 • Wax statue of a living Indian: Mahatma Gandhi at Madame Tussaud's in 1939.  List of Sobriquets for Places • Battle field of Europe - Belgium • City of Sky Scrapers - New York (USA) • City of Magnificent Distances - Washington DC • City of Golden Gate - San Francisco (USA) • City of Seven Hills - Rome (Italy) • Cockpit of Europe - Belgium • Copper Country - Zambia 31
  • 32. • Dark Continent - Africa • Empire City - New York (USA) • Emerald Island - Ireland • Eternal City - Rome (Italy) • Forbidden City - Lhasa (Tibet, China) • Garden of England - Kent • George Cross Island - Malta • Granite City - Aberdeen (Scotland) • Hill Queen - Shimla • Holy Land - Palestine • Island of Pearls - Bahrain • Island of Cloves - Madagascar • Land of Eagles - Albania • Land of Golden Fleece - Australia • Land of Lilies - Canada • Land of Golden Pagoda - Myanmar • Land of Maple - Canada • Land of Thousand Lakes - Finland • Land of Morning Calm - Korea • Land of Rising Sun - Japan • Land of Setting Sun - Britain • Land of Midnight Sun - Norway • Land of Lakes - Scotland • Land of the Tulips - Netherlands • Land of White Elephant - Thailand 32
  • 33. • Land of Thunder Bolt - Bhutan • Land of Thousand Elephants - Laos • Manchester of the Orient - Osaka • Never Never Land - Prairies, North Australia • Land of Thunder Dragon - China • Nation of Thousand Hills - Rwanda • Pearl of Arabia - Bahrain • Pearl of Antilles - Cuba • Pillars of Hercules - Strait of Gibralter • Quaker City of USA - Philadelphia (USA) • Queen of the Adriatic - Venice, Italy • Sick Man of Europe - Turkey • Sugar Bowl of World - Cuba • Venice of the North - Stockholm (Sweden) • White City - Belgrade • Windy City - Chicago • World's Bread Basket - Priries of North America • Land of Windmills - Holland  NICKNAMES OF INDIAN CITIES City State Nickname(s) Bhiwandi Maharashtra Manchester of India Talcher Odisha Black Diamond Bhiwandi Maharashtra Manchester of India and Godown hub of India Bengaluru Karnataka Electronic City of India 33
  • 34. City State Nickname(s) Garden City of India Silicon Valley of India Space City[1] Science city of India Chennai Tamil Nadu Detroit of Asia Automobile Capital of India Coimbatore Tamil Nadu Manchester of South India Hyderabad Telangana City of Pearls Jaipur Rajasthan Pink City Jaisalmer Rajasthan Golden City of India Jamshedpur Jharkhand Steel City of India Pittsburgh of India Kannauj Uttar Pradesh Grasse of the East Perfume Capital of India Harsh Vardhan city Bhubaneswar Odisha Temple City of India Kanpur Uttar Pradesh Leather City of the World Manchester of The North Kochi Kerala Queen of the Arabian Sea God's Own Country Kolkata West Bengal City of Joy Kolhapur Maharashtra City of Wrestlers Kollam Kerala Cashew Capital of the World 34
  • 35. City State Nickname(s) Lucknow Uttar Pradesh City of Nawabs Ludhiana Punjab Madurai Tamil Nadu City of Festivals Temple city Mangalore Karnataka Cradle Of Indian Banking Gateway Of Karnataka Mumbai Maharashtra City of Seven Islands Gateway of India Hollywood of India Maximum City Mussoorie Uttarakhand Queen of the Mountains Muzaffarpur Bihar The Land of Leechi Nagpur Maharashtra Orange City Patiala Punjab Royal City Panipat Haryana City of Weavers Pondicherry Puducherry Paris of the East Pune Maharashtra Oxford of the East Queen of Deccan Siliguri West Bengal Gateway to the Dooars Surat Gujarat Diamond City Silk City Food city Tezpur Assam City of Blood Thoothukudi Tamil Nadu Pearl City 35
  • 36. City State Nickname(s) Udaipur Rajasthan White City City of Lakes Venice of the East Trivandrum Kerala Evergreen City of India Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh City Of Destiny 36