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Legal Update

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This is the Legal Update presentation provided by NJSBA in Williamstown, NJ on 01/09/2010

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Legal Update

  1. 1. ADVANCED BOARD TRAINING 2009-10 SCHOOL LAW UPDATE
  2. 2. School Law Update State & Federal Court Decisions Administrative Rulings Labor Update Statutes Administrative Code
  3. 3. Attorney Fees <ul><li>True or False? </li></ul><ul><li>A board of education may charge a parent for attorney fees it incurred pursuing disciplinary action against a student for vandalizing the school? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attorney Fees <ul><li>False </li></ul><ul><li>Nor may the board make payment of those attorney fees a condition of providing the student his diploma. </li></ul><ul><li>Licciardi v. Mt. Olive Bd. of Ed. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Attorney Fees <ul><li>True or False? </li></ul><ul><li>A board of education may be responsible for the parents’ attorney fees if the parents prevail against the board in special education litigation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Attorney Fees <ul><li>True. </li></ul><ul><li>Under certain statutes, including IDEA, Congress has authorized an award of fees to a &quot;prevailing party.” But the party requesting the fee must prove its reasonableness. L.J. v. Audubon Bd. of Ed . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Students with Disabilities (IDEA) <ul><li>District was not liable to reimburse parents of autistic child for supplemental compensation parents paid to one-to-one aide provided by board for related services. </li></ul><ul><li>Fisher v. Stafford Twp. Bd. of Ed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Students with Disabilities (IDEA) <ul><li>Which district pays the bill where divorced parents share joint physical and legal custody of a special needs child? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Students with Disabilities (IDEA) <ul><li>The student may be considered to have dual domicile, and the districts may be required to share the cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumberland Reg Bd. of Ed. v. Freehold Reg Bd. of Ed. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Student Residency <ul><li>Can an 18-year old student establish her own residency in your district? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, if she intends to remain. </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall , Commr. 2009:July 15 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Open Public Records Act <ul><li>May the custodian of records turn down a records request that is not made on the district’s request form, and can the custodian specify that requests be made by mail or hand delivery but not by fax? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Open Public Records Act <ul><li>Custodian may not reject request if: </li></ul><ul><li>In writing; clear; contains all information required by OPRA; gives enough info for custodian to determine what is requested and whether it must be provided under OPRA—even if form not used. </li></ul><ul><li>Custodian may require specific </li></ul><ul><li>reasonable procedures that need </li></ul><ul><li>not include every method of transmission. </li></ul><ul><li>Renna v. Union County; Paff v. East Orange </li></ul>
  13. 13. Open Public Records Act <ul><li>Can the district charge for the time and effort it takes to fulfill a records request? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special service fee - GRC - Rogers v. Roxbury Twp. Bd. of Ed. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Dress Codes <ul><li>True or False? </li></ul><ul><li>A school must allow students to opt-out of a dress code requiring school uniforms if the student disagrees with uniforms as a matter of personal choice and philosophical belief. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dress Codes <ul><li>False </li></ul><ul><li>Board may adopt a uniform policy to maintain order, which “may” contain an opt-out – but the opt-out is not Constitutionally required. Students have no inherent Constitutional right to “dress as they choose.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dempsey v. Pleasantville Bd. of Ed . (Appellate Div.) </li></ul><ul><li>See also Rittberg-Snuffer v. Secaucus Bd. of Ed </li></ul>
