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Poverty Quiz Focus Groups


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Ok. So I am already tired of thinking about cuts to CSBG. Trying to predict what is going to happen, trying to sift through all the contradicting information, trying to visualize what this means for my agency and the State of Missouri…but the truth is…I still have a current job to do and right now I need to focus on the Agency’s Comprehensive Community Needs Assessment(CNNA) .
I start county Focus Groups next week to gather more primary data for the development our CCNA report. I modified the Half in Ten poverty quiz and merge it with regional and state data to produce a PowerPoint that can be utilized to start discussions on poverty. I am unaware if you can take it from my FB page or the “SlideShare” web-site and modify it for your own region and state. If you cannot pull the PowerPoint from the web, just email me and I will send a modifiable version. I hope you find it useful.

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Poverty Quiz Focus Groups

  1. 1. Northeast Missouri Community Action Agency<br />MissionTo assist individuals, families and communities achieve their greatest potential.VisionThe vision of Northeast Missouri Community Action Agency is a better way of life!<br />
  2. 2. Northeast Missouri Community Action Agency<br />Northeast Missouri Community Action Agency or NMCAA--Established in 1965--Located in Northeast Missouri Serving *Five counties: Adair Clark Knox Schuyler Scotland --Non-for-profit agency, funded through State and Federal grant allotments--Operating budget of approximately four million dollars a year --Provides services through fourteen NMCAA Service/Head Start Centers --118 personnel--Governed by a fifteen member Board of Directors--Head Start is additionally governed by a 9 member Policy Council --Direct and Indirect services (community partnerships and referral networks) to low income populations.<br /> *NMCAA’s Child and Adult Care Food Program provides direct services to seven additional counties in northeast Missouri including Macon, Marion, Putnam, Ralls, Randolph, Shelby, and Sullivan. <br />
  3. 3. NMCAA Organizational Structure<br />
  4. 4. Direct Services<br />Head Start<br />Promoting the growth and development of children, parents and staff<br />Comprehensive educational and social service programs for 322 children from birth to age five and their families (Including Prenatal) <br />Developmental screenings and assessments, medical and dental exams and follow-up, home visits <br />The Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)<br />Nutrition program established to improve the quality of meals and snacks served in childcare settings<br />NMCAA’s CACFP initiative provides support for 39 licensed or registered day care homes with approximately 700 children benefiting from healthy, nutritious meal service<br />Low Income Heating Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)<br />Energy Assistance (EA) <br />NMCAA provides approximately 1900 households with support each year through the energy assistance program<br />Energy Crisis Intervention Program(ECIP)<br />NMCAA provides support for approximately 1200 families in Northeast Missouri through the ECIP program annually<br />NMCAA’s ECIP program provides, at no cost, up to 50 air condition units per year to households in need<br />Emergency Services<br />Dollar More <br />Households can receive a maximum of $600 per year though the Dollar More program. NMCAA supports approximately 35 households per year<br />
  5. 5. Direct Services<br />Emergency Services<br />Dollar More <br />Households can receive a maximum of $600 per year though the Dollar More program<br /> NMCAA supports approximately 35 households per year<br />Lewis County Rural Electric Cooperative <br />Onetime utility support to low-income Lewis County REC customers up to a maximum of $600 per program year<br />NMCAA has utilized this program each year to assist 40 households. <br />Missouri Housing Trust Fund (MHTF) <br />Provide eligible program participants with rent or utility deposits for establishing a new residence (Homeless or Evection)<br />NMCAA uses the MHTF program to support between 18-20 individuals and families per year<br />Emergency Shelter Grant Program (ESGP)<br /> Provides assistance to households that are homeless or in threat of becoming homeless<br />ESGP funds are available in Clark, Knox, Schuyler, and Scotland counties<br />NMCAA helps on average 45-50 individuals and families per year through the ESGP program. <br />Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)<br />Eviction prevention program designed toprovide eligible program participants with emergency rent/mortgage assistance, rent payments, and utility assistance<br />NMCAA assist between 25-30 households per year by utilizing FEMA funding. <br />Keeping Current<br />The program will be funded by AmerenUE shareholders and its customers<br />The pilot program provides for tiered bill credits, arrearage forgiveness and a requirement for eligible customers to apply for available Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and weatherization assistance.<br />NMCAA expects to assist 20 to 25 households through the Keeping Current program<br />
