Intro to Helicopter Flight Data Monitoring

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International Helicopter Safety Team (IHST) workshop presentation from HeliExpo 2013

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Intro to Helicopter Flight Data Monitoring

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION to HFDMPresented to:IHST Accident Intervention WORKSHOPBy: Captain Mike Pilgrim FDM Manager CHC Helicopter Services Co-Chair Global HFDM Steering GroupDate: 4th March 2013www.HFDM.org
  2. 2. Global HFDM Steering Group• Vision: – Routine and effective utilisation of HFDM in a just culture environment across the global helicopter industry. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  3. 3. Global HFDM Steering Group• Mission: – Improve helicopter safety through provision of focus and leadership on issues concerning the manufacture, provision, support and operation of HFDM systems. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  4. 4. The Definition of Flight Data Monitoring.Flight Data Monitoring (FDM)is the systematic,pro-active use of digital flightdata from routine operationsto improve aviation safety.Flight Data Monitoring (FDM)programmes assist anoperator to identify, quantify,assess and addressoperational risks. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  5. 5. Why HFDM? REACTIVE AccidentsSeverity of event Serious incidents Active Failures and Latent Threats Minor incidents PROACTIVE? Routine operations FREQUENCY OF EVENT Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  6. 6. This is Why OFDMIIII O Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  7. 7. Flight Data MonitoringData will only be worth anything if the aircraft is actually doing something. • What do we mean by Flight? So ‘flight’ is from power on to power off Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  8. 8. Flight Data MonitoringAnything about the state of the aircraft that can be recorded: • and Data?Airspeed Rate of climb/descent Flight control positions Engines / rotors / temps & pressures Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  9. 9. Flight Data Monitoring Careful analysis of groups of data for indications of anything undesirable. • What about monitoring?So what does it look like? Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  10. 10. Flight Data – Take-Off Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  11. 11. Flight Data – Altitude Altitude Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  12. 12. Flight Data – Pitch Pitch Attitude Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  13. 13. Rate of Descent 700ft 150ft -1000fpm 30 SECS Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  14. 14. How do we get the data? Solid State Quick Access Recorder Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  15. 15. Aircraft without FDRsStand alone unitsPowerEarthGeospatialDigital (Optional)Video (Optional)Engine Data Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  16. 16. Now I have the knowledgeStart compiling your trend information Its not about individual incidents Aggregate the event types Produce readable reports Involve your staff Don’t talk about individual events in terms of the crews who flew them Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  17. 17. Flight Data MonitoringDemonstrable safety:Don’t just think you’re safe, KNOW YOU’RE SAFE Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  18. 18. ExampleOvertorque on take-off Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  19. 19. Plotting Engine Tq against IAS Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  20. 20. Tq vs IAS graph Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  21. 21. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident InterventionMarch 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  22. 22. ExamplePotential Dynamic Roll-Over Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  23. 23. Example 1Close to Roll-over Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  24. 24. Rolling moment with left cyclicCF applied due to inclined main rotor and offset flapping hinges. Rolling Moment CF Rolling moment due to the tail rotor thrust with left pedal applied. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  25. 25. Rolling moment with left cyclicCF applied due to inclined main rotor and offset flapping hinges. CF Rolling moment due to the tail rotor thrust with RIGHT pedal applied. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  26. 26. Rolled over aircraft Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  27. 27. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident InterventionMarch 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  28. 28. High Risk AreaIntro to HFDM - IHST Accident InterventionMarch 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  29. 29. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident InterventionMarch 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  30. 30. Google Earth Jan ‘07 Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  31. 31. FDM Newsletter FDM Newsletter Feb 2007 Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  32. 32. Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident InterventionMarch 4th 2013 – Las Vegas
  33. 33. |Google Earth Feb ‘07 Intro to HFDM - IHST Accident Intervention March 4th 2013 – Las Vegas

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