"Eco-city: with good governance and management" by A.Franzen, City of Vaxjo
Eco-cityWith good governance and management
Lake restoration 1970- Environmental policy 1993 Environmental Yearly Environmental report since history 1994 Co-operation with the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation 1995-2000 Local Agenda 21-strategy 1999 20 MEuro in Governmental Ecological Investment Grants ecoBUDGET –environmental management system since 2003 New Environmental policy 2006Fossil Fuel Free Växjö | environmental history
Climate protection historyCHP plant for biomass 1980Decision on goal: reduction of CO emissions 2from fossil fuels by 50% 1996Decision to stop using fossil fuels 1996Large CHP plant for biomass 1997Eco-labelling of electricity 199845 climate projects financed by GovernmentalEcological Investment Grants since 1998Fossil Fuel Free Program ready 1999Partner in the EU Campaign for TakeOff for renewables 1999More climate projects financed by EU sixthFramework Investment Grants 2005 Fossil Fuel Free Växjö | climate protection history
Dramatic decrease of Växjö’s CO2 emissions The emissions of carbon dioxide from Växjö have decreased by a fantastic 35 % per capita between 1993 and 2008. This means that every citizen of Växjö contributes to the climate change only with about 3 ton CO2. This level is far below the global average.• Biomass for district heating, cooling and electricity• Energy efficient buildings and passive houses are constructed out of wood.• Biogas is used for heat, power and vehicle fuel.• Solar energy on the roof of a schools• Pedagogic systems that help residents to reduce their energy use
Växjös City Development VäxjösVäxjös area population 19501950-2010 Växjö 19501950 201022 000 62 000inhabitants inhabitants
Växjös City Development VäxjösVäxjös area population 20101950-2010 Växjö 19501950 201022 000 62 000inhabitants inhabitants
The Vision ”anti sprawl-strategies” for 4,5 km all kind of planning (schools, trade, industry/work- area, 3,0 km traffic, green planning..) 1,5 km - build ”inwards” the cities borders - mixed more uses & ownership for a rich urban life - slow motor traffic & high priority for walkers and cyclists -…
An environmental policy and three profile areasConsumption and refuse Water- and natural resourses Energy- and transport
Each profile area includes 1. Vision 2. Goals to be strived towards - Covers the geographic area and municipal organisation, not measuralbe and without a time frame 3. Goals to be achieved –covers the geographic area and municipal organisation, measurable with a time frame 4. Actions to be taken - covers the municipal organisation
Some goals to be strived towards– To ensure that the municipality’s lakes, streams and rivers will have natural nutritional levels– To ensure that forest and arable landscapes are rich and varied– To increase actions to achieve sustainable production and consumption to use renewable energy .– to use energy efficiently.– to go over to a fossil fuel free transport system.
Some goals to achieve• That the purchases of ecological foodstuffs will make up at least 25 % of total foodstuffs purchased by the year 2010• Reduce the fossil CO2 emissions by 50% per capita until 2010 and 70% per capita until 2025 compared to 1993.• Increase cycle traffic by 20 % by the year 2015 compared to 2004.• Increase the use of public city transport by 20% and regional public transport by 12 % compared to 2002.• Reduce fossil carbon dioxide emissions from the municipal transport and services by 30 % by the year 2015 compared to 1999.• Stop using oil for heating in the city administration by 2010.
Environmental Budgeting Spending within natural Limits!
The need for an EMS • Control all resources – financial, social and environmental • Systemise the environmental work • Enhance political and administrative awareness • Set a good example
What is ecoBudget?• An Environmental Management System for politically steered organisations• A method to treat natural resources as efficient as financial resources.• An imitation of the financial budget system• Contains no monetary values• Developed by ICLEI – Local Governments towards Sustainability, 1994
Specification - ecoBUDGET and EMAS• Geographical area• Political instrument• Agenda 21• Integration financial budget• Flexibility, few requirements• Priority setting• Resources and assets
Corner-stones for the EMS Which are our visions for the environment? How do we influence? Improvement (pol.)How can we improve? Planning (pol.) Routines for the EMS - Directives What has to be improved? - Organisation Which are our targets? - Responsibilities - Quality sequranceFollow-up (pol.)Follow- What are we going to do? Who is going to do it?How does ourenvironmental work go? Implementation Work! Gather data
Type of indicatorsGeographical indicators •Public city transports (journeys with public city buses/year) •Household waste to final treatment (kg/inhabitant/year)Common indicators •Fossil carbon dioxide emissons from transports and service (tonnes CO2/year) •Use of oil for heating (m3)Sector specific indicators •Green flag certified schools (no.) •Purchase of ecological food products (%)
Ecologic BudgetLiving Life Start value Outcome Budget GoalIndicator 2004 2008 2010 2015B1 Area of ecologic agriculture in relation to total agricultural area (%) 19 23,0 25 30 Start value Outcome Budget Goal 2004 2008 2010 2010B2 Biologic treatment of organic waste (tons) 160 563 1000 1000 Start value Outcome Budget Goal 2004 2008 2010 2010B4 Purchase of ecologic foodstuffs in relation to total 3,5 11,0 25 25 foodstuffs purchase (%)
Ecologic budgetFossil fuel free Växjö Start value Outcome Budget GoalIndicator 1993 2007 2010 2010B 10 Emissions of fossil carbon dioxide per inhabitant (kg/inh) 4 632 3 131 2 315 2 316 Start value Outcome Budget Goal 1993 2007 2010 2015B 11 Use of electricity per inhabitant (kWh/inh) 9 992 9 258 8 700 7 994 Start value Outcome Budget Goal 2004 2008 2010 2015 Start value Outcome Budget Goal 1999 2007 2010 2015B 16 Emissions of fossil carbon dioxide from transport and service within municipal 5 068 4 699 4 419 3 525 organisation
Advantages with ecoBUDGET •Continuous arena for environmental questions – driving element of sust. dev. •Financial integration gives status •Systematics in planning, implementation and follow-up follow- – environmental results •Enhances the capacity and knowledge •Cross-departmental contacts Cross- •Flexible system
Future• Improve the EMS by tackling challenges• Integrate democracy issues, equality of opportunity, rights of immigrants, disabled and children• Promote sustainable management in the world