  6. 6. Direct Services<br />Weatherization<br />provided to households in an effort to reduce energy use and expenses by installing cost effective, energy efficient measures that result in safer, healthier, and more comfortable homes<br />NMCAA’s weatherization crews deliver these services yearly to 55 single family, multi-family, and mobile homes across Northeast Missouri. <br />Community Service Block Grant (CSBG)<br />Community Coordination/Resource Development (CCRD) Initiatives<br />Gardening Communities<br />Low wage earners are engaged ,along with community partners, in all process of establishing and maintaining either a community garden or an individual garden <br />Currently supporting Schuyler County and Adair County<br />Seeks to engage 50 participants in 2011<br />General Education Diploma (GED)Supports<br />Providing GED preparation classes in communities where service are not available <br />Currently implemented in Clark County<br /> 15 individuals are expected to receive their GED in 2011<br />Extended Children Intervention Supports <br />Extending educational supports to children and low wage earning families into primary grade school systems<br />Schuyler and Adair Counties are being piloted for this project <br />Estimated that 30 households will receive supports service <br />Transportation Supports<br />Focus is providing vehicle maintenance education and reduce vehicle maintenance cost for low wage earners <br />Currently implemented in Knox and Adair Counties<br />Hopes to assist 30 households in 2011<br />Family Development Credentialing (FDC)<br />To enhance case management services provided to low wage earners in the region.<br />Year long FDC classes are provided to NMCAA employees and other social services agency employees<br />12 NMCAA employees are targeted to receive their FDC certification in 2011.<br />
  7. 7. Direct Services<br /><ul><li>Family Development Initiatives
  8. 8. Intake/Assessment/Referrals (IAR)
  9. 9. comprehensive system used to provide low-income individuals and families with the appropriate supports needed to achieve their greatest potential
  10. 10. IAR’s assist individuals and families in expediting emergency support services, identifying specific individual and family needs, and referring individuals and families to appropriate agency and/or community resources to meet targeted goals
  11. 11. NMCAA supports 1200 customers each year though the Intakes/Assessment/Referral process.
  12. 12. Family Supports
  13. 13. assists any low-income individual in achieving employment or educational goals that would improve employability
  14. 14. NMCAA can support an unlimited number of individuals through the Family Support initiative.
  15. 15. Life Skills
  16. 16. provides, through a series of classes, useful information and skills development to low-income youth and adults
  17. 17. Information and skills that individuals can apply to daily living practices and use to attain personal goals
  18. 18. NMCAA provides life skills classes to 100 individuals, on average, each year
  19. 19. Back to School Readiness
  20. 20. provides school age youth with school supplies, information, health screenings, and other related services to better prepare participating youth and their families for the upcoming school year
  21. 21. NMCAA assist 300 youth each year through the Back to School Readiness initiative.</li></li></ul><li>Indirect Services<br />Northeast Missouri Community Action Agency has established indirect services through referral networks or community partnerships in Northeast Missouri. <br />
  22. 22. Poverty Quiz<br />PowerPoint adapted from the Half in Ten Project<br />Half in Ten is a project of<br />www.<br />
  23. 23. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 an hour. Assuming full-time, year-round employment, how much would a parent have to earn to rent a modest, two-bedroom apartment at fair market rent without spending more than 30 percent of their income on housing (the conventional standard for affordable housing)?<br /><ul><li>$7.25 per hour/$15,080 per year
  24. 24. $10.78 per hour/$22,422 per year
  25. 25. $15.22 per hour/$31,657 per year
  26. 26. $18.44 per hour/$38,360 per year</li></li></ul><li>A parent would need to earn $18.44 per hour, more than double the federal minimum wage, to afford to rent a modest two-bedroom apartment at a fair market rent without exceeding their housing budget.<br />
  27. 27. Regional Data<br />Household Income <br />Source: Missouri Department of Economic Development, Missouri Economic Research and Information Center (MERIC), Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, All Industries, Public and Private, data for calendar year 2009.<br />
  28. 28. More than 40 million people received food stamp or SNAP benefits in 2009. What was the average daily benefit per household in 2009?<br /><ul><li>$30.00
  29. 29. $21.00
  30. 30. $15.00