  16. 16. No Child Left Behind <ul><li>May a parent sue the board for violating the No Child Left Behind Act? </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling : There is no individual right of enforcement . Newark Parents Ass’n v. Newark Pub. Schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, see F.R.P ., Commr 2008: December 8 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Searches and Privacy <ul><li>How far can you go ? </li></ul><ul><li>Search of student’s car was based on the reasonable suspicion that he had been selling drugs at school. State v. Best </li></ul><ul><li>See also, Safford School Dist v. Redding ( Search of 13-year old student’s underwear for pills was intrusive; unreasonable to believe she was carrying pills in her underwear) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Searches and Privacy <ul><li>Parent unsuccessfully argued that PTA invaded her daughter’s privacy for its commercial interest, by selling videotape of play in which she tripped. </li></ul><ul><ul><li> - consent form </li></ul></ul><ul><li> - proceeds to charity </li></ul><ul><li>- incidental use of her likeness </li></ul><ul><li>- damages speculative </li></ul><ul><li>Jeffries v. Whitney Houston Academy PTA and E. Orange Bd. of Ed. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Religion <ul><li>True or False? </li></ul><ul><li>School officials’ refusal to allow a kindergartner’s mother to read Bible verses to the class violated the parent’s First Amendment rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Busch v. Marple Newtown Sch. Dist ., </li></ul>
  20. 20. Religion <ul><li>False. District acted reasonably to avoid appearance that district promoted a religious message in kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>Other religion cases: </li></ul><ul><li>Borden v. Sch. Dist. of E. Brunswick (Supreme Court declines to hear appeal of case involving coach who prayed with football team) </li></ul><ul><li>Stratechuk v. South Orange-Maplewood School District (policy prohibiting the performance of religious songs at school-sponsored events had valid secular purpose) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Labor Issues <ul><li>NJ Supreme Court reverses decision below, finding that custodian had right to arbitrate over district’s decision to terminate his contract mid-term. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual contract terms will yield where they conflict/diminish right to arbitration in CBA. </li></ul><ul><li>Language of bargaining agreement is very important!! </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Holly Bd. of Ed . </li></ul>
  22. 22. Labor Issues <ul><li>Did arbitrator exceed his authority by requiring the district to take back a custodian whose contract it terminated when the custodian refused to leave the changing room while girls were changing? </li></ul><ul><li>Linden Bd. of Ed. v Linden Ed Ass’n </li></ul>
  23. 23. Employment Issues <ul><li>A teacher who retires on ordinary disability and recovers years later, is entitled to reinstatement to her prior job when there is a vacancy. Klumb v. Manalapan-Englishtown Reg. H.S. District </li></ul>
  24. 24. Employment Issues <ul><li>Appellate Div. upholds arbitration award requiring Board to place reinstated teacher at top of the salary guide where she had been prior to disability retirement 20 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Manalapan-Englishtown </li></ul>
  25. 25. Employee Issues-Tenure Dismissal <ul><li>Teacher made personal call during </li></ul><ul><li>class; failed to respond to class incident; </li></ul><ul><li>unbecoming conduct and subordination. </li></ul><ul><li>Dismissal too harsh; reprimand and loss of </li></ul><ul><li>120 days’ salary . </li></ul><ul><li>Tenure Hearing of Getty </li></ul>
  26. 26. Tenure Dismissal <ul><li>A board can file tenure charges against a CSA who is under a </li></ul><ul><li>3-to-5 year contract . </li></ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul>
  27. 27. Tenure Dismissal <ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>CSA was not dismissed but incurred six month suspension for conduct unbecoming where he failed to report vacation days, misdirected leave time, intentionally deceived the board and abused his authority. Tenure Hearing of Witmer (Update: App Div finds no abuse of authority and remands to see if penalty still appropriate) </li></ul>
  28. 28. Employee Issues <ul><li>Withholding Increments - Poor Teacher Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Increment withholding is presumed correct - will be upheld unless the teacher proves board acted in bad faith, w/illegal motive or without rational basis </li></ul><ul><li>How is salary calculated in future years? </li></ul>
  29. 29. Employee Issues <ul><li> Increment Withholding $$ </li></ul><ul><li>Morris v. Newark Bd of Ed. </li></ul><ul><li>2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 </li></ul><ul><li>52,654 53,524 54,196 54,623 55,186 10 </li></ul><ul><li>53,708 55,448 56,466 57,000 57,500 11 </li></ul><ul><li> 55, 448 </li></ul><ul><li>55,283 56,554 58,387 59,900 63,400 12 </li></ul><ul><li>71,909 74,813 77,827 79,900 79,900 13 </li></ul><ul><li>IN YEAR 2004-5, HE GETS $55,448 </li></ul><ul><li>IN YEAR 2005-6, HE GETS $55,448 AGAIN, NOT $58, 387 </li></ul><ul><li>IN YEAR 2006-7, HE GETS $59, 900 — always remains behind peers </li></ul><ul><li>ru </li></ul>
  30. 30. School Funding <ul><li>2008 School Funding Reform Act </li></ul><ul><li>is Constitutional – </li></ul><ul><li>State must provide aid for 2009-2011 at the levels required by SFRA's formula, and weights and other aspects of formula must be reviewed after 3 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Abbott v. Burke (May 2009) </li></ul>
