The Museum of the American Cocktail!
Located in the Southern Food & Beverage
Museum at the
1 Poydras Street Su 169 (Julia Street
New Orleans, LA 70130
Open Mon-Sat 10 to 7, Sun.12 to 6 $10.00
The Museum of the American
Cocktail, New Orleans, LA
The Museum of the American Cocktail leads visitors through the
fascinating two hundred year history of the American Cocktail.
With our main exhibit in New Orleans, The Museum of the
American Cocktail contains a mind-boggling collection of rare
spirits, books, Prohibition-era literature and music, vintage
cocktail shakers, glassware, tools, gadgets and all manner of
cocktail memorabilia and photographs from the outstanding
collections of our founders and patrons. Larger-than-life
reproductions enliven the presentation and beckon visitors into
The museum also features multimedia presentations that bring
cocktail history to life with film clips, interactive displays, sounds,
Museum Gift Shop. Shop online at
Louis J. Dufilho, Jr., America’s
1st Licensed Pharmacist
In 1803, Dufilho was
granted permission by
the Cabildo to dispense
drugs, and he operated
his first pharmacy at
628 Toulouse Street.
He sold this building in
1814 and moved to 514
Chartres Street, site of
the New Orleans
Licensing Provisions in Louisiana, the Registre du
Comite Medical de la Nouvelle Orleans
During the Colonial period, Louisiana
had laws regulating the practice of
medicine far in advance of their times.
From 1803 to 1812 the Territorial
legislature enacted progressive laws
governing medicine and pharmacy. An
1816 law provided for fines and
imprisonment for anyone practicing
medicine without a license, as a check
on the rise of quackery.
The 1816 law established a medical
licensing board consisting of four
physicians and one apothecary in New
Orleans. Its first activity was to record
it activities faithfully for 36 years of its
existence. It also acted as a State
Board of Health. This record was
known as the Registre du Comite
Medical de la Nouvelle Orleans.
Prior to this law and before Louisiana became a
U.S. State, there were some informal territory
licensing measures, but none were enforced. A
person could apprentice for six months and then
compound and sell his or her own concoctions
without any regulations or standards. The public
received incorrect doses and erroneous
medications. In 1816, Governor Claiborne
established a board of reputable pharmacists and
physicians to administer a three-hour oral
examination given at the Cabildo in Jackson
Louis J. Dufilho, Jr. was the first to pass the
licensing examination, therefore making his
pharmacy the first United States apothecary shop
to be conducted on the basis of proven adequacy.
Selected bitters bottles found at
New Orleans Pharmacy Museum
Popular 19th & early 20th century cocktail bitters
Antoine Amedee Peychaud,
Antoine and his sister Lasthenie “were saved
from massacre in the insurrection of the slaves
by their nurse, but in the panic of the moment
the children became separated and the boy was
brought to New Orleans. As he grew to
manhood he never ceased to long for his sister
and to search for her. At last he heard that she
was living in Paris; he sent for her and had her
brought to New Orleans. As the ship came up
the river he stood on the levee waiting for her.
She was the first passenger to step on
the plank and walk to the shore. As
she did so, a gust of wind blew aside
her skirt and revealed the most
beautiful foot and ankle in the world -
at least so thought a young man
standing in the crowd to watch the
Creole Families of New Orleans, Grace
Whiskey, Brandy or Gin
Cocktails - New Orleans Style:
Two dashes of Boker’s,
Angostura or Peychaud bitters -
either will make a fine cocktail.
One lump of sugar, one piece of
lemon peel, one tablespoonful of
water, one wine-glassful of
liquor, etc., with plenty of ice.
Stir well and strain into a cocktail
Creole Cook Book - La Cuisine Creole,
Lafcadio Hearn (1885, republished 1990,
Pelican Publishing Co.), p. 248
Was Peychaud’s Coquetier
the First “Cocktail?”
According to Stanley Clisby Arthur’s 1937
book, it was!
“Cock tail, then is a
composed of spirits of
any kind, sugar, water
and bitters it is vulgarly
called a bittered
From Old New Orleans, by Stanley
Clisby Arthur, 1944 edition
Stanley Clisby Arthur’s
From Old New Orleans, From Famous New
1944 Orleans Cocktails, 1937
Orange Peel, ground, 6 oz.
Gentian Root, ground, 8 oz.
Virginia Snake Root, ground, 1 ½ oz.
American Saffron, ground , ½ oz.
Red Saunders, ground , ½ oz.
Alcohol, 4 pints.
Water, 4 pints.
Mix, macerate fourteen days, filter,
and add enough diluted alcohol to
make one gallon.
Source: The Indian Household
Medicine Guide, by J. I. Lighthall
To Make a Sazerac Cocktail
Chill two rocks glasses. Take one rocks glass,
place one splash simple syrup, two dashes
Peychaud's Bitters, then fill with ice. Add two
ounces Sazerac Rye Whiskey. Stir, set aside.
The second rocks glass, discard ice. Pour 1
teaspoon Herbsaint into glass, swirl it around, or
spin it into the air, to discard excess. Strain
mixture from first glass into this glass. Garnish with
a lemon rind, twisted to extract essential oils.