  31. 31. $9.00</li></li></ul><li>Households receiving SNAP benefits in 2009 received a benefit of less than $10.00 per day to meet their hunger and nutrition needs.<br />
  32. 32. Regional Data<br />Supplemental Nutrition<br /> Assistance Program <br />(Food Stamps)<br />Source: Missouri Department of Social Services, Family Support Division, Annual Data Report, Fiscal Year 2007.<br />
  33. 33. In rural Missouri, for example, a single parent with two preschool-age children would need more than $34,600 to pay for necessities like rent, food, and child care. What is the federal poverty line for a family of four?<br /><ul><li>$18,350
  34. 34. $22,350
  35. 35. $40,350
  36. 36. $60,350</li></li></ul><li>Millions of families across the country struggle to pay for high-cost necessities like food, rent, and child care, but the poverty line is only$22,350 for a family of four. The official statistics showing 43.6 million Americans living in poverty severely underestimate the number of Americans struggling to make ends meet. In fact, 2009 data show that last year one in three Americans were “low income,” meaning they earned less than twice the poverty level.<br />
  37. 37. Regional Data<br />Living Wage <br />Employment<br />Source: Poverty in America, Living Wage Calculator, 2008. (© 2010 Dr. Amy K. Glasmeier and The Pennsylvania State University)<br />
  38. 38. How many children live in households struggling with hunger?<br /><ul><li>One in six
  39. 39. One in five
  40. 40. One in four
  41. 41. One in three</li></li></ul><li>According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, nearly one in four children, or 23.3 percent, live in households struggling with hunger. Hunger and food insecurity affect educational performance and health outcomes. Under nutrition affects children's ability to learn. Chronic hunger therefore results in persistent learning difficulties, which has long-term impacts on children. Hunger also contributes to many health problems, including obesity.<br />
  42. 42. Regional Data<br />Food <br />Insecurity<br />Source: University of Missouri College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources 2010 Food Atlas <br />
  43. 43. How much does child poverty cost our economy every year?<br /><ul><li>$400 Million
  44. 44. $500 Billion
  45. 45. $600 Million
  46. 46. $700 Billion</li></li></ul><li>A recent Half in Ten-commissioned report by Dr. Harry Holzer found that child poverty costs the economy more than $500 billiona year in lost productivity and increased health care and criminal justice expenditures. <br />
  47. 47. Regional Data<br />Poverty <br />Rates<br />Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), 2008.<br />
  48. 48. Which racial-ethnic group has the largest number of people living in poverty?<br /><ul><li>White/Caucasian
  49. 49. African American
  50. 50. Asian American
  51. 51. Latino</li></li></ul><li>The White/Caucasian group makes up the largest racial-ethnic group living in poverty today despite common (and inaccurate) stereotypes about the demographics of those in poverty. Following this group are African Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans. African Americans and Latinos, however, suffer disproportionate rates of poverty<br />
  52. 52. State Data<br />Source: Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity - Kaiser State Health Facts<br />
  53. 53. True or false: The number of poor people in the United States is greater than the population of Canada.<br /><ul><li>True
  54. 54. False</li></li></ul><li>Canada's population is approximately 33.7 million people. The number of people living below the poverty line in the United States is 43.6 million, which far surpasses the entire population of Canada.<br />
  55. 55. Regional Data<br />Households In <br />Poverty<br />Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 1, 2000.; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2008 Data Release, December 2009.Note: American Community Survey data only available for areas with 20,000 or more persons.<br />
  56. 56. In which geographic area are numbers of poor residents rising fastest?<br /><ul><li>Urban
  57. 57. Suburban
  58. 58. Rural</li></li></ul><li>A Center for American Progress report reveals that the largest increase of poor residents is in the nation'ssuburbs.<br />
  59. 59. Regional Data<br />Rural Homelessness<br /> <br />One of every four rural families pays too much for their housing, and 189 of the nation's 200 poorest counties are rural.<br />Rural minorities are disproportionately poor. The overall rural poverty rate is 14.6 %, while 33 % of African Americans, 27 % of Hispanics, and 30 % of Native Americans in rural areas are poor. <br />Nearly 30 % of non-metro households – more than 6.2 million – have at least one major housing problem. <br />Funding for federal rural housing programs has not kept pace with need.<br />
  60. 60. The gap in median earnings between NY-14, the nation’s wealthiest congressional district, and NY-16, one of the country’s poorest districts (which is just a few subway stops away), is around…<br /><ul><li>$40,000
  61. 61. $30,000
  62. 62. $20,000