  31. 31. School Funding <ul><li>Where district’s bond referenda were rejected by the voters 3 times - -Commissioner ordered the issuance of $800,000 in bonds to address various health and safety issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Milford </li></ul>
  32. 32. LEGAL UPDATE <ul><li>LABOR RELATIONS </li></ul>
  33. 33. The P.E.R.C. Law in a Nutshell <ul><li>“ The majority representative and designated representatives of the public employer shall meet at reasonable times and negotiate in good faith with respect to grievances, disciplinary disputes, and terms and conditions of employment.” </li></ul>
  34. 34. WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT
  35. 35. CURRENT NEGOTIATIONS ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>Limitations on Ability to Pay </li></ul><ul><li>Public Willingness to Support Settlements </li></ul><ul><li>High Insurance Costs </li></ul>
  36. 36. NJEA’s position will be that nothing has changed
  37. 37. Health Insurance Cost Containment <ul><li>2009-2010 – 64% of Contracts report Health Insurance Cost Containment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee contribution towards basic health (13%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offering fully funded Board Plan, with optional buy up (22%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different level of coverage and/or different health plan for new employees (42%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving in to SEHBP (47% of districts now in SEHBP, up from 30% in March ’08) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waiver Incentives (65%) </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Impact on Negotiating Strategy <ul><li>Need to communicate that we are operating in a new environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to reorient from comparability data to ability to pay </li></ul><ul><li>As always, be prepared - need to marshal all information </li></ul><ul><li>Mediation/ Fact-finding </li></ul>
  39. 39. Impasse <ul><li>Mediation </li></ul><ul><li>Fact-Finding </li></ul><ul><li>Superconciliation </li></ul>
  40. 40. Recent Developments in Labor Relations <ul><li>Changes to SHBP/ SEHBP </li></ul><ul><li>Regionalization </li></ul><ul><li>Paid Family Leave </li></ul>
  41. 41. SEHBP <ul><li>Traditional Coverage Gone </li></ul><ul><li>No Longer Have to Pay 100% of Single Coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformity Requirement Gone </li></ul><ul><li>Waiver Incentives (Unilateral) </li></ul>
  42. 42. Additional Concerns <ul><li>Should Create More Dynamic Insurance Market Statewide </li></ul><ul><li>SEHBP Option? </li></ul><ul><li>Seek Advice from Insurance Consultant </li></ul>
  43. 43. Regionalization <ul><li>N.J.S.A. 18A:7 Executive County Superintendent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elimination of non-ops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regionalization – elimination of all but county based, preschool or K-12 </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Labor Relations Considerations <ul><li>Statutory and Contractual Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N.J.S.A. 18A:13-42,49,64; 18A:6-31.5, 31.6; 18A:28-6.1, 28-15. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collective Bargaining Agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N.J.S.A. 18A:6-31.3, et seq . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current Negotiations Considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of Regionalization </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. FAMILY TEMPORARY DISABILITY LEAVE (PAID FAMILY LEAVE) <ul><li>Payroll Deductions Start January 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Eligibility Starts July 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>School District Employees are Covered </li></ul><ul><li>Paid from State’s Temporary Disability Insurance Fund (Part of TDI) </li></ul><ul><li>Runs Concurrently with any FLA or FMLA </li></ul>
  46. 46. CONSIDERATIONS <ul><li>Purpose - provide care for seriously ill family member or care for new child </li></ul><ul><li>Entitlement – 6 weeks, or 42 days intermittent </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Sick and Other Paid Time Off </li></ul><ul><li>No Job Protection* </li></ul>
  47. 47. NJSBA Labor Relations Department (609) 278-5219
  48. 48. “ORIENTATION” UPDATE <ul><li>SCHOOL ETHICS ACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N.J.S.A . 18A:12-21 et seq </li></ul></ul><ul><li>N.J.A.C. 6A:28-1 et seq ; 6A:32-3.2 </li></ul><ul><li>SUNSHINE LAW </li></ul><ul><li>N.J.S.A . 10:4-6 et seq </li></ul>
  49. 49. EVALUATING, HIRING THE CSA <ul><li>If your spouse ( or parent, child, sibling ) teaches in your district… </li></ul><ul><li>can you evaluate the CSA? </li></ul><ul><li>can you help establish the board’s goals & objectives for the CSA? </li></ul><ul><li>can you participate in the search for a new CSA? </li></ul>
  50. 50. EVALUATING, HIRING THE CSA <ul><li>You may not evaluate current CSA </li></ul><ul><li>You may establish goals & objectives if they are broad in scope… but not where they touch on employment of your spouse. A25-08 </li></ul><ul><li>You may participate in search for new CSA unless your spouse’s supervisor becomes a candidate. A30-07 </li></ul>
