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Dr Prue Addison, Keynote Presentation, Norwegian Ecological Society Conference 2019

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This week I had the honor of delivering a keynote speech at the NØF 2019 conference "Towards Policy-Relevant Ecology" in Tromsø, Norway. During this presentation I shared my career journey, starting off as a marine ecologist and moving much more towards the applied side of science, to give my research the best chance at generating real world impact. I have done this by working with partners in government agencies, NGOs and the private sector on projects that range from ocean management through to corporate biodiversity accountability over the last 15 years.

In my keynote I reflect on my experience of working across the science-policy-practice interface, and share what I believe are five critical factors for achieving research impact. I have shared my experience, particularly to help early career researchers wanting to enter into this emerging field of applied research across the science-policy-practice interface.

I'd like to thank the wonderful NØF 2019 organising committee for inviting me as a keynote speaker. I really enjoyed listening to many inspiring talks about ecological research that is spanning the science-policy interface in Norway!

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Dr Prue Addison, Keynote Presentation, Norwegian Ecological Society Conference 2019

  1. 1. Keynote presentation: Dr Prue Addison, University of Oxford
  2. 2. @prueaddison Dr Prue Addison Knowledge Exchange & Research Fellow Applying the output from ecological science into decision-making
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 6
  5. 5. 7 The decision context for the Victorian coastline Considered but not adequately consulted about our research
  6. 6. 8 “Despite the aligned aspirations of many applied scientists and policy-makers that science should contribute directly to policy decisions, there are significant gaps between what scientists provide and what policymakers can use.” Burgman. 2015. Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies. 2. 441-451
  7. 7. 9 Evidence used in Protected Area management
  8. 8. 10 Cook, et al. 2010. Front Ecol Environ 8: 181-186 Evidence used in Protected Area management
  9. 9. 11 Cook, et al. 2010. Front Ecol Environ 8: 181-186 Evidence used in Protected Area management
  10. 10. Rethinking the ‘evidence-based’ mindset 12 1. Reject ‘evidence-based’ mindset 2. Think ‘evidence-informed’ Rose, 2014. Nature Climate Change 4: 522.
  11. 11. 13 Knowledge Exchange: an emerging discipline
  12. 12. 14Source: https://www.mpls.ox.ac.uk/public-engagement/what-is-public-engagement Achieving research impact: Informing > Consulting > Collaborating > Co-production
  13. 13. 15 About me… … after my time as a marine ecologist
  14. 14. 16 Science Practice • Developing decision support tools for MPA managers • Developing decision support tools for catchment policy-makers and managers • Developing guidance and decision support for businesses wanting to integrate biodiversity into management & reporting
  15. 15. 17 5 critical factors for achieving research impact
  16. 16. 1: Build & maintain networks 18
  17. 17. 2: Develop collaborative partnerships 19 Research Practice
  18. 18. 20 Cvitanovic et al. 2015. Ocean & Coastal Management 112: 25-35. 2: Develop collaborative partnerships
  19. 19. 21 Research Councils UK, Pathways to Impact • Passion • Communication • Trust • Power 3: Master social dynamics
  20. 20. 22 4: Seek institutional support Cvitanovic et al. 2019. Environmental Science & Policy. 94: 20-31
  21. 21. 23 Creating a New Kind of Science in Academia Produce not only professors but also future environmental leaders Keeler et al, 2017. BioScience, 67: 591-592 4: Seek institutional support
  22. 22. 5: Evaluate & learn 24 Knight et al (in prep) Knowledge exchange process Changes to understanding Policy or practice change Impacts of policy or practice change Extent of control over that being evaluated Extent of real world impact
  23. 23. 25 5 critical factors for achieving research impact 1: Build & maintain networks 2: Develop collaborative partnerships 3: Master social dynamics 4: Seek institutional support 5: Evaluate and learn
  24. 24. 26 A process to integrate science into decision-making
  25. 25. 27Source: https://www.mpls.ox.ac.uk/public-engagement/what-is-public-engagement A method to support co-production:
  26. 26. Structured decision-making — Framework, concept, & community of practice — Based on decision theory and risk assessment — Collaboration of natural resource scientists and managers — Creates good decision-making processes rather than good outcomes 28 Addison et al. 2013. Diversity and Distributions. 19: 490–502
  27. 27. Structured decision-making helps when 29 Navigating complex environmental decisions: — Multiple competing objectives — Multiple stakeholders with different perspectives (values) — Uncertainty & risk = Difficult to work out what the best (optimal) solution
  28. 28. Promotes the incorporation of scientific facts and values into decisions, acknowledging that decision-making is not a value free process 30 Incorporates scientific facts and human values Economic Social Environmental Facts Values © AIMS
  29. 29. 31
  30. 30. 32 A participatory modelling approach to set management thresholds Mean%cover Current population Management threshold Addison et al. 2015. Conservation Biology. 29, 1411–1422
  31. 31. Thank you! prue.addison@zoo.ox.ac.uk @prueaddison

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