  63. 63. $10,000</li></li></ul><li>According to the 2010-2011 American Human Development Report, the median earnings in one of the wealthiest districts (NY-14) was more than $60,000 in 2009 while the median earnings in one of the poorest districts (NY-16) was nearly $18,000 in 2009. The districts are only a few subway stops away from one another, but the gap in median earnings tops $40,000. In fact, overall income inequality is at its highest levels since before the Great Depression.<br />
  64. 64. StateData<br />Wealthiest County: St. Charles County<br />County Seat: St. Charles<br />Population: 349,407<br />Median Income: $57,309<br />HH in Poverty: 2.8%<br />Poorest County: Shannon County<br />County Seat: Eminence<br />Population: 8,423<br />Median Income: $24,835<br />HH in Poverty: 26.9%<br />Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), 2008.<br />
  65. 65. If Congress fails to make expansions to the child tax credit permanent by the end of 2010, how much will a parent with two children who works full time in a minimum wage position lose in their tax credit?<br /><ul><li>$500.00
  66. 66. $800.00
  67. 67. $1,000.00
  68. 68. $1,500.00</li></li></ul><li>If Congress fails to make permanent the important expansions of the child tax credit, a parent of two children who works full time at the minimum wage could lose nearly $1,500 of their tax credit. Such a change would cause more than 18 million kids to lose some or all of their child tax credit and push 600,000 children of working parents into poverty<br />
  69. 69. Regional Data<br />Earned Income Tax Credits<br />Source: Brookings Institute, Earned Income Tax Credit Series, Interactive Data, 2006.<br />
  70. 70. Unemployment benefits kept how many Americans out of poverty in 2009?<br /><ul><li>1.3 Million
  71. 71. 2.3 Million
  72. 72. 3.3 Million
  73. 73. 4.3 Million</li></li></ul><li>Unemployment benefits were instrumental in keeping 3.3 million jobless Americans out of poverty. Unemployment insurance is also a job creator, boosting demand in the economy and keeping small businesses open. A new report shows that without the federal unemployment insurance program there would have been 800,000 fewer jobs as of September 2010. Failure to continue providing federal benefits could result in 600,000 fewer jobs by the end of next year.<br />
  74. 74. Regional Data<br />Unemployment<br />Rate<br />Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics, November 3, 2010.<br />
  75. 75. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Emergency Fund is a $5 billion fund designed to help states respond to the increased need for services during the recession and create jobs for low-income families in partnership with the private sector. How many subsidized jobs for low-income workers did the TANF Emergency Fund create prior to its expiration on September 30, 2010?<br /><ul><li>250,000
  76. 76. 200,000
  77. 77. 150,000
  78. 78. 100,000</li></li></ul><li>The bipartisan job creation engine, the TANF Emergency Fund, created over 250,000 subsidized jobsfor low-income and long-term unemployed workers prior to its expiration. Unfortunately, Congress let this program expire, meaning that several states are now forced to shut down these successful jobs programs. This pushes more people into unemployment.<br />
  79. 79. Regional Data<br />Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)<br />Source: Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Missouri Information for Community Assessment (MICA), Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Persons, March 2009.<br />
  80. 80. True or false: The U.S. poverty rate has never fallen by more than a third.<br /><ul><li>True
  81. 81. False</li></li></ul><li>Poverty is not intractable despite (inaccurate) common stereotypes. The U.S. poverty rate fell by more than 40 percent between 1964 and 1973. By rebuilding our economy, creating good jobs, investing in families, and ensuring economic security, we can replicate this success and move millions into the middle class. <br />
  82. 82. Regional Data<br />Poverty Rate<br />Change<br />Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), 2008.<br />
  83. 83. How many Americans will experience poverty at some point in their lifetimes?<br /><ul><li>One in two
  84. 84. One in three
  85. 85. One in four
  86. 86. One in five</li></li></ul><li>Millions of Americans will experience poverty at some point during their lifetimes, according to a 2007 CAP report. In fact, over a 13-year period, more than one in three people, or 34 percent of all Americans, lived in poverty.<br />
  87. 87. Regional Data<br />Poverty Ratio<br />
  88. 88. After completing this quiz, you’re feeling…<br /><ul><li>Shocked
  89. 89. Anxious
  90. 90. Sad
  91. 91. Other</li></li></ul><li>Focus of Poverty Issues<br />All efforts made by a Community Action Agency focused on the six national conditions that<br />affect individuals and families in poverty: (Listed below)<br />Income<br />Employment<br />Education<br />Housing<br />Health and Nutrition<br />Transportation<br />
  92. 92. Focus Group Discussion<br />