  51. 51. School Ethics –True or False? <ul><li>A board member may participate in the evaluation of the CSA even though the member used to work in the district. </li></ul>
  52. 52. School Ethics- CSA Evaluation <ul><li>True, but……may depend on personal history between board member and CSA. </li></ul><ul><li>A06-08 Member not allowed to participate in the evaluation of the CSA where, prior to his becoming a member, his employment with the district was terminated by the CSA. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Ethics and working with CSA <ul><li>You may be involved in the interview and hiring process, but board’s role is for policy-making, planning and appraisal, and not to administer the schools. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Derricks v. Schiavoni , SEC---Board member serving on district staffing team developed detailed staff interviewing documents and directed their implementation without consulting with administration. Former board member censured. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Revealing closed session discussions – if proven, could constitute private action that can compromise the Board; violates provision regarding confidentiality. ( Madden and Scarpa , SEC) </li></ul>
  54. 54. ETHICS and working with CSA <ul><li>Disturbed by open windows in the middle school, and abundance of sanitary products in the board bathroom, board member takes photographs, gives them to reporters, and states his concerns to them. Violation? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes. He failed to first approach the </li></ul><ul><li>CSA with his concerns, failed to seek an administrative solution. N.J.S.A. 18A:12-24.1(j). In re Censure of Delbury (aff’d App. Div.) </li></ul><ul><li>See also, Yafet , Hollander . </li></ul>
  55. 55. Ethics and the Public <ul><li>Threatening citizen with profanity at board meeting after citizen calls for the member’s resignation. Private action that dissuades the public from attending meetings , very serious- compromises the board. ( Atallo ) </li></ul><ul><li>1 yr. suspension reversed by App. Div., accepts lower court’s finding of facts. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Ethics and the Public <ul><li>LETTERS TO THE EDITOR </li></ul><ul><li>No personal opinions while using the designation of “board member” unless he has board authority to do so, or the member clearly states that the letter is not authorized by the board.  </li></ul><ul><li>Dericks . See also, Armenti , Rubenstein , Shinevar , </li></ul>
  57. 57. Ethics Issues <ul><li>Can a board member vote on hiring her personal attorney? Dressel v. Speizer </li></ul><ul><li>Can a board member make an OPRA request for documents? Noll v. Mott </li></ul><ul><li>Can a board member vote on the budget when his wife is employed in the district? </li></ul><ul><li>Luthman v. Longo </li></ul>
  58. 58. Ethics <ul><li>True or False? </li></ul><ul><li>A board member can challenge his son’s grade or placement without violating school ethics or conflict of interest laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Gonzalez , SEC </li></ul><ul><li>Young , SEC </li></ul><ul><li>Sea Isle City BOE v. Kennedy , NJ Supreme Court, 2008 </li></ul>
  59. 59. Sunshine Law N.J.S.A . 10:4-6 et seq <ul><li>Can we limit public comments to only regular monthly meetings? ( L. 2008 c. 14 Sunshine Law) </li></ul><ul><li>Can we prevent citizens from making derogatory comments about staff? </li></ul><ul><li>( Besler v. W.W-P ; Moore v. Asbury Park) </li></ul><ul><li>Can we prohibit taping of meetings? </li></ul><ul><li>Tarus v. Pine Hill </li></ul>
  60. 60. Sunshine Law N.J.S.A . 10:4-6 et seq <ul><li>Closed session resolutions—general language that board is discussing “personnel, negotiations, legal and student matters” is not sufficiently specific—balance public right v. public harm. Paff v. Monroe (L. Div) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive session minutes not yet approved by board are exempt from disclosure– advisory, consultative. </li></ul><ul><li>South Bound Brook (GRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Even violations occurring years ago can form the basis for an injunction, despite the 45-day limitations period . Burnett (App. Div.) </li></ul>
  61. 62. ADVANCED TRAINING: LEGAL UPDATE Legislation Update Regulation Update
  62. 63. Legislative Update <ul><li>New Jersey Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Laws Affecting Education </li></ul><ul><li>2009-2010 </li></ul>
  63. 64. Legislative Update <ul><li>P.L. 2008, c. 36 A45 Eliminates role of State Board of Education in the appeal of Commissioner of Education decisions in disputes arising under the State school laws. Approved 7/7/08 </li></ul><ul><li>P.L. 2008, c. 37 A2965 Establishes Commissioner of Education as the rule-making authority under several school district accountability statutes. Approved 7/7/08 </li></ul>
  64. 65. Legislative Update <ul><li>P.L. 2008, c.106    A1113 Reduces amount of notice that school district is required to give superintendent of schools, if district determines not to reappoint. Approved 12/4/08 </li></ul>
  65. 66. Legislative Update <ul><li>P.L.2008, c.129   A3186 </li></ul><ul><li>Provides for adjustment and notice of date on which certain elections can occur if date coincides with period of religious observance. </li></ul>
  66. 67. Legislative Update <ul><li>P.L.2009, c.17    A3648 Delays requirement that voting machines produce individual permanent paper record for each vote cast due to the State's critical economic situation and lack of appropriate technology. Approved 3/6/2009 </li></ul><ul><li>P.L.2009, c.19    S21 Adjusts required local employer contributions to PERS and PFRS for State fiscal year 2009.  3/17/2009 </li></ul>
  67. 68. Legislative Update <ul><li>P.L.2009, c.22     S15 Amends the Fiscal Year 2009 appropriation act to implement certain components of the Executive's plan to offset shortfalls in State revenues. 3/17/2009 </li></ul>
  68. 69. Legislative Update <ul><li>   P.L.2009, c.37     S2314 &quot;Kyleigh's law;&quot; requires holders of special learner's permits, examination permits, and provisional driver's licenses to display certain decals Approved 4/15/2009 </li></ul>
  69. 70. Legislative Update <ul><li>L.2009, c.51   S2707 Establishes a pilot program in DOE to address the State's shortage of mathematics and science teachers. Approved 5/4/2009 </li></ul><ul><li>P.L.2009, c.54   A462 Modifies reference from &quot;substance awareness coordinator&quot; to &quot;student assistance coordinator&quot; in substance abuse programs in public schools. Approved 5/6/2009 </li></ul>
  70. 71. Legislative Update <ul><li>P.L.2009, c.78    A4141 Clarifies the procedure for the elimination of non-operating school districts. Approved 6/30/2009 </li></ul><ul><li>P.L.2009, c.79    A2451 </li></ul><ul><li>The Vote By Mail Law. Approved 6/30/2009 </li></ul>
  71. 72. Legislative Update <ul><li>P. L. 2009, c.86     A1784 Requires that any United States or State of New Jersey flag purchased with State funds be manufactured in the United States. Approved 7/4/2009 </li></ul>
  72. 73. Proposed Legislation <ul><li>Subcontracting A-4140 (Oliver) would restrict ability to hire private companies to provide non-instructional services - district must wait up to three years before it could use subcontracting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1992 NJSBA survey—subcontractors saved $40 million. NJSBA updating with new survey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arbitration A-4142 (Cryan) addresses disciplinary measures for non-tenured staff—would make arbitrable the decision not to renew non-tenured teachers, and decision to withhold increment. </li></ul>
  73. 74. Regulation Update <ul><li>Education Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>2007-2009 </li></ul>
  74. 75. Accountability Regulations <ul><li>SELECTED TOPICS, N.J.A.C . 6A:23: </li></ul><ul><li>Use of board attorney </li></ul><ul><li>Nepotism </li></ul><ul><li>Administrator contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability regs sunset 12/28/09 </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed readoptions retroactive to 7/1/09 </li></ul>
  75. 76. Board Attorney N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-5.2 <ul><li>Policy to reduce cost of legal services </li></ul><ul><li>Annual maximum dollar limit </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures to ensure “prudent use” and to track use </li></ul><ul><li>If district legal costs > 130% of statewide p.p. average, district must establish procedures to limit contact persons, create a process to determine if request warrants legal advice and collect and maintain information about use. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Unless district can show that such procedure would not reduce costs.) </li></ul></ul>
  76. 77. Board attorney N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-5.2 <ul><li>Policy to reduce cost of legal services </li></ul><ul><li>Payment restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>No individual use </li></ul>
  77. 78. Nepotism Policy N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-6.2 <ul><li>No hiring “relatives” of Board </li></ul><ul><li>members or CSA </li></ul><ul><li>Grandfathering for current employees </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions to avoid administrator direct or indirectly supervising own relative </li></ul><ul><li>Hardship exception with ECS approval </li></ul><ul><li>May exclude per diem subs & and student employees from its board nepotism policy </li></ul>
  78. 79. Nepotism Policy N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-6.2 <ul><li>&quot; Relative &quot; - individual's spouse, civil union partner … domestic partner…, or the parent, child, sibling, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, grandparent, grandchild, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, stepparent, stepchild, stepbrother, stepsister, half-brother or half-sister, of the individual or of the individual’s spouse, civil union partner or domestic partner, whether the relative is related to the individual or the individual’s spouse, civil union partner or domestic partner by blood, marriage or adoption . </li></ul>
  79. 80. Nepotism Policy N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-6.2 <ul><li>Collective negotiations in-district </li></ul><ul><li>Board member/administrator w/ “relative” in district bargaining unit may not participate </li></ul><ul><li>(Definition of “relative” is much broader than SEC definition) </li></ul>
  80. 81. Nepotism Policy N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-6.2 <ul><li>Collective negotiations out-of-district </li></ul><ul><li>When board member/administrator’s “immediate family member” is affiliated with same statewide union . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Participation is prohibited until tentative agreement is reached. </li></ul><ul><li>Tentative agreement must include salary guide & money package </li></ul>
  81. 82. Administrator Contracts- N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-3 <ul><li>Review/approval of administrator contracts </li></ul><ul><li>ECS must review: </li></ul><ul><li>New contracts (including those </li></ul><ul><li>after expiration of old) </li></ul><ul><li>Alterations of existing approved contracts, prior to the board’s required public notice and hearing (new contract exception) </li></ul>
  82. 83. Administrator Contracts- N.J.A.C . 6A:23A-3 <ul><li>Review/approval of administrator contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Comparable compensation, travel requirements, reimbursement of employee contributions, separation from service payments, no supplemental or duplicate benefit (annuity exception), sick leave, vacation leave, bonus, mileage </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 2009--- NJASBO v. Davy — Appellate Division rules that limits on sick/vacation payouts apply to SBAs; affirms Commissioner authority to adopt these limits in code, and to condition state aid on adoption of nepotism policy . </li></ul>
  83. 84. Advanced Training - Legal Update <ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul></ul>
  84. 85. Quiz Instructions <ul><li>You have completed viewing the 2009-10 Legal Update presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to receive credit for this course, you must pass the following course assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Click the next slide to begin. </li></ul>Click Play or Next button on Playbar to start the quiz
  85. 86. Accountability regulations prevent a board of education from hiring relatives of any sitting board member. Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) True B) False
  86. 87. A fact-finder makes a binding decision regarding the terms and conditions of the new collective negotiated agreement . Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) True B) False
  87. 88. Whenever a new school district is created, the tenure and seniority rights of teachers must be preserved. Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) True B) False
  88. 89. In a typical district, approximately 40% of the budget is controlled by the collective negotiations agreement. Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) True B) False
  89. 90. The Paid Family Leave Act does not apply to school districts. Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) True B) False
  90. 91. If your district participates in the School Employees Health Benefit Plan, the district must cover all the cost of providing single coverage for eligible employees. Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) True B) False
  91. 92. A school board may charge parents for legal costs incurred in enforcing student discipline policies. Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) True B) False
  92. 93. Students have no right to_____. Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) dress however they please B) freedom of speech C) freedom of religion D) privacy
  93. 94. An administrator may search a student's car while it is parked in the school parking lot where the administrator has __________. (check all that apply) Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update Submit Submit Clear Clear A) reasonable suspicion B) disciplined the student previously for drugs C) heard rumors of illicit drugs D) given the student permission to park on district property
  94. 95. Match each superintendent contract term to the proper notice of termination. (Drag each letter into the correct box) Length of Term Required Notice Correct - Click to continue Incorrect - Click to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Advanced Training - Legal Update A. 150 days B. 90 days C. 120 days B 3-year term C 4-year term A 5-year term Submit Submit Clear Clear
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  96. 97. <ul><li>You have successfully completed the assessment </li></ul><ul><li>To review the handout materials click on the paperclip in the bottom right hand corner of the viewer </li></ul>Advanced Training - Legal Update
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